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John De Vaux (b. 1270, d. 1364)John De Vaux was born 1270 in Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland, and died 1364 in Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland.
Notes for John De Vaux:
“The De Vaux Family”
“Some time during the 12th century, these lands (of Dirleton, Ed.) were acquired by a de Vaux (or Vallibus), one of the wealthy Anglo-Normans who had come to Scotland under the patronage of King David (1124-1153). The first known owner of the barony was William de Vaux, a favourite of King William the Lion (1165-1214). About 1220 this baron gave the island of Fidra, or Eilbottle as it was then called, to the White Canons of Dryburgh. He was succeeded by John de Vaux, who was seneschal to Marie de Coucy, the consort of King Alexander lI (1214-1249). The next baron was Alexander, a son of John, and, like his father, he continued to enjoy the lands of Dirleton and Gullane as well as other lands in the Constabulary of Haddington, as East Lothian was then called. Alexander’s son, John, was a loyal supporter of Scotland during the Wars of Independence, and consequently suffered great losses. On his death, his son, William de Vaux, succeeded him. During the reign of David II (1329-1371), a daughter of this last-named baron married John Halyburton, the second son of Sir Adam Halyburton of Halyburton….
John Halyburton who married the heiress of the lands of Dirleton was kill ed at the battle of Nisbet in 1355. His son John, …………. in a charter dated 1382 is styled “dominus de Dirleton”.
It is thought that the statement in the above that William’s daughter inherited Dirleton is inaccurate. It was his granddaughter, she being the daughter of his eldest son who predeceased him. William, the last baron de Vaux seems to have died in 1392 and he was married to a Catherine Douglas. As his granddaughter was married in or prior to 1355, it is unlikely that any of his younger sons would have been born later than about 1350 so there as a gap of at least 100 years to fill between that date and the Barnbarroch Charter of 1451.
The Arms of Vans of Barnbarroch have been differenced by the Lord Lyon from the Arms of de Vaux of Dirleton by a silver mullet being placed on the red bend while one or two of the very old Armorials shew three silver mullets as the correct difference. The Arms of the Douglas family include three silver mullets and it may well be, though there is no direct proof, that the silver mullet awarded to Barnbarroch may be because the first Vaux to come to Wigtownshire and the progenitor of Robert of 1451 was a younger son of William, the last baron de Vaux of Dirleton and his wife who was a Douglas. Alternatively, the silver mullet perhaps only recognises the fact that Robert obtained his land from the Douglas, or perhaps Robert’s mother was a Douglas. Perhaps the silver mullet has nothing whatever to do with any Douglas connection. The fact that the Arms of Barnbarroch are the Arms of Dirleton with a difference is very strong evidence that the Wigtownshire branch are cadets of the East Lothian ones. If, as seems likely, the members of the Vaux family were landless between say 1350 and 1450, it might well prove impossible to trace them with accuracy because the only evidence would lie in Charters which concerned the ownership of land.
According, to Robert Vans Agnew in his introduction to Correspondence of Sir Patrick Waus:-
“A son, or perhaps a nephew, of Willielmus de Vaux of Dirleton in East Lothian settled in Galloway where he is said to have married an heiress about the year 1384 and obtained the lands of Barnbarroch, which he held under the Douglasses, who were at that time Lords of Galloway, and to whom he was allied, Willielmus (whose son or nephew he is supposed to have been) having married Catherine Douglas. This was Johannes de Vallibus or Vaus, the first of the name at Barnbarroch. From this John Vaus of 1384 the family has continued in the male line in unbroken descent, and in possession of the same lords of Barnbarroch to the present time. In the fifth generation from him the representative of the family was Patrick Vaus who, while yet a minor, succeeded to the estate in 1482.”
In any case Robert certainly obtained a Charter dated 26th January, 1451 from the eighth Earl of Douglas to the land of Barglass and Barnbarroch. P.H. M’Kerlie doubts the correctness of the previous paragraph. He thinks it likely that Robert Vaus was the son of Alexander Vaus who was Bishop of Galloway in 1420 and that Robert obtained the Charter of 1451 through the Bishop’s influence. The bishop himself might well have been the remaining heir male of the name, from a younger son of William de Vaux of Dirleton.
Children of John De Vaux are:
- +William De Vaux, b. 1298, Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland, d. 1364, Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland.