"In 1775 John Hinkston and other settlers built fifteen crudecabins on a broad flat ridge above the South Fork of the Licking River, alongan old game trail from McClelland's Station (Scott County) to Lower BlueLicks. This site is now in Harrison County. Simon Kenton and Thomas Williamshelped build a blockhouse at the station in the winter of 1776-77. Indianthreats then caused its abandonment. Isaac Ruddell enlarged and fortified thestation in 1779; after that, the site was interchangeably referred to asRuddell's or Hinkston's. A large number of Pennsylvania German families livedthere and at Martin's Station, only a few miles away. Ruddell's Station wasattacked by Capt. Henry Byrd and his British and Indian troops in 1780. Abouttwenty inhabitants were killed at the site. The survivors were subjected to aforced march to Detroit, where they remained prisoners for the remainder ofthe Revolutionary War. The bones of the victims were later gathered and buriedin a mass grave covered with stones. The site was included in Hinkston's1,400-acre settlement and preemptive grant, filed in 1784, and is marked by astone monument." See Destruction of Ruddle's and Martin's Forts in theRevolutionary War, (Frankfort, Ky., 1957). Written by NancyO'Malley.
Kentucky Encyclopedia - 1992
Ruddle's Stationwas SouthEast of Cynthiana.
Collins' "History of Kentucky, Vol. II" says:
Ruddle's Station, on E. bank of South Fork of Licking river,3 miles below the junction of Hinkston's and Stoner's branches, about 7miles from Paris, in Bourbon Co.
On a more personal note some of these folks were my ancestors (John andElizabeth (BRIDGEWATER) CONWAY and son John Conway, Jr.).
Here is my family's account (somewhat condensed):
There had been a lot of rain that Spring and the settlers werenot expecting an attack from the North. They did get a warning of potentialindian trouble and Monday June 30, 1780 gathered in Ruddles Station.Tuesday, some of the boys were sent across the creek to drive some straycows into the Stockade. Heavy rain had fallen the night before the settlersthought it would delay any attack. Unfortunately McKee and his Indians andcannon had landed at Falmouth and had arrived early that morning. The boyswere making a lot of noise and Joseph Conway was climbing up the oppositebank when he was shot and scalped. The wound was not fatal and after an houror two managed to crawl across the creek and into the Stockade.
The attack resumed at one when Byrd and the rest of the British andIndians arrived. The settlers defended themselves vigorously. After twoshots from the cannon broke the forts walls in, it was clear they could nothold out. They were promised they would not be killed if they surrendered.They surrendered, and the indians promptly set on them tomahawking andscalping the old people and infants. Everything in the fort was stolen ordestroyed and by 4pm, the remainder of the captives were begun on the longwalk to Detroit. Among them the Conway family. This was the first Kentuckyfort to surrender.
The next morning, Joseph's scalped head was bleeding badly. A womannoticed and reached down into an old tree stump and got a handful of spiderwebs and matted them on the wound, which stopped the bleeding and saved theboy's life...
Draper Manuscript Collection, 24S:169-171, Draper's interview with SamuelConway, St. Louis Co., MO. From Samuel Conway, St. Louis Co., MO born in St.Louis Co. - in 1799.
Ruddell's Station Taken, 1780. - Joseph Conway (informant's father) wasborn in Greenbriar Co., Va, in 1763 - Early moved to Kentucky with hisfather's, Samuel Conway's family, and settled in Ruddell's Station. HenryGroff, one Purseley and others also resided there. About 200 Indians cameand attacked the fort - found one side of the fort unfinished; and thewhites hastened and finished it, putting up pickets; and that evening theIndians made a violent attack, and whites returned the fire; none wereinjured in the fort, and not certain that they killed any Indians. Nextmorning the Indians had retired, and the whites found many articles whichthey had dropped. The Indians continued to hover around for a couple ofweeks altogether, and then retired.
Joseph Conway and two others went out about a mile and a halfreconnoitering, when Conway was shot by a party of their Indians, andwounded in the left side, and was caught and tomahawked, breaking his skull,and scalped, and left for dead. The others escaped unharmed. The reports ofthe guns were heard at the fort, and a party went out and met the twofugitives returning, who reported that Conway was killed; they went on, andbrought in Conway, who was gradually recovering, when the indians sent todetroit for reinforcements and cannon.
Two weeks after Conway was wounded, Colonel Bird and party appeared, withcannon. They first fired a cannon shot and missed; then a second shot, whichknocked out one of the corners of a block-house, and then the inmatesconcluded the British and Indians could take the place, and listened toterms.
The British pledged protection to the prisoners and their property, andwere not to be surrendered to the Indians; but no effort was made by theBritish to fulfill their pledge.
Conway with his head bandaged was taken by an old Indian and his son, whowere really kind to him; they also took an unmarried sister of Conway's,older than he was, who dressed his head. Before leaving Ruddell's, oneIndian tore off the bandage from Conway's head, but he was repelled by theold Indian and his son as interferring with their prisoner. They were takendirect to Detroit, and turned over to the British there, and remained therefour years. Conway was placed in the hospital, and when recovered, wasplaced on the limits, and permitted to work as he could get employment. Therest of the Conway family, father, mother and two daughters, with their sonand daughter already there, all got together at Detroit.
Joseph Conway returned to Licking River and went out on Harmar's andWayne's campaigns. [The rest of the narrative deals with Joseph Conway'slife in Missouri.]
Here is William Perrin's accountfrom "History of Bourbon, Scott, Harrison, and Nicholas Counties."
There are several conflicting dates for theattacks on Ruddle's and Martin's Stations. Ardery says June 24, 1780 forMartin's. Coleman says Byrd arrived in Cinc'y on June 9 and June 26 forMartin's. In another of Coleman's books, he says June 24th for Ruddle's.Drake/Wilson/Ardery, say June 22, 1780 for both.
For Ruddle's (4 or 5 miles from Martin's), Mann says June 1780 on aSunday morning for the first attack, then "2 or 3 days later" finallycaptured and then Martin's that same day. "History of Bourbon County"says June 1780 as does Ardery. Diane Perrine Coon suggests 19 June 1780.My family account says Tuesday, July 1, 1780; and the initial attack,capture and then Martin's taken on the same day. The KY Encyclopediajust says 1780.
Note: June 19 was on a Monday. June 22 was a Thursday, June 24,Saturday and the 26th Monday. July 1 was on a Saturday.
Ruddel's Station, which some authorities locate in BourbonCounty, and others just over the line in what is now Harrison County, [fort location inpresent-day Harrison, was Bourbon] in 1780 by a large force of Canadiansand Indians, under the notorious Col. Byrd, a British officer. His forceamounted to some six hundred men-white and red-with six pieces of artillery,said to be the first cannons that ever awoke the echoes of the Kentuckyhills. On the 22d of June (1780), this formidable force appeared beforeRuddel's, and Col. Byrd demanded its surrender to His Britanic Majesty'sforces, at discretion. Capt. Ruddel complied on the condition that theprisoners be placed under charge of the English instead of the savages. Butwhen the gates were thrown open, the Indians rushed in, seized the firstwhite person they met, claiming them as individual prisoners. When Col. Byrdwas remonstrated with by Capt. Ruddel for this disregard of the conditionsof surrender, he acknowledged his inability to control his savage allies.The scenes which ensued after the capture are almost indescribable and areunsurpassed except, in savage warfare. Wives were separated from theirhusbands. and mothers from their young children without hope of ever beingre-united. After the prisoners were secured and the booty divided, thesavages proposed to move against Martin's Station in Bourbon County, butCol. Byrd refused, unless the prisoners should be given into his charge--theIndians to take for their share the property, which was agreed to. Martin'sStation was then captured without opposition. The savages were so elatedwith these successes, that they were anxious to proceed at once againstBryant's Station and Lexington, but for some inexplicable reason Col. Byrdrefused, and the expedition returned north of the Ohio River.
After the Conway familywas released from captivity they returned to their home in Kentucky. Joseph'sbrother, John Jr. married Anne Sutton in 1790, remained on the same farm andreared their family. John & Ann Conway were my g...grandparents.
Some of the Conwaydescendents and associated families were OVERBEY, MULLIKIN, WELLS &CRAIG. The above account was taken from John & Ann's grandson, Richard(& Jane Mullikin) Overbey. Richard's grandson Oscar P. Overbey was aCorporal in the Civil War, CSA 3rd Battalion Mounted Rifles. Oscar'sgranddaughter was Miriam Wells Craig who was my grandmother. -Jon
Another family taken were the JamesRuddell family who later married into the Mullikin family.
Margy Miles is a descendant ofCapt. Charles Gatliff. Margy sends in an interview taken from Captain Gatliff:
"In 1778 in the month of June I commenced as an Indian Spy, thefirst tours with different mates. I served upwards of 5 months. I assistedin erecting Ruddle's Fort in KY. in 1779. I volunteered in Capt. Haggan'sCompany and was on Bowman's Company, had a battle at Chillicotha with theShawnees, we got but one scalp but lost 10 or 12 men. After our return Iengaged to hunt game to supply Ruddle's Fort. I continued until I concludedto build another fort, called since Martin's Fort. I hunted for Martin'sFort sometime. Isaac Reace, my hunting mate being killed, I took such othersas I could get to serve. When I was absent the fort was taken by the Britishand Indians and its inhabitants, made prisoners amongst whom was my wife andfour children..."
"In 1783 I met my family below Staunton who had been taken prisoners fromthe Martin's Station in Ky. and with them returned to Ky. in the month ofMay."
I also have the privilege of claiming the friendship of amodern-day frontersman, Jason W. Gatliff(aka "Pilgrim") who is a direct descendent of Captain Charles Gatliff. Jasonis heavily involved in trekking.
Photo: from left to right - Scott Singer, myself & Jason. Taken atFort Boonesborough 1999 - frontier scout conference. Click on photo toenlarge.
An extensive Book Listdealing with frontier explorers and families captured by Indians.
John Riddell son of Andrew Ruddell was born 1771 and marriedKatherine Rader of Shenandoah Co, VA. Records show he was not at the Stationat the time of the raid although his brothers were taken. Jeffrey N. Brown is the Great GreatGrandson of Andrew Ruddell and a Ruddell researcher. Jeff also has a FamilyWeb Page.
Jeff writes "John Ruddell of the Shenandoah Valley His Children andGrandchildren is on microfilm. The LDS Family History Centers should haveone or can get it. It is Library of Congress catalog #74-81296. A Historyof Shenadoah Co. also has a lot on this Family."
Some more information on the Ruddle'sStation area.
Bob Francis' excellent Ruddle'sand Martin's Fort Page.
Another Ruddle's Station family by Mark Hickman.
The Ruddles' and Martin'sStation Historical Association!
Some more comments:
D1K1DUNC@aol.com wrote:My name is Karen Duncan email@example.com ( that is D one K one....)I never see the last name of Barton name on the lists for RuddlesStation. Yet, my cousins, Bart Wise and Kathy Anderson have a CD thatlists Mrs. Barton as being there at the time of the attack. Also, ourlibrary has a book: Book; According to the KY papers index of theDraper report of Manuscripts, copyright 1925 ,page 514 of the indexDaniel Barton - captured Ruddelll's station (this book also saysthis informationwas learned from an interview with John D. Shane).Another book: Pike Co , ILLinois ,History,donated by Boone FamilyResearch Assocation of Mo, August: 1996: As early as 1826, in Scholl'scabin , the first preaching was heard in the northern woods. InOctober of that year Stephen Ruddle, noted pioneer Christian ministerwho had spent 16years as a captive among the Indians in the Ohiocountry, preached at the House of his friend, Scholl. He and Schollhad known each other as boys in Ky, prior to Ruddle's capture by theIndians at the fall of Ruddle's Station in 1730. Abraham was 2 yearsolder then Stephen, he being 62 and Stephen 60 at the time the latterpreached at Scholl's house in 1826. Ruddle in the same year, preachedthe first sermon heard in the south, at Thomas BARTON's log house inwhat is now Pleasant Hill township. Ruddle, captured when 14, escapedhis Indian captors after 16 yars spent in their Ohio fastnesses,returned to Ky at the age if 30, and located in Scott county, thatstate, whence he came in 1817 to Ramsey Creek in Pike county,Missouri, where as early as 1810, there had settled a clony from KY,peioneer forebearers of several Pike county ( Illinois) famililies,among them Joseph McCoy,Daniel McCue, Eli Buckaloo ( spelled Burkalewin Missouri records), and Joel Harpole ( spelled Harpool in Missouri).(** Note: Pike Co, at one time was part on the Missouri side and parton the Illinois side)Do you have any Barton's on your list?I believe they should be on the list and have been over looked.I do not know the name of Daniel BARTON's wife...but I believe she istheMrs. BARTON mentioned.Thank you ,Karen Barton DuncanDate: Wed, 24 Sep 1997 18:32:58 +0000To: firstname.lastname@example.orgFrom: MWG914@aol.comSubject: Ruddles StationI was uncertain as to whom to address this e-mail.You just lucky.One of my ancestors, John McFall and family were at Ruddles Station duringthe attack.He and children were taken to Canada.I have a photocopy oftheir being listed there with ages.In another account I found where thetroops chasing the Indians on another occasion two years later, came acrossMrs. McFall and was exchanged for an Indian.I also have the administration papers when John McFall died dividing up theland and giving all of the children's names.My direct ancestor, Joseph,married in Bourbon Co. to Polly Marsh and moved to Bartholomew Co., Indiana.I thought the site was very nice and was extremely pleased to come across thepage. Unfortunately, I have no stories that were passed down, but find thehistory very interesting.I you are interested in what I have , please let me know.Mary W. Glennmwg914@aol.comPatty Mulherin Tedrick writes:On your Ruddle's Station homepage, you stated "James Ruddle who married intothe Mulliken family".Jane Mulherin (in some accounts spelled Mulharen) wasmarried to James Ruddell as well as his first cousin Cornelius .James wasthe son of Archible Ruddlle/Ruddell( a brother to Capt. Isaac Ruddell, Sr.).Jane Mulherin b. 25 Jan 1761 in Lancaster, Pa.married Cornelius Ruddell 1782--he was killed by Indians in 1786 BourbonCo.Kymarried to James Ruddell 29 Dec 1788, Bourbon Co., Ky---6 kids(he was b.20---Aug 1758, Frederick Co. Va,died 1839, Boone Co., Ky.)died1834 Boone Co., KyAnother thing is that Capt. Isaac & wife Elizabeth Bowman Ruddell had adaughter, Elizabeth.She married Jane's brother, John Mulherin.Theylived in Bourbon Co., Ky. until 1817.Then, they and many of theRuddells--including her brother Stephen--moved to Pike Co., Mo.I'm adescendent of John.I hope you don't mind my writing to correct the Mulherin name on your page.Patty Mulherin Tedrick6224472640@msn.com
President George Bush is a Ruddlesforter! He descends from William McCuneaccording to a genealogy website for his son who is running for president.He is also possibly a descendant of Peter Faure (Foree) who was killed atthe fort. They had "probable" next to the name of Joseph Foree who wasPeter's son. This is how President Bush descends from William McCune:1. William McCune, b. Pa. C. 1750, d. Pike Co., Mo. Betw. 8 Aug. 1827& 15 Nov. 1830 m. Elizabeth (McClintock?)2. John McCune, b. Pa., 15 June 1772, d. Pike Co., Mo., 31 Jan. 1852m. Bourbon Co., Ky., 7 Dec 1793 Mary (Polly) Shannon, b. LancasterCo., Pa., 7 Dec. 1776 d. Ky. 24 Sept. 18233. Joseph Holliday b. Ky. 15 Sept. 1789, d. Monroe Co., Mo. 17 Dec1870 m. 18 Mar 1816 Nancy R. McCune, b. Bourbon Co., 16 June 17994. John James Holliday, b. Pike Co., Mo. 23 July 1819 d. St. Louis,Mo. 18 Sept. 1881 m. Randolph Co., Mo. 9 May 1843 Lucretia GreenForee, b. Ky. 2 Sept 18225. James Hutchenson Wear, b. Otterville, Mo. 30 Sept. 1838, d. St.Louis, Mo. 14 Sept. 1893 m. St. Louis 4 Dec 1866 Nancy Eliza Holliday,b. Hannibal, Mo. 17 Sept. 1847, d. St. Louis, Mo. 25 Feb 19426. George Herbert Walker, b. St. Louis, Mo. 11 June 1875, d. New York,NY 24 June 1953 m. 17 Jan 1899 Lucretia (Loulie) Wear, b. St. Louis,Mo. 17 Sept 1874, d. Biddeford, Me. 28 Aug. 19617. Prescott Sheldon Bush, b. Columbus, Ohio, 15 May 1895, d. New YorkCity, N.Y. 8 Oct. 1972 m. Kennebunkport, Maine, 6 Aug. 1921 DorothyWalker, b. near Walker s Point, York Co., Me. 1 July 1901, d.Greenwich, Conn. 19 Nov. 19928. George Herbert Walker Bush, b. Milton, Massachusetts 12 June 1924m. Rye, New York 6 Jan. 1945 Barbara Pierce, b. Rye, New York 8 June1925
Fellow Ruddle's Fort researchers,Bob Francis has begun a discussion group for interested historians,genealogists, and descendants of the survivors of the destruction ofRuddle's and Martin's Forts in pre-Bourbon County, Kentucky (Virginia)during the Revolutionary War.Hopefully, through this forum we canbegin to "flesh-out" the history of this period and be able to compilea more accurate listing of the many men, women, and children whoexperienced the harrowing events of that fateful day of June 24, 1780.Also, this forum is a way for the many descendants of those bravesouls to get to know one another and swap stories, chew the fat, andgenerally have a great time!------------------------------How to subscribe.Send a message toRUDDLESFORT-Lemail@example.comRUDDLESFORT-Dfirstname.lastname@example.org (digest form)that contains (in the body of the message) the commandsubscribeand no additional text.Send a message to theRuddles Station researchers.
Copyright © 1997-2002; Designed and maintained by Jon Hagee.
The 5thannual Gathering 2003 will take place on Saturday, June 28, 2003, starting witha Genealogy swap at 9AM (or when you arrive), followed at 10 AM by speakers,potluck lunch, entertainment and activities at the fort sites and burial vault.In 2001 we had a demonstration by Clarks Illinois Regiment. Donald Drewrey whodresses 1780's entertained us with period music and storytelling.
|By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea,we wept, when we remembered Zion.|
We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.
For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; andthey that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songsof Zion.
How shall we sing the LORD's song in a strange land?
If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. IfI do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if Iprefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.
Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; whosaid, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.
O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy shall he be, thatrewardeth thee as thou hast served us.
Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against thestones.Psalms 137
We will meet at the 4H fairgrounds on US 27 about 3 miles south ofCynthiana, KY, for a great day of fun. Bring a dish or drinks.
Invited are descendants of participants of the historic event, reenactors andfriends of Ruddles and Martins Stations Historic Association (RAMSHA).
If you want to be scheduled a block of time to share with the group, contactDon Lee.
Here is a list of arealodging, dining and other points of interest, etc.
For reservations email: Name, Email and number in your party toRAMSHA1780@aol.com
We must know how many will be there. Also thinking about having Cups, Tshirts and mouse pads with RAMSHA logo and picture of drill team on them.
Questions to Don Lee at (859)654-3848 or mailto:"email@example.com,RAMSHA1780@aol.com,Hdlee9936@aol.com".