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Walter Fitzotho De Windsor (b. Abt. 1037, d. Abt. 1086)Walter Fitzotho De Windsor (son of Dominus Other) was born Abt. 1037 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, and died Abt. 1086.He married Gwladus Verch Rhiwallon on Abt. 1060 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
Notes for Walter Fitzotho De Windsor:
Walter, the son of Other, was one of the military caste that was essential in consolidating the position of William the Conqueror after 1066. He may have been born in England, but it is not known whether he was in England at the time of the landing, or whether he joined William in Normandy, and took part in the Battle of Hastings, 1066.
Walter was a knight in the King's private retinue, and, when in 1070 William began the building of Windsor Castle, Walter was put in charge of its defence, and later became the first Constable of Windsor. Under the Norman kings, as with the kings of France, the Constable was the principal officer of a royal establishment, and was responsible for the defence of the establishment, by the knights stationed there. It was this position that conferred the name 'Windsor' upon his sons.
Windsor was built by William to control the middle reaches of the River Thames, and together with other castles, each a day's march apart, to keep open the route from London to the south coast, and thence to Normandy. Since Walter was a young man in 1070, to have been given such responsibility, shows the great respect felt for him by William.
Soon after 1070, Walter also had the important post of Warden of the King's forests in Berkshire. Although generally associated with hunting, the main recreation of the Royal household, the position was a military one, since the forests were subject to regular patrolling, as a precaution against enemies of the King. They were also regarded as the main source of provender for armies on the move, or those stationed at strategic castles.
Walter fitz Other was granted twenty two manors in England, by King William, and was still holding these at the time of the Domesday Survey (1086):-
In Berkshire Bucklebury Chiltone (Chilton) Hagbourne Wallington Wokesfield Wildehall (No extant village, site - Wildhall Farm, Alton)
In Hampshire: Malshanger Gerlei (Church Oakley) Winsflet (Winchfield)
In Surrey Chingstone (Kingston) Cortone (Compton) Homers (Hurtmore) Orselei (West Horsley) Piperherge (Pepper Harrow) Woking
In Middlesex Hatton Bedfont Stanmore In Buckinghamshire Burnham Ettone (Eton) Hardmead Hortune (Horton)
Walter also owned a town house at Wallingford, a fortified town on the River Thames, between Reading and Oxford.
It was customary for the King to grant plots of land, within the towns, to noblemen and churchmen, in return for the acceptance of responsibility concerning the defence of the town. The plots were then, either leased to burgesses to offset the cost of defence, or town houses were built.
Other holders of such houses at Wallingford were; the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop of Salisbury, Hugh de Ferrers, Walter Giffard, and Miles Crispin; all members of the Curia Regis (KIng's Council), which leads one to speculate that Walter fitz Other may also have been a member of this body, although no record of this has been seen.
It is likely that Gwaldys, his wife, and his children when young, lived in Wallingford, rather than on any one of his manors, where life would have been far less comfortable.
None of his sons showed any disposition towards manorial life, and it is likely that manors were under the control of bailiffs appointed by Walter.
Walter was married to Gwladys, the daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynvyn, one of the Welsh princes. (More detail concerning Rhiwallon is needed). He had four children: William de Windsor, the eldest, Gerald de Windsor, Robert de Windsor, and his only daughter, Delicia
More About Walter Fitzotho De Windsor and Gwladus Verch Rhiwallon:
Marriage: Abt. 1060, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
Children of Walter Fitzotho De Windsor and Gwladus Verch Rhiwallon are:
- +Geraldus Fitzwalter De Windsor, b. Abt. 1070, Carew Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d. Abt. 1136, Carew Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales.