|I am undertaking this research project in Honor and Memory of all those that have gone before me,that Our Name, Our Language, Our History will not perish from this Earth.This will be an on going project with addition's,correction's and information added and deleted as discovered and warranted. "to err is human to forgive is devine"|
Pre-W.W.1 history:"Every nation wanted Ukraine,"the breadbasket"of Europe.Desire to benefit from the richest,most fertile soil(gifts from the Glacier period)of Europe,proved to be too much temptation for all the countries surrounding her. The Mongols invaded her from the East,the Lithuanians from the North,the Ottoman Turks from the South,the Russians from the East,Austria-Hungary from the Southwest and Poland from the North.
Between the outbreak of W.W.1 in August 1914 and 1919,the Ukrainian lands were cut up and changed hands so many times,this country didn't know who to fight off.
In 1914 Ukraine was divided between Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires.When the Austrians controlled the southern most regions to the Carpathian Mountains above Romania, they named this province Galicia.The tsarist Russian army held most of Galicia(as far west as the Dunajec River)and Bukovina.
By 1915 Austria had driven Russians out,although they still held onto an eastern corner of Galician territory between the Seret and Zbruch rivers. throughout most of W.W.1.Later when the Germans occupied it, they called it Distrikt Galizen. Later,under Poland, the name as well as the people were erased.
To escape Austrian oppression,in the 1865s many Galician residents fled or Immigrated to Canada where they were allowed to own land,build farms and businesses.Since they never considered themselves Austrians they quickly accepted Canada as their national land,but unfortunately,their immigration papers rubber stamped them as Austrians. Ironically,when Canada joined World War 1,she rounded up all the 'Austrian's'as potential enemies and imprisoned them. During their confinement,Ukrainians were sent to Banff National Park to build the park. Those that did not freeze to death in make shift building's,lost their farm's,businesses and families. The work program was so successful for Canada that official's didn't release these prisoners until two years after the war ended.This is a disgraceful period in Canadian history and they didn't want to acknowledge openly,repent,apologize,compensate or honor those who built the park with a statue.The Canadian media refused to air a documentary on it. When backed to the wall,they aired it in the wee hours of the morning without any pre-announcement. Very few people saw it."(excerpt from"The sad history of the 'two' Ukraines by Olga Kaczmar).The Ukrainian Canadian Civil Liberties Association have erected a statue and historical maker to commemorate internment at Banff. It can be seen 4.2km west of Castle Junction on the Bow Valley Parkway. The statue and plaque are at the end of a path approximately 9 meters back from a roadside pull-out.
The War Measures Act of(1914) was implemented as a result of an Order In Council by the Canadian Goverment. This resulted in the internment of 8,579"ememy aliens"of which over 5,000 were Ukrainians who had emigrated to Canada.There were 24 internment camps across Canada.The internees were used to develop Canadian infrastructure as "forced labor".They were used to develop Banff National Park,the logging industry in Northern Ontaria & Ouebec,the steel mills in Ontario & Nova Scotia,and the mines in British Columbia,Ontario & Nova Scotia.It also meant an aditional 80,000 individual's (of which a vast majority were Ukrainian's) were obliged to register as "enemy aliens" and required to report to local authorities on a regular basis.
A Special Attention Message To All the War Mongers that down thru the ages have tried to erase My People,My Language and My History I say to you simply "I'm still standing!"
- Town sign entering Lanovtse from the North (39 KB)
This is the village where my great-grandparents are from. Thanks to Hanna, she was able to verify with Svetlana in Bohdan's office, where there is a special/most current map, that Kozachyna and Lanivtsi are one and the same place. The picture was taken by Saul Lindenbaum in August 2000.
- Nieczlawa River and Farm in Lanovtse (33 KB)
Picture of the countryside of Lanovtse. Picture taken by Saul Lindenbaum in August 2000.
- Sava Ridkodub, and his wife, Tekla (27 KB)
These are my great-grandparents, Sava and Tekla Ridkodub. Once again, thanks to Hanna, I have learned that Ridkodub is a Ruthenian surname. In Ukrainian, it means, from a place not thick with Oak trees.
- Tekla Ridkodub (223 KB)
My great-grandmother, Tekla.
- Onofrey Ridkodub and his wife Mary (28 KB)
These are my grandparents, Onofrey and Mary Ridkodub. Their name was eventually changed to Fred and Mary Ridob.
- Olexandra (Oleksa) Mykolaj Ridkodub (16 KB)
Olexanda is my grandfather's brother.(another son of Sava and Tekla) This is a picture of him in Poland.
- Wasyl and Onofrey Ridkodub (39 KB)
This is a picture of my Dad, Wasyl, and my Grandfather, Onofrey in front of the Rotunda in Charlottesville, Va, USA. My Dad eventually changed his name to William Ridob, my grandfather's name became Fred Ridob.
- Wasyl Ridkodub and his wife, Anne (140 KB)
These are my parents, William and Anne.