| || Notes for LIEUTENANT JOHN CROSGROVE, CIVIL WAR SOLDIER:|
[The writer's great-granduncle.]
John Crossgrove was born in 1836 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York, and baptised the same year at the Westfield Presbyterian Church.[s] Like his siblings, John was raised in typical fashion as a farm lad on his parents' farm in Westfield.
On 12 April 1861, when John was aged 24, the Civil War began. Exactly three weeks later, on 3 May 1861 President LINCOLN issued a proclamation calling for the organization of forty volunteer regiments. New York's Governor Morgan issued issued General Orders on 30 July (No. 78) and 17 August 1861 (No. 87) that called for the organization of regiments of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. War fever was intense, and recruiting stations were established throughout New York to handle the huge numbers of volunteers. The organization of the Ninth New York Cavalry began in September 1861 with the enlistment of men fromChautauqua, Cattaraugus, and Wyoming Counties in New York and Warren County in Pennsylvania. During September and October, ten companies of the Regiment began their military training on the fairgrounds at Westfield in a camp named Camp Seward after The Honourable William H. Seward, U.S. Secretary of State and former resident of Westfield, Governor of New York, and U.S. Senator for New York.[v]
In response to President LINCOLN's appeal for volunteers, John enlisted on 10 September 1861 at Westfield for a three-year tour of duty, and on 1 October 1861 was mustered in at Albany as a Private in Company I, 5th Squadron, 3rd Battalion, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. On 16 November 1861, the Reverend Anson Gleason wrote a letter of encouragement to John's mother, Sarah:
"I have just received a letter from our daughter Mary, who tells us . . . that your dear Son John has buckled on the armery of war & gone among many others to bear arms for the defence of our dear Country! God bless the dear boy & all his fellow soldiers- That John I believe is a dear good Son & and honest & sincere Christian & of course will also make a good & faithful soldier-. . .I think that you will soon be cheered by the return of your dear Son- And yet if the contest is to be long & bloody & your dear boy should be calld away among many others to seal the love of his Country with his warm youthful blood - you would even then be proud to feel that you have done what you could in so glorious a cause- . . . "[w]
John appears to have adapted easily to military life. A letter from John's brother Robert, who had migrated to Wisconsin, to their brother Edward on 31 December 1862 said:
"I had a letter from Hugh about 2 weeks ago and one from John last week he said they were both well and John seems to enjoy the service pretty well I should think from the way that he writes that he feels at home there and does not seem to care how long he hast to stay."[a]
During his tour of duty, John's competence was recognized by his promotion to the rank of Corporal on 8 July 1862,[o] to the rank of Sergeant on 1 November 1862,[h] and a year later, on 1 November 1863, to the rank of First Sergeant of Company I.[k] Finally, John was commissioned in the rank of Second Lieutenant,[u] presumably a battlefield promotion.
We are indeed fortunate that six of John's wartime letters are extant (the full texts of the letters will be found at the end of this chapter). They, together with two letters from John's brother Hugh and several other family letters, were found sometime in the 1940s or early 1950s inside the wall of a house in Westfield that was being dismantled, and which had been the home of John and Hugh's sister, Sarah (Crossgrove) Taylor. The letters were given to the Westfield Chief of Police who, some years later, gave them to Edward Wellington Mateer whom he knew to be the grandson of Sarah's sister, Jane Crossgrove Mateer. The letters have been handed down to Edward's nephew and his wife, Robert (the writer's third cousin) and Karen Peterson of North Carolina, and are now in the possession of their son and daughter-in-law, David and Virginia Peterson of Rochester, New York.[t]
On 29 January 1862, John wrote to his sister Sarah from Camp Fenton in Washington, D.C.:
"I have been looking anxiously for several days for a letter from you but to night I came to the conclusion that I owed you a letter and thought perhaps I had better write to you and ask you for one before I get oneIf I do not get a letter from home about once in so often I begin to feel lonesome and watch the mail pretty close. you can scarcely immagine how much good a letter from home does us soldier boys . . . I am well and enjoying the best of health as I have ever since I have been in camp and as I tent with Martin Harmon and him and I agree pretty well we enjoy some pretty good old fashioned visitsI find it to a nice plan to have a confidential friend away here in camp with whom I can converse freely on any and all subjects . . . If you were to come into our camp you think we were as happy a family could be thought ofthe boys all try to make the best of it. . . of course we have to have some that are not so agreeable as we would wish they were . . . I rode down to the city with Dr Spencer last monday it was the first time have been out of camp since we came herealthough the city is not a very nice one it presents a grate many attraction to us soldier boys that never was in the the city beforethe Dr took a good deal of pains to show me all the public Buildings and noteable objectswe rode past the White House the residense of the presidentit is a verry large white building as white as snow . . . Samuel Taylor was over here to see me about 2 weeks ago and took dinner with mehe looks well and feels wellhe likes soldiering pretty well"[b]
In a letter written on 20 March 1862 at Alexandria, Virginia, apparently to his sister Sarah, John said:
". . almost all of the boys with whom I am acquainted are now either at this place or on the move for here there are 50000 troops to leave here within a few days for Richmond. one Battation of our Regt are detached to go in the Artillery and 2 Battalions of us go as infantry to guard the amunition trainwe now have charge 100 6 mule teams loaded with amunition and are now waiting for ordersthey are busy shipping troops now and we shall not go untill all the soldiers are gone . . things are so uncertain in the army that soldiers hardly know one minit what they will do the nexton sunday I went about 4 miles up towards Fairfax where I saw Capt Drake and a good many of my old acquaintances . . there was one in the 44 Regt that I expected to see who I shall never see in this world and that is Samuel Taylor his Regt is now lying about 1 1/2 miles from us and I went up to see him and inquired for him and they told me that he died a week a go last sunday morning in the Hospital at Georgetown of Typhoid fever . . the hospital where he died was only a bout 2 1/2 miles from our old camp and if I had only known that he was there I should have went to see him . . I will now give you a description of Alexandra this is place of considerable notoriety being the city where Elsworth was shot and is full of secessionist if they only dare to express their sentiments and the city is now under marshal lawthere is to forts that command the city and the river and they could shell the whole city with perfect easeFort Elsworth that lies nearest the city is considered to be a verry nice fortthey have some rifled cannon that are 14 feet long that will carry a ball 5 milesthis is the most beautifull spot that I ever saw one of the most splendid views that could be imagined but the soldiers are fast destroying the country which money cannot replacefences groves and shade trees all fare alikeall have to fall under the soldiers axour boys are cutting a beautifull grove of Oak chestnut and ceader willow etc right in the yard of a Reble Captain but are have respect for the property of all union men. . . we are now feastin on Oisters our men captured 2 Oisters Sloops loaded with oisters from the Rebles and brot them up to Alexandria and all soldiers are free to use them"[c]
John wrote to his brother Edward from Fortress Monroe, Virginia, on 9 April 1862, saying:
". . I am well and have not yet known a sick day since I have been here. . we are now on the advance and expect to be at Richmond in a short time there one hundred thousand men left this place this week and to day they expect to attact YorktownYou asked how it was about the farms here in Va. and the fences etc etc. .. the farms are verry large some of the planters own from 1200 to 2000 acres with one large and sometimes a pretty nice house on them and 2 or 3 small negro houses out aroundthe houses have mostly been evacuated and now are occupied by our soldiers for Hospitals and Barracks etc Some of the Planters have protection papers given them by the Government and the property of these have to be spared in the vicinity of the house any how,the soil is verry shallow and some of it is not worth tilling and there is scarcely a rail or a fense to be seen the landall lays open to a common and the most of it is used by the soldiersthe surface of the country is verry uneaven and there is a good deal or has been of small scrubby timber but the soldiers have cut a good deal of it for to burn and a good to clear the way so that they can see farther that there may be nothing in the way. . . Since we came to A.[lexandria] we were ordered to keep 3 days rations cooked and on hand as we were liable to be ordered to move at any moment but it takes time to move 10000 with their equippage teams provisions etc . . . on monday morning early we were ready to march to the dock and went a board of the boats about 10 Oclock 1 steamer 2 scooners and a barge but it took all day to get our baggage wagons and horses etc aboard but just at sundown we pushed out into the rive[r] an achored untill morning. the river is is verry hard of navigation . . there are very few pilots that can run it in the night on account of the shoals. Tuesday Aprill 1stwe weighed anchor early this morning and started down to riverthe morning was beautifull one and we enjoyed the ride verry muchabout 10 Oclock this morning we passed Mount Vernon the home of Washington"[d]
John wrote to his sister, presumably Sarah, on 25 November 1862 from Chantilly, Virginia:
". . . I saw Hugh last sunday and had a good long visit with him he was well and learning soldiering verry well . . last week was rainy and unpleasant as Sigles whole division moved back to Centerville and Fairfax. . . our regt. had only just moved to the front. . . when ever Gen's. Sigle or Sthall want cavalry that they can depend upon they call on the 9th The army is a great place for petty stealing . . Last Tuesday night where we had encamped for the night - M. Harmon and I had layed down for the [night] using a rubber blanket a our saddle-blanketts for a bed and we had two woolen blanket & a rubber blanket to cover us bet we had not lay there more than half an hour when some scamp slipped one of our wool blankets from under the rubber and got away with it an also a haversack full of hard bread our rations for the next day . . our present camp is on the Leesburg turnpike about 6 miles from Fairfax Court House and Hugh is on the same road and only 2 miles from here towards the C.H. and yet it requires a pass from a Major Gen to to pass the pickets that lye between us. Sigles Army Corps is held as a reserve to the whole and I thin perhaps it will be kept near Washington to defend the capital and watch Stonewall Jackson who is reported to be watching an apportunity to get into the city but I think he will fail if he attemps it. The weather is rather cold for field duty but we cavalry men have the advantage of the Infantry for we can carry more blanketts than they can. . . We have not had much duty to do of late consequently ourselves and horses are getting pretty fatthe grain for our horses is brought from Fairfax but we have to go from 3 to 5 miles into the country after hay and carry it in on the horses backs. we have not had any pay since the 1st of July and money is getting rather scarce. but we expect pay this week. . . May God protect and permit us again to meet on earth that we may soon again meet to enjoy the comforts of home is the prayer of your Brother John"[e]
John's regiment was engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg on the first day, 1 July 1863, and Hugh's on the first and second days. On 3 July 1863, the third and last day of the Battle of Gettysburg, John wrote hastily from Westminster, Maryland, to his brother, presumably Edward:
". . I am well and I heard from Hugh yesterday at 2 P.M. he was well and safe thanks to God for his mercies to us I wrote to Sarah from Gettysburg . . . I wrote on the evening of June 30just had time to finish it when we were ordered out on pickettwe remained out that night and the next morning about 9.A.M. we were relieved by the 2nd squadron of our regt, and we reported back to the regtthey were in line of battle and we formed in our placethe fight now raged highthere was nothing on our side but our division of Dav, and one Battery of artillery and the rebs. had two Division of Infantry and artilerywe were obliged to fall back before noon but not till after we had took a Brigade of the Rebs. Prisoners then the 1st Corps. came up and we regained our old position but there was constantly reinforcements coming on both sides and the Rebs drove us back through the town and parolled a lot of our wounded
"I cannot speak too highly of the people of Gettysburgthey threw aside all fear and turned out to take care of our wounded carrying every thing that a soldier couldwith for killed and two wounded one of them slightly the two that was killed were in our squandron and one that was seriously wounded belonged to our Co. a 9 months man named Canethe rest of the boys are all safe and well. We left the Battlefield yesterday morning and are now 25 miles away but hear govt news from the front I suppose you hear the news by the papers and I have not time to write you a long letter nowI do not know what we are here for but this is the terminus of the Western Railroad and we have had no rations or forage in two days and our horses are verry much jaded and poorly shod and may be we we will get our horses shod and rest and go back to the field of action againwe have not had mail in a long time should like to receive some mailthere are squads of rebs going past under guard700 just passed and we may be able to compell the reble army here to surrender here in pathis is a good grain country and the fields are waving with ripe grain I will write more particular when I have more time . . ."[f]
After engaging the Confederate forces on 1 August 1863 near Brandy Station and Culpeper, Virginia, the Brigade which included John's Regiment moved on to Kelly's Ford, Virginia. There John wrote to his sister, again presumably Sarah Crossgrove, on 7 August 1863:
"I just returned from Alexandra found the regt. just 'going out' on pickett . . I suppose you have heard of the two late cav. fights we had last Saturday and Monday . . our men had a pretty hot time of it though there were only four killed and about 30 wounded . . we drove the rebs the first day nearly to Culpeper but they got reinforcements and we had to fall back . . it is my opinion that we will not make any offensive movements (more than strong Cav. reconnaisance to find out the position of the enemy) untill we get the conscripts down here . . there are not more than 3 or 400 men in the largest regt. fit for duty . . putting these new men into old regt. they will sooner be fit for the field than they would if formed in new regt. and will not be near as expensive . . when I was in Washington it was so hot that we could not go around any . . I had no horse and it was so hot to go on foot. It seemed like civilization to get to the city again. the Guerilias are thick between Alexandra and Centervillethey captured a large waggon train on Saturdaywe expected to meet Mosely Bond [i.e., Mosby's Rangers] but did not but I was verry unfortunateon the way I lost my menoramdom book that I had just put 33 postage stamps in and I had your Photograph and Edd & caps [brother Carson's (Cass)?] pictures a lot of letters and some papers that were of considerable importance to meso I will have to mail this letter without a stamp . . I often think of you all and would like to see you and have a good long visit with you but I am not willing to give up the ship yet and let the rebs have their own wayI shall stand to my post and trust in God who will not suffer a sparrow to fall to the ground without his notice. . . my love to all and write all the news to your Brother John Crosgrove"[g]
This is the last letter from John that is known to exist. Five months later, on 31 January 1864, John made the fateful decision to re-enlist for another three years.[h] Tragically, by June he would be dead from battlefield wounds.
On 10 June 1864, the First Division, including John's Regiment, under the command of Major General Philip H. Sheridan, engaged the Confederate forces near Louisa, Louisa County, Virginia, and pushed the Rebels back into the woods. The next day, Saturday, 11th June 1864, dawned "chilly, the sweet-scented clover dripping with dew, and a bracing breeze coming from the dark mountain ridges," according to a Confederate soldier's account.[i] On that day, the 9th Cavalry Regiment, under the orders of General Sheridan, engaged the enemy at Trevilian Station, a railway depot about three miles from the previous day's battle and in the direction of Gordonsville. The Regimental Commander, Lieutenant Colonel William Sackett, was mortally wounded within minutes of charging the Confederate troops. The same Confederate soldier mentioned above wrote that "The Yankees displayed pluck and splendid courage that day in their attempt to drive us away, but were sadly in lack of a good cavalry leader."[i]
During three days of fighting at Trevilian Station from 10 to 12 June 1864, the 9th Cavalry Regiment's losses were "their largest of any engagement during the war: about 300 killed and captured in addition to the wounded . . The suffering of the wounded was intense, the heat of the summer and dusty roads adding to their discomfort."[j]
It was during that engagement that John was struck down by an enemy bullet. The first Muster Roll following that event said:
"Vet. Vol. Wounded and left at Trevillian Sta Va. June 11, 1864. Pay due for use of private horse & equipments from Apr. 30, 64 to June 13, 1864. 3d instalment bounty due $50."[k]
"Crossgrove, John Jr" is recorded in the Regimental Muster Out Register as follows:
"MOR [i.e., muster out register]: Died at Gordonsville, Va., date not stated. Cas[e] hist[ory]: Wounded in action at Trevillian Station, June 11. 64, and left in the hands of the enemy. No further record on Register as to death. Promoted to Sergt. Nov.1.62, date appointed 1st Sergt. not stated."[h]
Elsewhere, the Muster Out Register states that John had died on an unknown date, in the rank of First Sergeant, "At Andersonville Va Also borne [known?] as Cosgrove."[h] Presumably, the infamous Confederate Prisoner Camp known as Andersonville in Georgia was confused by the recorder with Gordonsville, Virginia. The register describes John as follows: "Veteran: Bred Westfield; born Westfield; brown eyes, black hair, light complex.; 5 ft. 7-1/2 in high."[h]
Other entries in the register state:"MIR [i.e., muster in register] Age: 24, Enlisted When: 10 Sept 61, Where: Westfield, Period Years: 3, Mustered in: When: 1 Oct 61, Grade: Private, Comp'y: I, Reg't: 9th Cavy"; and MIR: Age: Vet, Enlisted: 31 Jany 64, Period Years: 3, When: 31 Jany 64". The only other entry on this record states: "MR [i.e., muster register] Apl 10/63Present as Sergt."[h]
Another military record also describes John:
"John Crossgrove, Co. I, 9 Reg't N.Y. Cavalry.
"Age: 24 years; height 5 feet 7 1/2 inches. Complexion Dark. Eyes Brown; hair Black.
"Where born: Westfield NY.
"Enlistment - When: Sept. 10, 1861; Where: Westfield NY; Bu Whom: C. Dickson; term 3 yrs.
"Remarks: Promoted to corpl in Co by Regtl order July 8, 62. Promoted Sergt in Co per Regtl order Nov 1, 62. Promoted to 1 Sergt per Regtl order. Mortally wounded in action at Trevillian Station Va June 11, 64 Died at Gordonsville Va June 64."[o]
Some years later another record of John was published. It read:[u]
"John Crossgrove , Jr
"Promoted to Full Lieutenant 2nd Class
"Enlisted as a Private on 10 September 1861 in Westfield, NY at the age of 24
"Enlisted in Company I, 9th Cavalry Regiment New York on 01 October 1861
"Promoted to Full Sergeant on 01 November 1862
"Died on 01 January 1864 in Gordonsville, VA
"was Wounded on 11 June 1864."
Obiously in error is the entry that John died in January 1864, almost six months before he was wounded; this can only be an error in transcription, perhaps reading "Jun" as "Jan". The comment that John was commissioned in the full officer's rank of 2nd Lieutenant does not appear in any of the other records. The promotion was probably a battlefield promotion, perhaps not long before his death, with the proper paper work not yet having been been filed.
After he was wounded by enemy fire, John was captured by the enemy and placed in Gordonsville Receiving Hospital (the Exchange Hotel prior to the War). Built in 1860, the three-storey Hotel was Georgian in style with Italianate architectural elements that had become popular in the mid-nineteenth century. With the onset of war, the Army of the Confederacy converted the Hotel in March 1862 to a military hospital that treated the wounded and dying from nearby battlefields such as Cedar Mountain, Chancellorsville, Trevilian Station, Mine Run, Brandy Station, and Wilderness. In 1864, 23,000 casualties were treated at the Hospital, and in June alone, the month John died there, 6,000 soldiers were treated.[r]
Bereft of his loved ones and surrounded only by the enemy, John survived for merely a fortnight and died alone. He was only 28 years old. The muster-out roll at the end of the War, dated 17 July 1865 at Clouds Mills, Virginia, stated that "John Crossgrove, Jr" "Died in hospital at Gordonsville Va June 25/1864 of vulnus Sclopeticum. Capture not given Pris. War Records."[l] "Vulnus" means wound, and "sclopeticum" (or sclopette or escopette) is a sort of carbine firearm. Thus, John died of a gunshot wound.
The Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records states that John was "Admitted to Hospital at: Gordonsville Receiving Hospl. Va. . . where he died June 25, 1864, of Vulnus Sclopeticum."[m]
John's great-grandnephew, Richard Peterson, reported that
"When Jim and I drove down to SC, we stopped at Gordonsville's Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum, which was the hospital [where John died]. . . they said there are some graves of unknown Federal soldiers in the town cemetery. We looked but couldn't find them. . . they have records there of the remains that were taken back north and John wasn't listed, so he could be one of the unknowns."[n]
In April 2001, Cousin Richard returned to the Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum in Gordonsville (the wartime Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) and reviewed the list of soldiers, both Union and Confederate, who had died there. Of the thirty-nine Union soldiers, thirteen had not been identified. John's name was not listed, indicating that he was one of the thirteen. The bodies were removed from Gordonsville shortly after the end of the War and the Museum personnel told Richard that they have no means of tracing them. All of the Union soldiers' bodies removed from Gordonsville Receiving Hospital were buried in the National Cemetery at Culpeper, Virginia. John's name, however, is not on the Culpeper list. Richard said that only 2,473 of the 15,242 soldiers buried at Culpeper have been identified.
Poignantly, John's brother Hugh wrote in a letter to their sister Sarah from his Army camp "Near Atlanta Geor" on 11 August 1864, a month and a half after John's death, that
"I was glad to hear a little more from John and hope that by the time you receive this that you will have a letter from him stating that he is doing well and hope that he will soon get a furlough and go home for I think that he would get along better there than he would in the hospital for I think that you would take better care of him."[q]
Sadly, Hugh would never again hear from or see his beloved brother.
An intelligent and courageous young man, our great-granduncle John had voluntarily made the supreme sacrifice for his country at so young and tender an age, and, unlike his brother, great-grandfather Hugh, was never to return home to his family. May he rest in peace and may light perpetual shine upon him.
a.Letter of Robert Crossgrove, Waupun, Wisconsin, to his brother Edward Crossgrove, 31 December 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
b.Letter of John Crossgrove, Camp Fenton, Washington, D.C., to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 29 January 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
c.Letter of John Crossgrove from Alexandria, Virginia, 20 March 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
d.Letter of John Crossgrove, Fortress Monroe, Virginia, to his brother Edward Crossgrove, 9 April 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
e.Letter of John Crossgrove, Chantilly, Virginia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 25 November 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
f.Letter of John Crossgrove, Westminster, Maryland, to his brother (Edward?), 3 July 1863; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
g.Letter of John Crossgrove, Kelly's Ford, Virginia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 7 August 1863; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
h.Muster Records of John Crossgrove, Jr, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiement; New York State Archives, Cultural Education Center, Room 11D40, Albany, N.Y.
i.Walbrook Davis Swank, Col. USAF Ret., BATTLE OF TREVILIAN STATION: THE CIVIL WAR'S GREATEST AND BLOODIEST ALL-CAVALRY BATTLE (Mineral, Va.: Walbrook D. Swank, 1994) p. 71.
j.Gray Nelson Taylor, comp., SADDLE AND SABRE: CIVIL WAR LETTERS OF CORPORAL NELSON TAYLOR, 9TH NEW YORK STATE VOLUNTEER CAVALRY REGIMENT (Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, Inc., 1993) pp. x-xi.
k.Muster Rolls of the 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
l.Muster Out Register of the 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, dated at Clouds Mills, Virginia, on 17 July 1865; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
m.Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
n.E-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
o.Company Descriptive Book; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
p.Letter of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, as quoted in e-mail message of the latter to J.E. Stockman, 25 April 2001. The Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum (Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) can be accessed at Website: http://www.hgiexchange.org/, and is located at 400 South Main Street, Gordonsville, Virginia.
q.Letter of Hugh Crossgrove from Near Atlanta, Georgia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 11 August 1864; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
r.Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum (Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) Website: http://www.hgiexchange.org/.
s.Records of Westfield Presbyterian Church, Westfield, New York; as abstracted by Mr Frank B. Lamb, Westfield, N.Y. and published on Internet at: http://www.rootsweb.com/~nychauta/CHURCH/ WESTFLD.HTM.
t.E-mail message of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, 11 May 2001.
u.REPORT OF THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL (New York Roster) (New York: Published in 1894-1906); Ancestry.com, Copyright © 1998-2002, MyFamily.com Inc. and its subsidiaries.
v. William C. Bradley, Jr, "George Bradley" in THE CHAUTAUQUA GENEALOGIST (August 2002) vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 41-47.
w.Letter of The Rev'd Anson Gleason to Sarah (Nesbitt) Crossgrove, 16 November 1861; transcribed by Virginia Peterson, Ropchester, New York, and posted on her Web site at: http://pages.prodigy.net/dapeterson/dgen/.