| ||Notes for NUMA DROZ:|
Droz, Numa.Son of the Eugène (1850), watchmaker, and Louise Elise née. Benguerel dit Perroud. He married Sophie Colomb, daughter of Louis Colomb.Numa Droz is orphaned very early in life .
* Student Engraver in watchmaker's shop 1858-1859
* He acquired an apprenticeship license in 1862
* He worked as a teacher inNeuchâtel. 1862-1864
* He was an editor of the newspaper " Nationally Suisse "1864-1871
* Arepresentative to theNeuchatelois council in 1869-71.
* Department of the state education , in 1871-75 in the council
He was elected to the Federal councilin December 1875 at31 years old,
the youngest elected member since 1848.
* He belonged to the Upper Chamber Committee in 1872- 1875
* He wrote the organization law of the Neuenburger churches of 1873
SeparatingReformedChurch and establishing a church independent
of the government, the Independent Church.
Numa Droz (January 27,1844-december 15, 1899) was a Swiss Politician. He was elected to the Federal Council of Switzerland on December 18, 1875 and handed over the office on December 31, 1892. He was affiliated to the Free Democratic Party.During his office time he held the following departments:
* Department of Home Affairs ~ 1876-1878
* Department of Trade and Agricluture ~ 1879-1880
* Political Department ~ 1881~President of Switzerland
* Department of Trade and Agriculture ~ 1882-1886
* Political Department ~ 1887 ~ President of Switzerland
* Department of Foreign Affairs 1888-1892
He was, notably, the main artisan of the creation of the Federal Department of the Agriculture and theBusiness. From 1892, he becomes a director of the International Office of Transport. Author ofnumerous historic and political works Numa Droz is one of the Swiss political major figures.This very engaged and pugnacious radical is very fast imperative with his political friends. He was editorofNational Swiss, organ of the party, which is moreover going to be of use to him as springboard for hispolitical career. He becomes famous in the head of the Department of the State Education and thecults as the initiator of the new school law which is going to unify the primary education then theecclesiastical law which changed the status of the Church and created a Church of State. This secondlaw will provoke the foundation of the independent Church; this religious schism come to an end in1943.- he succeeds Eugène Borel - . When he leaves the federal council, he takes the head of theInternational Office of Transport lead campaign against the bank of State ( 1897 ) and the repurchaseof railroads by the Confederacy (1898) what is worth to him falling out with the neuchâtelois radicals.
An esteemed and brave politician, Numa Droz's reputation exceeded widely the borders. There is one of the political Swiss major figures. An impressive monument, Charles l' Eplattenier's work is set upas its honor on the place of the Station of its home town.
The City of Chaux-de-Fonds dedicated its longest street to Numa Droz
The author of the ecclesiastical law of 1873law of Numa Drozis,results in the schism of the neuchâteloise Reformed Church with the creation of the independent Church. To advise in States (on 1872-1875; president in 1875), He is elected to the federal council in December, 1875, shortly before his 32 years, what makes of him the youngest elected member since 1848. He takes the head of the Department of the inside ( 1876-1878 ), then the new Department of the business and the agriculture (on 1879-1880, 1882-1886), of which he is one of the founders. His work of revision of treaties of commerce makes him known in the economic and diplomatic world. President of the Confederacy in 1881 and 1887, he steers at the same time the political Department, as it is then the custom. Numa Droz innovates in keeping this department (from 1888 Department of the foreign affairs) up to its retreat in 1892, so becoming the first real foreign secretary of Switzerland. As such, he notably has to take charge of the affair of Wohlgemuth .
He takes the head of the Department of the inside ( 1876-1878 ), then the new Department of the business and the agriculture (on 1879-1880, 1882-1886), of which it is one of the founders. His work of revision of treaties of commerce makes him known in the economic and diplomatic world. President of the Confederacy in 1881 and 1887, he steers at the same time the political Department, as it is then the custom. Numa Droz innovates in keeping this department (from 1888 Department of the foreign affairs) up to its retreat in 1892, so becoming the first real foreign secretary of Switzerland. As such, he notably has to take charge of the affair of Wohlgemuth (1889 ). From 1893, he is a director of the International Office of Transport, recently created in Bern. Centralist, supporter of a strong executive power, but defender of the economic liberalism, D. Opposes to the creation of a bank of State ( 1897 ) and to the repurchase of railroads by the Confederacy ( 1898 ).
The Droz du Locle family is nevertheless the most known. Some aspire what is more Locle was based by Jehan Droz, come from Corcelles in 1303 with his sons, and what is more the mayor, during the saboulée of the Burgundians in Crêt-Vaillant, in 1476, was also called Jehan Droz … The name appears however officially to Locle only in 1421 with Othenin, son of Richard le Droz. The family, very numerous in the XVIth century, is subdivided into several branches known under names consisted with that of Droz. And so Jaquet Droz, living in 1507, gave the branch of Jaquet-Droz, while three sons of Humbet Droz gave those of the Humbert-Droz; he was the same for Amez-Droz and Droz-dit-Busset there. In this list, we can again add that Jaques Droz, priest of the Chaux-de-Fonds from 1532 till 1535, then reformed clergyman, left some descent which carried, until XVIIIth century, Master's patronymic Of Master Jaques Droz. The most known members of this family is doubtless Numa Droz ( 1844-1899 ), federal councillor from 1876 till 1892, presides of the Confederacy in 1881 and 1887. Pure product of the radicalism neuchâtelois, heir of a strong Protestant culture,Droz was a man of progress.