| || Notes for Edward Tiffin:|
"[We have seen] the importance of preserving to the State authorities all
that vigor which the Constitution foresaw would be necessary, not only for
their own safety, but for that of the whole." --Thomas Jefferson to Edward
Tiffin, 1807. ME 11:146
"The hand of the people... has proved that government to be the
strongest of which every man feels himself a part." --Thomas Jefferson to
Edward Tiffin, 1807. ME 11:147
Dr. Edward Tiffin, M.D., was born around Workington, Cumbria, England in 1766.He started medical studies in England before his family came to America in 1783.He continued his studies in Pa.The Chillicothe, Ohio Historical Society has a contract for Edward's medical studies signed by Henry Tiffin.The Historical Society also has a letter of recommendation for Edward Tiffin signed by George Washington dated 1798.
Dr. Edward Tiffin was the first gov. of the state of Ohio in 1803. He was a U.S.
Senator from Ohio.Served as head of the US land office during the War of 1812.
He was the Speaker of the Convention that drafted statehood for Ohio and Speaker of the North West Terr. Legis. before statehood in Ohio.
During the Burr conspirecy of 1803, he sent the Ohio militia to distroy the boats of the Burr party to keep them from going down the Ohio River.T. Jefferson noted this in a speach before congress.He knew Jefferson well.
He was the U.S. Land Commissioner during the War of 1812 and saved the land records of the United States when the British were burning Washington in the War during that war.
In 1797, Thos. Worthington, of Jefferson county, Va., had emancipated his
slaves and visited this infant settlement. He returned, appointed by Gen. Rufus Putnam, Assistant Surveyor, and built the first frame house in Chillicothe. This wasin February, 1798.—Edward Tiffin, of Berkely county, his brother-in-law, with his emancipated slaves; Joseph Tiffin, Joseph Yates, a millwright; George Haynes, a blacksmith. The Pioneer Presbyterian was the Rev. Wm. Speer, of Pennsylvania, whowore a cocked hat, and had a small congregation to worship in a log house. Dr. Tiffin was a local Methodist preacher. Joseph, his brother, had a store, was Postmaster, and his tavern had a sign full length of General Anthony Wayne.
Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States 1789-1978
Volume III (Montana-Pennsylvania Edited by Robert Sobel and John Raimo Meckler Books A Division of Microform Review, Inc. 520 Riverside Ave. Westport, CT 06880 Page Ohio / 1193
TIFFIN, Edward, 1803-1807
Born on June 19,1766, near Carlisle, England, one of four children of Henry and Mary (Parker) Tiffin, both Episcopalians; himself a Methodist. Married
Mary Worthington in 1789, who died childless; remarried to Mary Porter on
April 16, 1809; father of Mary Porter, Diathea Madison, Eleanor
Worthington, Rebecca Turner and Edward Porter. Studied medicine in
England, emigrated with his family to Virginia, where he attended Jefferson Medical College in Pennsylvania from 1784 to 1786; practiced in, Charles Town. Ordained in 1792 as a lay preacher in the Methodist Episcopal
Church and served in that capacity throughout his life. Migrated to
Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1798. Appointed Prothonotary of the Territorial Court of
Common Pleas in 1798. Served as Speaker of the Territorial Legislature in 1799 and 1801. As leader of the 'Chillicothe Junto,"
opposed Territorial Governor St. Clair, pushed for immediate statehood, and
thwarted efforts of the Federalists. He served as President of Ohio's
Constitutional Convention, and was nominated for Governor by the
Democratic-Republican Convention in 1802 and again in 1805. He received
4,564 or 100% of the votes cast on January 11, 1803, and 4,783 or 100% of
the votes cast on October 8, 1805. Tiffin's first concern as governor was to
appoint his fellow Democratic-Republicans to state offices. In reaction to
Governor St. Clair's autocratic rule, the first Ohio Constitution severely
limited the authority of the governor, but Tiffin as head of his party and the
"Junto" wielded a great deal of power. He was a strong advocate of free
navigation of the Mississippi River, and an opponent of slavery. He is best
remembered for preventing the Burr Conspiracy. Tiffin resigned as governor
to become a United States Senator on March 4. 1807. When his wife died in
July 1808 Tiffin resigned and returned to private life on his farm. In 1809
Tiffin was elected to the state's General Assembly and again became
Speaker until 1811. He was appointed commissioner of the newly created
land office in 1812, and when the British invaded Washington, D.C., he was
able to save his land books from being destroyed. Late in 1814, he
exchanged offices with Josiah Meigs, Surveyor General for the Northwest,
in order to reside at his home. He continued in this position until a few weeks
prior to his death. He died on August 9,1829, and was buried in Grandview
Cemetery at Chillicothe.
The Will of Dr. Edward Tiffin, 1766 -1829
The following was taken from AGLL film #V21-95 which contains
Cemetery records Ross Co. for persons born 1800 and earlier.
Probate records-Will book Ross Co. [a-d]1961.
#213-p270Edward Tiffin of Ross Co.My wife to have her
third and land in Chillocothe where I now live and 100a two miles
from Chillicothe bought from John Waddle and 145&1/2a near mouth
of Little North Fork bought of Hector Danford and land in
Chillicothe for life and then to children or survivors. To daughter
Mary P. Reynolds in addition to what she has received 5 lots at
High and Water streets in Chillicothe and 1/2 of sec.15 T4 R22 and
4 shares of capitol stock of Bank of Chillicothe and a lot on Main
street near Market House. Daughter D M Tiffin and E M Tiffin 175a
each and 10 shares of bank stock each. Daughter Rebecca F Tiffin
NE 1/4 of sec. S25 T4 R22 near Bigbelly,six miles south of
Chillicothe and 13 shares of bank stock. Son Edward P Tiffin NW
half S23 T4 R22 and 13 shares of bank stock and gold watch.
Whereas I have been threatened with a law suit against my estate
as soon as I die which never ought er can succeed for $500 and
interest upwards of 30 years being for land sold which they say
I had but a life estate,but my paper and Robert Worthington Will
recorded in Berkely Co. clearly show the folly of such. But as
lawsuits are uncertain I wish my heirs to sell 666 and 2/3 of
land om Derby creek lying 1&3/4 miles along creek in settlement
of that pretended claim and if no claim then the land to be divided
among my children Dietha,Eleanor,Rebecca,and Edward.
July 12,1828Present James McClintock,James English and Samuel
Williams.Proved Sept term 1829
1803- 1807 Gov. of the State of Ohio
The state of Ohio was organized in 1803 from the Northwest Territory
after a bitter struggle between the party of Arthur St. Clair, governor of
the territory, and the "Chillicothe Junto," which favored immediate
statehood for the section east of the mouth of the Great Miami River.
The leader of the latter group was Edward Tiffin, who was elected the
first governor of the new state.
Edward Tiffin was born in Carlisle, England, on June 10, 1766, and
attended the Latin school in that city. At the age of twelve he
apprenticed himself as a student of medicine. He completed his
apprenticeship in 1783 and came with his parents, Henry and Mary
Parker Tiffin, and four brothers and sisters to America, where he
settled with them in Charles Town, Virginia, now in Jefferson County,
West Virginia. He began the practice of medicine here while still only
seventeen years of age, and apparently soon had a sizable practice.
That he was a respected member of society in his Virginia home is
evidenced by the fact that his name is found on the lists of "Gentlemen
Justices" appointed by the governor of Virginia, and also by the fact
that in the late 1780's (the exact date is uncertain) he married Mary
Worthington, daughter of a wealthy landowner, Robert Worthington,
and sister of Thomas Worthington, who was to become Ohio's sixth
Although reared in the Episcopal Church, Tiffin and his wife came
under the influence of the Methodist revival in 1790 and joined the
Methodist Church. Two years later Tiffin was ordained a deacon by
Bishop Francis Asbury and throughout the rest of his life continued to
serve the church as a lay preacher.
Tiffin, like many other Virginians, felt the appeal of the West, and in
1798, emigrating with his family and that of Thomas Worthington and
their recently manumitted colored servants, settled in the wilderness
village of Chillicothe on the banks of the Scioto River in the Ohio
country. Tiffin, who was thirty-two years old at the time, has been
described as a vivacious, florid-faced English gentleman of medium
height with pleasant manners and extraordinary conversational
powers. He had already won considerable reputation as a physician
and surgeon. He continued to practice his profession under the trying
conditions of the frontier.
Tiffin carried with him from Virginia a recommendation for public office
addressed to Governor St. Clair and signed by George Washington. A
few months after Tiffin's arrival in Chillicothe the governor appointed
him prothonotary of the territorial court of common pleas. This was the
beginning of a long public career in Ohio. He served as speaker of the
territorial house of representatives, 1799-1801, and as president of the
constitutional convention in 1802, where his authority to determine the
membership of committees was an important factor in policy-making
in that body.
He was elected governor of the newly organized state almost without
opposition in 1803 and again in 1805 for a second term. It was during
his second term that he received a commendatory letter from
President Jefferson for his efficiency in foiling Aaron Burr's expedition.
Before the close of his second term he was elected by the general
assembly to the United States Senate. He took his seat in 1807 but
resigned in March 1809. After the death of his wife in July 1808, he
expressed a wish to return to his home near Chillicothe and resume
his medical practice and farming. He did not long remain a private
citizen, however, for a few months after his return to Chillicothe he
was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives, where he served
two terms as speaker, 1809- 11. In the fall of 1812 he was appointed
by President Madison commissioner of the general land office, an
office which had just been created. Tiffin successfully organized the
land records, and his foresight saved them from destruction when the
British invaded Washington in 1814. In the fall of the same year he
secured the approval of the president to exchange offices with Josiah
Meigs, then surveyor general for the Northwest, in order to be able to
reside at home. Tiffin by this time had remarried and had one
daughter. His second wife was Mary Porter, by whom he had four
daughters and a son.
Tiffin continued in the office of surveyor general for fifteen years under
the administrations of James Madison, James Monroe, and John
Quincy Adams, all of whom praised his work. He was relieved of the
office only a few weeks before his death.
During the last four or five years of his life Tiffin suffered severe
nervous headaches. In spite of that fact he continued to supervise the
work of his office and farm and to give his professional services to the
poor of the community who called upon him. He died on August 9,
1829, and was buried in Grandview Cemetery at Chillicothe.
Edward Tiffin had had a distinguished and versatile career. He was a
skillful physician, an able lay preacher, an efficient and respected
public servant, and a man of highest integrity. The city of Tiffin, Ohio, is
named in his honor, and the state may well take pride in her first
governor. The Ohio Historical Society
S. WINIFRED SMITH
More About Edward Tiffin:
Fact 1: 1783, Came to America on the Mary and Ann
Fact 2: 1797, Came to Ohio
Fact 3: 1803, First gov. of the state of Ohio
Cause of Death: Not sure
Medical Information: Head pain for several years.