Aaron Stark (son of Aaron Stark, Sr. and Mary Holt) was born 1608 in England, and died 1685 in North Stonington or Groton, New London County, CT.He married Sarah on 1653 in Saybrook, Middlesex, CT. Notes for Aaron Stark: 1608 Aaron Stark was born in England around 1608 from a June 11, 1673 disposition that states,"The Testimony of Aron Starke, Aged Sixtie five yeares or there Abouts." (Transcribed by Gwen Boyer Bjorkman). "Stonington, New London County, Connecticut Deeds: 1664-1714"; II:280 (FHL #5593) 1627-36 Aaron Stark Arrived in New England. His date of arrival is not know with any certainty. Some have speculated arrival dates, but no documents have been found. "In a historical sketch of the late Hon. Benjamin Stark, published in the "Ships and Engine Magazine", the statement is made that his ancestor, Aaron, landed at Salem, Massachusetts, in 1627, and that he joined up with the Rev. Joseph Hooker and journeyed to Wethersfield, Connecticut." "The Historian's Report;, p. 31 Aaron Stark arrived in America in 1629 "Stark Descendant Family Lines" from "The Old Northwest Genealogical Quarterly"; XII:4;195; October, 1909 1637 In May of this year, Aaron joined Captain John Mason's forces to wage war on the Pequot Indians. He was probably residing at Windsor and was among the contingent from this settlement. The disposition "testefieth and sayth that we being soldiers under Captain John Mason with many more when wee went Agaynst the Pequitts Indeans wee being Landed in the Naragansett Country where many of the Naragansetts Came Armed and tendred themselves to goe with us in that Cervise Agaynst the Pequitts wherein they was Redily Accepted And marched with us through part of the Naragansett Country until they Came within four or five miles of Pawcatuck River where wee made A halt: where Nenecraft And Miantinomye with many others did declare unto our Commanders that wee were come into the Pequitt Country And therefore did Advise them to bee verie Carefull of themselves Least they Should be destroyed." (Transcribed by Gwen Boyer Bjorkman) "Stonington, New London County, Connecticut Deeds: 1664-1714"; II:280; June 11, 1673 (FHL #5593) 1639 Appeared before the Particular Court of Connecticut April 11, 1639. He was charged with unclean practices with Mary Holt. He was whipped in Hartford and again one week later in Windsor, where he was probably living. The letter "R" was branded on his cheek for this offense which may have stood for "Ravisher" of women. He was ordered to marry Mary Holt, but it is believed this did not happen. "Jn. Edmunds, Aaron Stark, and Jn. Williams were censured for vncleane practises as foll. (Note: Apparently sentenced as follows, CLL); Jn. [Edmunds] Williams to be whipt att a Carts arse vppon a lecture day att Hartford. (Note: From the quoted text, a footnote says "Edmunds" crossed out and "Williams" written above it. CLL); Jn. Williams to stand vppon the pillory from the ringing of the first bell to the end of the lecture then to be whipt att a Carts arse and to be whipt in like maner att Windsore within 8 dayes following; Aaron Starke to Stand vppon the pillory and be whipt as Williams and to haue the letter R burnt vppon his cheeke and in regard of the wrong done to Mary Holt to pay her parents 10 (?) and in defect of such to the Common Wealth and when both are fit for that Condition to marry her; It is the mind of the Court that Mr. Ludlow and Mr. Phelps see some publique punishment inflicted vppon the girle for Concealing it soe long." "Records of the Particular Court of Connecticut, 1639-1663; pp. 3-4, 13 and 19-20; The Connecticut Historical Society and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut, Hartford: 1928 1640 On July 2, 1640, Aaron is again before the Court accused of "buggery with a heifer." In all of our research, this appearance has not been revealed for reasons which will be understandable. This court record revealed the following: "Nicholas Senthion for not appearing to witnesse agaynst Aron Starke is ffyned to pay ffyne pownd to the Country. John Porter one of the Constables of Wyndsor is to keepe the said Aron Starke with locke and Chaine and hold him to hard labour and course dyet until he be cauled to bring him forth uppon the next somons. The said Aron being accused of buggery with a heifer, confesseth that he leaned crosse over the heifers fflanke, though at the first he denyed that he came neere her, lastly he acknowledgeth that he had twice comitted the acte with the heifer but that shee was to narrowe." "Records of the Particular Court of Connecticut, 1639-1663; pp. 3-4, 13 and 19-20; The Connecticut Historical Society and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut, Hartford: 1928 1643 On April 6, 1643, Aaron is back before the Court again. This court record states, "Aron Starke is aiudged to be whiped at Winsor tomorrow, and then to serve Captaine Mason during ye pleasure of ye Court." Although the reason is not given, Aaron was apparently whipped again, and ordered into the service of John Mason for an indefinite period of time. By now, Aaron was close to being banished. John Mason, a military leader probably loyal to the members of his command, most likely intervened in Aaron's behalf, suggesting his redeeming talents could be put to better use if he was released to serve Mason. On the same day of this entry in the court records, will be found the name "Captaine Mason", who is listed as present in the Court on that day, further suggesting this is the case. Although Mason was probably present that day as a part of his duties as a leader of the community, he would have recognized the community could not afford to be without fighting men like Aaron. Hence, continued what is believed to have been a military relationship between the Connecticut Chief Military Officer and Aaron. "Records of the Particular Court of Connecticut, 1639-1663; pp. 3-4, 13 and 19-20; The Connecticut Historical Society and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut, Hartford: 1928 1643-1646 Aaron probably lived in Windsor because he was now serving Mason at the pleasure of the court. 1646 Mason becomes commander of Saybrook Fort and moves to this location where he will live for the next 12 years. Aaron probably also moved to Saybrook. "History of New London, Connecticut, 1612 to 1860"; by Frances Manwaring Caulkins; p. 145; H.D. Utley; New London, Connecticut; 1895 (974.6 New London/Caulkins CSL) (974.65 C311h OSH) (CT 46.1 SR) 1653 In or about 1653, Aaron Stark married Sarah, probably in Saybrook. They moved to the Mason Land Grant received by John Mason in 1651, probably in November of 1653. On December 14 1653, a Thomas Minor entry in his dairy reports, "Captain Mason's man came for one yoke of oxen." In the next month, Captain Mason's man is revealed to be Aaron Stark. There are many other entried about Aaron that will be reported later. The Thomas Miner property was next door to the Mason Grant making Thomas and Aaron neighbor. Minor was the Magistrate for Stonington and many of his dairy entries were related to decisions he would make in the political role in Stonington. Children of Aaron and Sarah born at this location was Aaron Stark, Jr. (1653-1657), John Stark (1656-1659), Sarah Stark (1660) and William Stark, (1664). [Research of Clovis L. Le Fleur, World Connect] "The Diary of Thomas Minor, Stonington, Connecticut, 1653-1684"; edited by Sidney H. Miner and George D. Stanton, Jr.; p. 138; Press of the Day Publishing Company; New London, Connecticut; 1899 (974.602 ST72M ACPL) Source: Donn Neal - http://www.user.shentel.net/neals/s-v.html "Aaron Stark seems to have come to America in 1627, landing in Salem, Massachusetts. Between then and about 1633 he may have lived in the towns of Cambridge, Watertown, or Dorchester, Massachusetts: he was one of about one hundred persons from these towns who followed Reverend Thomas Hooker in making the earliest settlements in Connecticut, in June of 1636. Although the Stark line traces to Scotland, through Aaron, it may in fact be German. One tradition in the Stark family recounts how the Starks were hired in 1495 when the Duchess of Burgundy decided to send a body of soldiers under General Martin Swart to support an invasion of England on behalf of a pretender to the throne of Henry VII, Perkin Warbeck.36 When the invaders were defeated on the Plain of Stoke near Newark in 1487, those who survived fled to Scotland, where the king protected them. Another family tradition traces the Starks back to the 6th century in Germany and says that its name, Stark, was awarded to one member in Scotland in 1480 for his conspicuous bravery in battle." ---Source: Michael P. Stark, 1023 Roaring Springs, Ft. Worth, TX 76114 - 1994 Pequot Indian War (1637) and King Phillip's War(1675-77), Settled in Stonington, Conn. as early as 1650. In 1665, he purchased a farm near Groton, Conn. ---Source: Opal York, 525 S. Mulberry St., Mesa, Arizona, 85202 - April 6, 1987 --Source: Gene Stark - - Aaron Stark landed in Salem, Mass. in 1627. ----Source: John Stark "He was sent off to serve under Capt. Mason of Windsor in the militia and fought in the Piquot and other Indian Wars. In later years, he lived at the head of the Mystic River and worked for Mason, now a Colonel. He took the "Freeman's Oath" in Stonington in May, 1666 [Source: Clovis LaFleur - "Freeman" in colonial days did not have to do with bondage or servitude, though to be sure, bonded servants were not eligible. Simply put, a "Freeman" was a full citizen of the colony, with the right to vote in town meetings much like our right to vote if we are United States Citizens. However, after taking the oath, the "Freemen" of the community then would vote to accept the candidate for freeman.] and accepted in New London in Oct., 1669.and also became a fairly responsible member of society. He had three sons , one of which became a preacher, and one daughter." Between 1666 and 1669, he bought the farm of Rev. William Thompson, the Indian missionary, in the part of New London that became the present-day Groton, which is on the summit of Stark's Hill. He sold his land in Stonington to Robert Fleming. ---Source: Clovis La Fleur from Hinman, R. R., "Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut, with the Time of Their Arrival in the Colony and their Standing in Society, Together with their place of Residence as far as can be Discovered by the records", Collected from the State and Town Records, Published in Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968, page 75. Quote: "Starks, Aaron, Hartford, 1639. "He (Aaron Stark) was placed upon the pillory on a lecture-day during the lecture---then tied to the tail of a cart, and whipped in Hartford, (probably through Main-street)---then taken to Windsor, and at the tail of a cart again whipped---then had the letter R burnt upon his cheek, and fined L10, to be paid to the parents of Mary Holt, and then ordered to marry her. The punishment of the girl for her offence was referred to Mr. Ludlow and William Phelps to decide. She was afterward whipped. In 1643 he was again whipped for another offence, and ordered to serve Captain Mason during the pleasure of the court." Did Aaron Stark marry Mary Holt? Hinman's account would suggest Mary Holt was pregnant for his note preceding the above quote from his text says, "This case is inserted to show the extreme severity of their punishment for bastardy." No records or references have been found relating marriage or of a child conceived by Mary Holt and Aaron Stark...Did Aaron marry Mary Holt? Probably not if she was later banished from the settlement. [ More court records at this site] ---Source: "Stark Family of NH, VA, KY, and Conn", from LDS Library - Historical Dept. of Iowa access 21666, pg. 11 mentions Aaron Stark married Mary Holt.----Source: Marilyn Roth (Dec. 1999) - "The Mary HOLT part of your line is wrong. Somebody assumed that since Mary was in court in Hartford and Aaron was ordered to marry her, that they actually married. However, the known STARK children came much later, and a Sarah that witnessed a deed is believed to have been the wife of Aaron." ---Source: Deposition in boundary dispute between CT. and RI found in the Stonington Town Records, June 11, 1673: "The testimony of Aaron Stark, aged sixty-five years or thereabouts, testifieth and sayeth, that we being soldiers under Capt. John Mason with many more when we went against the Pequot Indians, we being landed in the Narragansett country when many of the Narragansetts came armed and tendered themselves to go with us in that service against the Pequots wherein they were readily accepted and marched with us through part of the Narragansett country until they came within four or five miles of the Pawcatuck River where we made a halt when Ninicraft and Miantonomo with many others did declare unto our commander that we were to come to the Pequot country and did then advise them to be careful of themselves lest they should be destroyed." ---Source: Gene Stark -- Stonington land records. "On the twenty-second day of March, 1664, fifty acres of land was laid out for Aaron Stark." On Sept. 26, 1667, Aaron Stark of New London sells this land to Robert Fleming of Stonington. Witnesses: Joseph Fish and Sarah Stark. Aaron Stark and Sarah Stark each signed by mark. As there was no other family of Starks in the Colony at that time, so far as known, and as Aaron's daughter Sarah was then but seven years old, who could Sarah Stark, witness, have been but Sarah, wife of Aaron? It has been conjectured that the family name of Aaron's wife was " Fish" and that her given name was "Sarah". ---Source: Clovis La Fleur - "From the New London County Court Records, Volume 5, page 109, June 3, 1685, "The inventory of the Estate of Aaron Stark, deceased, being exhibited in Court was proved and ordered to be recorded. The last will and testament of Aaron Stark, being exhibited in Court, was proved, approved and ordered to be recorded. Aron Stark, John Stark, and William Stark, sons to Aron Stark, Sr., deceased, appearing in Court and did declare and desire Capt. Samuel Mason might divide the lands left there by their father, and bound the same between them." We can surmise Aaron Stark, Sr. died sometime before June 2, 1685 and his lands were divided between his three sons named Aaron, John and William. Since the three brothers wanted Capt. Samuel Mason, the son of John Mason who had so much influence over Aaron's life, to assist in the division of the estate, We would speculate Samuel was the Mason who commanded these men in King Phillip's War. From later wills, we also know Aaron had daughters who married John Fish and Josiah Haynes. Their names were Elizabeth and Sarah." More About Aaron Stark: Emigration: Bet. 1627 - 1629, Salem, MA. More About Aaron Stark and Sarah: Marriage: 1653, Saybrook, Middlesex, CT. Children of Aaron Stark and Sarah are:
+Aaron Stark, b. Abt. 1654, New London, CT, d. April 29, 1721, New London, CT.