My Genealogy Home Page:Information about Robert Anderson
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Robert Anderson (b. 1634, d. 1712)Robert Anderson (son of Richard II Anderson and Mary Overton) was born 1634 in New Kent County, Virginia, and died 1712 in St. Peters Parish, New Kent County, Virginia.He married Cecelia Massey on Bef. 1660 in New Kent County, Virginia, daughter of Peter Massey and Lucelia Poindexter.
Notes for Robert Anderson:
According to William Pope Anderson writing in 1936, Robert Anderson arrived in what is now Hanover county between 1670 and 1677 as one of 80 persons transported to Virginia by charter to George Chapman by William Berkeley, Governor.His interpretation of the land data at that time was limited to the index cards available at the Virginia State Library which only listed land patent holders.
However there is a patent record in 1666 that shows Robert Anderson was an adjacent landholder to Moses Davies in the delta of the Pamunkey River at the head of the York River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay.It is very likely that Robert had been born in Virginia.At that time any travel returning from a trip back to England would have earned you an additional head right upon your return to Virginia.It was common practice among land owners to send their children back to England for education.
If the family tradition of "Ye Andersons of Virginia", pages 231- 288, Volume 11, Old Northwest Genealogical Quarterly, Columbus, Ohio, 1908; are correct, Robert's father may be the Richard Anderson, mentioned in mid 1600's York County, Viriginia Court Records.It is likely that additional records would be available except that after Gloucester County was formed from York it's records were destroyed in an 1820 fire and the details of land purchases along the north bank of the York River and at the mouth of the Pamunkey have been lost to that fire.
Another source gives his father as John Anderson of York County, Virginia. (newspaper article in The Daily Progress, Charlottesville, Virginia 02/26/84)Merchant Hope was the ship that brought Richard Anderson to Virginia in 1635.His sons John and Thomas were in the shipbuilding business in Gloucester Point, Virginia.In 1645, Robert Anderson, John's son became first Anderson born in Virginia.He was destined to take a 700 acre land grant on south branch of Pamunkey River and turn it into the 5000 acre Goldmine Plantation.
This is in disagreement with at least two other authors.The ancestors of Robert Anderson are very speculative and there are some conflicts between several authors'publications.The first hard data begins with Robert.
In 1677 Robert Anderson signed the petition of grievances for Blisland Parish regarding Gov. Berkley.He was a vestryman of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County in Nov 1686, and for St. Paul's Parish from 1704-1712. However these records do not imply that he had ever moved, rather they reflect the reorganization of the parishes that were occuring at the time as the Virginia frontier expanded.
From the Virginia land patents we find that in 1666 Robert Anderson held property adjacent Moyses Davies at Tottopottomoyes Creek.In 1670 Robert Anderson possessed land adjacent to John Fleming & Thomas Glass.
Virginia land patents often identify the land by reference to nearby creeks and branches and whether they are above of below a river that is a branch of the Chesapeake Bay.In addition they list the adjacent landowners.These two records indicate that Robert Anderson already owned land along Tottopottomoyes Creek before 1666.
George Chapman, on 22 Apr 1670, received 4150 acres in New Kent County on the Pamunkey Neck, for the transport of Robert Anderson.This reference may be from Robert returning from a trip to England.There were many reasons for such a trip including the need to see to family affairs there and for education and merchantile affairs.At this time the many landowners frequently selected a member from among them to act as an agent, who returned to England in the spring season when such trips were considered safe from hurricanes and took with him papers and power of attorney from the other landowners that allowed him to represent their interests.He would then return their monies and report to them upon his return.Such trips were burdensome and such task was rotated among landowners.If Robert was from a shipbuilding family of Portsmouth, his shipping ties would have made him a likely candidate for such a trip.
Robert Anderson, on 16 Apr 1683 received patent on 727 acres in New Kent County, north of Chickahominy Swamp in the head of Holly Bush Branch adjacent to Thomas Glass, to the mouth of Meyry Branch, for the importation of 15 persons. (Patent Book 7 page 272)
According to the practice at the time, a landowner would frequently repatent land that he already owned whenver their was a change in the royal governor.This was to assure his patent rights and minimize disputes.Therefore these records in the patents book may be referring to the same land that his father likely obtained by purchase before 1666 when this area was still Gloucester County.However all colonial records of Gloucester County have been destroyed in an 1820 courthouse fire so it is impossible to determine how these lands were initially acquired.I checked for Holly Bush Branch and Meyry Branch on a current Virginia map but did not find them listed.But these lands were in the area just north of current Mechanicsville, Virginia.
Robert Anderson signature appears repeatedly in the St. Paul Parish vestry book from 1704-1712.He usually signs as Mr. Robert Anderson, Sr., but occasionally uses a large R symbol as a mark in his signature. I would like a look at the original to see if this was a signet ring stamp or mark.He acts as an organizer of precessioning activities between Tottopotomies and Mechumps Creeks in 1708 and 1711.
The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704, by Annie Laurie Wright Smith, Virginia State Archives; 1957.
Anderson, Robert New Kent County 700 acres
Anderson, Robert New Kent County 900 acres
Anderson, David New Kent County 300 acres
Anderson, John New Kent County 100 acres
Anderson, John New Kent County 100 acres
Anderson, Richard New Kent County 200 acres
From this rent roll it appears likely that Robert, David, John and Richard were the oldest sons and that Matthew and Thomas were younger and had not established their own plantations as of 1704.Notice also that their is an additional John Anderson in this list that we have not connected but whom appears to have died about 1705 according to St. Paul's vestry book which opens with an entry about care for his children.
Robert Anderson's death in 1712 is recorded in the St. Paul parish vetry book when an entry is made that he is deceased and being replaced as church vestryman.
More About Robert Anderson:
Record Change: January 12, 2004
More About Robert Anderson and Cecelia Massey:
Marriage: Bef. 1660, New Kent County, Virginia.
Children of Robert Anderson and Cecelia Massey are:
- +Robert II Anderson, b. 1660, New Kent County, Virginia, d. 1716, New Kent County, Virginia.