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William King (b. 1595, d. Abt. 1650)William King was born 1595 in Weymouth, Dorsetshire, England, and died Abt. 1650 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts.He married Dorothy Hayne on February 17, 1615/16 in Abbey Church of St Mary, Sherbourne, Dorset, England.
Notes for William King:
William King immigrated on 20 Mar 1635, in "The Hull Company", which most passengers were from Somerset, England.He was a freeman as early as 1636 and was granted forty acres of land by the Town of Salem in the fall of that year.On 4 Feb 1638/9, he petitioned the Salem Selectmen 'to have the land layed out that the Town had granted him.'The land granted to Mr. King was bounded east and south by Bass River, the northerly point being at about the junction of Matthies and McKay Streets and from that point, southwesterly as the wall runs; thence southeasterly to the river at a point west of the School for the Deaf on Elliott Street, near Herrick's Bridge.The cove running into the land at this point was formerly called 'King's Cove.' (Salem Town Records, volume 1, page 21 and page 80)Mr. King chose wisely in selecting this site for his settlement.The land is of high elevation, surrounded by water on the south and east, and, though some of it could be used only for grazing purposes, a large portion of its acreage contained as good tillage land as can be found in the district.The territory within the boundaries of the granted lands is now traversed by Echo Avenue, Pierson Street, Glidden Street, Sturtevant Street, Matthies Street, and a portion of McKay Street.The acreage exceeded forty, as an early instrument contains an estimate of fifty acres.Mr. King built a house near the river on the north portion of his land and lived there until he died in 1650, intestate.The widow, Dorothie, and William, the eldest son, were ordered by the Court on 3 Feb 1650, to dispose of the estate, which was appraised at one hundred and twelve pounds, from which William, the eldest, was to have a double portion of twenty pounds; Samuel, John, Hannah, Mehitable, and Deliverance were to have ten pounds each, and Mary, wife of John Scudder, and Katherine, wife of John Swaysy, five pounds each.John was to serve his brother, William, seven years, and Samuel was to serve him three years.By agreement with his mother, William had the homestead.The agreement was sworn to by John Weston, 1 Jul 1685. (Records of the Quarterly Courts for Essex County, volume 1, page 206)(Essex Registry of Deeds, book 13, leaf 246, and book 4, leaf 48)
There were four families living at the northern part of the King lands, that of William King, of Robert Stone, of John Kitchin, and of Thomas Robbins.These, with other families living adjacent, comprised a small colony of Quakers, who, it appears, gave the authorities no end of annoyance.Attendance at religious service was compulsory in the early days, but it was not without the service of the constable that the rule was respected in many cases and the continued absence of these people indicated total disregard or disrespect for the established Church.He was a member of the First church at Salem, but in 1637 joined the Antinomians and came under the ban of the Salem authorities.He was requested to sever his connection with the new church or have his arms taken away from him.He remained with the new faith and gave up his gun to Lieutenant Danforth.In the records of the Quarterly Courts, there are nearly a score of recorded prosecutions against these people for this offense.
As an instance: in Nov 1660, Katherine, wife of William King Jr., Sara, wife of Robert Stone, and Elizabeth, wife of John Kitchin, were presented at Salem Court for 'frequent absence from the public ordinances; and as a member of the jury, Thomas Robbins was obliged to pass judgment on the conduct of his neighbors.Mrs. King and Mrs. Kitchin were persistent absentees, and as all were apprehended and fined on so many occasions, they were finally threatened with 'imprisonment at the gaol at Ipswich.' (Records of the Quarterly Courts for Essex County, volume 2, page 265)
William King Jr. seems to have been regarded by the Court as the chief offender and his influence over his neighbors was the probable cause for this attitude of defiance, for, on 8 Oct 1659, he was sentenced to be whipped and banished from the colony.He was not allowed to return to his home until 22 May 1661, and, upon signifying his willingness to withdraw from the Quakers, was pardoned.A short time after King was pardoned, the authorities relaxed from their severe intolerance of the Quakers, but the records show that in this neighborhood for several years, there was a ceaseless and brutal persecution of a small community of people, who, aside from their religious conflicts with the authorities, were industrious, peaceable, and law-abiding.
One of William Jr.'s children, Katherine, married a staunch Quaker, John Swezey. William, Jr was persecuted by his community for supporting Quakers.William Hallock disinherited one of his boys for marrying one of the Quaker daughters of Katherine and converting to the Friends.
Vagabondage was prevalent to some extent in these times, but those who practiced this manner of living were complained of by the inhabitants and dealt with severely by the Court.They were a source of considerable annoyance to the planters, from whom they would steal food, milk their cows, and by sleeping in barns subject the property to the liability of fire.King had a thrilling session with this element of society, and, in the interest of peace, complained of the intruders.At Salem Commissioners' Court, 30 Jan 1679, complaint was made of one Samuel Foster and his wife for being at William King's house, disturbing the family, and using very threatening words.The Court found them 'to be wandering vagabond persons and the man was ordered to be whipped out of town at the carts tail 10 stripes and the woman to ride in the cart.' They were to be passed along to 'constables of Salem, Linne, Boston, Roxburee and Dedham' and so conveyed out of the colony.
William's father was William, born about 1570 in Dorset, England.His mother was Ann Bowdiedge born about 1575, also born in Dorset, England.
William and Dorothy are ancestors to three American presidents: Harrison, Taft, and Harding.
More About William King:
Record Change: February 05, 2004
More About William King and Dorothy Hayne:
Marriage: February 17, 1615/16, Abbey Church of St Mary, Sherbourne, Dorset, England.
Children of William King and Dorothy Hayne are:
- +Samuel King, b. Abt. 1633, Weymouth, Dorsetshire, England, d. November 29, 1721, Southampton, Suffolk County, New York.