SOVEREIGNS OF JOLOF EMPIRE
1- Alboury Sarr Ndaw (1570-1576)
2- Birayam Madjiguene Ndaw (1719-1752)
3- Lat Codou Madjiguene Ndaw (1753-1760)
By O. Ndiaye Leyti, Historian
(Goree Island Historical Museum, senegal,1966)
SOVEREIGNS OF SALOUM KINGDOM
1- Ndene Ndiaye Marone Ndaw (1639-1645)
2- Biram Khouredia Tiek Ndaw (1732-1734)
3- Ndene Ndiaye Bigue Ndaw (1734-1753)
4- Sandene Codou Bigue Ndaw (1767-1769)
5- Sandene Codou Fall Ndaw (1778-1787)
6- Bale Ndoungou Khouredia Ndaw (1823-1851)
7- Ndene Ndienoum Ndaw (1899-1902)
By Abdou Boury Ba, Historian
(Goree Island Historical Museum, Senegal, 1976)
In pre-colonial Africa, great and wealthy Kingdoms and Empires emerged in West Africa, dating from 1000 B.C.E. Some of those kingdoms are listed as among the greatest of their time:
Ghana: 300 B.C.E. to 1200 C.E.
Mali: 1200 C.E. to 1500 CE.
Songhay: 1350 C.E. to 1600 C.E.
Jolof: 1600 C.E. 1900 C.E.
Jolof was the last kingdom to fall with the colonial invasion of West Africa in the actual Senegambia.
Saloum, among the wealthiest provinces, took over after the fall of Jolof.
The royal families were highly respected and admired for their leadership qualities and generosity. Through oral and written traditions, the griots and historians still recall the glorious reign of the kings.
To maintain succession of the throne the royal and noble families were marrying only among themselves. That’s why Ndaw, Ndiaye, Fall and Diop become related.
When the French conquered the region, transcriptions and record keeping became important for the French domination.
In the process, distortions from phonetics came about with some Wolof Names.
According to the French or French-speaking officer who registers names for birth certificates or other legal reasons, Ndaw or Ndao were recorded as the same family name.
Same for Ndiaye/Njaay; Fall/Faal; Diop/Joop.
Hence Moustapha Ndao and Badara Ndaw, brothers from the same parents!
Gambia, within the same socioethnological boundaries at the border of Saloum, was among the provinces under the Ndaw/Ndao sovereigns. Because of the English transcription, Ndaw or Ndao became…Ndow!
Still the same large royal family.
Ndaw Kunda Jaalo Waaly