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The Ad W.M. Teulings Exploratory Family and Clan Files

Updated March 12, 2006

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The Teulings ancestry (originally named Tollins or Tolinc) goes back to around 1100 in Brabant and Flanders (the Waes country/Land van Waas, the areas, citties and townships along the mouth of the Schelde). Their original coat of arms shows 3 silver merlettes on a green fond. It is a fair representation of their territory of origin: the green wetlands along the mouth of the Schelde river, where land was gained from the sea, and the oldest polders of the Netherlands can be found. And the merlettes, waterbirds, but stylized without becs and feet (ni pouvoir, ni terroir), reflect their predominant social position over time. They were traders, dependent upon and living in the emerging and rapidly developing cities, landownership was seen as a capital deposit, required to engage in large commercial tranactions. Interest in poldering, winning land from the sea, was a form of venture capialism: with high risks and if succesful high profits. The sea could easily take back al they owned. If they became nobleman it was as knights, a form of nobility that was not inheritable, and had to be re-earned by battle form generation to generation. Ad t was the only form of nobility that socially acceptable in combination with trading.
Ni pouvoir, ni terroir seems quite a keen self-description.

Data earlier than 1600 were reconstructed from ownership transfers by testament, marriage contract, or sale (ownership of land, houses, manors, feudal offices, entitlements, lordships), from lists of participants in battles, parties in court settlements, appointments in ducal and local councils, guild membership books and the like. This implies that generational linkages and have to be reconstructed from partially incomplete data, and by definition are open for critique and review. Sometimes the reconstruction is purely deductive, the consequence of a theory-driven line of reasoning, accepted for the time being because it seems to make sense and is not contradicted by the few empirical clues available.

A few of the earliest ancestors took part in the crusades, joined in the conquest of England following Willam the Conquerer (as administered in the Doomsday Book), or later to Hansean towns in along the coasts of the northern Germany and Sweden. But the major collective migration pattern between the 13th and 14th century was from the mouth of the Schelde river to the mouth of the Meuse and Rhine, another wetland area. But again, they lived and traded based in the newtowns at the North border of Brabant, and remained cosmopolitan in orientation. Later on, in the 16th and 17th century, as a result of the clash between the old and the new religion, some of the Tolinc's families, as well as other members of the clan, moved again, in a more scatterd but still collective way, one branch back to Antwerp, the other to Amsterdam. They were often forced to desinvest in land ownership, with the unanticipated consequence that a lot of liquid capital became available both in Antwerp as a little bit later in Amsterdam, to be invested in shipbuilding and international trade, around the cape and elsewhere. A Didderik Theulings, council member of the 'Lords Seventeen', the Board of the United East Indian Company, invested in the large kogge-ship named Batavia, that shipwrecked before the coast of Australia in the middle of the 17th century. He lost all of his money, together with the friend of his uncle the painter Rembrandt van Rhijn, an the friend of his brother the poet Joost van den Vondel. The decline of the Dutch Republic which developed in a renters society was also reflected in the more modest social positions of the families we studied. They had to wait for the era of the Industrial Revolution for their partial revival.
But, from the very beginning we find in every generation members climbing up and others falling back in social rank and esteem. And history is quite harsh for those who forfeith their properties; soon they leave no trace in the legal doc

 
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