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The Gogeash Family of the Soo Area

Updated March 2, 2003

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Gogeash (White Hawk) was an Anishnabee (Ojibwe) chief of the crane clan for the Gros Cap Area near Bahweting or present day Sault Ste. Marie Ontario (birth date and death).

Our oral history tells us his mothers name was Ojanganuse (see notation #1) and his father was Chief Shingwaulk (see notation #2).

Gogeash's father and head chief was Shingwaulk (see notation #3). Shingwaulk maintained control over a large expanse of area. Basicly from Michipicton to Thessalon. Shinwauk was the head Chief for Gogeash.

Gogeash brother, Apaquash (according one elder, has something to do with water.) (see notation #4) was a chief at Goulais Bay, he also signed the Canadian Robinson Treaty.

Another brother was Mishkeash who was the chief of Whitefish Island until 1905.

When Gagaiosh was baptisted (what year) he took the first name of George. To which he used thoughout his life time. His baptism occurred at the time of his marriage.

Preist would would usually use names of apostles for Chiefs when giving them their first name.

Some things we have found during our research of Gagaiosh:

1. Different spellings in record for Gogaeish, Gogeash, Gogeosh, Geogiash, Gagaiosh, Gageosh

2. Agagaioche, Gagaiosh and Apaquash are the various spellings found in the different church records. There are a few more, but those are the most common. There are several spellings for this surname. This confusion appears when the French thinking priests, speaking Ojibway and writing information in Latin or English.

3. Agagaioche is a naming which appeared in Catholic Church records which could be applied to either Gogaiosh or Apaquash. This record didn't provide much information, to whom the priest was refering to.

4. Depending on resources, phonically spelling removes the linguistic meaning of the names. Thus, disguising the true identity of the individual.

Notation #1 We know this because Gogeash 's brother Apoquosh 15 yrs. was baptizied as George Logan. There is Ojanganuse 35 yrs. baptized as Ann Logan. Since Ojanganuse could be Apoquosh's mother and Gogeash was brother, I suspect Ojanganuse is the common parent. This information was Transcribed from: Society for Converting and Citilizing the Indians, Fifth Annual Report, 1835 / Anglican General Synod Archives, Toronto / Annual Reports of the Society for Converting and Civilizing the Indians and Proagating the Gospel among the Destitute. / 'Journal of the Missionary to Sault Ste. Mary, ended July 22, 1835.

Notation #2

I believe Ojanganuse was either a daughter or a former wife of Chief Shingwaulkonse. I however lean towards, that Ojanganuse was a former wife. According to the same source, Shingwaulkonse had denounced three of his four wivies at the time of his lawful marriage in Novmeber 1833. Its been reported, these three wivies did remain as members of Shingwaulk's band.

If I am correct, then Apaquash's father was Chief Shingwaulk.
There is one report that says the Apaquash was from the Agawa
Bay/Michipicoten area. And Shingwaulk was a bit of a lone ranger and did spend alot of time there prior to the Robinson Treaties. Further, there is notice that one of Shingwaulk's daughters had lived and died in Michipicoten. So...perhaps my theroy isn't to far off the mark.

Since Shingwaulk had 4 wives after he was converted he sent 3 away. One was sent one to live in Gros Cap, it is believed Ojanganuse is the missing 4th wife. Also the fact the Chiefs are herdity this would explain why Gogeash was chief of the Gros Cap Area.

Notation #3 (also known as Shingwaulk, Shingwaulkonse, Little Pine and Pine for short. Shingwauk had at least 6 names throughout his life). Shingwaulk is the same chief from Garden River who fought during the War of 1812 with the British.

Shingwauk became baptisted in 1834 as an Anglician. Long before a church was ever established in this area. We know of his
baptism, only because it was published in a newsletter to Eng

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