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Early Georgia Settlers, 1700s-1800s

    Early Georgia Settlers, 1700s-1800s
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About the Data

This data set is made up of page images of six books originally published by the Genealogical Publishing Company. Comprehensive in its coverage early Georgia, this data set references approximately 106,000 individuals within a unique collection of immigration records, biographical sketches, census records, and family histories.

This compilation of books is especially useful because much of the information was collected from local sources and cover the period of time before Georgia began keeping record of vital events (in 1919).

Among the resources collected here, you'll find reconstructed censuses for 1790 and 1820 as well as an index to the 1830 census (Georgia's first surviving census). You'll also find a comprehensive list of the first settlers of Georgia and information on the immigration of the state's earliest German-speaking inhabitants. This data set also includes an interesting section on the relationship between the Creek and Cherokee Indian Tribes and the state of Georgia.

Within this great variety of records, you'll find:

  • Names and descriptions of family members
  • Dates and details of vital events
  • Information on residence
  • Information on an immigrant ancestor's arrival in Georgia

Books Included in this Data Set

The Reconstructed 1790 Census of Georgia
Marie De Lamar and Elisabeth Rothstein
The sources for this reconstructed census include wills, deeds, tax digests, court minutes, voters' lists, and newspapers. In all, approximately 15,000 Georgians who were living at the time of the 1790 census are identified here. The purpose of this work is simply to identify individuals in at least one record of a county at a particular time.

Counties covered include all of those formed before 1790 (i.e. Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Franklin, Glynn, Greene, Liberty, Richmond, Washington, and Wilkes) as well as those formed just after the census was taken (i.e. Columbia and Elbert).

Index to United States Census of Georgia for 1820
Georgia Historical Society

Because records of the first three censuses of the population of Georgia (taken in 1790, 1800, and 1810) were destroyed in the British assault on Washington during the War of 1812, the 1820 census is the earliest official census in existence. Here you'll discover the names of and counties of residence for approximately 30,000 heads of households.

Index to the 1830 Census of Georgia
Mrs. Alvaretta K. Register, comp.

An index to this first surviving census for Georgia, here you'll find the names of approximately 52,000 Georgia heads of household. For each, you'll learn their county of residence and the page number in the census where his name appears. To lessen the likelihood that you'll overlook any ancestors in this Index, all names that sound alike are grouped together (arranged in order of the most frequently used spelling).

A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia
E. Merton Coulter and Albert B. Saye
Here you'll find a comprehensive list of the first settlers of Georgia and a list of individuals who were sent by the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America. Covering the period from 1732 to 1741, these two lists contain the names and details of approximately 3,000 immigrants. Generally, you'll learn the following information about each settler:

    • Full name
    • Age
    • Occupation
    • Place of origin
    • Names of family members
    • Dates of embarkation and arrival
    • Place of settlement
    • Death date

Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia, of the Cherokees, and the Author
George R. Gilmer
"Gilmer's Georgians," as this work is usually referred to, is a classic account of the first settlers of Upper Georgia. The region covered by this book (Upper Georgia) at one time included one-third of the settlers in the entire state.

The book begins with an account of the settlement made by a number of Virginia families on the Broad River immediately after the Revolutionary War. This book also includes a description of the settlement made by various Carolinians in the part of Georgia now included in Wilkes and Lincoln counties. Within both accounts, you'll find histories of some of the more prominent families. The book's largely autobiographical final section details the relations between the Creeks and Cherokees and the State of Georgia and the United States.

The Germans of Colonial Georgia, 1733-1783
George F. Jones
This is a definitive list of the German-speaking inhabitants of colonial Georgia. Composed of Salzburgers from Austria, Palatines from the southern Rhineland, Swabians from the Territory of Ulm, and Swiss, the so-called Georgia "Dutch" represented the largest ethnic group in Georgia in the mid-18th century. Today, their descendants are scattered throughout the fifty states.

In this revised edition of his classic account of The Germans of Colonial Georgia, George Jones, emeritus professor of German and the preeminent authority on the German-speaking population of colonial Georgia, has compiled an alphabetical list of approximately 3,500 Germans. While information varies for each individual, often you'll learn:

    • German-speaking region of origin
    • Names of family members
    • One or more dates of record in Georgia
    • Dates of vital events
    • Name of vessel upon which the individual traveled
    • Information as to sponsor, legatee, or servant

The author eliminated the confusion that often stems from the frequently garbled versions of colonial German names by putting both the colonist's family name and given name in the correct German form. This will make gathering additional information about an immigrant ancestor in European archives much easier. In this revised edition, the author added many newly discovered names and clarified previous entries. The work concludes with a very helpful index to 18th-century place names of Germanic Europe.

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