HARNER

 

 

The Harner name comes from the German name Hoerner.  In America it was transposed into Harner due to it's pronunciation. The name Horner was spelled with two dots above the "o" giving it the sound as in Herner.    The name Hoerner appears in Germany about 1750 in the towns of Hohfeld, Wenkeim, Eichel, Dertingen and Vockenroth.  I am told that the name means horned one, perhaps in reference to Norsemen?                                        

 

There is an interesting book, German and Swiss Settlements Of Pennsylvania by Oscar Kuhns, published by Henry Holt and Company in New York in 1901.  Kuhns gives good insight into why these German and Swiss immigrants came to the new world.  Because of famine, pestilence, wars and religious persecution many of the ancestors of the “Pennsylvania Dutch” came to this country.  Many came from the south of Germany, the Palatinate and Switzerland.    

 

Kuhns goes on the say that the “earliest Swiss emigration to Pennsylvania was of the religious nature”.  This emigration consisted of the Menonnites.  Kuhns says that there was a “flood of Palatines to London, in 1709, out of which were to come the settlements of the Schoharie and the Mohawk, and later those of Tulepehocken, in Berks County, Pa.”  Of course William Penn had much to do with this emigration also by recruiting peoples from these same areas. 

 

During the years, 1727-1775, in which it appears that the Hoerner, Plank and Haney families came to America there were 68, 872 immigrants to Pennsylvania.  Kuhns says this total may be low and could be adjusted and substantiated to a figure of over 110, 000.  Some of the places of origin listed on some ship records from 1749-1754 are, Wurtemberg, Erbach, Alsace, Zweibrucken, the Palatinate, Nassau, Hanau, Darmstadt, Basel, Mannheim, Mentz, Westphalia, Hesse, Switzerland, Hamburg, Hannover and Saxony.

 

Daniel Rupp gives further insight into this immigration in his book, History of Northampton, Leigh, Monroe, Carbon, and Schuykill Counties: which was published by G. Hills, Proprietor in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1845.  Rupp states that “The Germans who first emigrated into the Province of Pennsylvania, came chiefly for conscience’ sake; those who arrived at a later period, came to improve their temporal, as well as their spiritual condition.

 

Rupp goes on to indicate, “In 1682, a considerable number came from Cresheim-these were principally Quakers.  They settled at Germantown.”  He also indicates that “In 1708, 1709, 1710, to 1720, thousands of them emigrated who were known as Palatines, because they had come from the Palatinate, whither some had been forced to flee from their homes in other parts of Europe.”  He also states that, “In the period between 1720 and 1725, a number of Germans emigrated from the State of New York, and settled at Tulephocken.”  “From 1725 to 1740, there was another great influx of Germans of Various religious opinions,”.  Rupp quotes a James Logan who says that “In 1727 6000 Germans are expected,”.  Rupp indicates that “From 1740-1752, emigrants came by the hundreds.”  “In the autumn of 1749, not less than twenty vessels, with German passengers to number twelve thousand, arrived at Philadelphia.  In 1750, 1751, and 1752 the number was not much less.”

 

Some of these German immigrants, not having enough money to pay their passage were exposed to public auction upon their arrival.  They would serve a designated number of years to pay their passage.  Rupp tells us that, “The Palatine Redemptioners were usually sold for ten pounds, for from three to five years servitude.  Many of them, after serving out their time faithfully, became, by frugality and industry, some of the most wealthy and influential citizens of this State.  The years that were peculiarly remarkable for the importation of Palatine Redemtioners were, 1728, ’29, ’37, ’41, ’50, and ’51.” 

 

As you can see from these figures many German immigrants came to Pennsylvania for reasons of religious persecution, wars and to improve their lot in life.  Among these early German immigrants were our Harner ancestors.

                                        

Daniel Harner came to New England on 30 Aug 1743 aboard the Ship "Francis and Elizabeth" from Rotterdam via Cowes, England.

 

Michael (Hoerner) Harner came to what was to become Montgomery County, Pennsylvania on 24 Sep 1753 aboard the Ship "Neptune" with his wife, Maria Barbara and their two children.    They were from Hohfeld, Germany.  Michael's father's name was Christoph Hoerner (possibly Christian as this name appears in the next generation).  On this same ship, Barbara Hoerner, the widow of Wilhelm Hoerner, sailed for what was to become Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.  This was probably Michael's sister-in-law.  Barbara brought with her three children, Margaretha, Maria and Sebastian Hoerner.

 

Others of the Hoerner name who came to Pennsylvania from Hohfeld were; Adam Hoerner (1753), Hans Albert Hoerner (1753).  Their relationship to Michael Harner is unknown.  Adam is reportedly the son of Hans George Hoerner and was named Hans Adam Hoerner.  Hans Albert Hoerner came with "his wife and two little children".

 

There were also Hoerner immigrants from Wenkheim, Germany who came to "New England" and they were; Hans Hoerner (1752), Joerg Hoerner (1752) and Marie Hoerner (1753).  This Hans and George appear in the Pennsylvania records.  These three planned to travel together but it appears Marie came a year later.  Jeorge Hoerner was to bring his "wife and 1 child" with them.

 

There was a Valentine Hoerner who came to Pennsylvania from Dertingen, Germany in 1754 with his wife and daughter.  This name also appears in the Pennsylvania records.  He traveled with his wife "Anna Kuningunda and daughter Barbara".   There is an interesting statement in this record,Valentine Hoerner had "531 florins property" ...  "The government's decision is as follows:  It is very hazardous to grant the right of emigration to subjects who still have so much property and stand in the vassal relation.  Hoerner is to be strictly examined, as to the person through whom he was talked into emigrating.  It is commanded, without delay, to issue a 'General Prohibition of this spreading desire, after the precedent of other German states.'   The poor and useless subjects we can then perhaps dispense with.  In the lands of other lords, where vassalage is not established, similar procedure is observed."   

 

There was a Johann Joerg Hoerner who came to "America" from Eichel in 1785.  This name also appears in the Pennsylvania records.  He traveled with his wife "Anna, Jno., Jacob, George Jr., Anna Marg't, and Kunigunda Horner".  Notice reference to Kunigunda above.  This might indicate some relationship?

 

There was a Johann Phillip Hoerner "with his wife and three children, along with Johann Heinrick Hoerner" who came to America in 1786.  The children listed were:  Orchil Maria, Maria Catharina, Maria Elizabeth, Catharina and Maria Dorthea Horner."  These families were from Vockenroth.  The Harner/Hoerner name is prevalent in the counties of:  Berks, Lancaster, Leigh, Montgomery, Northhamptom and Northumberland, Pennsylvania.  It is spelled there as Herner, Harner, Harnor.

 

In the Pennsylvania German Church records there are references to:

 

Christian Harner (possibly Christoph  ?) born 14 Jan 1754, to Michael and       

Maria Barbara Harner, in Montgomery County.  Since this is their third child and maybe first son, according to the German naming customs, he would have been named for his grandfather Hoerner so it is possible that Michael's father's name was Christian, not Christoph as reported earlier.

 

Michael Harner and his wife Maria in 1758 sponsored a child at baptism in the New Hanover Lutheran Church in Montgomery County.

 

Mary, wife of Adam Harner, who died 15 July 1858 age 69 years in the Christ Episcopal Church in Upper Merion Township of Montgomery County.

 

George Harner and wife Apollonia (Spiegel) had their daughter Elizabeth baptized on 17 Apr 1791 in Leigh County, Pennsylvania.

 

In the records of St. Thomas Episcopal Church in Whitemarsh, Montgomery County:

 

Barbara Harner who died 05 Feb 1818 age 95 years.

 

Elizabeth Harner, daughter of Samuel and Ann Harner who died 05 Apr 1828 age 1 year.

 

Jacob Harner who died 18 Feb 1820 age 39 years.

 

John Harner, Sr. who died 04 Dec 1827 age 78 years.

Rosanna Harner who died 03 Mar 1847 age 92 years.  She is listed as a relative of John Harner Sr..

 

Samuel Harner who died 06 Dec 1830 age 10 years.

 

Ann Harner wife of Samuel Harner died 25 Feb 1845 age 41 years.

 

John Harner, Jr. died 28 Nov 1863 age 84 years.

 

Henry Harner died 04 Sep 1869 age 81 years.

 

In St. Peter's Lutheran Congregation in Barren Hill, Montgomery County:

 

Mary Harner wife of John Harner died 03 Mar 1873 age 52 years.

 

"The Pennsylvania German Society Proceedings and Addresses" contains references to:

Marriages in the Augustus Evangelical Lutheran Church of Trappe, PA. for Christian Horner and Barbara Krebsin on 08 Mar 1750 and for John Michael Horner and Anna Maria Krebsin, daughter of Simon Krebsin in April 1754.

 

The Birth and Baptisim Registers of the Trinity Lutheran Church in Lancaster, PA. lists:

 

Ernestina Catharina Horner daughter of Michael and Barbara, b. 12 Aug 1761, bap. 11 Oct 1761.

 

Johann Michael Horner son of Michael and Barbara, b. 07 Jan 1766, bap. 19 Jan 1766.

 

Susana Marageth Hoerner daughter of Michael and Barbara, b. 21 Apr 1770, bap. 02 May 1770.

 

Christoph Hoerner son of Michael and Barbara, b. 14 May 1772, bap. 24 May 1772.

 

Johann Ludwig Hoerner son of Michael and Barbara, b. 02 Nov 1774, bap. 13 Nov 1774.

 

Johann Jacob Hourner son of Michael and Barbara, b. 16 Dec 1776, bap. 12 Jan 1777.

 

Anna Maria Hoerner daughter of Michael and Barbara, b. 03 Dec 1778, bap. 10 Jun 1779

 

Wilhelm Hoerner son of Michael and Barbara, b. 20 Apr 1781, bap. 26 Apr 1781.

 

Magdalena Hoerner daughter of Michael and Elizabeth, b. 13 Jul 1786, bap. 30 Jul 1786.

 

The books in the "Pennsylvania Archives Series" lists early entries for land records and taxes for the counties of Pennsylvania.  Some of those listed are:

 

Nicholas Herner           Philadelphia                  1760

Nicholas Harner           Berks County               1767

Mathias Herner             Berks County               1767

Henry Harner               Berks County               1767

Frederick Herner          Berks County               1767/68

Nicholas Herner           Berks County               1768

Henry Herner               Berks County               1768

Nicholas Harnor           Berks County               1779

Mathias Harnor            Berks County               1779

Frederick Harnor          Berks County               1779

Jacob Hoerner              Berks County               1816

*Andrew Harner          Lancaster County         1771/72

*Michael Harner           Lancaster County         1771  

Michael Herner             Lancaster County         1772

Michael Harner             Lancaster County         1773

Andrew Harner            Lancaster County         1777

William Harner             Philadelphia County      1777

as being a recruit for the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Line

Michael Harner             Lancaster County         1779/82

Christian Harner           Philadelphia County      1779

Christian Harner Jr.       Philadelphia County      1779

Jacob Harner                Philadelphia County      1779/80

John Harner                  Philadelphia County      1780/83

*Michael Harner           Lancaster County         1782

as a Lieutenant having served in the Second Battalion of the Lancaster County Militia

Jacob Harner                Northhampton County 1782

having served in 6th Battalion

John Harner                  County ?                      1785

depreciation pay for having served as a Corporal

Thomas Harner             Northhampton County  1790

Samuel Harner              Luzerne County            1792

Samuel Harner Jr.         Luzerne County            1792

James Harner               Luzerne County            1792

Peter Harner                 Huntinton County          1792

Henry Harner               Montgomery County     1790

Christian Harner           Montgomery County     1790

Christian Harner Jr        Montgomery County     1790

Barbara Harner            Montgomery County     1810

*John Harner                Lancaster County         1815

            Jesse Harner                 Lancaster County         1865

Jacob Harner                Philadelphia County      1810

*Benjamin Harner         Philadelphia County      1810

Abraham Harner           Berks County               1810

Daniel Harner               Berks County               1810

Daniel Harner               Berks County               1810

Frederick Harner          Berks County               1810

*Henry Harner             Berks County               1810

Jacob Harner                Berks County               1810

Jacob Harner                Berks County               1810

John Harner                  Berks County               1810

Nicholas Harner           Berks County               1810

*Thomas Harner           Northhampton County  1810

Joseph Harner              Northhampton County  1810

Joseph Harner Jr.         Northhampton County  1810

Frederick Harner          Adams County             1810

Mary Harner                Adams County             1810

John Harner                  Adams County             1810

Peter Harner                 Adams County             1810

*George Harner           Centre County              1810

John Harner                  Centre County              1810

*Andrew Harner          Northumberland Co.    1810

Ann Harner                  Montgomery County     1830

Daniel Harner               Montgomery County     1830

*Abraham Harner         Montgomery county      1830

Jacob Harner                Montgomery County     1830

Jacob Harner                Montgomery County     1830

Joseph Harner              Montgomery County     1830

*Samuel Harner            Montgomery County     1830

Abraham Harner           Bucks County               1830

Abraham Harner           Adams County             1830

Jacob Harner Sr.          Adams County             1830

Jacob Haner Jr.            Adams County             1830

Jacob Harner Jr            Adams County             1830

John Harner Sr.            Adams County             1830   

Jane Harner                  Centre County              1830                                                                            John Harner                  Centre County              1830

Andrew Harner            Centre Coutny              1830

Andrew Harner            Centre County              1830

*William Harner           Centre County              1830

 

*These names appear in the Berrien County, Michigan Harner families.

 

Pennsylvania Harner cont.:        Daniel Harner               Philadelphia County      1830

John Harner                  Philadelphia County      1830

John Harner                  Philadelphia County      1830

John Harner                  Lancaster County         1830

Frances Harner             Lycoming County         1830

Frederick Harner          Dauphin County            1830

Jacob Harner                Berks County               1830

Jacob Harner                Berks County               1830

George Harner             Berks County               1830

                                                Henry Harner               Lehigh County              1830

Jacob Harner                Somerset County          1830

Adam Harner               Somerset County          1830

Frederick Harner          Somerset County          1830

Henry Harner               Somerset County          1830

John Harner                  Somerset County          1830

Michael Harner             Somerset County          1830

Solomon Harner           Somerset County          1830

Solomon Harner           Somerset County          1830

Solomon S. Harner       Somerset County          1830   

Michael Harner             Union County               1830   

Nathaniel Harner          Potter County               1830                                                   

There were two brothers by the Harner name in Berrien County at an early date.  John Harner was here as early as 1834 in Lake Township and Michael Harner is seen in Oronoko Township.  Michael F. Harner, John’s son reported being born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania 23 Jan 1830.  John Harner Sr. was born about 1803 and his brother Michael was born about 1810.  Michael Harner’s wife’s name was Sophia Plank and their family is buried in the Storick Cemetery in Oronoko Township.  I have not been able to determine which set of Pennsylvania Harner familes are the ancestors of John and Michael Harner.  Their death records give their parents names as “unknown”.  John Harner married Susanna Haney in Pennsylvania about 1825.  The Haney, Plank and Harner names can both be found in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania in 1820.

 

The Haney name, at least in Pennsylvania, appears to be from Germany also.  In the books, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, by Ralph B. Strassburger and edited by William J. Hinkle, published by the Genealogical Publishing Co. in 1980 in Baltimore contains two references to the name.  In volume one on page 421 you can find Phillip Haney.  Phillip Haney is included in a list of foreigners who arrived on the ship “Lydia” that was captained by John Randolph and had come from Rotterdam via Cowes, England.  They are listed as having taken “the usual Qualifications to the Government” on 09 Oct 1749.  In volume two on page 26 you can find Andrew Haney.  Andrew Haney is included in a list of persons “who took the Oath of Affirmation of Allegiance to this State” on 10 Oct 1786.  Andrew Haney is reportedly “of this City” and was a “Hatter”.  This city would have been Philadelphia.   

 

The name Plank or Planck also appears in the Pennsylvania German Pioneers books.  In volume one on page 485 there is a reference to Friederich Planck.  Friederich is included in a list of foreigners who arrived on the ship “St. Andrew” that was captained by James Abercrombe and had come from Rotterdam via Plymouth, England.  He was taking the “Oaths to the Government in the usual Form. No. 111”.  This record is dated 23 Sep 1752.  On page 652 of this same volume you can find a reference to David Plank.  David is included in a “List of Mens Names Imported in the (ship) Halifax”.  Thomas Coatman was listed as the “Master”.  This ship was from Rotterdam and also came via Plymouth, England.  This list is dated 20 Oct 1754.  So it appears all three of these names, Harner, Haney and Plank have some connections to The Palatinate, which would eventually become Germany.

 

1820 Census of Pennsylvania Haney/Harner/Plank:

 

            John Harner married Susanna Haney about 1825 in Pennsylvania.  His brother, Michael Harner married Sophia Plank about 1829 also somewhere in Pennsylvania.  I did a name comparison by county to look for correlations. 

                       

                        Haney, Charles             Allegheny County         Indiana

                        Haney, John                 Allegheny County         Ross Township

                        Haney, Stewart             Allegheny County         Pitt Township

 

                        Haney, Acker               Bedford County            Cumberland

Haney, Patrick              Bedford County            Colerain

                        Haney, William             Bedford County            Southhampton

                       

                        Haney Isaac                 Fayette County             Wharton

                        Haney, Samuel             Fayette County             Germon Township                   

Haney, Willam              Fayette County             Germon Township

                        Haney, William             Fayette County             Wharton

                        Haney, William             Fayette County             Springhi..

 

                        Haney, Susannah          Huntington County        Tyrone Township

                        Haney, James               Huntington County        West Township

 

                        Haney, Abraham          Montgomery County     Upper Salford

Harner, Christian          Montgomery County     Upper Dublin

                        Harner, Christian          Montgomery County     Upper Dublin

                        Harner, Daniel              Montgomery County     Upper Dublin

                        Harner, Henry              Montgomery County     Lower Providence

                        Harner, Jacob               Montgomery County     Upper Dublin

Plank, John                   Montgomery County     Upper Hanover

Plank, William              Montgomery County     Upper Hanover

 

                        Haney, Thomas            Philadelphia County      Moyamens

Plank, John                   Philadelphia County      Ward # 1

                        Plank, Mary                 Philadelphia County      Moyamens

 

                        Haney, Paterick            Westmoreland County  Derry Township

                        Haney, James W.         Westmoreland County  Donegal

 

                        Harner, Alexander        Adams County             Cumberland

                        Harner, Alexander        Adams County             Franklin

                        Harner, David               Adams County             Gettysburgh

                        Harner, David               Adams County             Gettysburgh

                        Harner, James              Adams County             Franklin

                        Harner, John                 Adams County             Germany

                        Harner, Peter                Adams County             Germany

                        Harner, Robert             Adams County             Gettyburgh

Plank, Andrew             Adams County             Cumberland

Plank, Conrad              Adams County             Menallen…

Plank, George              Adams County             Cumberland

Plank, John                   Adams County             Huntingd…

Plank, John                   Adams County             Cumberland

Plank, William              Adams County             Huntingd..

 

                        Harner, Daniel              Berks County               Exeter C…

                        Harner, Peter                Berks County               Greenwich

Plank, Christian            Berks County               Caernarv…

Plank, Peter                  Berks County               Caernarv…

 

                        Harner, William            Centre County              Rush Township

 

                        Harner, Henry              Cumberland County      Carlisle

                       

                        Harner, John                 Lancaster County         Salisbury

Plank, Christian            Lancaster County         Salisbury

Plank, Hammel             Lancaster County         E… Hempf

Plank, Jacob                 Lancaster Coutny         Caernarv…

Plank, John                   Lancaster County         Salisbury

                        Plank, John                   Lancaster County         Salisbury

                        Plank, John                   Lancaster County         Salisbury

                        Plank, Nicholas            Lancaster County         Salisbury

                        Plank, Peter                  Lancaster County         Earl Township

                        Plank, Samuel               Lancaster County         Salisbury

 

                        Harner, Abraham          Mifflin County               Greenwood

                        Harner, Michael            Mifflin County               Greenwood

Plank, Christian            Mifflin County               Union Township

                        Plank, Christian            Mifflin County               Union Township

                        Plank, Christian            Mifflin County               Armaugh

                        Plank, Jacob                 Mifflin County               Union Township

                        Plank, Jacob                 Mifflin County               Union Township

Plank, John                   Mifflin County               Union Township

Plank, John                   Mifflin County               Wayne Township

 

                        Harner, Frene               Perry County                Greenwood

                       

                        Harner, T. James          Northampton County    Lehigh Township

                       

                        Harner, George            Schuykill County           L.. Mahant

 

                        Harner, Michael            Union County               Penn Township

                       

                        Harner, John                 Washington County      Smith Township

 

                        Plank, John                   Bucks County               Rockhill

 

Plank, Jacob                 Chester County            West Whi…                

 

Plank, Daniel                Columbia County          Fishingc…

 

Plank, Jacob                 Dauphin County            Lower Pa…

Plank, Jacob                 Dauphin County            Lower Pa…

 

            Only in Montgomery County do all three family names, Haney, Harner and Plank, come together in 1820.  The given names, Abraham, Henry, John and William appear in the Berrien County Harner families. You see Haney and Plank together in Philadelphia County.  You see Harner and Plank together in Adams, Berks, Lancaster and Mifflin Counties.  The County, which probably holds the key to our Berrien County Harner ancestors is Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.

 

John Harner was born about 12 Aug 1803 in Pennsylvania.  I have also seen his birth date as 1798 and 1805?  John Harner married Susana Haney, also from Pennsylvania.  Susana Haney was born about 10 Jun 1799 but perhaps as late as 1801.   She was four years older than John.  John Harner died 04 Jun 1884 when he was 80 years 10 months and 27 days old.   This would make his birth date 07 Aug 1803.   His wife Susan died 14 Nov 1886. John and Susana Harner's children were:

 

Caroline Harner born about 1828

Michael F. Harner born 23 Jan 1830 in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.   Michael F. Harner married Francis Morris

Elizabeth Harner born 1831 

Susanna Harner born 1832

John Harner born 1834 in Ohio, died in 1914 married Betsy Quick

Levi Harner born 1836

 

This Harner family lived in Summit County, Ohio (1830's) prior to coming to Michigan.  John and Susan Harner are buried in the Hinman Cemetery near Baroda, Michigan, which is in Lake Township.  John Harner (1803) settled in Lake Township in 1834 on section 25 on Hills Road, north of Mt. Tabor Road.  John Harner is recorded as the first settler in Lake Township.  Some of John and Susan Harner's children were born in Pennsylvania and the rest in Ohio.  John Harner’s original land grant in Lake Township of Berrien County, Michigan reads:

 

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

            CERTIFICATE

            No. 23824

                                    To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greetings

WHEREAS John Harnar of Berrien County Michigan

has deposited in the GENERAL LAND OFFICE of the United States, a certificated of the REGISTER OF THE LAND OFFICE  at Kalamazoo                 whereby it appears that full payment has been made by said

John Harnar

                                                                                                            according to the p…

 

the Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled “An Act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands

 

the North of the South East quarter axis the  South ha…

the North East quarter of Section twenty five in Township six South

Range nineteen West, in the District of Lands subject to the

sale at Kalamazoo, Michigan, containing one hundred

and sixty acres

 

according to the official plat of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the SURVEYOR GENERAL, which said tract has been purchased by the said John Harnar

                                                            NOW KNOW YEA

United States of America, in consideration of the Premises, and in conformity with the several acts of …

Such case made and provided, HAVE GIVEN AND GRANTED, and by these presents DO GIVE AND GRANT

the said John Harnar

and to his  heirs, the said tract above described: TO HAVE AND TO HOLD  the same , together with an…

privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said  John Harnar

                                                                                                                        and to his  heirs and assigns

 

                                                            In Testimony Whereof, *, Martin Van Buren

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, have caused these Letters to be made PATENT…

SEAL of the GENERAL LAND OFFICE to be hereunto affixed.

 

                        GIVEN under my hand, at the CITY OF WASHINGTON, the fourteenth day of August

                             in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty nine

                                                INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES the Sixty    fourth.

                                BY THE PRESIDENT: Martin Van Buren

                                                                   By   M. Van Buren Jr.

                             Jos T. Wilson,   acting  Recorder of the General Land Office

                                                                                                 ad interim

 

 

In the 1850 census of Berrien County there is included: 

                                               

John Harner age 52 years, his wife Susan Harner age 54 years, their son Michael Harner age 22 years, their daughter Elizabeth Harner age 20 years, their daughter Susanna Harner age 18 years, their son John Harner age 16 years and their son Levi Harner 14 years of age.  According to these census records John Harner would have been born in 1798 and Susan Harner in 1796. Note: John and Susan's ages do not seem to be correct.

 

Michael Harner and his wife Sophia Harner.  Michael is listed as being 43 years of age and Sophia as being 42.  Michael would have been born in 1807 and Sophia in 1808.  Michael and Sophia Harner's children in 1850 were, Jeremiah Harner age 21 years, Samuel H. Harner age 20 years, Lovena Harner age 18 years, Harriet Harner age 16 years, Isaac Harner age 15 years, Betsy E. Harner age 14 years, Eli T. Harner age 11 years, Benjamin F. Harner age 7 years, Andrew M. Harner age 5 years, William H. Harner age 4 years and Levi S. Harner age 4 months. 

 

Note:  Isaac Harner is later seen as a Veterinarian Surgeon in Galien, Michigan

           

            The 1860 census of Lake Township included:

 

                                    John Horner as being 35 years of age and he was living alone. 

 

This is thought to be the John Harner who married Elizabeth Quick in 1862.  John Sr. does not appear in this census?

 

            The 1860 census of Oronoko Township included:

 

Michael Harner and his wife Sophia.  Michael is listed as being 52 years of age and Sophia as being 50 years of age, both having been born in Pennsylvania.  Their children were, Lovina age 29 years born in Ohio, Eli Thomas 21 years of age born in Indiana, Benjamin F. 18 years of age, Andrew M. 16 years of age, Willim H. 14 years of age, Levi S. 11 years of age, Abraham 7 years of age, and Ranson L. Penwell 4 years of age.  From Benjamin down the children listed were born in Michigan.  Ranson L. Penwell’s relationship is not known.

 

Note:  Samuel H. Harner and Andrew M. Harner’s death records give their mother’s maiden name as Plank.

 

Jeremiah Harner and his wife Mary J.  Jeremiah is listed as being 32 years of age and Mary as being 21 years of age.  Jeremiah was born in Pennsylvania and Mary in Michigan.  Their daughter at this time was Mary D. who was 5 months old.

 

In 1870 the census of Lake Township shows:

 

John Harner and his wife Susan Harner with their son Levi Harner who is 34 years of age.

 

When John Harner died in 1884 the Niles Democrat, a Niles, Michigan newspaper carried a short obituary in it’s “Our Neighbors” section.  It was on page 8 and reads “John Harner, an old resident of Oronoko township, died suddenly of heart disease on the 7th inst.”  The Niles Weekly Mirror, another Niles newspaper, also carried a short obituary “Mr. John Harner, a resident of this county for nearly half a century, died of heart disease, at the residence of his son-in-law, (Moses Feather,) on the 14th of June, aged 81 years. Both these dates are incorrect as his death record indicates he died on 04 June.  

 

            From the Berrien County records it appears that Michael and Sophia (Plank) Harner had children:

 

                                                Jeremiah Harner b. 1829 in Pennsylvania

                                                Samuel H. Harner b. 1830

                                                Lorena or Lovena Harner b. 1832 in Ohio

                                                Harriet Harner b. 1834

                                                Isaac Harner b. 1835

                                                Eli Thomas Harner b. 1839 in Indiana

                                                Benjamin F. Harner b. 1843 in Michigan

                                                Andrew Michael Harner b. 1845

                                                William H. Harner b. 1846

                                                Levi Stephen Harner b. 1850

                                                Abraham Augustus Harner b. 1853

 

Note:  Eli, Levi, Andrew and Abraham went by their middle names in adulthood.

 

In 1870 the census of Oronoko Township shows:

 

Isaac and Amelia Harner with their children; George Harner who is 9 years old and John Harner who is 8 years old. Isaac is 36 years of age and Amelia is 31 years of age.

 

Michael and Sophia Harner with their children; Michael Harner who is 24 years of age, Stephen Harner who is 20 years of age and Augustus Harner who is 17 years of age.

 

Note:  This Michael Harner (24 years of age) is likely Andrew M. Harner and this Stephen Harner is probably Levi S. Harner and Augustus may be the Abraham A. Harner from the 1860 census.

 

John and Elizabeth (Betsy) Harner with their children; Caroline Harner who is 5 years of age and Moses Harner who is 2 years of age.  John is recorded as being 33 years of age and Elizabeth as 24.

 

The 1880 census of Oronoko Townships includes:

 

John and Elizabeth (Betsy) Harner with their children; Caroline 15 years of age, Moses 14 years of age, George 8 years of age, Jennie Harner 3 years of age and “Baby” son who was 2 months old.  John is recorded as being 49 years oaf age and Elizabeth as being 38.  This “Baby” must have been Charles Harner who appears in the 1900 census as George?

 

            The 1900 census of Oronoko Towship includes:

 

John and Elizabeth (Betsy) Harner with their children; George who was 19 years of age and born in Aug 1880 and Jerry who was 15 years of age and was born in July of 1884.  John is recorded as having been born in Apr of 1834 and being 66 years of age.  Elizabeth is recorded as having been born in Jan of 1844 and was 56 years of age.

 

William and Mary Harner with one child, Rosa who is 2 years of age.

 

John Harner Jr. (1834) married Elizabeth Quick, born 08 Mar 1842.  Elizabeth died 08 Jan1923 and is buried by her husband in the Hinman Cemetery in Lake Township of Berrien County, Michigan.  John Harner died on 28 Aug 1914 at the age of 80 years and 5 months.  According to his death record he would have been born in Mar 1834.  John Harner farmed 145 acres in Oronoko Township of Berrien County.  According to the 1900 census Elizabeth Harner had given birth to eight children but only six were living in 1900.  Those children appear to have been:

 

                                    Louise Harner b. 1862 d. at 22 days old

                                    Norman Harner b. 1864 d. 1866

                                    Caroline (Carrie) Harner b. 1865 d. 17 Dec 1926

                                    Moses Harner b. 1868 d. 1942

                                    Johnnie Harner b. 1871 d. at 1 month 14 days old

                                    George A. Harner b. 1872

                                    Jennie Harner b. 10 Jul 1877 d. 09 Oct 1952

                                    George Harner b. Aug 1880 went by the name Charles

                                    Jerry Harner b. July 1884

 

Note:  This list includes nine children and since Elizabeth said she had given birth to eight children, in the 1900 census, one has to wonder about the other name?  These names were collected by descendants and I am not sure which one does not belong but it must have been Louisa, Norman or Johnnie.  All three of these children are buried in the Harner plot in the Hinnman Cemetery.    

                       

John and Elizabeth (Betsy) Quick’s marriage record reads:

 

“This certifies that John Harner Jr. aged 25 years and Betsy Quick aged 17 years were after due Examination legally married by me on the 25th day of February 1862 in presence of Michael Dixon and Loren Heathman the parties and witness all being residents of Lake Township , County of Berrien and State of Michigan. 

 

N. E. Lauelen

                        Received May 9th 1862                                    Justice of the Peace

                        Guyn Hillendoch Clerk”

 

Note:  The name of the Clerk and the J.P. are not clear?

 

In the 1900 census it states that John was born in Ohio and his parents were born in Pennsylvania.  Elizabeth (Betsy) states that she was born in Ohio and her parents were born in Germany.  This is interesting as Elizabeth Harner’s (whose maiden name was Quick) parents are also recorded as being born in New Jersey and Ohio?  The 1850 census also lists Elizabeth Quick and her family.  She was the daughter of John and Catherine (Raber) Quick.  

 

The 1871 Oronoko Township Directory includes:

 

John Harner Jr. as a land owner on section 31

Michael Harner as a land owner on section 30

Michael Harner Jr. as a farmer on section 31

William H. Harner as a land owner on section 8 Berrien Springs

 

The 1892 Berrien County Directory includes:

 

Ada Harner as a farmer in Lake Township near Berrien Springs

Augustus Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Berrien Springs

A. M. Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Buchanan

Edward Harner in Oronoko Township near Baroda

E. T. Harner as a farmer in Chickaming Township near Lakeside

Isaac Harner as a Vet. Surgeon in Galien Township near Galien

*John Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Glendora

Michael Harner as living in Oronoko Township near Berrien Springs

Michael F. Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Baroda

 

*This is John Harner who married Elizabeth Quick in 1862.  Their daughter, Jennie Harner married William Upson (1897).  Their daughter Cora Upson married Walter Brackett (1915).

 

1892 Berrien County Directory cont.:

 

Michael Harner in Lake Township near Berrien Springs

Samuel H. Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Berrien Springs

Stephen Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Berrien Springs

William B. Harner as a farmer in Bainbridge Township

William H. Harner as a farmer in Oronoko Township near Hinchman

William H. Harner as a farmer in Lake Township near Berrien Springs

 

In searching for the family connections of John and Michael Harner in Pennsylvania there are two clues in Berrien County, Michigan.  These two clues are both located in A Twentieth Century History of Berrien County Michigan, by Judge Orville W. Coolidge, published in 1906 by The Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago and New York.  The biography that this work contains on Michael F. Harner you can find that he was born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania in 1830.  Michael F. Harner is a son of John and Susannah (Haney) Harner.  A daughter of John and Susannah was named Susan and she married Joshua Feather.  In the biography of Joshua Feather you can find that Susan Harner was born in Ohio and her father, John Harner was born in “Snyder county, Pennsylvania”. 

 

In order to understand the census records of Pennsylvania you need to see how the counties developed.  Snyder County was separated from Union County in 1855.  Union county was separated from Northumberland County in 1813 and Northumberland County was established in 1772 from parts of Lancaster and Bedford Counties.  If the history of Berrien County is correct there should be a Harner family in Northumberland County around 1803 when John Harner was born.  You can find Andrew Harner in this county in 1810 and in 1820 a George Herner.  Michael F. Harner was born in Northumberland in 1830.  When looking at the townships these families lived in you find that it was Shamokin Township.  Interestingly there is a town in this county named Snydertown.  It is possible that the Berrien County History meant Snydertown and not “Snyder county”?  Even if Snyder County is correct in 1803-10 when John and Michael Harner were born this would have been Northumberland County.  There was also a Michael Harner in Penn Township of Union County in the 1820 and 1830 census.  Both Union and Snyder Counties adjoin and are on the east side of Northumberland County.

 

After looking at this information I believe John and Michael Harner were probably the sons of Andrew Harner of Shamokin Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania in 1810.  The George Herner that appears there in 1820 could have been an older brother or perhaps their father.  We find Michael, George and Andrew as given names in the Harner descendants of Berrien County. 

 

Harner/Haney Northumberland County, Pennsylvania:

 

The 1790 census shows:

 

                                    Heney, Adam

                                    Heney, Christopher

                                    Heney, Frederick

                                    Heney, Ferderick

                                    Heney, Hieronimus

                                    Heney, John

                                    Heney, Phillip

                                    Horner, George this may also be Herner or Harner

 

The Pennsylvania Archives Third Series edited by William H. Egle, volume XIX, published in 1897 in Harrisburg, PA by Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer contains the tax records for Northumberland County.   These tax records for the years 1782-1787 show:

                                   

                                    Heany, Christopher       taxed 1782                   in Potters Township

                                    Heany, Reunimous        taxed 1783-84             in White Deer Township

                                    Henay, Frederick          taxed 1783-84             in White Deer Township

                                    Heany, Hironimous       taxed 1783-84             in Potters Township

                                    Henny, Frederick          taxed 1785                   in Buffaloe Township

                                    Haney Frederick           taxed 1785                   in White Deer Township

                                    Haney, Hieronymus      taxed 1785                   in White Deer Township

                                    Haney, Christian           taxed 1785                   in Potters Township

                                    Haney, Adam               taxed 1785                   in Potters Township

                                    Haney, Ronimus           taxed 1785                   in Potters Township

                                    Heny, Frederick           taxed 1786                   in Buffaloe Township

                                    Haney, Christian           taxed 1786                   in Potters Township

                                    Haney, Adam               taxed 1786                   in Potters Township

                                    Haney, Ronimus           taxed 1786                   in Potters Township

                                    Henny, Frederick       taxed 1787                  in Buffaloe Township

                                    Herner, George          taxed 1787                  in Buffaloe Township

                                    Haney, Ronimus           taxed 1787                   in White Deer Township

                                    Haney, Frederick          taxed 1787                   in White Deer Township

                                    Henny, Frederick          taxed 1787                   Potters Township non-resident

                                    Henny, John                 taxed 1787                   Potters Township non resident

 

Looking at these records it appears that the Haney and Harner names came together in Buffalo Township of Northumblerland County in 1787 when George Herner and Frederick Henny were taxed there.  Christopher Heany (1782) was taxed on 700 acres of land.  Since he came to this area just after the Revolutionary War this was possibly “bounty land”? 

 

Checking the Revolutionary War records contained in the Pennsylvania Archives Fifth Series, volume VII you can find a Michael Harner who was in 1777 in the First Battalion of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and served with the First Company under Capt. Casper Stoever as a Court Martial Man.  He is later seen as a Lieut. In the 1780s.  In the Seventh Company of the Sixth Battalion of Lancaster County you can also find an Andrew Horner in 1777 who may have been Andrew Harner/Herner.  In the Eighth Company of the Sixth Battalion of Lancaster County you can find the Haney’s of Northumblerland County.  Adam Heney served as a Drummer, Frederick Heney as a Fifer and a Stophel Heney was a 2nd Seargent and a Stofel Heney in the 7th Class.  There are also records of Ronimus Haney that appears in Northumberland County. 

 

The Pennsylvania Archives Third Series, volume 17 consists of the tax records for Lancaster County from 1771-1782.  These tax records show:

 

                                    Heiny, Christopher                    taxed 1771                   in Lancaster Borough

                                    Herner, Michael                        taxed 1771                   in Bethel Township

                                    Plank, Jno.                               taxed 1771                   in Salsbury Township

                                    Heiney, Christopher                  taxed 1772                   in Lancaster Borough

                                    Herner, Michael                        taxed 1772                   in Bethel Township

                                    Plank, John & Sos                    taxed 1772                   in Salsbury Township

                                    Heiney, Christoph, tinner           taxed 1773                   in Lancaster Borough

                                    Harner, Andrew                       taxed 1773                   in Bethel Township

                                    Harner, Michael                        taxed 1773                   in Bethel Township

                                    Haney, Stophell                        taxed 1773                   in East Hanover Township

                                    Plank, Jno.                               taxed 1773                   in Salsbury Township

                                    Heyne, Christoph, tinman          taxed 1779                   in Lancaster Borough

                                    Herner, Michael, tanner            taxed 1779                   in Lancaster Borough

                                    Horner, Andrew                       taxed 1779                   in Hanover Township (may                                                 

                                    be Harner)

                                    Herner, Michael                        taxed 1779                   in Bethel Township

                                    Planck, John                             taxed 1779                   in Salsbury Township

                                    Horner, Andrew                       taxed 1782                   in Hanover Township

                                    Herner, Michael                        taxed 1782                   in Bethel Township

                                    Plank, Jno.                               taxed 1782                   in Salsbury Township

                                    Plank, Jno., doctor                   taxed 1782                   in Salsbury Township

 

Looking at the records for Lancaster County we see the Harner, Haney, Plank names in three townships.  In 1779 we see Haney and Harner together as businessmen in Lancaster Borough and in 1782 A Dr. Jno. Plank in Salsbury Townsip.

 

Looking at these townships, the following census records for 1800, 1810, 1820 and 1830 it appears that George Herner and Frederick Haney were probably the ancestors of our John and Susanna (Haney) Harner.  They appear to be to old to be their parents but may well have been their grandparents.  The Andrew Harner of the 1810 census in Shamokin Township of Northumblerand County could have been the son of George Herner.  The Michael Harner of the 1820 & 1830 census of Penns Township of Union County (was Northumblerland till 1813) may also have been a son of George Horner/Herner.  Penns Township ends up in Snyder County in 1855 and this is where our John Harner was supposed to have been born.  The Michael that appears here (1820-30) may have been John’s brother? 

 

Regardless of my speculations these must be the Harner and Haney families we are searching for in Northumberland County as early as 1787 and Lancaster County as early as 1771.  I need to look at the actual census records for these individuals to help determine their ages. 

 

In 1790 George Horner had two members of his household that were males above 16 years of age, one male that was under 16years of age and 3 females.

 

The Harner and Haney names appear to have come to Northumberland County from Lancaster County about 1782-87.  Christopher Haney’s will was written on 22 Sep 1790 and names his sons, Hironimus, Christopher, Adam, Frederick and John.  He also appears to have had three daughters, Eva, Elizabeth and Anna Margaret.  This will says Christopher Haney was “of Haines Township”.Harner/Haney Northumberland County, Pennsylvania:

 

In 1790 George Horner had two members of his household that were males above 16 years of age, one male that was under 16years of age and 3 females.

 

The Harner and Haney names appear to have come to Northumberland County from Lancaster County about 1782-87.  Christopher Haney’s will was written on 22 Sep 1790 and names his sons, Hironimus, Christopher, Adam, Frederick and John.  He also appears to have had three daughters, Eva, Elizabeth and Anna Margaret.  This will says Christopher Haney was “of Haines Township”.

 

It appears that the Immigrant ancestor was Michael Harner who came to Pennsylvania in 1753 with his "wife and two children".  These children were possibly Andrew and Michael who in 1771 were taxed in Lancaster County.  In 1754 they had a son Christian.  The Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Harner family is the most likely the ancestors of Andrew Harner that was living in Northumberland County in 1830.  The Michael Harner whose father, John Harner, came to Berrien County in 1834 was born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.  I believe he is a descendant of Michael Harner, the "Immigrant" and Lt. Michael Harner, the Militia soldier (1782).

 

 Liber “G” of the Berrien County Marriages records the marriage of William E. Upson and Jennie Harner, on page 282.  “William E. Upson 20” years of age married “Jennie Harner 19” years of age.  William E. Upson was living in “Sodus” and Jennie Harner was living in “Oronoko” Township.  It states that William E. Upson was a farmer.  It also says that William E. Upson was born in “St. Joseph” and that Jennie Harner was born in “Oronoko” Township.  It records that William’s father was “Nelson Upson” and that Jennie’s father was “John Harner”.  William’s mother is listed by her maiden name of “Elizabeth Gow”.  They were married on “June 20 1897” in “St Joseph” by “James Hamilton” a “Minister”.  The witnesses were “John W. Needham of “St. Joseph” and “Jennie Long” of “Derby”.

 

John Harner and Susana Haney were married in Pennsylvania about 1827.  Their son was John Harner.

 

John (jr.) Harner and Elizabeth Quick were married in Berrien County, Michigan in 1862.

 

Their daughter Jennie Harner married William Upson in Berrien County, Michigan in 1897.

 

Their daughter Cora Upson married Walter M. Brackett in Berrien County, Michigan in 1915.

 

Their son Harold Earl Brackett married 2nd Arvena Daniel (nee Hambrick) in Berrien County, Michigan in 1947.

 

Their son William Brackett married Jane Hauch in Lakeside, Berrien County, Michigan in 1970.