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Abraham COOKE and Robert SMITH of VA & Related Lineages

Updated December 27, 2013

, Virginia United States

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COOKE FAMILY RESEARCH (DNA Haplogroup Designation: R1b-U106/S21 Z344+,Z6-)
[*DNA testing has proved that lineages #1, #2, & #3 (issue of Abe & Martha below) are related]

Abraham COOKE married Martha CLEATON/CLAYTON by ca1685-1690. They lived in Richmond County (Old Rappahannock Co), New Kent (lower Hanover), & Hanover (upper Hanover) from 1690's to 1730's.
She was a daughter of William & Hannah Clayton of Totasky Creek, Richmond County, VA.
Abraham's parentage is UNKNOWN. While some have suggested that his father was William Cooke the surveyor of Northumberland/Lancaster, VA (NO KNOWN PROOF), I currently believe that his parents were John Cooke and Mary Hill of St Michael's, Barbados, mrd 1654, daughter "Margery" baptized 1656,& son "Abraham" baptized Dec 1661.

Abe & Martha eventually settled on 900+ acres(3 patents from 1718-1722) at "Verdon", Hanover Co, VA, on the site now known as Northanna Battlefield Park. (SEE MAPS BELOW in "PHOTO" section)

Extant records and DNA testing have helped us construct what we believe to be the true and correct family of Abraham & Martha:
1. ABRAHAM* Junior (died 1748, Lunenburg, VA [now Mecklenburg, VA])- His birth MAY have been recorded in the St Peter's Parish Register as "Abraham Cox, Jr" in 1690's. Abe junior patented 400 acres NW of his father in Hanover in 1722. In 1739 he purchased land in Brunswick (now Mecklenburg). His land was on Butcher's Creek near present-day "Skipwith, VA". By 1748 he was in Lunenburg (now Mecklenburg) & was a J.P. He married Sarah (SURNAME UNKNOWN) & had: James, CHARLES* (line DNA tested), Benjamin, Barbara, & Frances
2. WILLIAM* (died circa 1752, St Martin's Parish, Hanover Co, VA)- owned land (patented in 1740, sold by 1744) in Cumberland County, VA on Great Guinea Creek. Per the Partridge Store Account records, we know that he had a brother "John" & a son "Claten"(line DNA tested).
3. JOHN* (ca1700-1775)- (line DNA tested) - patented land on Green Creek, 1740. John (aka John Sr or John I) married a woman named Mary (SURNAME UNKNOWN) & had issue: Stephen; John, jr; James; Sarah; Mary; Anne; Elizabeth; Frances; Agatha "Agathy"; Agnes "Aggy".
4. Matthew (born ca1690)- proved by entry in St Peter's Parish Register, New Kent, VA. Nothing more is known
5. Hannah (born ca 1690) - ditto; nothing more is known.
5. Robert? - a "Robert Cook" was on Road Orders with Abraham in early 1700's. MAY be a son
6. Benjamin? (died 1759, St Martin's Parish, Hanover) - had sons Benjamin junior & William. Benjamin went to Georgia, William to Surry, NC. Benjamin, Sr patented 400 acres in present-day Louisa in 1722. NOT PROVED to be a son of Abe & Martha, but MAY be.
7. Frances? - she married Edmund BUTLER (d1747) and lived on Bad Luck Creek, south of John Cooke's Green Creek patents. MAY have been a "Cooke", daughter of Abe & Martha. Some have also suggested that she MAY have been a SISTER of Martha Clayton. We simply do not have enough in the records to know. Frances had a granddaughter named "Martha Claten Butler".

I descend from John COOKE (#3 above) of Cumberland County, VA. through his son James, and Robert SMITH through his son Byrd (next).

Researching the lineage of ROBERT SMITH (ca1725-1776) of Cumberland County, VA. He MAY have married twice. [Did NOT marry Elizabeth James in 1763 (this was Robert Smith of "Montrose", Powhatan Co, VA); nor did he marry Anne Burton...different "Smiths"].
AT THE WRITING of his will, 1771, he was married to Elizabeth "Betty" Smith. Elizabeth MAY have been Elizabeth BROWNE, d/o Samuel Browne, lineage of Buckingham Browne.(IF he did marry twice, his first wife MAY have been MARY). Robert named the following issue in his will dated 1771, probated 1776: Robert,junior; Mary; George; Larkin; Byrd; and "unborn child" (indicates in his will that Betty was "with child"). In Betty's will, 1804, she named Larkin, Byrd(DNA tested), & Elizabeth.

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Family Photos

  • SMITH et als, TarWallet Neighborhood pt1 (225 KB)
    This is one of two close-ups showing property north (Tar Wallet Creek) and south (Great Guinea Creek) of Davenport Road in Central Cumberland County, VA. The road runs basically east-west along the northern line of the blue "Robert Smith Est 1880's" tract. Tar Wallet Creek forms the NE boundary of the red-outlined tract A mill pond was located at the SE corner of Booker's (blue-outlined).
  • James Harris Cooke & Family, Ca 1920 (5517 KB)
    James Harris Cooke at his home near Cartersville VA, with his family at a reunion, circa 1920.
  • SMITH et als, TarWallet Neighborhood pt2 (223 KB)
    This is part 2 of 2 of the close-ups in the Tar Wallet Neighborhood. John Smith "of King & Queen" purchased the southern-most green tract from Anderson in 1755. The green tract to the NE was patented by Riddle in 1749, but the actual purchase date by Smith is currently not found. He owned it by 1769, when he mortgaged it. It may be the 400 acres on b/s Turkey Cock of Lil Guinea sold him in 1767 by Wm Davenport. He was deceased by 1780.
  • Arthur John, s/o John Milton Smith & Lucy J. Gills (185 KB)
    Arthur John attended Randolph Macon in Ashland, VA, presumably to become preacher. He returned home, on his father's death(?), and became a mail carrier for the County. He married twice: (i)Nina Baughan; (ii) Maude Cawthorne
  • SMITH- Larkin Smith property (137 KB)
    Larkin purchased 202 acres from Joseph Chaffin, adj Phillips, Gaines, Womack, Coleman, and Skipwith's Rd, in 1785. This was the southern 1/2 of Peak's 1736 patent. (Metes and bounds not given, so estimated for image). Larkin then purchased 95 1/2 acres (shown as 109 acs) from William Womack. Robert Smith, jr (Larkin's brother) owned property to the east.
  • COOKE- Abraham Cooke patents: Hanover, 1718-1722 (220 KB)
    The patents of Abraham Cooke were located at Verdon, Hanover County, VA, at the present-day location of the North Anna Battlefield Park on the west bank of the Pamunkey River. Green plots are Cooke; Purple are Terry family patents in Hanover and Caroline Counties, VA. Note the grant of Abe Jr, 1722, NW of his father. The western portion of the southern-most tract of Abraham Cooke Sr was, in 1731, listed as "Robert Harris".
  • SMITH in Central CUMBERLAND, VA (218 KB)
    This updated view shows the 1763 location of Robert Smith,Sr(RED), who died in 1776, and his descendants; OLIVE=Robert Smith,Jr; BLUE-OUTLINED=Larkin Smith's properties were N/Davenport Rd (RT 631)[Rd is southern line of 1789 parcel]. Dr Mark Andrews owned 400 acres that stretched from Robert Smith (red) to England/Arnold/Pigg (includes part of Cooke's). DARK GRAY=1880 Estate of Robert Smith (s/o Byrd Smith). RT 631 runs East-West along northern line of this tract. Byrd Smith is buried in cemetery located on the LIGHT BLUE "Cooke" parcel. It was formerly William Smith's. DK BLUE sold to Cooke in 1810 by Robt Smith.
  • COOKE Patents in Cumberland, VA (240 KB)
    John Cooke (Green Creek) and William Cooke (Great Guinea Creek) patented 400 and 430 acres, respectively, in present-day Cumberland on 24 Mar 1740. William was the father of Clayton Cooke, and died about 1752 in St Martin's Parish, Hanover. Clayton went on to marry Henrietta, widow of Richard Henderson. Edmund Butler married Frances, believed-to-be sister of John & William Cooke. Josiah Chambers, shown south of Cooke (Near Farmville), was a grandson of Cooke via daughter Agnes "Aggy" Cooke Chambers. Wood's patent of 1741 was a re-patent. In 1748, it was known as "Abraham Cook's".
  • COOKE Patents: Cumberland and Buckingham (266 KB)
    Green filled are John Cooke patents, 1740-1771. Green-outlined is William Cooke, father of Clayton, 430 acres, 1740.
  • COOKE in Pr Edward County, VA (264 KB)
    Bright green (west) are parcels purchased by John Cooke, Jr. Bright green (central) is parcel purchased by his brother, James Cooke. Dark Green pcl, near John, Jr, is 1760 patent of George Cook (relationship unknown). Yellow parcels are Chiles patents. Green on Appomattox River (near Chiles) is parcel John Cooke Sr of Cumberland purchased but later sold. Blue pcl is approx location of Farmville. Orange parcels to the East are Shem Cooke parcels
  • SMITH-Overview of Deeds, Grants (202 KB)
    BROWN="John Smith of Westmoreland", lease from Dumas, 1750; part then leased to Robert Smith, 1757; GREEN= "John Smith of K&Q" deeds, later sold by son Robert & his wife Ann; BLUE=locations for Robert Smith's (d1776) family; YELLOW="Lawrence Smith" of Guy Smith line; ORANGE="John Smith, son-in-law" of John Chaffin. PINK= 200 acres purchased by Robt Smith of Richd Lee in 1777. It was sold by "Robt & Hannah" Smith in 1778 to Jos Lee. RED OUTLINED parcel = "Moses Arnold's". PINK OUTLINED=Stephen Cooke's, later Moses Arnold Smith's. Byrd Smith buried in cemetery at that site.
  • SMITH- ROBERT and HANNAH 1777-1778 (155 KB)
    Bought as 200 acres from Richard Lee in 1777. This is a close-up view of the property. When sold in 1778, the deed remarks "whereon Smith now lives". Names shown are patent holders and by 1778 names have changed. IE William Cooke's was sold to John Brown & Nathan Henderson. Richard Henderson's was sold to the Lee family after his death in 1745.
  • SMITH-John Smith, Son-In-Law of John Chaffin (203 KB)
    Smith married Rachel, d/o John Chaffin. He was deceased by 1773. He had two sons: David & Obediah. This was a portion of John Chaffin's 1743 land grant.

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