Pedigree of the Fallons of Turloughmore, Co Galway

 

Paul McNulty

 

Figure 1: Arms of the Fallon sept. The shield is described as a greyhound holding between the forepaws a tilting gold spear pointing left.[1]

Figure 2: East view (about 1957) of Deerpark Lodge, Monard, Turloughmore, ancestral home of the Fallons from about 1830 to 1974.

 

Introduction

Fallon is a Gaelic surname derived from Ó Fallamhain (possibly from Fallún meaning ruler[2]) and is also known as O’Fallon (Figure 1) and Falloon. They are a sept of the Ui Máine (O’Kelly) located close to the Galway-Roscommon border. The first documented record of the Fallon name was that of Murrough O’Fallon, the High Constable of Connaught, who was slain at Moyrein (Co Leitrim) in 1252.[3] The Fallons were also recorded as a respectable family in the city of Galway as early as the 15th century.[4]  In 1855, there were 226 Fallon households in Roscommon and 157 in Galway out of 700 Fallon households nationwide.[5]

 

The Galwegian origin of my Fallon ancestry is well established. My late mother, Kathleen McNulty of Tuam, Co Galway, was the daughter of Thomas McHugh of Belmont, Tuam and Mary Fallon of Turloughmore (Figure 2). My grandmother, Mary Fallon, was the daughter of John Fallon, the son of James, who was the son of John (Appendix 1). John Fallon (1799?-1827) came to live in Turloughmore in the early 19th century reportedly from east or southeast Galway. My purpose is to explore the origin of his family and its subsequent evolution with emphasis on 19th century family members including those who emigrated. Genealogical sources used included family, church, property and emigrant records, memorial inscriptions, and wills and deeds.

 

The Family of John Fallon (1799?-1827)

Little is known of the family of my great-great-great grandfather, John Fallon, except that he had seven brothers and at least one sister.[6] One of his brothers was Bishop Patrick Fallon (1805-1879). Another brother, Rev Thomas Fallon, was a parish priest in the parish of Ballinakill (c 1833-1839), south Galway. He may have been the Rev Thomas Fallon who witnessed a baptism in Cappatagle on 5 July 1810 possibly to celebrate his ordination on 16 June 1810.[7] He had entered St Patrick’s College, Maynooth in 1803 at the age of about seventeen. His approximate date of birth was 1786 making him about nineteen years older than his episcopal brother. He had a sister who was reportedly a nun in Mount Anville Convent, Dublin. Neither Maria Fallon (1826-1869) nor Mary Fallon (1852-?), daughter of Robert Fallon, who entered the Sacred Heart order, could have been a sister of Bishop Fallon due to their younger age.[8] A reported relative, Bishop John Derry (1811-1870) of Clonfert, was born in Moore, Co Roscommon.

 

Origin of the Fallons in east or southeast Galway

John Fallon (1799?-1827) reportedly came to Turloughmore from east or southeast Galway. His younger brother, Bishop Patrick Fallon (1805-1879) was reportedly born in the parish of Fahy in southeast Galway near Eyrecourt.[9] However, no Fallons (or variants) have been recorded in that parish in the Tithe Applotment survey of 1826 or in Griffith’s Valuation in the 1850s. More recent evidence suggests that Bishop Fallon was born in a townland of Fahy either in the civil parish of Clonkeen or Killallaghten, both near Kilconnell, about ten kilometers west of Ballinasloe. Strangely, no Fallons have been recorded in either townland even though Fallons were present in adjoining townlands.[10]

 

The more promising townland was that of Cappaveha, Killallaghten in which James, Laurence and the late Owen Fallon (61y) were recorded in a unique church census in 1801-1806. It may be that James Fallon was the father of John as John’s eldest son is also James following the father to grandson naming pattern (Appendices 1 and 2). It has been suggested that John Fallon’s mother may have been one of the Caulfield relatives of Bishop Derry.[11] The Fallons of Cappaveha featured prominently in church records (1809-1827) including the baptism of three of the children of John Fallon and Mary Cullinane, namely James (1818) in Cappaveha; and Julia (1820) and Martin (1822) both in the nearby townland of Woodberry, Killallaghten.[12] The baptismal record for James Fallon was:

 

2 April 1818, Cappaveha, Bp. James Fallon, P. John and Mary Cullinane, Sp. Martin Cullinane and Catherine Burke

(Bp=Baptised, P=Parents, Sp=Sponsors).

 

These baptismal records provide the first documentary evidence that the origin of the Fallons of Turloughmore was the townland of Cappaveha in the parish of Killallaghten, Kilconnell, Ballinasloe.

 

By 1826, Fallon occupiers in the parish of Killallaghten were Barney (Cappaveha, 63 acres), Bernard (Lissyvolane, 85; Woodberry, 51), Connor (Killaghmore, 5) and John (Loughawnavague, less than one acre).[13] Thus, Barney Fallon and Bernard Fallon Esq were the only substantial land occupiers in the parish of Killallaghten in 1826. Their association with the townlands of Cappaveha and Woodberry suggest a kinship with John Fallon. By 1853, all Fallons appear to have dispersed not only from Cappaveha but also from the parish of Killallaghten.[14]. The only Galwegian properties in 1855 bearing the names of Barney and/or Bernard Fallon were in the eastern parish of Kilcloony (Bernard Fallon) and in the southern parish of Ballinakill (Barney Fallon).

Establishment of the Fallons in Turloughmore

It appears that the Fallons moved to Turloughmore shortly after 1822 as baptismal records were not found in Killallaghten for their two remaining daughters, Catherine and Winifred. John Fallon had married Mary Cullinane around 1817 probably in her home townland of Claregalway. Early church records in the 1820s are not available for the parishes of Lackagh, Athenry (including Turloughmore) and Claregalway. Thus, the details of their marriage and the two later baptisms cannot are not known.

 

Having moved to Turloughmore circa 1823, John and Mary (nee Cullinane) Fallon secured a tenancy to 116 acres of Grade 3 land in the townland of Derrymaclaughna, Turloughmore (Figure 3).  This land may have originated from the Cullinanes who were extensive land occupiers in the area. Terence and Helena (nee French nee Burke) O’Neill of Deerpark Lodge leased land including the Deerpark of Derrymacloughney to Martin and Thomas Cullinane of Claregalway in 1825.[15] Shortly afterwards, Thomas Cullinane of Claregalway sold his interest in those lands to Patrick Cullinane of the townland of Waterview (now Ballybrone), Turloughmore for £500 in 1829.[16] That deed included land leases to each of the residents of Monard listed in the Tithe Applotment survey, namely, Patt Conway, John O’Brien and Margaret (Peggy) Gilloway (Figure 3). No other Fallon was recorded in Turloughmore in the Tithe Applotment survey suggesting that John Fallon was the founding father of the Fallons of Turloughmore. John Fallon died young (1827/28 or 38y) and is buried in the Cullinane family grave in Claregalway.[17] The memorial inscription reads:

 

Lord have mercy on the soul of John Fallon who depd this life April the 12th 1827 aged 38 years erected by his wife Mary Fallon.[18]

 

His age at death of 38 years is at variance with that reported by the late Mary Kate Fallon (28y) and by the Galway Family History Society West (58y). Other Cullinanes buried in Claregalway include Patrick (d. 1794), John (d. 1794), William (d. 1817/35y, plot 56), Martin (d.1827/43y, plot 55) and Patrick  (d.1838/28y) none of whom have an age profile likely to qualify as the father of Mary Fallon as she was born around 1802. However, she may be a relative of both Martin (plot 55) and William Cullinane (plot 56) as they are buried in graves adjoining the grave of her husband (plot 57). There does not appear to be any record of her burial either in Claregalway or in Lackagh graveyards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

Move to Deerpark Lodge, Monard, Turloughmore

Following her husband’s death in 1827, my great-great-great grandmother, Mary (nee Cullinane) Fallon, raised five young children and ran a large farm while still in her mid-twenties. Presumably, the Cullinane family rallied to her support. They may have arranged for the land tenancy to be moved from Derrymaclaughna to a smaller holding in the adjoining townland of Monard such as the 40½ acres leased to Patt Conway and others in 1827 as there was no other farm of comparable size there (Figure 3). At a later stage, she remarried to a Mr Shaughnessy who fathered one or two girls with her.

 

In 1839, during the night of the big wind, a house in the townland of Monard was knocked down belonging to an old man named Cullinane and the field in which the house was situated, Páirc Cullain, was called after him.[19] He may have been Mary Fallon’s father or other relative who came to live nearby to support her after the demise of her first husband.

 

Meanwhile, her eldest son, James Fallon married and fathered a son, John, in 1845 before emigrating to the USA. John Fallon was brought up by his aunt, Julia (nee Fallon) Morris, who occupied a farm in Derrymaclaughna. Subsequently, Mary Fallon may have asked her youngest son, Martin Fallon, to run the 40½ acre Deerpark farm at Monard as he is recorded as its occupier in 1855.[20] Martin Fallon also leased land in the townlands of Ballynasheeoge (40 acres), Island (28) and Lackaghmore (60). He may not have had time to manage the Deerpark farm at Monard as his mother later assumed the tenancy. After she passed away, the tenancy passed to her grandson, John Fallon, in 1871 who had married Anne O’Brien in 1868, the daughter of Charles O’Brien of Ballinderry and Mary Fahy of Barnaderg, Galway.[21]

19th Century Emigration

Before the famine, Mary Fallon’s second husband, Mr Shaughnessy, emigrated to Australia reportedly to join the Gold Rush which commenced in 1851.[22] His wife was recorded as the Widow Mary Shaughnessy in 1845 in Ireland suggesting he had passed away prior to that time.[23] Thus, he must have emigrated between 1827 and 1845 as he would have married after the demise of her first husband in 1827. Scrutiny of emigrant records to Australia revealed that a Patrick Shaughnessy arrived in Sydney in 1834 and a Morris Shaughnessy in Port Phillip (southeast Australia) in 1841.[24] A Patrick Shaughnessy aged 45 died in 1844 in New South Wales, the province in which the Gold Rush commenced.[25] Among the Shaughnessys who arrived in Tasmania prior to 1845 were Michael (1841), John (1843) and William (1844).[26] Shaughnessys cited on the Ireland-Australia transportation database included Miles (1836, Meath), William (1839/30y, Mayo and Roscommon) and Michael (1841/30y, Roscommon).[27] No Shaughnessy was recorded in the 1841 census in New South Wales and only one Shaughnessy (Michael) was recorded in the 1842 census in Tasmania.[28]

 

Not knowing the forename of Mr Shaughnessy makes it difficult to establish if any of the foregoing emigrant Shaughnessys might have been the second husband of Mary Fallon. Even if the forename was known, the lack of marriage and baptismal records in Turloughmore prior to 1841 makes it difficult to establish if Mr Shaughnessy came from a local family or from further afield. Thus, widening the search to include the surname, O’Shaughnessy, would be unlikely to yield a positive result.

During the famine, Mary Fallon’s eldest son, James Fallon, emigrated to the USA about 1846 presumably accompanied by his wife, Catherine Culkeen, as their only surviving Irish born child, John, was reared by his aunt, Julia Morris in Turloughmore. Scrutiny of USA census records revealed that a James and Catherine Fallon were recorded in New York (1860), Cincinnati (1880), Jersey City (1880) and Mississippi (1880).[29] However, none of the profiles matched any of my ancestors. The death notices for James Fallon in New York in 1870 and 1900 were less useful as they provided insufficient evidence for determination of ancestry. After his mother died in 1869, James Fallon returned to Ireland as indicated by his signature on a receipt for £30 due to him from his mother’s will (Figure 4). It is assumed that he returned to the USA even though the three James Fallons who departed from Ireland to New York in 1869 were too young to correspond to my great-great grandfather.[30] A James J and Catherine Fallon were recorded as sponsors at the baptism of Patrick, the son of John Fallon and Anne O’Brien, in 1879 suggesting that they may have returned again from the USA as there were no other immediate relatives bearing those names at that time (Appendix 3).[31]

 

While the emigrant details of James Fallon and Mr Shaughnessy are shrouded in mystery, those of Patrick Fallon (1879-1970/91y) and Julia Kerins (1860-1933/73y) are better known. Patrick’s marriage in 1912 to Mary Kate Dollard and his demise in 1970 both in New South Wales are indexed on-line and the certificates may be purchased.[32] In similar fashion, on-line sources have been used to illuminate the emigration of Julia Kerins, the daughter of Thomas Kearney and Catherine Fallon (c 1825-1884). She departed for Montana, USA with her children after the demise of her husband, Owen Kerins, in 1897. She passed away in 1933[33] which may concur with a 1933 entry for a Julia Kearnes on the Montana Death Index, 1907-2002.[34] The 1910 census records a Julia Kearns/44y in Silver Bow, Butte, Montana with seven of her eight children, Tom 25/y; Julia 23, Patrick 22; Joseph 21; Kate 19; Martin 18 and John 17. A Julia Kearns was recorded in the 1930 census for Montana aged 61 years which underestimates her age by nine years.

 

Recent Family History

The evolution of the Fallons of Turloughmore is reasonably well documented in the 20th century using conventional family history sources. Tracing the ownership of the Fallon farms at Monard and Derrymaclaughna in the 20th century has been informative using registered deeds, property valuation records and the will of my great grandfather, John Fallon.[35] He willed the bulk of his estate to his son, Michael, while making special provision for his eldest son, James. It appears that James Fallon was an eccentric who may have been a war correspondent during the Boer War (1899-1902) or World War One (1914-1918). The experience may traumatised him and prompted his father, John Fallon, to make special provision in his will. James Fallon signed his 1942 will with a mark. His solicitor, William J V Comerford of Tuam, claimed that he was unable to write from physical debility.[36] Whether this debility was related to his war experience is not known.

 

My granduncle, Michael Fallon, assumed ownership of the Deerpark farm after his father, John Fallon, passed away in 1934. His second wife, Winifred Grealish, assumed ownership in 1967 after Michael had passed away. She passed it on to her son, Thomas Fallon, the present co-owner (with his wife, Mary Walsh) in 1973 (Figure 5).

 

Conclusion

Further progress has been made in documenting the pedigree of the Fallons of Turloughmore using appropriate genealogical sources. Examination of a unique church census in the parish of Killallaghten, Kilconnell, Ballinasloe in 1801-1806 revealed the presence of a James Fallon in the townland of Cappaveha suggesting that he may be the father of my great-great-great grandfather, John Fallon (1789-1827/38y). The ordination of my great-great-great granduncle, Rev Thomas Fallon (1786-?), in 1810 appears to have been celebrated shortly afterwards at a baptism in the townland of Cappatagle, parish of Killallaghten. Early baptismal records for James (1818), Julia (1820) and Martin (1822) Fallon provide the first documentary evidence that the origin of the Fallons of Turloughmore was the townland of Cappaveha. Strangely, by 1855, all land-occupying Fallons appear to have dispersed not only out of Cappaveha but also out of the parish of Killallaghten.

 

The subsequent evolution of the Fallons in Turloughmore has now been well documented using conventional genealogical sources. However, the documentation of early 19th century emigrants is less satisfactory reflecting a shortfall of family records and the relatively poor quality of 19th century records in Australia and the USA.  

 

Acknowledgement

The author gratefully acknowledges: Tom and Mary Fallon, Deerpark, Monard, Turloughmore for access to family documents and photographs; Ann Marie McHugh Cleere, 16 Beechmount Road, Galway and Jack Landy, 18 Maunsells Park, Galway for access to Eva (nee McHugh) Landy’s family history archive; Rev Declan Kelly, Archivist, Diocese of Clonfert, Co Galway for information on Rev Thomas Fallon and Bishop Patrick Fallon; Frank Kearney, Beechmount House, Turloughmore for access to Fallon-Kearney documents; Niamh McDonnell, Archivist, for information on Fallon nuns at Mount Anville, Dublin; Sean Murphy MA for guidance in genealogical methodology.

 

 

Figure 3: The first documentary evidence of Fallon residency in Turloughmore, Co Galway is shown by the fourth line entry for Mrs Fallon (116 acres of Grade 3 land, Tithe payable £2.18.0) in the townland of Derrymacloughlin (now Derrymaclaughna) in the Tithe Applotment survey, 1825-1828, in the old parish of Derrymacloughney (now part of the parish of Athenry), Co Galway.

Appendix 1: Selected Descendants of James? Fallon, Kilconnell, Ballinasloe, Co Galway (Only those descendants cited in this essay are included. The position of a child in a family is indicated by a Roman numeral where known.)

 

Generation One

1. James? Fallon.  He married ? Caulfield?.

                       Children:

                  i?   Thomas Fallon (Rev), b. 1786? in Cappaveha? Kilconnell.

          2.     ?    John Fallon I, b. 1799? Cappaveha? d. 12 Apr 1827/28?y

                  vii?  Patrick Fallon (Bishop), b. 1805 in Cappaveha? Kilconnell, d. 13 May 1879 in Mount Argus, Dublin.

 

Generation Two

2. John Fallon, b. 1799? in Cappaveha?, Ballinasloe, d. 12 Apr 1827/28?y in Derrymaclaughna, m. Mary Cullinane, c 1818, b. c 1802 in Claregalway, d. 12 Feb 1869/64y in Deerpark Lodge.

          3.     i.   James Fallon, b.1818.

          4.     ii.  Julia Fallon, b. 1820.

          5.     iii. Martin Fallon,  b. 1822.

          6.     iv? Catherine Fallon,  b. c 1824.

                  v?  Winifred Fallon, b. c 1826, m. ??? McCormack? b. near Headford.

 

Generation Three

3. James Fallon, b. 1818 in Cappaveha, Kilconnell, d. in USA?  He married Catherine Culkeen, 5 March 1843 in Lackagh, Galway, b. c 1823 in Grange East, Turloughmore.

          7.     ii.  John Fallon,  b. 1845.

 

4. Julia Fallon, b. 1820 in Woodberry, Kilconnell, d. c 1885, m. John Morris, 16 Jan 1842 in Derrymaclaughna, Turloughmore, b. c 1819 in Rathfee, Turloughmore, d. 8 Sept 1852/33y.

 

5. Martin Fallon, b. 1822 in Woodberry, Kilconnell, d. 21 Apr 1892/71y, m. Anne Boyle, b. in Galway.

          9.     viii.  John Joseph (Josie) Fallon, b. 1869.

                                      

6. Catherine Fallon, b. c 1824 in Derrymaclaughna, d. 24 Nov 1884/59y in Lackagh, m. Thomas Kearney, 14 Aug 1847 in Deerpark, b. c 1817 in Lackagh, d. 12 Sep 1878/61y in Carranoneen, Turloughmore.

          10.   vi. Julia Kearney, bp. 22 June 1860, d. 1933 in Montana, USA, m. Owen Kerins, 1897.

Generation Four

7. John Fallon, b. 1845 in Monard, d. 28 May 1932/87?y, m. Anne O'Brien, 26 Sept 1868 in Cummer, Co Galway, b. c 1845 in Brockagh ?, Co Galway, d. 22 Jan 1917/73y.   

          13.   i.   Catherine Fallon, b. 1869 (see marriage number 9).

          14.   v.  Michael Fallon, b. c 1875.

          15.   vii.  Patrick Fallon, b. 1879

          17.   ix. Mary Fallon, b. 23 Sept 1883.

 

9. John Joseph (Josie) Fallon, b. 1869 in Barnaboy, Turloughmore, d. 22 Feb 1940/71y, m. Catherine Fallon, 2 Nov 1893 in Lackagh, b. 1869 in Monard, d. c 1940/c 71y in Derrymaclaughna?, Turloughmore.

                  viii. Mary Kate (Maisie) Fallon, b. c 1912, d. 15 July 1987/75y in Barnaboy.

 

Generation Five

14. Michael Fallon, b. c 1875 in Monard, d. 28 Apr 1964/89?y in Monard, m. (2) Winifred Grealish, 3 Nov 1927 in Lackagh, b. 9 Dec 1903 in Lisheenavalla, Lackagh, d. 27 April 1983.

          20.   v.  Thomas Fallon.

                 

15. Patrick Fallon, b. 1879 in Monard, d. 1970 in Penrith, NSW, Australia.  He married Mary Kate Dollard, 1912 in Narrabri, NSW, b. c 1894 in Dublin, d. c 1953 in Dublin.

 

17. Mary Fallon, b. 23 Sept 1883 in Monard, d. 2 Aug 1950/66y in Galway, m. Thomas McHugh, 7 Jan 1909 in RC Church, Athenry, b. 1 Oct 1877 in Belmont, Tuam, d. 9 May 1957/79y in Tuam.

          23.   iv. Kathleen M McHugh b. 9 August 1914.

                 

Generation Six

20. Thomas Fallon, b. in Monard.  He married Mary Walsh in Tooreen, Partry, Co Mayo, b. in Tooreen, (daughter of Michael Walsh and Bridget Malone).

 

23. Kathleen M McHugh, b. 9 Aug 1914 in Tuam, d. 24 July 2000/85y in Dun Laoghaire, m. T Bernard McNulty, 3 Sep 1935 in Dublin, b. 25 Jan 1897 in 15 Warrington Place, Dublin 2, d. 19 Oct 1960/63y.

          28.   ii.  Paul Bernard McNulty.

 

 

 

 

Appendix 2: Partial pedigree of the Fallons who settled

in Monard, Turloughmore.

(All surnames are Fallon unless otherwise indicated)

 

 

 

Appendix 3: A Selection of Fallon Baptisms in the Parish of Lackagh, Turloughmore, Co Galway, 1842-47, 1848-1880 (Most parents are cited in this essay; Microfilm P4220 National Library of Ireland) 

Baptism

Infant

Father

Mother

Witness 1

Witness 2

18 May 1844

John

James Fallon

Catherine Culkeen

Mark Culkeen

Honor Culkeen

18 May 1844

Patt

John Morris

Mrs Morris, Rafe?[37]

Morgan Morris

Mrs Shaughnessy[38]

6 July 1845

John

James Fallon

M? Culkeen

Martin Fallon

Catherine Fallon

26 June 1853

Francis

James Fallon[39]

Honor Culkeen

Mary Cullinane

 

? January 1857

John

Martin Fallon

Anne Boyle

John Fallon[40]

Winifred Fallon

17 June 1860

Julia

Thomas Kearney

Catherine Fallon

Pat Kearney

 

26 Jan 1865

Honoria

Martin Fallon

Anne Boyle

John Fallon

Sarah Fallon[41]

24 Aug 1870

Elizabeth

Martin Fallon

Anne Boyle

Henry Fallon[42]

Kate Fallon[43]

2 May 1879

William

Thomas Greaney

Sarah Fallon

John Fallon

Sarah Greaney

1879

Patrick

John Fallon

Anne O’Brien

James J Fallon[44]

Catherine Fallon

6 Feb 1881

Patrick

Thomas Greaney

Sarah Fallon

Michael Moran

Honor Fallon[45]

 

Figure 4: Receipt signed by James Fallon (bp.1818), on 7 April 1869 (note the USA style date, 4/7/69) witnessed by his brother Martin Fallon acknowledging receipt of £30 from his son John Fallon (d.1932/87?y) as willed to him by his mother, Mary (nee Cullinane nee Fallon) Shaughnessy (d.1869).

 

 

Figure 5:  Confirmation photo (1988) of Thomas Fallon (2nd from right) with his family (from left) Kevin, Michael, Conor, Thomas, Emer, Mary (nee Walsh), Anita, Thomas and Catriona (Catherine).

 



[1] Edward MacLysaght, Irish Families: Their Names, Arms and Origins, Dublin, 1957, p 138,139 and Plate XI.

[2] Seán De Bhulbh, Sloinnte uile Éireann-All Ireland Surnames, Limerick, 2002.

[3] John O’Donovan, Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters, 7 volumes, Dublin 1851, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100005A/, Annal M1252.11, p 347.

[4] James Hardiman, The history of the town and county of the town of Galway, Dublin 1820, p 20, 21.

[6] Mary Kate Fallon, Turloughmore, Co Galway, Details of the Fallon ancestry recorded by my late aunt, Eva (nee McHugh) Landy, 18 Maunsells Park, Galway about 1985 and by Mary (nee Walsh) Fallon, Monard, Turloughmore, 2006.

[7] Baptisms and Marriages 1809-1827 Cappatagle Parish, Galway, National Library of Ireland, Microfilm P 2431; Patrick J. Hamell, Maynooth students and ordinations index, 1795-1895, about 1982, 199 p, Birr, Co Offaly.

[8] Niamh McDonnell, Archivist, Mount Anville Convent, Dublin 14, proarchives@eircom.net, 31 January 2008.

[9] Coen, Rev Martin, ‘Patrick Fallon-Last Bishop of Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora 1805-1879’ The Journal of Clare-Dal gCais, 7, 1984, p 25, 27, 29-31, 33-35; Bernard J. Canning, Bishops of Ireland, 1870-1987, Paisley, 1987, p 362-363.

[10] Inhabitants of Killallaghten 1801-1806, Cappatagle, National Library of Ireland, Microfilm P 2431; Tithe Applotment, Parish of Killallaghten, Galway, 1826, Microfilm 40/11/76; Griffiths Valuation 1847-1864, Clonkeen Parish, Galway, http://www.originsnetwork.com/.

[11] Rev Declan Kelly CC, Archivist, Clonfert Diocese, Loughrea, 28 January 2008.

[12] Baptisms and Marriages 1809-1827 Cappatagle Parish, Galway, National Library of Ireland, Microfilm P2431.

[13] Tithe Applotment, Parish of Killallaghten, Galway, 1826, National Archives, Microfilm 40/11/76.

[14] Valuation House Books. Parish of Killallaghten, Galway, National Archives, Microfilm 51008; Griffiths Valuation – Killallaghten.

[15] O’Neill and others to Cullinane and others, Registry of Deeds, Book 811/p 319, Memorial 546854, 1825.

[16] Cullinane of Claregalway to Cullinane of Waterview, Registry of Deeds, Dublin, Book 850, p 204, Memorial 568704, 1829; Patrick Cullinane, Tuam Herald, 30 October 1852, National Library of Ireland; Patrick Cullinane in Liz Blackmore et al (Editors) In their own words : the parish of Lackagh - Turloughmore and its people Lackagh Museum Committee, Turloughmore, Galway, 2001 p 227, 237.

[17] Mary (nee Walsh) Fallon, Deerpark Lodge, Monard-Private communication 2006.

[18] Claregalway (Abbey): Irish Genealogical Research Society Tombstone Inscriptions: Genealogical Advisory Service Room, National Library of Ireland, Vol 1, p 199, 2001; John Fallon, d. 17? April 1827/58?y, plot 57, Mary Murray, Galway Family History Society West, Galway, November, 2007.

[19] Lackagh Parish History Committee, Co Galway The Parish of Lackagh  Turloughmore, 1990,  p 213.

[20] Griffith's Valuation 1847-1864, http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/sitemap.aspx.

[21] Mannion, Tony, 1989,  Nolans Anbally - O'Brien's Ballinderry  - Eight Generations (Northeast Galway), p 42 and 69 of 85 pages; 6 Blackthorn Park, Galway.

[22] The Australian Gold Rush, http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/goldrush/.

[23] Valuation House Books, Monard, Lackagh, Co Galway, 1845, National Archives, Microfilm 50980.

[25] NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au.

[27] Ireland-Australia transportation records (1791-1853), http://www.nationalarchives.ie/genealogy/transportation.html.

[28] Index to 1841 Census, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/searchform.aspx; Index to census records 1837 – 1857, http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?search=10.

[29] Historical Records, http://www.ancestry.com.

[30] Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, NY, 1820-1897, Micro-publication M237, Rolls # 1-675, National Archives, Washington, D.C. http://www.ancestry.com/.

[31] Baptisms and Marriages 1853-1880, Lackagh parish, Galway, National Library of Ireland Microfilm P4220.

[32] Connie Fallon (granddaughter, Patrick Fallon), Swindon, letter to Emer Fallon, Turloughmore, about 2002; Marriage, Birth and Death records, http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/search.htm.

[33] Mary Walsh Fallon, Turloughmore, Co Galway, private communication, 2006.

[34] Search for Julia Kerins b. Galway, 1860 and d. Montana, 1933, http://www.ancestry.com/.

[35] Congested Districts Board to residents of Monard and others, 1917, Book 52, Memorial 55, and Monard-John Fallon to Michael Fallon & others, 1911 Book 35, Memorial 254, p 899, Registry of Deeds, Dublin; Property valuation, Deerpark Electoral Division, Galway, 1859-2000, Valuation Office, Dublin; Will of John Fallon, Monard Turloughmore, Wills Admons 1932, National Archives, Dublin.

[36] Will of James Fallon, Monard, Turloughmore, Wills Admons 1948, National Archives, Dublin, p 235.

 

[37] Mrs Morris Rafe? was presumably Julia Fallon (1820-c 1885), Monard as she was married to John Morris, Rathfee (Rafe) according to church records and Mary Walsh.

[38] Mrs Shaughnessy is presumably Mary (nee Cullinane) Fallon, the mother of Mrs Morris (Julia Fallon)

[39] A mysterious entry as James Fallon had emigrated and was married to Catherine and not Honor Culkeen. I am not aware of any other James Fallon in Turloughmore in 1853.

[40] May be a cousin from outside Turloughmore as John Fallon (1845-1932/87y) was only eleven.

[41] Sarah Fallon may be a cousin who married Thomas Greaney outside the parish of Lackagh in 1878

[42] May be a cousin from outside Turloughmore as Henry Fallon (1858-1902/44y) was only 11y old.

[43] Kate Fallon may be Catherine Culkeen or a sister of Sarah Fallon.

[44] James J and Catherine Fallon may have stayed at home after their return from the USA in 1869 or made multiple visits to Ireland from the USA.

[45] Honor Fallon may be Honor Culkeen, or a sister of  Sarah Fallon or the 16y old daughter of Martin and Anne Fallon.