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Descendants of Thomas Culpeper

Generation No. 20

Children of F
John Thomas Jefferson was "1st Sgt. Frederick J. Melone's Company Conf. Army 6 Aug 1861 for 12 months." On p. 54 of On The Headwaters of the Lavaca and the Navidad Paul C. Boethel includes: Muster roll of [Captain] Frederick J. Malone's Company, organized at Sweet Home, August 6, 1861. Enlistment for state service for twelve months. Note on roll: "No arms of an improved style."
Included on the roster were:
J. T. J. Culpepper, 1st sergeant;
D. F. Culpepper, private;
J. L. Culpepper, private;
W. R. Culpepper, private

On p. 55 of On The Headwaters of the Lavaca and the Navidad Paul C. Boethel noted: As military units for service in the Confederate army were recruited, the personnel of Searcy's and Malone's companies were sorely depleted and eventually the units were disbanded to be superseded by other state service units.

Mrs. C. V. (Lois Anderson) Culpepper wrote 1 Jul 1978: John T. Jeff Culpepper - son of F. G. C. Served with the Terry Rangers - 2nd Sgt Co. D. 2nd Texas Cavalry.

The following is from pp. 145-154 of Col. Amasa Turner the Gentleman from Lavaca written by Judge Paul C. Boethel and published in 1963:

TERRY'S TEXAS RANGERS Of the one thousand one hundred seventy men in the regiment, all but six were Texans; forty-seven were from Lavaca County.... Probably no other regiment on either side in the war had as many engagements with the enemy as the 8th Texas Cavalry, for it was constantly employed in scouting assignments, raids, charges, and in covering retreats. All told, it participated in thirty-eight general engagements, one hundred sixty skirmishes as a regiment, and three hundred seventy skirmishes as parts of a command, battalion, companies and squads. It was out of service but twenty-one days. The total killed, or died of exposure, disease and wounds, seven hundred thirty-six; total wounded in battle, eight hundred sixty. It served as an independent command, attached to brigades and armies; being essentially a cavalry unit, it operated over a considerable area, seeing service principally in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina. It had no appreciable effect on the war, its numbers were too small for that, but it was a factor in two major battles: at Shiloh, where it checked the pursuit of the enemy, and at Bentonville, North Carolina, where it repulsed an attack, which, had it succeeded, would have been a disaster to the Confederate Army. The day preceding the surrender of the army at Jonesboro, April 28, 1865, two hundred forty-eight men answered the roll call for duty....

The roster of the Rangers from Lavaca County was as follows: 1. Sgt. J. T. J. Culpepper 2. Corp. A. G. Ledbetter 3. Corp. B. E. Joiner 4. Corp. L. Watson 5. J. H. Andrews 6. P. H. Arnold 7. T. J. Barker 8. A. M. Beall 9. J. K. P. Blackburn 10. Robert Campbell 11. Volney R. Cook 12. C. M. Dunneway 13. J. (Jake) R. Flewellyn 14. Roderick Gellhorn 15. S. A. Green 16. Charles H. Howard 17. Jno. P. Humphrey 18. W. H. Harris 19. Wm. Jackson 20. A. Jones 21. R. H. Jones 22. C. B. Jones 23. Ed. Kaylor (Koehler) 24. R. Kuykendall 25. R. P. Kirk 26. B. P. Lewis 27. Fritz Lindenberg 28. Henry C. Middlebrook 29. James McKinney 30. D. A. McGonagil 31. S. B. Noble 32. D. C. Payne 33. S. C. Patton 34. A. Ponton 35. R. H. Ray 36. N. C. Reeves 37. W. B. Reeves 38. W. B. Simons 39. W. (Bill) B. Simpson 40. A. G. Seals 41. Hy. Thigpen 42. S. G. Thigpen 43. George Q. Turner 44. B. R. Watson 45. W. T. Ware 46. James Woodley 47. Wm. Wroe Of the Rangers... the remainder, or thirty-six men, were members of Company F, under Captain Louis M. Strobel, and were recruited at La Grange. With the exception of Dunneway, who was a recruit added later, the Rangers from Lavaca County were mustered into service in September, 1861, to serve for the duration of the war.

The recruits from Lavaca County came principally from two settlements, Sweet Home and Prairie Point. Sweet Home was a settlement on Mustang Creek in the Midwestern part of the county about eight miles southwest of the town of Hallettsville, and was founded by the Yorks, Wests, McCutcheons, Allens, Bennetts, and Ledbetters, prominent stock raisers and freighters. The settlement was augmented in the early '50s by a colony from Georgia led by F. G. Culpepper and Dr. A. G. Patton. James McKinney, son of John McKinney, sheriff, 1852-56, was a horse-wrangler of note, and though he is listed as recruited from Karnes County, he worked as a "cow-hunter" for the stockmen of Sweet Home, until he joined the Texas Rangers at San Antonio. Culpepper, Patton, Ledbetter, McGonagill, Noble and Middlebrook were all from families settled there....

The Regiment mobilized at Houston. Company F, with its contingent of Lavaca County recruits, was the first to arrive. The regiment encamped about the city, where they, particularly Strobel's Company, "kept the town in a continued bustle with their daring feats of horsemanship...." Their armament also impressed the people, "every man has a six-shooter and bowie knife as well as a rifle or a double-barrel shotgun slung on the saddle...." Adventure, and in many instances death, was to be the lot of the recruits, and it began en route. At New Iberia, Louisiana, there was a gap of a hundred miles not spanned by a railroad. The men, not mounted, started on foot, marched for a day, then began to impress horses into service. It was every man for himself: pick any horse the could be found, rope and break him....

At New Orleans, they were sent by way to Nashville to Bowling Green, Kentucky, in box cars used to ship cattle. Here they joined the army General Albert Sidney Johnston was assembling for the defense of the frontier. While there and at Nashville, an epidemic of measles and diarrhea struck the regiment and took a heavy toll.... The first duty assigned to the regiment was to patrol and picket the area from Bowling Green north as far as Woodsonville on the Green River. While on reconnaissance near the river, December 17th, they encountered the enemy on its march toward Bowling Green. Here, the regiment made the first of its famous charges--"Nothing could exceed the brilliancy and daring of that impetuous charge, our shotguns threw up a blaze of fire and shot almost in their faces...." The unit continued its scouting, picketing, and patrolling in the area until February, 1862.

After the fall of Fort Donelson, General Johnston abandoned Kentucky and established his base of operations in Tennessee. In this operation, the Rangers witnessed and covered the evacuation of Bowling Green, and soon thereafter were dispatched to Charlotte to cover the retreat of the infantry units escaping from Fort Donelson. Following this, the regiment, together with other cavalry units, was sent to Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to watch the movements of the enemy and intercept them if they moved southward....

In March, the cavalry units at Murfreesboro broke camp and joined the army at Corinth, Mississippi. On April 6th, the regiment participated in the Battle of Shiloh, one of the bloodiest engagements of the war. Twice it was dismounted to aid the infantry in holding the lines. On the 8th, they patrolled behind the army, acting as a rear guard on the retreat from Corinth. Late in the evening, the enemy's infantry pressed them so closely a stand was inevitable; it fell to the lot of the Rangers. In another impetuous charge, the enemy was driven back, their numbers falling like a "large covey of quail bunched on the ground, shot into with a load of birdshot." In this engagement, Company F mustered sixty-five men, and after three days of fighting, only fourteen men and the captain answered the roll. Aside from the casualties, the others were off on some duty, picketing and scouting where needed. Wounded were Culpepper, Letbetter, and Andrews.... Sergeant Culpepper, wounded at Shiloh, was wounded again in '63; this time in eastern Tennessee. In '65, he was still at it; it that year, he was captured but escaped and returned to duty....

Shadrack D. Culpepper, son of Francis Gillespie Culpepper,
Company B, Hardemanís Texas Cavalry

William Jefferson Culpepper, son of George Washington Culpepper,
Company F, 17th Texas Cavalry
Killed in the Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana 8 Apr. 1864

William R. Culpepper, son of Francis Gillespie Culpepper,
Co. C. (Maloneís), 24th Regiment, Texas State Troops

Confederate Indigent Families Lists of Texas 1863-1865
J. Culpepper, Lavaca Co., TX
J. Culpepper, Lavaca Co., TX
J. F. Culpeper, Davis Co., TX
Joel Culpepper, Titus Co., TX
R. Culpepper, Titus Co., TX
T. Culpepper, Lavaca Co., TX
T. Culpepper, Lavaca Co., TX
Thos H. Culpepper, Jackson Co., TX
W. Culpepper, Lavaca Co., TX
W. Culpepper, Rusk Co., TX
W. S. Culpepper, Titus Co., TX
William Culpeper, Rusk Co., TX
Wm. Culpepper, Dewitt Co., TX

Confederate Pension Application Files
Texas State Archives
Amos A. Culpepper, #21713, Caldwell Co., TX
Benjamin Franklin Culpepper, #23050, Upshur Co., TX
Elizabeth Culpepper, #39020, Bastrop Co., TX
Husband: Amos A. Culpepper
I. F. Culpepper (Mrs), #34107, Upshur Co., TX
Husband: Benjamin Franklin Culpepper
J. F. Culpepper, #02298, Johnson Co., TX
J. M. Culpepper, #23076, Hopkins Co., TX
Joel Tyler Culpepper, #16685, Titus Co., TX
John Alexander Culpepper, Sr., #16623, Smith Co., TX
L. H. Culpepper (Mrs), #20491, Cass Co., TX
Husband: Elijah Clark Culpepper
M. C. Culpepper (Mrs), #21712, Harrison Co., TX
Husband: James Pickens Culpepper
M. C. Culpepper (Mrs), #26460, Titus Co., TX
Husband: Joel Tyler Culpepper
M. C. Culpepper (Mrs), #41124, Wilson Co., TX
Husband: John Thomas Jefferson Culpepper
Martha Culpepper, #23405, Upshur Co., TX
Husband: Thomas Jefferson Culpepper
P. E. Culpepper (Mrs), #36494, Smith Co., TX
Husband: John Alexander Culpepper, Sr.
Sophronia Jane Culpepper, #30182, Hardeman Co., TX
Husband: John Asberry Culpepper
Tempa Culpepper, #39769, Bexar Co., TX
Husband: Shadrach Dixon Culpepper


21. JOHN JEFFERSON20 CULPEPPER (JOHN19, JOHN18, BENJAMINE17, JOSEPH16, ROBERT15, HENRY14 CULPEPER, JOHN (THE MERCHANT)13, JOHN12, JOHN11, WILLIAM10, WALTER9, JOHN8, WALTER7, SIR THOMAS6, SIR JOHN5, SIR THOMAS4, SIR THOMAS3, JOHN2, THOMAS1) was born November 04, 1797 in Orangeburg dist., SC, and died May 04, 1885 in Randolph Co., Alabama. He married CATHERINE BELL Abt. 1816 in Craven Co., NC, daughter of ROBERT BELL and WIFE BARBARY. She was born 1797, and died 1865.

Notes for J
Occupation: Farmer

More About J
Burial: Randolph Co., Alabama
Children of J
  iii.   JOHN J. CULPEPPER1.
22. iv.   ROBERT JEFFERSON CULPEPPER, b. July 02, 1830, Upson Co., Georgia; d. December 10, 1919, Joppa, Cullman Co., Alabama.

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