The following documents are taken from various Internet accessed documents, mainly The Genealogy of Mexico web page.

 

Overview:

America, the United States, is dominated by an Anglo-Saxon cultural view. Beyond this, Americans are Euro-centric in their cultural values and perspectives, to the exclusion of all others. Therefore, those Americans who do not share exclusively Northern European and Anglo-Saxon bloodlines are considered outside mainstream American cultural. Not unlike the Native-Americans who's territories we all plundered. This is not a value judgement, simply an observation. To prove my point, Hispanics and their culture(s) have been marginalized, as have their contributions to the founding of America.

Ten years before Plymouth Colony was founded by the Mayflower Pilgrims, Santa Fe, New Mexico was established as the seat of power of the Spanish Empire north of the Rio Grande. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States and the oldest European community in the U.S. west of the Mississippi. The Palace of the Governors, on the north side of the Plaza, is the oldest public building in the United States. Yet, these and many other Hispanic historic contributions are not celebrated.

To put the Hispanic contribution into a population perspective, there were 102 British passengers that came over on the Mayflower in 1620. It is estimated that 25% of all Americans are related to them.

Can you imagine how many people are related to those Spaniards who conquered the New World? Below is a partial listing of those who served with Cortes.

 

The Conquistadors of Mexico

From 1519 to 1521, over 2000 of Cortes' conquistadors arrived in Mexico. And countless thousands of Hispanic-Americans have been able to trace their family lines back to these individuals.

If we could trace our ancestors 19 generations back to the time of Cortes, and we had distinct family lines, it is estimated that we would end up with roughly one half million direct relations living at that time (our ancestors double every generation we go back). Since many of our family lines have duplicate branches in our family tree we end up with less than the half million, but still representing a great many family names.

On the aforementioned web pages lie some of our family names and ancestors.

"The Conquistadors"; is a list of the individuals that served the King with Cortes. Scholars estimate over 2,200 Conquistadors served under Cortes with one quarter to one third dying in the conflict. It is estimated that over 90% of Cortes' remaining Conquistadors stayed in New Spain (Mexico). Many of these men helped form the basis of today's populations of Mexico and many parts of the United States.

The Conqueror of Mexico, Hernando Cortes, was born in Medellin. He later returned to Spain and had children, a daughter Leonor with the daughter of Montezuma (Tecuichpo "Isabel") and a son Martin with the Mayan interpreter Marina. Before he died, Cortes had the Pope remove the "natural" status of 3 of his children (legitimizing them in the eyes of the church) including Martin the son he had with Marina, said to be his favorite.

In his latter years in the hope of recapturing some of his old glory, he and his son Martin (he had two sons with this name) volunteered to go to war in Algiers.

Unfortunately, Hernando Cortes fell ill and never was able to return to Mexico alive. He requested in his will that his remains eventually be buried in there.

There are several sources of information about his life and exploits:

 

The Conquest

On November 8th, 1519 the conquistadors reached the island city of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). The city was the largest most of them would have ever seen. In their own words, they describe entering the city as dream like, "fortresses, splendid monuments ... royal dwelling places! Glorious heights! How marvelous it was to gaze on them ... all stuccoed, carved and crowned with different types of merlons, painted with animals, covered with stone figures...!

The palace in which the conquistadors were lodged was described as "a wonder to behold. There were innumerable rooms inside, antechambers, splendid halls, mattresses of large cloaks, pillows of leather and tree fiber, good eiderdowns, and admirable white fur robes, as well as well made wooden seats. The attendance too was something which befitted a great prince or lord".

Later, in 1520, war broke out in Cortes' absence and thus began the Conquest of the Mexica (term Aztec was not used at the time) of Mexico, lasting until 1521. Historians estimate that only 60,000 Mexica defenders of Tenochtitlan, of an estimated 300,000, survived the conquest.

 

Family Names:

The conquest of the Mexico lasted from 1519 to 1521. Below, we have provided a list of over 760 individuals that served the King with Cortes, and stayed in Mexico (with some notable exceptions). Eleven hundred names are in the process of being added to the Internet resources these pages were derived from.

 

List of Those Who Served with Cortes (A-E)

 

Abarca, Pedro Aguilar, Francisco de Aguilar, Garcia de

Abascal, Pedro de Abendano, Indigo de Abrego, Gonzalo de

Abrego, Gonzalo de Acevedo, Bartolome Acevedo, Francisco

Acevedo, Luis Adalama, Juan Aguayo, Lorenzo

Aguilar, Alonso Aguilar, Diego Aguilar, Hernando

Aguilar, Jeronimo de Aguilar, Juan de Aguilar, Pedro de

Aguilar de Campoo, Juan Aguilera, Garcia de Aguilera, Juan de

Agundel, Diego de Alamilla, Francisco de Alamilla, Sebastian

Albaida, Antonio de Alburquerque, Domingo Garcia de Alburquerque, Domingo de

Alaminos, Gonzalo de Alanis, Alonso Alanis, Pedro

Alarcon, Francisco de Albacete, Benito Albarca, Rodrigo

Alanes, Melchor de Alanis, Jeron Alaminos, Antonio de (2)

Alba, Juan de Alberza, ? Alcantara, Juan de

Alderete, Julian de Alduines, Alonso de Aleman, Gaspar

Alfaro, Elias Allende, Antonio de Almesto, Juan de

Almodovar, Alvaro Almodovar, Diego Almodovar, Juan

Almodovar, Antonio Almonte, Pedro de Alonso, Martin

Almonte, Juan Alonso, Andres Alonso, Luis

Alonso, Alvaro Alonso, Hernando Alonso Roldan, Pedro

Alonso, Rodrigo Alonso, Rui Alonso, Ruy

Alonso, Hernando Alonso Gamboa, Cristobal Alonso de Portillo, Pedro

Altamirano, Juan Alva, Lorenzo de Alvarado, ?

Aldama, Juan Alvarado, Garcia de Alvarado, Gomez de

Alvarado, Francisco de Alvarez, Alonso (2) Alvarez, Juan

Alvarado, Gonzalo de Alvarado, Juan de Alvarado, Jorge de

Alvarado, Pedro de Alvarez Chico, Rodrigo Alvarez Chico, Juan

Alvarez Chico, Francisco Alvarez Galeote, Juan Alvarez Rubazo, Juan

Alvarez Chico, Garci Alvarez, Pedro Almesta, Alonso de

Alvarez Santarem, Juan Alvarez de Espinoza, Alonso Amaya, Antonio de

Amaya, Pedro Alaejos, Juan de Alvaro, ?

Anaya, Pedro de Ancielos, Joan de Anguiano, Antonio

Anasco, Rodrigo de Angulo y Garciano, Juan Aparicio, Francisco

Anton, Martin Aparicio, Juan de Aparicio, Martin

Aponte, Esteban de Arevalo, Alonso Arevalo, Melchor

Aracena, Juan de Aragon, Hernando Aragon, Juan

Aragon, Pedro de Arbolanche, ? Arriaga, Antonio de

Aranda, Juan de Archiaga, ? Arcos, Francisco de

Arcos, Gonzalo de Arcos, Hernando de Arcos, Juan de

Arcos Cervero, Gonzalo de Arevalo, Antonio Arevalo, Francisco

Arevalo, Luis de Arevalo, Pedro Argueta, Hernando

Arias, Antonio Arias de Avila, Gaspar Arias de Sopuerta, Pedro

Arizavalo, Antonio Armeno, Juan Armenta, Pedro

Arriaga, Juan de Arbenga, ? Arguello, Juan de

Arpa, Pedro de Arriaga, Juan de Arroyo, Antonio

Arteaga, Domingo (2) Asencio, Pedro Aserrador, Clemente

Arroyuelo, ? Astorga, Bartolome Asturiano, Francisco de

Assia, Ochoa de Asturiano, Alonso Asturias, Pedro de

Avalano, Juan Avalos, Melchor de Avelica, ?

Avesala, Hernando de Avila, Alonso de Avila, Diego

Avila, Francisco de Avila, Gonzalo de Avila, Sancho de

Avila, Juan de Avila, Rodrigo de Avila (Quinones), Gaspar de

Avila (Quinones), Juan de Aviles, Pedrarias de Avila, Luis de

Avila y Benevides, Alonso Aviles, Lope de Avo, Juan de

Axeces, Juan de Ayamonte, Diego de Ayllon, ?

Ayllon, Juan de Azamar, Diego de Azedo, Bartolome

Aznar, Antonio Azpeitia, Juanes Barrera, Cristobal

Bachiller, Martin Bardales, Diego Badillo, Rodrigo

Baena, ? Baena (Lores), Alonso Baez, Jorge

Baez, Martin Baez, Rodrigo Baeza, Diego de

Baeza, Pedro de Balades, ? Baldelomar, ?

Baldivia, ? Baldovinas, ? Ballestero, Juan

Badajoz, Gutierre de Ballestero, Francisco de Ballesteros, Rodrigo

Balmaseda (Valmaseda), Pedro de Bamba Cabeza de Vaca, Pedro Bandadas, ?

Bandoy, Juan de Banegas (Vanegas), Cristobal Baptista (Bautista), ?

Balvas, Pedro de Barco, Francisco del Barrios, Don Andres de

Barahona, Martin de Barahona, Sancho de Barcelona, Clemente de

Barcena, Pedro de Barco, Pedro del Barrientos, Alvaro

Bargas, Francisco de Batista de Rapalo, Juan Baptista, Juan

Barba, Pedro Barrientos, Hernando de Berlanga, ?

Barrios, Cristobal de Barro, Juan Basurto, Alonso de

Bautista, Juan Bautista de Grimaldo, Juan Bazan, Gonzalo

Becerra, Alonso Becerra, Alvaro Becerra, Andres

Becerril, Santiago Bejerano, Diego Bellido, Alonso

Bejerano, Servan Bello, Juan Benavides, Alonso

Bellido, Juan Bello, Alonso Benavente, Cristobal

Benavente, Pedro de Benavides, Muflo (Nuno) de Benavides, Nicolas de

Benitez, Alonso Benitez, Juan Benitez, Sebastian

Benavides, Nuno (Ruflo) de Bernal, Francisco Bernal, Juan

Benito, ? Berganciano, Juan Berganciano, Pedro

Bergara, Juan de Bergueno (Burgueno), Hernando Bermudez de Velasco, Beatriz

Bermudez, Baltasar Bermudez, Diego Bernal, Cristobal

Bernaldino, ? Berra, Pedro de Berrio, Francisco

Berrio, Luis de Berrio, Pedro de Blanco, Hernando

Blanco, Juan Blanco, Pedro Blanes, Pedro

Blasco (Blanco), Pedro Bocanegra, ? Bocanegra, Pedro de

Bocarez (Bacaraez), Pedro de Bola, Martin Bolees, Antonio

Bonar, Francisco de Bonilla (Bonella), Joan Carlos de Borges, Pedro

Borjes, Pedro de Bonal, Francisco Bono de Quejo, Juan

Borja, Antonio Botello, Blas Botello, Juan

Bono Vizcaiano, Juan Briones, Gonzalo Briones, Pedro

Bosque, Gabriel Borgona, Esteban de Brabo, Cristobal

Bravo, Anton Burgueno, Fernando Briviesca, Garcia de

Bretes, Gonzalo de Bribiescas, Garcia de Brica, Joan de

Bueno, Alonso Bueno, Juan Bueno, Tomas

Bustamante, Luis de Burgos, Juan de Burguillos, Gaspar de

Burgos, Rodrigo de Briones, Francisco Caballeria, ?

Caballero, Alonso Cabra, Juan Cabezon, Cristobal

Caballero, Pedro Caballos, Francisco de Caballos, Hernando

Caballos (Cabello), Alonso Cabezas, Alonso Cabeza de Vaca, Luis

Cabrera, Gabriel de Cabrera, Hernando Cabrera, Juan de

Caceras Delgado, Juan (2) Caceras, Manuel de Caceres, Jeronimo

Caicedo (Cayzedo), Anton Calero, Diego Camargo, Diego de

Calvo, Pedro Camacho, Pedro Camacho Triana, Diego

Camargo, Toribio Camino, Diego Campanario, Sebastian

Campito (Campos?), ? Campo, Blas de Campos, Andres de

Campos, Bartolome de Canamera, Juan Garcia de Canillas, ?

Cansino, Juan Cansino, Pedro Cano, Juan

Cano, Alonso Cantillana, Hernando Carmona, Juan de

Cano, Luis Cansino (Cansono), Diego Cantillana, Diego

Cantillana, Fernando Cantillana, Francisco Canto, Andres del

Carabasa, ? Carabaza, ? Cardenas, Luis de

Carmona, Esteban de Cardenas, Alonso Cardenas, Juan de

Carmona, Antonio Caro Gutierrez, Garci Carpues, Santiago de

Carralero, Antonio Carranza, Dorantes de Carranza, Pedro de

Carretero, Juan de Carrillo, Hernando Carrillo, Jorge

Carrillo, Juan Carrion, Diego Carrion, Gines de

Carrion, Gregorio de Carsenel, Alfonso Cartagena, Juan de

Carteo, Andres de Carullola (Carniela), ? Carvajal, Hernando de

Carvajal Turrencaos, Antonio Casamori, Gutierre de Casas, Francisco de las

Carvajal, Antonio de Carrasco, Gonzalo Carrascosa, Juan

Casanuevo, Francisco Carrion, Hipolito Carrion, Rodrigo

Casco, Francisco Cascorro, ? Casillas, Juan de

Castaneda, Diego de Castaneda, Hernando de Castaneda, Joan de

Castano, Juan Castellano, Diego Castellanos, Pedro

Castellar, Pedro de Castellon, ? Castillo, Antonio del

Castaneda, Rodrigo de Castillo, Alonso del Castillo, Pedro del

Castillo, Diego del Castillo, Francisco Castillo, Melchor de

Castrillo, Alonso de Castro, Andres Castro, Francisco

Castro, Pedro Castromorcho, ? Catalan, Anton

Cavras (Cabras), Bartolome Cayas (Zayas), Diego de Celi, Bartolome

Centeno, Pedro Cepeda, Gaspar de Cerbera, Assensio

Cardenal, Alonso Cerezo, Gonzalo Cermino, Juan

Cermino, Diego Catalan, Alonso de Catalan, Juan de

Cervantes, Lionel de Cieza, Juan de Cisneros, Alberto de

Cifontes, Francisco Cisneros, Juan de Cuellar Verdugo, Juan de

Cervantes, Francisco de Clemente, ? Cimancas, Pedro

Chaves, Hernando de Chavarrin(ia), Bartolome Colio, Diego de

Collazos, Pedro de Colmenero, Juan Esteban Comontes, Cristobal de

Conellar Verdugo, Juan de Conilien, Francisco Contreras y Figueroa, Alonso de

Coria, Diego de Contreras, Alonso de Coronel, Juan

Corbera, Asencio Cordero, Anton Cordero, Gregorio

Cordon, Antonio Cordonel, Alonso Coria, Bernardino de

Coronado, ? Corral, Cristobal del Corral, Francisco

Corral, Juan del Corrasco, Juan Correa, Juan

Correas, Diego Chiclana, Anton de Corral, Juan

Cortes de Merida, Gonzalo Cortes de San Buenaventura, Francisco Cortes de Zuniga, Alonso

Cortes, Francisco Cristobal, Martin Cuellar, Bartolome

Cosana, Pedro de Coto (Soto), ? Cristobal, Gil

Cruz, Martin de la Cuadras, Francisco de Cuadras, Pedro de

Cubia (Zubia), Juan de Cubiertas, Sebastian Cubillas, Juan de

Cuellar, Francisco de Cuenca, Anton de Cuesta, Alonso de la

Cuellar, Juan de Cuenca, Benito de Cuenca, Simon de

Cueto, Pedro de Cuevas, Juan de Chacon, Gonzalo de

Chavelas, Francisco de Chaves, Martin Chaves, "el Vizcayno"

Chico, Pedro Chinantla, Nicolas de Corco, Bicencio

Calahorra, Martin de Dam, Joan Dava, Lorenzo

Davila, Rodrigo Davila (de Avila), Juan Delgado, Alonso

Daza (Daca) de Alconchel, Francisco Delezcano, Xoan Delgado, Juan

Del Campo, Blas Del Castellar, Pedro Del Castillo, Francisco

Del Puerto, Martin Destacio, Joan De Losa, Juan

Delguerrero, Hernando Diaz de Aux, Miguel Diaz del Castillo, Bernal

Diaz, Bartolome Diaz, Miguel Diaz Peon, Diego

Diaz, Cristoval Diaz, Diego Diaz, Domingo

Diaz Galafate, Francisco Diaz, Gaspar Diaz, Juan

Diaz de Alcala, Diego Diaz de Arauz, Melchor Diaz de Azpeitia, Juan

Diaz de Medina, Bernardino Diaz de Penalosa, Rui Diaz de Sotomayor, Pedro

Diaz de la Reguera, Alonso Diego, Maestre Diego Halcon, ?

Diosdado, Antonio Docampo, ? Domingo, ?

Dominguez, Gonzalo Dominguez Arias, Francisco Donaire, Francisco

Doria, Cristobal Duenas, Beatriz Duero, Sebastian de

Duero, Andres Duran, Juan Dorantes, Martin

Duran, Alonso Duran, Rodrigo Dominguez, Pero

Eibar, Andres de Elgueta (Helgueta), Hernando de Enamorado, Juan

Enriquez de Guzman, Juan Eraso, Juan de Escalante, Pedro de

Escalona, Hernando de Escacena, Antonio Escalante, Juan

Escalona, Alejo Escalona, Francisco Escalona, Juan

Escalona, Lucas Escalona, Pedro Ebora, Sabastian de

Escalona, Pedro de Escobar, ? Escobar, Alonso

Ecija, Andres Escobedo, Francisco de Escobar, Juan

Escobar, Pedro de Escobar, Rodrigo Espindola, Gonzalo

Escudero, Juan Espinal, Juan de Espinar, Juan D'

Espinosa, Alonso Espinosa, Garcia de Espinosa, Gaspar de

Espinosa, Juan Espinosa, Martin de Espinosa, Rodrigo de

Esquival, Juan de Esteban, ? Esteban, Miguel

Espindola, Juan de Esquivel, Alonso Estrada, Francisco

Estrada, Maria Evia, Francisco de Evia, Rodrigo de

* Source of the above names: Duaine, Carl Laurence. "With All Arms A Study of a Kindred Group"

* Additional Source: Himmerich Y Valencia, Robert. "The Encomenderos of New Spain 1521-1555"

* Additional Source: Thomas, Hugh. "Who's Who of the Conquistadors"

 

Biographies

Abarca, Pedro - From: Catalayud. 2 daughters. Son in law: Gonzalo de Leon. A grandson was named Manuel Abarca.

Aguilar, Francisco de - Parents: Juan de Aguilar and Magdalena de Manjarres. Received two land grants to support an inn on the road between Veracruz and Mexico City. Had four children. At the age of 50 he gave up all his wealth and joined the Franciscan Order. At the age of 80 he was persuaded by his fellow monks to document his experiences in the Conquest. This can be found in the book "The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico". He died at the age of 92.

Aguilar, Garcia de - Parents: Gonzalo Garcia and Constanza Gonzalez Jaramillo. Settled in Puebla. Married a Spanish girl in 1531. Their daughter Juana was born in 1535. Garcia died circa 1570. Grandsons: don Juan Ramirez de Arellano and don Carlos de Arellano.

Aguilar, Jeronimo de - was shipwrecked off the coast of the Yucatan in 1511. He lived amongst the Maya as a slave along with Gonzalo Guerrero until Cortes paid a ransom in 1519. He served as an interpreter along with Marina who knew the Mayan as well as the Mexica (Aztec) language. Like some of the other

conquistadors, he had religious training but never took final vows. He settled in Mexico City and had a natural daughter who married Cristobal Doria (de Oria?) and a son with an Indian woman.

Grandson: Miguel Doria. Granddaughter married Andres de Rosas decendant of another conquistador. Jeronimo de Aguilar: The Marooned Priest Who Speeded the Conquest

Aguilar, Juan de - Parents: Pedro de Solorzano and Mari Diaz de Saldana. Settled in Colima. Married with seven children one of them a daughter. Sons: Cristobal de Solorzano and Juan de Aguilar. Son in laws: Juan de la Bayen and Pedro de Cevallos. Grandson: Juan de Solorzano.

Alaejos, Juan de - Settled in Guadalajara. Married a woman from Spain and has 2 sons.

Alaminos, Antonio de - There were 2 with this name. Father and son. Native of the Palos area of Spain. The elder had traveled with Columbus on his fourth voyage and was pilot on Ponce de Leon expedition to Florida and Panama and Cortes' conquest of Mexico. Sent by Cortes to look for a site to establish a port colony. Both survived the conquest and had land in New Spain.

Alanes, Melchor de - Parents: Pedro Alavez (Alanes) and Teresa Gomez Marin. Settled in Antequera and married the daughter of fellow conquistador Juan Rodriguez de Salas. They had 10 children.

Alanis, Jeron - From: Alanis, Sevilla Spain. A notary. Arrived in Santo Domingo in 1514. He was a resident of Santiago Cuba in 1520 and went to Mexico with Narvaez the same year.

Albaida, Antonio de - From Albaida, Sevilla Spain. Came to Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Alburquerque, Domingo Garcia de - Known to be valiant in battle. A grandson was Luis de la Torre. Great grandsons were don Cristobal and don Juan de la Torre.

Alburquerque, Domingo de - From: Alburquerque, Badajoz Spain. Came to the Indies in 1517 and Cuba in 1518. He joined Cortes in 1519.

Aldama, Juan - From: Carmona, Sevilla Spain. Came to Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Almesta, Alonso de - From: Sevilla. Came to Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Almodovar, Antonio - settled in Mexico City. Son: Diego de Almodovar. Grandsons: Antonio de Almodovar, Antonio de Vargas, Luis de Vargas. Granddaughters Married: Alonso Rodriguez del Vado, Gaspar Garcia de Castaneda and Martin Ceron. Great Grandsons: Martin Ceron, Pablo de Vargas and Cosme de Vargas Great Granddaughter Married: Juan de Cevallos

Almonte, Pedro de - From: Almonte in Huelva Spain. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Alonso, Alvaro - From Palos, Huelva Spain. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Alonso, Hernando - Blacksmith and 60 at the time of the conquest. Settled in Mexico City. His first wife was Beatriz de Ordaz sister of fellow conquistador Diego de Ordaz. They had adult children living elsewhere in Mexico. After his wife died he married Isabel de Aguilar from which they had a daughter. Alonso was executed on Oct. 17th 1528 (at age 68) as a relapsed Jew.

Alonso, Martin - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Alvarado, Garcia de - From: Badajoz Spain. A natural brother of Pedro and the other Alvarado brothers listed below. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.

Alvarado, Gomez de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de Contreras. Brother to Pedro de Alvarado (fourth oldest of 5 brothers). Died in Peru. Had at least one daughter Isabel de Alvarado who married Hernando Flores a conquistador of Nueva Galicia. They in turn had at least one son Luis Gomez de Alvarado a resident of Guadalajara.

Alvarado, Gonzalo de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de Contreras. Brother to Pedro de Alvarado (third oldest of 5 brothers). Sent by Cortes to secure corn from the Mayans. Resulting in hand to hand combat and the retreat of the Conquistadors. Settled in Guatamala until 1541 (the year Pedro died).

Alvarado, Jorge de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de Contreras. Brother of Pedro de Alvarado (second oldest of 5 brothers). Married Luisa Estrada sister of Beatriz the wife of the Conquistador Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. They had 3 children (one son Jorge and two daughters). A grandson was also named Jorge. Settled in Mexico City but spent much of his time in Guatamala managing the affairs of his brother Pedro the Govenor of Guatamala. The Estrada sisters were granddaughters of King Ferdinand II of Spain. Their father was a natural son of the King. Grandsons: don Jorge de Alvarado (became govenor of Honduras and had a namesake son). Also don Angel de Villafana. Granddaughter married: Juan de Samano.

Alvarado, Juan de - Born in Badajoz. Related to the Alvarado brothers. Died a bachelor circa 1550.

Alvarado, Pedro de - From Badajoz. Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de Contreras. Born in 1485 (oldest of the Alvarado brothers, same age as Cortes). When Cortes ordered his men to retreat from Mexico City at night on foot, it was Pedro who was the last to do so. A Lieutenant of Cortes (captain in Cortes' army), he later conquered Guatamala. Came from a honored family. His father, grandfather and uncle were honored for their military accomplishments. Had 2 natural children. A daughter and a son Pedro with the daughter of a Tlaxcalan Indian chief. Killed in Jalisco in a campaign against the Indians near Guadalajara, of wounds from falling from his horse in 1541.

After he fell he was asked where it was that he suffered and he replied "In my soul". His daughter Leonor married don Francisco de la Cueva (a nobleman and a cousin of the Duke of Alburquerque). They had four or five sons. Genealogical reference on Pedro de Alvarado and a portrait. His own account can be found in the book "The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico". This from letters he wrote Cortes on the Conquest of Guatamala. Pedro received the Order of Santiago.

Alvarez, Pedro - From: Sevilla. Went to Santo Domingo in 1517, Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. In 1537 with the death of Pedro, the conquistador Martin Lopez became guardian of his son

Anton Alvarez.

Alvarez Chico, Garci - From: Villanueva del Fresno, Badajoz Spain. Nephew of Rodrigo Alvarez Chico. Went with Cortes in the exploration of Baja California.

Alvarez Chico, Juan - From: Oliva Badajoz Spain. Sent by Cortes to establish a settlement in Colima. He was killed by the Indians of Colima.

Alvarez Chico, Rodrigo - Rodrigo Alvarez Chico captured by Narvaez after being sent by Cortes to negotiate a peace. Narvaez with an army outnumbering Cortes by 3 to 1, tried to arrest Cortes so he

could conquer Mexico himself. Cortes defeated Narvaez and allied his men.

Alvaro, ? - From: Palos, Huelva Spain. Came to Mexico in 1519 with Cortes. Settled in Honduras and it was said he ended up having 30 children.

Amaya, Pedro - From: Amaya, Burgos Spain. Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Aparicio, Francisco - From: Pelayos, Toledo Spain. Came to the Indies in 1514. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Father: Garcia Aparicio.

Aponte, Esteban de - From: Portugal. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes in Mexico. Participated in the Conquest of Guatamala in 1524 and settled in Santiago, Guatamala.

Aragon, Pedro de - Married in Oaxaca to a Spanish woman.

Arbenga, ? - From: Levante. Artillery specialist. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Arbolanche, ? - From: Old Castile. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519. Was killed by the Indians.

Arevalo, Alonso - Parents: Pedro de Arevalo and Marina Temeno. Also part of the conquest of Jalisco, Panuco and Zacatula. Settled in Colima. He and his wife Beatriz Lopez had two sons and a daughter.

Arevalo, Melchor - From: Arevalo, Avila. Parents: Gonzalo de Toledo and Maria de Arevalo. Married and settled in Jalapa.

Arguello, Juan de - From: Leon. Came to Cuba in 1518 or 19 and came to Mexico in 1519 or 1520.

Arriaga, Antonio de - Settled in Ciudad Michoacan. Married Ana Quintero and they had 4 daughters. One daughter married Juan Antonio Branbila.

Arriaga, Juan de - Parents: Diego de Arriaga and Maria de Licano. Settled in Puebla with a Spanish wife and four children (two sons). Grandsons:Captain Pedro Muniz de Arriaga, Juan Brambila, Captain Jaime Herades, Francisco Brambila, Antonio Herades, Agustin Brambila, Tomas Herades and Bernardino Brambila

Arroyuelo, ? - From: Olmedo, Valladolid Spain. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Died in battle (year unknown).

Astorga, Bartolome - From: Astorga. Settled in Oaxaca his wife was believed to be Indian because when he died circa 1540 his properties reverted to the crown. Two daughters are listed. One married the conquistador Antonio de Villarroel and the other married Rodrigo de Vigil, all residents of Oaxaca.

Asturiano, Francisco de - From: Asturias. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Avila y Benevides, Alonso - From: Monte Alban (Avila). Captured by the French pirate Fleury on his way to Spain with some of the riches of Mexico and correspondence from Cortes. After being released from a French prison, he settled in the Yucatan. Had eleven children. One daughter Antonia married Gonzalo de Salazar and another married Cristobal de Paredes of Puebla. A son Antonio married dona Isabel de Salazar. Son: Geronimo de Avila. Grandsons: Hernando de Salazar, Juan Alonso de Avila, Francisco de Avila and don Diego de Zayas. Great Grandsons: don Alonso de Avila Margarino and don Juan Margarino.

Avila, Juan de - From: Avila. Parents: Pedro Martin Cansino and Isabel Gutierrez. His wife was the daughter of the conquistador Juan de Cuellar. A son Juan de Cuellar Verdugo inherited his land holdings along with his wife Maria de Garao whos son Pablo Vargas inherited their land in 1597. Grandson: Pablo de Vargas. Granddaughter married: Rodrigo Lopez.

Avila, Luis de - Parents: Gonzalo de Trujillo and Beatriz Sanchez. Settled in Ciudad Michoacan. Married with 7 children. Sons: Luis and Miguel de Avila. Son in Laws: Gaspar Negrete and Francisco de

Barajas.

Avila, Rodrigo de - From: Avila. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Aviles, Lope de - From: Salvatierra Salamanca. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Aznar, Antonio - Parents: Beltran de Aznar and Marina Diaz Ortega, natives of Baeza. Settled in Puebla with a wife and 5 children. Sons: don Geronimo de Aznar and Juan de Biedma Aznar

Azpeitia, Juanes - From: Azpeitia (Guipuzcoa). Parents: Juan de Barrasueta and Marina de Ricarte. Died in 1553 without a legal heir.

Ballestero, Francisco de - From: Tudela de Duero, Valladolid. Came to the Indies in 1515. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Ballesteros, Rodrigo - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Balvas, Pedro de - From: Albacete Spain. Married in Spain. Arrived in Cuba in 1517. To Mexico with Grijalva in 1518 and to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. On the records of Mexico until 1547.

Badajoz, Gutierre de - From: Caceres Along with the hero of Popocatepetl, Francisco de Montano fought their way up a temple to place the flag of Cortes at its peak claiming Mexico City. Parents: Gutierre de Badajoz and Catalina Chaves. Brother to the Conquistador Hernando de Chaves. Settled in Mexico

City and considered a miner. Received a coat of arms dated Nov. 15, 1527. Son Gabriel de Chaves inherited his holdings in 1565. Grandsons: Gutierre de Chaves, Melchor de Betanzos, Juan and Garcia Cabezas. Granddaughters married: don Miguel de Soto and Simon de Trejo.

Barba, Pedro - Good friend of Cortes, he came to Mexico in a small vessel with thirteen men. When he joined Cortes he was made Captain of the crossbowman. Killed taking part in a naval blockade of Tenochtitlan. A son Francisco de Leon and son-in-law, Francisco de Montalvo are documented.

Barco, Francisco de - From: Barco de Avila. A Captain in Cortes' army. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Participated in the conquest of Guatamala in 1539.

Bargas, Francisco de - From: Sevilla. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Participated in the conquest of Panuco and Colima. Settled in Mexico City.

Barrera, Cristobal - Trumpeter. Listed as conqueror on some documents. Believed to have settled in Puebla. His oldest daughter married Esteban de Carvajal another daughter married Juan Ponce and all were residents of Puebla.

Barrios, Don Andres de - He was a knight of the Duke of Arcos. Came to Mexico with his brother in law Cortes (wives were sisters). He settled in Mexico City. His daughter was Isabel de Barrios (married

to Diego de Guevara).

Batista de Rapalo, Juan - From: Berazy, Genoa. Settled in Colima with a wife and 6 children (2 natural).

Bejerano, Servan - From: Cordoba. Parents: Anton de Puelles and Catalina Sanchez Bejerano. He married twice and had two children (a son and a daughter).

Bello, Juan - Parents: Juan Bello Troche and Leonor Gutierrez de Caceras. Settled in Mexico City. Grandson: Gil Gonzalez Davila. Granddaughters married: Nicolas de Rendano and Juan de Penas. Great grandsons: Juan Bello de Alvarado, Aparicio de Penas and Jose de Alvarado. Great granddaughter married: Juan de Tejadillo.

Benavides, Alonso - Captured by the French pirate Fleury on his way to Spain with some of the riches of Mexico and correspondence from Cortes. Upon his release he settled in Veracruz. He married Maria de la Torre who after his death married Andres Dorantes de Carranza. He had a daughter Antonia de Benavides who married Antonio Ruiz de Castaneda.

Benavides, Nuno (or Ruflo) de - settled in Antequera. Had a son Juan de Benavides and a grandson Garcia de Benavides. Was awarded a Coat of Arms on the 25th of april 1532.

Bernal, Francisco - Probably settled in Puebla.

Bernal, Juan - Settled in Puebla. Had 3 sons.

Bonal, Francisco - From: Salamanca. First settled in Veracruz then Puebla.

Bono de Quejo, Juan - Born in San Sebastian but later a resident of Palos. Had been a Captain of a ship with Ponce de Leon in his discovery of Florida in 1513. Came to Mexico with Narvaez.

Bono Vizcaiano, Juan - From: Vizcaya (Basque Country). Probably related to the above named Juan Bono. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Borgona, Esteban de - From: France. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Settled in Mexico City.

Borjes, Pedro de - Daughter married: Alonso de Almiron. Daughter: Catalina de Caceres. Son: Francisco Borges.

Bosque, Gabriel - Parents: Juan Bosque and Catalina Bama. Settled in Oaxaca. His only son Juan married the daughter of the Conquistador Santos Hernandez.

Bravo, Anton - Parents: Anton Garcia Payo and Ana Garcia Bravo. A swordsmith by trade. Settled in Mexico City. Bravo married Catalina Lopez de Polanco the widow of Juan de Galvez. He had a son Antonio Bravo de la Laguna who for a time supported his mother and two sisters after his fatherís death. Son in Laws: Juan Cerfate and Baltasar de Trujillo. Grandsons: Anton Bravo and Diego Ortiz de Hinojosa. Granddaughter Married: Alonso Romero.

Briones, Francisco - From: Briones. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Briones, Gonzalo - From: Briones, Logrono Spain. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Briones, Pedro - From: Salamanca. Served in the war in Italy. Captain of the boats surrounding Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) during the conquest. Went with Olid to Honduras and Guatamala when Olid revolted against Cortes.

Briviesca, Garcia de - From: Briviesca. Friend of the Gov. of Cuba Diego Velasquez. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Owned a Hacienda in Cuba in 1524.

Burgueno, Fernando - From: Toledo. Settled in Mexico City. He died in the 1530's. Survived by his widow Inez Gomez and son Pedro and a daughter who married Juan de Cuenca of Bujalance, Cordoba. He received a coat of arms in 1531.

Burguillos, Gaspar de - From: Badajoz. A page of Cortes. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. He was rich at one time but died a Franciscan.

Bustamante, Luis de - From: Palencia. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Cabezon, Cristobal - From: Almagro. Parents Settled in Mexico City with a wife and sons by the names of Gregorio (Geronimo) and Pedro de Soto. Son in law: don Rodrigo de Rivera. Grandsons: Luis and Melchor de Soto.

Cabra, Juan - Parents: Anton de Cabra and Teresa Ruiz. Involved in mining gold. Settled in Mexico City with his wife Maria de Herrera. Their daughter married Nicolas Chamorro of Medina de Rio Seco.

Caceras, Manuel de - From: Segovia. Parents: Gonzalo de Caceres and Maria de Ona. Settled in Colima as one of the first settlers. Married Isabel de Monjarez, a daughter of the conquistador Martin Ruiz de Monjarez. Their son was Gonzalo de Caceres. They had another son and Isabel was pregnant when her husband died.

Caceras Delgado, Juan - There were 2 with this name. One was called "El Viejo". From: Caceras. Married Catalina Gonzalez and settled in Mexico City Another was called "El Rico". From: Caceras. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Settled in Mexico after returning temporarily from Spain 1522 to 1534.

Calahorra, Martin de - From: Calahorra (Logrono). Parents: Martin Sanchez de Cunada and Isabel Vera Matute. Settled in Puebla with his wife (born in Spain) the daughter of the conquistador Garci Hernandez. Her brothers were the conquistadors Juan Perez de Herrera and Pedro Hernandez and a sister married the conquistador Diego de Holguin residents of Puebla. Martin had 5 daughters and two sons.

Calvo, Pedro - From: Palencia. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Camacho Triana, Diego - From: Triana. Ships Pilot or Navigator. Came to the Yucatan with Fernandez de Cordova in 1517, Grijalva in 1518 and Cortes in 1519.

Cano, Alonso - From: Alanis (Seville). Parents: Alonso Martin Cano and Beatriz Sanchez. Settled in Villa Alta. Married Antonia Perez Carballa.

Cano, Juan - From: Caceres Parents: Pedro Cano and Catalina Gomez de Saavedra. Married the daughter of Montezuma, the third and last Conquistador to do so. They had six children, of which two became nuns. Son: Gonzalo Cano Moctezuma married dona Ana de Prado. Their Son and Juan Cano's Grandson: don Juan Cano Moctezuma. Many decendants carried the surname Cano Moctezuma.

Cansino, Juan - A Hidalgo (minor member of nobility). Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Cansino, Pedro - From: Palos, Huelva. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.

Cantillana, Hernando - From: Grand Canary Island. Both his brothers died in the battle known as "Noche Triste". Settled Mexico City and was joined by his wife and son Diego from Spain. Diego went to Spain after his father died circa 1530. He returned with his wife and four daughters. Grandsons: Diego Burgos, Antonio and Pedro de Salmanca. Granddaughters married Cristobal Osorio and Baltasar Munoz.

Cardenal, Alonso - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Cardenas, Alonso - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico. Settled in Mexico City.

Cardenas, Juan - Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.

Carmona, Juan de - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519 with his brother Esteban Carmona. Settled in Guatamala.

Carmona, Esteban de - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Came to Mexico

with Cortes in 1519.

Carrasco, Gonzalo - A sentry for Narvaez (a rival Conquistador with ambitions on Conquering Mexico himself). Cortes himself practically half strangled Gonzalo trying to get information. Navarez' army was defeated and his men joined Cortes. Daughter Carrascosa, Juan - From: Carrascosa. One of the first settlers of Panuco.

Carrion, Hipolito - From: Carrion, Palencia. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Carrion, Rodrigo - From: Carrion, Palencia. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Documented in Mexico in 1529.

Carvajal, Antonio de - Parents: Pedro Gonzales de Carvajal and Isabel Delgadillo. A Captain in Cortes' army. Settled in Mexico City. Married dona Catalina de Tapia and a second marriage to dona Maria de Olid y Viedma both nieces of the conquistador Bernardino Vasquez de Tapia. Both unions

produced 8 daughters and 1 son. Son in law: Francisco Infante Grandsons: don Antonio de Carvajal, don Andres de Carvajal, don Lorenzo de Carvajal don Juan Infante and don Antonio Infante. A daughter he had with Catalina de Tapia, by the name of Catalina de Tapia Carvajal married Gonzalo Gomez de Cervantes. Gonzalo Gomez de Cervantes was the second son of Juan de Cervantes Casaus and Luisa de Lara y Andrada. They were residents of Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico.

Casanuevo, Francisco - From: Chillon, Ciudad Real. Came to Mexico with Narvaez in 1520.

Castaneda, Rodrigo de - Parents: Juan de Castaneda and Leonor Diaz de Zaballos. Subjugated the area south west of Cuernavaca in 1522. Later accused Cortes of wanting to preserve idols and temples on his properties in defiance of the Franciscans to destroy them. Married and had 6 sons and 2 daughters. There was record of a mestizo grandson by the name of Zicotencatl Castaneda. Grandsons: don Alonso de Carvajal, Agustin and Alonso de Castaneda. Granddaughter married: Juan de Avendano (5 children).

Castillo, Alonso del - Parents: Dr. Alonso del Castillo and dona Aldonza Maldonado. Settled Mexico City. Died before 1547.

Castillo, Pedro del - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Catalan, Alonso de - From: Catalanes. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Described as a "Good Soldier". He died in the Conquest.

Catalan, Juan de - From: Catalonia. An artilleryman specialist in the weaponry of the day (ie. lombards and breech-loading cannons). Unofficial healer he would go around putting his hands over the wounded and pray. The Indian allies also placed their faith in him. Settled in Mexico City. Married Ana de Segura. Had a daughter Juana de Acevedo who married Martin de Bandevena of Brussels. Grandson: Martin de Azebo.

Cerezo, Gonzalo - From: Cordoba. Parents: Hernando Cerezo and Catalina de Torres of Murcia. After the conquest areas were placed under the protection of the Conquistadors. Cerezo was given the first area the city of Cholula in April of 1522. Had no children. His household included his widowed sister her children and grandchildren. Gonzalo grew to prominence in New Spain.

Cermino, Diego - Cortes had Diego Cermino hanged for conspiring to intercept a ship with some of Mexico's riches and claim them for a rival conquistador, Velazquez.

Cermino, Juan - From: Palos (Huelva). Father: Rodrigo de Costa. Married the daughter of the deceased conquistador Juan Ruiz. Settled in Mexico City. Juan Cermino was the brother of Diego Cermino (above named conquistador).

Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble family. Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife was the former Leonor de Andrada. One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio. Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra.

Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza. Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas. Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor. Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas de Lara. Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes. Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of the Order of Santiago .

Chavarrin(ia), Bartolome - From: Chavarre, Genoa. Parents: Estanani Delpin and Bartaloma de Negro. Settled in Colima with his wife and 7 children (4 sons).

Chaves, Hernando de - Brother to the Conquistador Captain Gutierre de Badajoz. Daughters dona Isabel de Chaves married the Conquistador Diego de Soria and dona Maria de Chaves married the maestre de Roa.

Chiclana, Anton de - From: Chiclana, Cadiz. Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Cieza, Juan de - From: Torre Mormojon. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Killed by the Indians (when is not known).

Cifontes, Francisco - Settled in Colima. A daughter married Juan Jimenez of Baena also residents of Colima. Also served with Nuno de Guzman.

Cimancas, Pedro - From: Simancas, Valladolid. Came to Mexico with Narvaez in 1520. Settled in Colima.

Cisneros, Alberto de - Son: Antonio de Cisneros.

Cisneros, Juan de - Settled in Mexico City. Married Maria de Medina and had 4 sons and 2 daughters. Killed in the Mixtec war of 1542. Sons: Mateo Vazquez de Cisneros and Esteban de Cisneros. Grandsons: Antonio, Juan and Nicolas de Nava, Pablo and Juan de Cisneros, Mateo Vazquez, Juan and Baltasar de la Serna. Granddaughters married: Julian de Iebenes and Baltasar Hernandez.

Colio, Diego de - Parents: Pedro Diaz de Palmar and Juana Hernandez de Cangas. Settled in Mexico City married a Spanish woman and had 2 daughters and 1 son. A granddaughter married the Conquistador Juan de Tovar.

Contreras, Alonso de - Parents: Garcia de Contreras and Maria de Lerma. Served with Nuno de Guzman in Panuco. Settled in Mexico City and was married to Isabel Mexia Y Figueroa with 3 sons and 7 daughters.

Died in 1559. Sons: Garcia de Contreras, Baltasar de Contreras and Alonso Contreras who married the granddaughter of both the Conquistadors Lionel Cervantes and Francisco de Villegas. Grandsons: don Alonso de Zuniga and Nicolas de Contreras (married Beatriz Corona de Anaia, residents of Guadalajara). Granddaughter married: Francisco de Trejo Almarez. Corco, Bicencio - Settled in Panuco.

Coria, Diego de - Parents: Alonso de Coria and Leonor Rodriguez. From: Burgos. Notary by trade. Also conqueror of Jamaica, Guatamala and Jalisco. Settled in Mexico City. Married the daughter of the conquistador Hernando de Chaves. They had 5 children. He also recognized two natural children.

Coronel, Juan - From: Seville. Parents: Diego Coronel and Elvira Bernal de Ojeda. Settled in Mexico City with his wife. They had 6 children (3 daughters). Son: Matias Coronel. Grandsons: Martin, Gaspar, Antonio and Pedro Coronel. Granddaughter married: Pero Fernandez de Villanuno.

Corral, Juan - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Correas, Diego - From: Santarem, Portugal. Parents: Jimon Rodriguez and Maria Correas. Settled in Zacatula. Married but had no children.

Cortes, Francisco - Cousin of Hernando. Was named lieutenant governor and alcalde mayor of a region of Mexico in 1524. He continued the conquest of western New Spain (Mexico).

Cristobal, Martin - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Cuellar, Bartolome - Married a woman from Cuba. Was a Horticulturist. Daughter married: Juan de Escobedo.

Cuellar, Juan de - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Settled in Mexico City. Married Ana Ruiz de Berrio and had 9 children (5 daughters). Son: Juan de Cuellar.

Cuellar Verdugo, Juan de - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Parents: Cristobal de Cuellar and Catalina Verdugo. After the conquest areas were placed under the protection of the Conquistadors. Cuellar was given the area the city of Chimalhuacan. Cuellar was a nephew of Francisco Verdugo. Married Ana de Maya also from Cuellar. They had 2 children (1 son).

Cuenca, Benito de - Parents: Pedro de Cuenca and Constanza Herrera. Born circa 1495. Settled in Panuco and Married Beatriz Gonzales. They had 2 sons. Cuenca, Simon de - From: Cuenca. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Regidor of Veracruz in 1524. Mayordomo of Cortes in Villarrica in 1524-25. Killed in Xicalanco by the Indians.

Delgado, Alonso - Married a woman from Spain. Was a merchant in Toluca. Known to be good with firearms.

Diaz, Cristoval - From: Castellanos Nuevos. Came to the Indies in 1516, to Cuba in 1518, and to Mexico in 1519 or 1520.

Diaz, Diego - Cortes had Diego Diaz hanged after a conspiracy to kill Cortes was found out. Diego was to have transported the conspirators to Cuba.

Diaz, Domingo - From: Genoa. Arrived in Santo Domingo in 1502, conquest of Cuba in 1511 and to Mexico with Narvaez in 1520. Settled in Veracruz.

Diaz, Gaspar - Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Ended up rich but gave it up for a hermit's life.

Diaz, Juan - Chaplain in Cortes' army. It was said that after their first encounter with the Tlaxcalans who were said to be 40,000 strong, Juan and Bartolome Olmedo spent the night listening to confessions of conquistadors believing they were going to die. He came first to Mexico with Captain Juan de Grijalva in 1518. Then with Cortes the following year. He also participated in the conquest of Guatamala. His account of his time with Grijalva can be found in the book "The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico".

Diaz de Aux, Miguel - Parents: Juan Diaz de Aux and Isabel Dueso. Arrived in Mexico in 2 of his own ships as one of Garay's captains in 1520. Arrived with 150 footmen and 20 horsemen to reinforce Cortes. Married in Spain to Isabel Carrion. Settled in Mexico City. They had 2 daughters. A natural son was Antonio de Contreras. A daughter dona Luisa Aux married Rodrigo Maldonado.

Diaz del Castillo, Bernal - Born in 1495 in Medina del Campo, Spain. Parents: Francisco Diaz del Castillo and Maria Diez Rejon. Came to the New World in 1514. Went to Cuba in 1516 and Mexico in 1518 with

Grijalva. Landed at Vera Cruz with Cortes in 1519. Settled down for awhile with an Indian girl who had been presented to him by Montezuma and whom he called Dona Francisca. They had a son and a daughter. He returned to Spain in 1539 and returned to Mexico in 1541. Died in Guatemala in 1584 at 89. Natural son: Diego Diaz del Castillo who's daughter married Santos de Ocampo. Grandson: don Bernardo de Estrada. Wrote the book "True History of the Conquest". One English version being "The Discovery & Conquest of Mexico" Diaz starts with "That which I have myself seen and the fighting I have gone through, with the help of God I will describe quite simply as a fair eyewitness without twisting events one way or another. I am now an old man, over eighty four years of age ... as luck would have it, I have gained nothing of value to leave my children and decendants but this my true story and they will presently find out what a wonderful story it is." His book was published about 60 years after his death.

Dominguez, Pero - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Dorantes, Martin - An aide of Cortes.

Duero, Andres - Born in Tudela de Duero. Protested Cortes' orders to turn over the gold from the battle known as Noche Triste. After the conquest the average conquistador was left with about as much as a weapon would cost.

Duran, Juan - Settled in Puebla with his wife and daughter. Son in law: Diego de Cisneros.

Ebora, Sabastian de - From: Yelves, Portugal. Parents He settled in Zacatula. He was married and had 3 daughters and a son.

Ecija, Andres - Settled in Colima.

Escacena, Antonio - From: Escacena (del Campo) Huelva. Known as "the angry". Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.

Escalante, Juan - From: Huelva. Came to the Indies with Columbus (Colon) in 1493. Settled in Cuba in 1515 before joining Cortes' entrada. Died in the conquest.

Escalona, Alejo - From: Escalona, Toledo. Had a encomienda in Santo Domingo in 1514. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Escalona, Francisco - From: Escalona, Toledo. "El Mozo", Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.

Escalona, Juan - From: Escalona, Toledo. Captain, came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Died in Mexico in 1521.

Escalona, Lucas - From: Escalona, Toledo. Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.

Escalona, Pedro - From: Escalona, Toledo. Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.

Escobar, Juan - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519 Known as a "good soldier".

Escobar, Pedro de - Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes. He held the post of constable in Mexico City. He was married to Beatriz Palacios.

Espindola, Gonzalo - From: Sevilla. He was a decendant of old Genoa merchants living in Sevilla. Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.

Espindola, Juan de - From: Sevilla. He was a decendant of old Genoa merchants living in Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.

Esquivel, Alonso - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.

Estrada, Francisco - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. Came to Santo Domingo in 1502 with Diego Colon, son of Christopher Columbus. Later went with Narvaez to Mexico with his sister and joined Cortes in the Conquest. Settled in Mexico City and married twice having a son and daughter with each wife. Son: Andres de Estrada. Grandson: Bernardino de Estrada. Granddaughter married Luis Osorio. Great grandson: Bartolome de Estrada and Luis Osorio

Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, either on horseback or on foot".

 

Additional Resources:

With All Arms A Study of a Kindred Group by Carl Laurence Duaine. An excellent book on the Genealogy of Mexico. The author spent over 20 years tracing his mothers side of the family to some in a group of over 150 families of Iberian decent that settled Mexico from the time of Cortes. Much of the book documents the lives and decendants of these people. Includes land grant and coat of arms information. Recommended for your genealogical library. 346 8 1/2 X 11 pages.

The Discovery & Conquest of Mexico Many details relating to the conquest are from the first hand account in the book "The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico 1517-1521" by the Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo (translated to english). The Author viewed the writings of others who were not there and wanted to set the record straight. 468 pages

The Spanish Borderlands Frontier 1513-1821 by John Francis Bannon. Starts out describing the travels of the Conquistadors and takes you through three centuries of Mexican History and the individuals that lived it. 238 pages.

Paisanos: Spanish Settlers on the Northern Frontier of New Spain by Oakah L. Jones. This book is about the colonists sent by Spanish Authorities to settle the northern frontier of New Spain. 260 pages with added references and an essay to 332 pages.

The Encomenderos of New Spain 1521-1555 by Robert Himmerich Y Valencia. Excellent source of genealogical and historical information on the early settlers and much more information on the conquistadors. Recommended for your genealogical library. 506 settlers are profiled. 304 pgs.

Conquest: Montezuma, Cortes, and the Fall of Old Mexico by Hugh Tomas. A comprehensive study and an excellent book. See the online reviews posted on amazon.com. 602 pages.

The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico by Patricia de Fuentes. Accounts by Juan Diaz, Andres de Tapia, Cortes, Francisco de Aguilar, Pedro de Alvarado, Diego del Pilar and "the Anonymous Conquistador". All give you a feeling of what it must have been like during the conquest as well as information on the cultures and life in those days. 208 pages.

FUNDADORES DE NUEVA GALICIA, GUADALAJARA, TOMO I by Guillermo Garmendia Leal. Excellent source of information on the early settlers of Nueva Galicia. Covers the years 1529 to 1650. Recommended for your genealogical library. Spanish text. 165 pages.

Sumaria Relacion de las Cosas de la Nueva Espana by Baltasar Dorantes de Carranza. Excellent source of genealogical information on the Conquistadors. Recommended for your genealogical library. Spanish text. 419 pages.

"Relacion Secreta de Conquistadores informes del archivo personal del Emperador Carlos I" by Mariano Gonzalez-Leal.

"Indice Geobiografico de Cuarenta Mil Pobladores Espanoles de America en El Siglo XVI" Tomo I 1493-1519 and Tomo II 1520-1539 by Peter Boyd Bowman. List and some details of the first conquistadors to the New World.

Cortes Conquering the New World by William Weber Johnson. A very interesting book with an excellent Epilog. Very easy reading.

 

 

From 1526 to 1546, a list of 160 of the individuals served the King with Francisco

de Montejo. They were known as "The Conquistadors of the Yucatan".

In 1530, a list of 280 of the individuals that served the King with Nuno de

Guzman. Many went on to settle the area and had links to the earlier

Conquistadors. They were known as "The Conquistadors of Nueva Galicia."

a. 137 Early Settlers of Nueva Galicia, arrived after the Conquest of the area. b. Some had links to the earlier Conquistadors.

List of Those Who Served with Cortes (F-L)

Farfan, Andres

Farfan, Cristoval

Farfan, Luis

Farfan de Gaona, Juan

Fernandez, Alonso

Fernandez, Juan

Flamenco, Juan de

Fernandez de Portocarrero, Alonso

Fernandez, Bartolome

Fernandez, Beatriz

Fernandez, Cristoval

Fernandez de Cordoba, Cristoval

Fernandez de Nieto, Diego

Fernandez, Francisco

Fernandez, Gonzalo

Fernandez, Martin

Fernandez de Merida, Juan

Fernandez de Ocampo, Juan

Fernandez, Juan

Fernandez de Navarrete, Pedro

Fernandez, Rodrigo

Fernandez, Santos

Flores, Cristoval

Flores, Francisco

Fernandez Macias, Juan

Figueroa, Diego de

Flandes, Juan de

Floriano, ?

Floriano, Jeronimo de

Fonseca, Diego de

Frances, Juan

Francisco, Julian

Francisco, Pedro

Franco, Alonso

Franco, Bartolome

Franco, Francisco

Franco, Pedro de

Frias, Luis

Fuenterrabia, Juanes de

Frias, Hernando de

Fuenllama, Luis de

Fuentes, Pedro de

Fuentes, Diego de

Fuentes de Solis, Garcia

Gabarro, Antonio

Galeote, Alonso

Galindo, Juan (Sanchez)

Gallardo, Alvaro

Gallardo, Antonio

Gallego, Francisco

Gallego, Benito

Gallego, Diego

Gallegos, Alvaro

Gallegos, Andres

Gallego, Hernando

Gallego, Lepe

Gallego, Lope

Gallego, Pedro

Gallego, Rivadeo

Gallego de Vigo, Diego

Gallego, Juan Cristoval

Gallego, Juan

Gallego, Alvaro

Gallego, Bartolome

Gallego, Cristoval

Gallego Hernandez, Gonzalo

Gallego de Andrade, Juan

Galeote Garcia, Alonso

Galoete, Antonio

Galoete, Gonzalo

Gallo, Gomez

Galan, Juan

Gallardo, Pedro

Gallego, Lucas

Galvez, Melchor

Gamarra, Juan de

Gamito, Bartolomeo

Gaona, Tomas de

Garcia, Alonso

Garcia, Andres

Garcia, Anton

Garcia, Bartolome

Garcia, Diego

Garcia, Domingo

Garcia, Esteban

Garcia, Gines

Garcia, Hernando

Garcia, Julian

Garcia Albani, Alonso

Garcia Bravo, Alonso

Garcia Camacho, Juan

Garcia Casado, Pedro

Garcia Mendez, Juan

Garcia de Berlanga, Diego

Garcia, Francisco (3)

Garcia Galdin, Francisco

Garcia Jaramillo, Diego

Garcia, Gonzalo

Garcia de Goldino, Gonzalo

Garcia, Juan (4)

Garcia de Veas, Juan

Garcia de Canamera, Juan

Garcia, Luis

Garcia, Martin

Garcia de Jaen, Pedro

Garcia de Contreras, Juan

Garcia de Lucas, Juan

Garcia de Merida, ?

Garcia de Rivera, Francisco

Garrido, Cristobal

Garrido, Diego

Garnica, Gasper de

Garrido, Juan

Garrido, Pedro de

Garro, Pedro de

Garzon, Francisco

Gentil Rey, Nuno

Geronimo, Pedro de

Gibraltar, Alonso de

Gibraltar, Nicolas de

Gil, Alonso

Gil, Cristobal

Gines, Martin

Ginoves, Diego

Ginoves, Lucas

Ginoves, Tomas

Genoves, Alonso

Ginoves, Bautista

Ginoves, Domingo

Genoves, Esteban

Ginoves, Juan

Genoves, Lorenzo

Genoves, Luis

Genoves, Marcos

Ginoves, Ramon

Gil, Francisco

Giraldo, Alonso

Godoy, Diego

Giron, Francisco

Godoy, Bernardino (2)

Godoy, Gabriel de

Goleste, Antonio

Gollovin (Gullorin), Francisco

Gomez, Bartolome

Gomez, Beatriz

Gomez, Domingo

Gomez, Francisco

Gomez, Alonso (2)

Gomez Ballestero, Andres

Gomez de Jerez, Hernando

Gomez Cornejo, Diego

Gomez, Miguel

Gomez, Nicolas

Gomez, Pedro

Gomez, Pierrez

Gomez de Avila, Rodrigo

Gomez Hidalgo, Alonso

Gomez de Guebar (Guevara), Juan

Gomez de Lepe, Juan

Gomez de Moguer, Pedro

Gomez de Penaparda, Juan

Gomez de Sotomaor, Juan

Gomez, Juan (2)

Gonzalez de Hortegosa, Fernan

Gonzalez, Alonso (2)

Gonzalez, Alvaro

Gonzalez, Bartolome (2)

Gonzalez, Beatriz

Gonzalez, Hernan

Gonzalez Herrero, Bartolome

Gonzalez, Nuno

Gonzalez, Diego

Gonzalez, Francisco

Gonzalez de Najera, Francisco

Gonzalez, Rodrigo

Gonzalez Casado, Juan

Gonzalez Gallego, Alonso

Gonzalez de Avila, Gil

Gonzalez de Najera, Pedro

Gonzalez, Juan (2)

Gonzalez de Heredia, Juan

Gonzalez de Trujillo, Pedro

Gonzalez, Ruy (2)

Gonzalez Reales, Juan

Gonzalez Sabiote, Pedro

Gonzalez de Granada, Francisco

Gonzalez de Granada, Hernando

Gonzalez (de Harinas Alcazar), Pero

Gonzalez de Najera, Alonso

Gonzalez de Najera, Hernando

Gonzalez de Najera, Pedro (Pero) "El Mozo"

Gonzalez de Penafiel, Diego

Gonzalez, Sancho

Gordillo, Gonzalo

Grado, Alonso de

Granada, Francisco de

Grande, Francisco

Griego, Juan

Griego Negrete, Martin

Grijalba, Juan de

Grijalva, Alonso de

Grijalba, Fernando

Grijalba, Francisco

Grisalba, Juan

Grijalba, Rodrigo

Grijalva, Sebastian

Guana, (?)

Gris, Francisco

Gudiel, Francisco

Guecho, Martin

Guemes, Miguel de

Guerba, Baltasar

Guernica, Gaspar de

Guerra, Martin

Guerrero (or Guerra), ?

Guerrero de Luna, Lic. Juan

Guerrero, Lazaro (Alvaro)

Guillen, Francisco

Gutierrez de Badajoz, Alonso

Guevara, Luis de

Guia de Salcedo, Sabastian

Guillan, Juan

Guerrero, Gonzalo

Guia, Fernando

Guia, Juan de (2)

Guinea, Diego de

Guisado, Francisco

Gutierrez, Alvaro

Gutierrez, Anton

Gutierrez, Gaspar

Gutierrez, Gomez

Gutierrez, Gonzalo

Gutierrez, Hernando

Gutierrez, Nuno

Gutierrez Duran, Juan

Gutierrez Trujillo, Pedro

Gutierrez de Najera, Alonso

Gutierrez de las Huertas, Francisco

Gutierrez, Diego (2)

Gutierrez de Escalante, Juan

Gutierrez, Antonio (2)

Gutierrez, Pedro (2)

Gutierrez de Salamanca, Fernando

Gutierrez, Francisco (2)

Guisado, Alonso

Guipuzcoano, Rodrigo

Guzman, Cristobal de

Guzman, Esteban (Juan)

Guzman, Pedro (2)

Guzman, Gabriel

Guzman, Luis de

Guzman, Manuel

Guzman, Nuno

Heredia, ?

Hernandez Portocarrero, Alonso de

Hernandez(or Herrera), Elvira

Hernandez, Alonso

Hernandez, Beatriz

Hernandez, Blas (Blasco)

Hernandez, Catalina

Hernandez, Cristobal

Hernandez, Diego

Hernandez, Francisco

Hernandez, Garcia

Hernandez, Gonzalo

Hernandez, Jorge

Hernandez, Juan

Hernandez, Luis

Hernandez, Mari

Hernandez, Maria

Hernandez, Martin

Hernandez, Pedro

Hernandez, Pero

Hernandez Balsa, Francisco

Hernandez Bejarano, Gonzalo

Hernandez Calvo, Diego

Hernandez Carreter, Alonso

Hernandez Carretero, Alonso

Hernandez Garijo, Luis

Hernandez Hermosa, Gonzalo

Hernandez Maya, Alonso

Hernandez Mirallo, Francisco

Hernandez de Nava, Bartolome

Hernandez Mosquera, Cristobal

Hernandez Calvo, Gonzalo

Hernandez Mosquera, Gonzalo

Hernandez de Prado, Juan

Hernandez, Pedro

Hernandez Montemayor, Gonzalo

Hernandez Morallos, Francisco

Hernandez Nieto, Diego

Hernandez Paulo, Alonso

Hernandez Perez, Francisco

Hernandez Puebles, Alonso

Hernandez Rendon, Gonzalo

Hernandez Roldan, Pedro

Hernandez Sevillano, Pedro

Hernandez de Alanis, Gonzalo

Hernandez de Cordoba, Rodrigo

Hernandez de Herrera, Garcia (Garu)

Hernandez de Jerez, Francisco

Hernandez de Merida, Garcia

Hernandez de Merida, Juan

Hernandez de Mosquera, Cristobal

Hernandez de Pablos, Alonso

Hernandez de Tavira, Juan

Hernandez de Zahori, Gonzalo

Hernandez de Ziusto, Alonso

Hernandez, Santos "el buen viejo"

Hermosillo, Juan de

Herrera, Alonso

Herrera, Bartolome

Herrera, Fernando de

Herrera, Juan de

Herrera, Pedro de

Herrero, Hernando Alonso

Herrero, Lazaro

Herreros, Santos

Hidalgo, Alonso

Hidalgo Montemayor, Gonzalo

Hoces, Andres

Heredia (d'Evia), Rodrigo

Hidalgo, Alonso

Hoyos, Gomez de

Holguin, Diego de

Holguin Garcia Alveras, Pedro

Hurtado, Gaspar

Hoyos, Gonzalo

Huelano, Alonso

Huemes, Miguel

Huerto, Juan del

Hurones, Gonzalo

Hurtado, Alonso

Hurtado, Hernando de

Hurtado, Luis

Illan, Luis

Illan, Diego

Illescas, Fernando de

Infante, Luis

Inhiesta, Juan de

Iniesta, Juan de

Iniguez, Bernardino

Ircio, Juan de

Iricio, Martin de

Iricio, Pedro de

Irejo, Antonio

Izquierdo, ?

Izquierdo, Martin

Jaen, Cristoval de

Jaen, Gonzalo de

Jaen, Hernando de

Jaen, Martin de

Jara, Cristobal

Jara, Rodrigo de

Jaramillo, Cristobal

Jasso, Juan de

Juan, ?

Jerez, Alonso de

Jerez, Cristobal de

Jerez, Fernando

Jerez, Joan de

Jerez, Hernando de

Jarramillo de Salvatierra, Juan

Jeronimo, Martin

Jibaja, Pedro de

Jimenez, ?

Jimenez, Alonso

Jimenez, Fernando de

Jimenez, Francisco de

Jimenez, Fortun

Jimenez, Francisco

Jimenez, Juan

Jimenez, Gonzalo

Jimenez, Juan

Jimenez de Rivera, Juan

Jimenez (Ximenez), Gonzalo

Juarez, Gaspar

Juarez, Juan

Jimenez, Miguel

Juan, Maestre

Juan, Martin

Juanes, ?

Julian, Francisco

Julian, Gonzalo

Juarez, Lorenzo

Juliano, Juan

Lagos, Gonzalo de

Lanoz, Miguel de

Lara, Juan de

Larios, Juan

Laris, Luis de

Laso, Alonso

Laso, Pedro

Lares, Amador de

Lares, Pedro de

Larez, Rodrigo

Laso, Guillen de

Lasso de la Vega, Pedro

Las Casas, Martin de

Las Mozas, Cristobal de

Las Ribas, Gregorio de

Lazaro Martin, Fabian

Lazo, Pedro

La Cueva, Luis de

La Encina, Juan de

La Fuente, Hernando de

La Garcia, Alonso de

La Malfa, Miguel de

La Malfa, Pedro de

La Mezquita, Diego de

La Milla, Francisco de

La Nao, Rodrigo de

La Palma, Miguel de

La Pandilla, Amado de

La Pena, Francisco de

La Pena (y Vallejo), Juan de

La Pieza, Martin de

La Reguera, Alonso (Diaz)

La Torre, Juan de

La Torre, Luis de

La Tovilla, Andres de

Ledesma, Alonso de

Ledesma, Pedro de

Ledesma, Juan de (3)

Ledesma, Francisco

Lerma, Fernando de

Leiva, Juan de

Lema, Fernando

Lencero, Pedro

Leon, Alonso de

Leon, Alvaro de

Leon, Diego de

Leon, Fr Juan de

Lezama, Fernando de

Limpias de Carvajal, Juan

Leon, Gonzalo de

Leon, Juan de

Leon Cardona, Juan

Lepuzcano, Rodrigo

Lerma, Lepe de

Lezcano, Juan de

Limon, Juan

Linterno, ?

Lizana, Juan de

Llanimpinto, Hernando

Llanos, Hernando de

Llerena, Diego de

Llerena, Juan de

Llerena, Garcia de

Loa, Guillen de

Lobos de Sotomayor, Ruy

Lopez, Bernardino

Lopez, Cristobal

Lobato, Cristobal

Lopez, Alonso

Lopez, Alvaro

Lopez, Andres

Lopez, Antonio

Lopez, Bartolome (2)

Lopez, Diego

Lopez, Benyto

Lopez, Garcia

Lopez, Lazaro

Lopez, Miguel

Lopez, Vicente

Lopez (Zaragozano), Juan

Lopez Benguidino, ?

Lopez Cabeza, Bartolome

Lopez Cano, Rodrigo

Lopez Gabriel, Simon

Lopez Marroqui, Pedro

Lopez Montealegre, Pedro

Lopez Sanchez, ?

Lopez de Aguirre, Juan

Lopez de Baena, Alonso

Lopez de Ballesteros, Diego

Lopez de Barbas, Pero

Lopez de Luquera, Francisco de

Lopez de Mena, Juan

Lopez de Salinas, Diego de

Lopez de Avila, Fernando

Lopez, Francisco

Lopez Morales, Francisco

Lopez, Gonzalo

Lopez de Zuniga, Inigo

Lopez, Jeronimo

Lopez, Juan (3)

Lopez, Martin (2)

Lopez, Pedro (2)

Lopez, Roman

Lopez, Roman

Lopez de Ximena (Jimena), Gonzalo

Lorca, Sebastian de

Lorda Carranda, Martin de

Lorenzo, ?

Lorenzo, Juan

Lorita, Hernando de

Los Rios, Diego de

Loza(n), Juan

Loza, Juan de

Loza, Pedro de

Lozano, Francisco de

Lozano, Hernando

Lozano, Juan

Lozano, Pedro

Lucas, ?

Lucas (Montanchez), Alfonso (Alonso)

Lugo, Alonso de

Lugo, Luis de

Lugo de Penaranda, Alonso

Lugo, Francisco

Lugon, Pablo de

Luis, ?

Luis, Alonso

Luna, Antonio de

Luzon, Pablo de

* Source of the above names: Duaine, Carl Laurence. "With All Arms A Study of a Kindred Group"

* Additional source: Himmerich Y Valencia, Robert. "The Encomenderos of New Spain 1521-1555" 

* Additional source: Thomas, Hugh. "Who's Who of the Conquistadors"  


Biographies

Farfan, Andres - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico 
with Narvaez before joining Cortes in Mexico.

Farfan, Cristoval - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico 
with Narvaez before joining Cortes in Mexico.

Farfan, Luis - From: Sevilla. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico 
in 1519. Listed as being killed by the Indians. 

Fernandez de Portocarrero, Alonso - From: Medellin (birthplace of 
Cortes). Parents: ? Portocarrero (a military commander) and Dona Maria 
Cespedes. A Captain in Cortes' army. Later an Alcalde in Mexico. 

Fernandez, Bartolome - From: Palos, Huelva. Cuba in 1518, and with 
Cortes to Mexico in 1519.A personal guard of Cortes. Left for Spain 
in 1528 in order to bring back his wife.

Fernandez, Beatriz - From: Cortegana, Sevilla. Listed as wife of the 
Conquistador Pedro Valenciano. Came to Mexico with her mother and 
husband under the command of Narvaez. 

Fernandez, Cristoval - From: Alanis, Sevilla. Parents: Gonzalo 
Fernandez Bermejo and Francisca Fernandez. Participated in the conquest
of Nueva Galicia.

Fernandez de Cordoba, Cristoval - From: Cordoba. Cuba in 1518, and with
Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Fernandez de Nieto, Diego - From: Almeida (Zamora). Parents: Sebastian 
and Mari Fernandez. Native of the Portuguese frontier. Settled in Mexico
City with a wife and 7 children. A son and Grandson were both named 
Bartolome Gallegos. A coat of arms was awarded to Diego Fernandez 
dated Dec. 12,1539.

Fernandez, Francisco - From: Bejar, Salamanca. Came to the Indies in 
1514 with his brother Francisco Garcia. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes 
to Mexico in 1519. Personal guard of Cortes.

Fernandez, Gonzalo - From: Fregenal de la Sierra, Badajoz. In Cuba in 
1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes in 
Mexico.

Fernandez, Juan - From: Seville. Parents: Diego and Catalina Fernandez.
A notary by trade. He was the alcalde mayor of Colima. Married with 3 
sons and a daughter.

Fernandez de Merida, Juan - From: Merida. Parents: Bartolome Sanchez 
and Elvira Sanchez. Settled in Antequera. Married and had at least 1 
son and daughter.

Fernandez de Ocampo, Juan - From: Ocampo (Lugo). Settled in Colima. 
Had a son of the same name. Son in laws: Gaspar Romano, Baltasar de 
Alcala and Cristobal de Tene.

Fernandez, Martin - From: Belalcazar, Cordoba. In Cuba in 1518 and went
to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes in Mexico.

Fernandez de Navarrete, Pedro - From: Navarre (?). Married dona Ana de 
Rebolledo. Had a son Garcia Navarrete who supported his mother and 
sisters after his fathers death.

Fernandez, Rodrigo - From: Sevilla. Parents: Martin and Beatriz Fernandez. 
To the Indies in 1517 and in Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez 
before joining Cortes in Mexico.

Fernandez, Santos - From: Coria de Galisteo, Caceres. Father: Pero 
Fernandez. Known as a "good old man". He came to Santo Domingo in 1502. 
A Conquistador of Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Mexico and Guatamala 
with Pedro de Alvarado. Settled in Oaxaca. 

Flamenco, Juan de - From: Flanders. Son: Pedro Flamenco.

Flores, Cristoval - Born in Valencia de Don Juan.

Flores, Francisco - From: Encinasola. Father: Juan Flores. Settled in 
Mexico City. Married dona Francisca de la Cueva. They had 1 son and 4 
daughters. Flores died in the 1540's. Grandson: Francisco Flores 
(married the daughter of a Doctor Paredes). Granddaughter married: 
Sancho Garces.

Franco, Pedro de - Settled in Oaxaca. Son: Anton Franco. Son in law: 
Pedro Montano. Grandsons: Pedro and Francisco Montano, and Domingo de 
Castaneda. Granddaughters married don Francisco Colmenero de Andrada 
and Francisco de la Cruz. Pedro de Franco's Grandchildren were the 
Great grandchildren of the Conquistador Lorenzo Genoves. 

Frias, Luis - From: Sevilla. Parents: Juan de Frias and Catalina de 
Cordoba. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.

Fuenterrabia, Juanes de - From: Fuenterrabia, Guipuzcoa. To Mexico with
Cortes. Participated in the conquest of Guatamala with Pedro de Alvarado.

Fuentes, Diego de - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez 
before joining Cortes while in Mexico. Settled in Panuco.

Galan, Juan - From: Carmona, Sevilla. Parents: Antonio Garcia Galan 
and Leonor Garcia. Arrived in the Indies in 1512. In Cuba in 1519 and
went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Galoete, Antonio - From: Huelva. Brother of fellow conqueror Alonso 
Galeote. Came to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes 
while in Mexico.

Galeote Garcia, Alonso - From: Huelva. Parents: Alonso Galeote and 
Isabel Diaz la Cordera. Settled in Puebla with a Spanish wife and 6 
sons and 5 daughters with a natural daughter being a member of the 
household. Gonzalo was Alonso's father and he also had brothers in 
Cortes' army. Died in the 1560's. Sons:	Juan Galeote and Alonso 
Galeote. Son in Law: Juan de Lasarte
Grandsons: 	Alonso Galeote and Diego de Tovar
Granddaughters Married:	Juan de Heredia and Juan Martinez de Argueta
Great Grandsons:	Alonso Galeote and Francisco Rendero
Great Granddaughter Married: Juan Guillen de Liebana 

Galoete, Gonzalo - From: Huelva. Father of fellow conquerors Alonso 
and Antonio Galeote. Gonzalo came to Santo Domingo in 1502. Conquered 
Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Cuba and Mexico. He died in 1522 a year 
after the Conquest of Mexico. 

Gallardo, Pedro - From: Lepe (Huelva). Mariner by trade. Settled in 
Puebla with an Indian wife, a son and a daughter. He died circa 1535 
and left his children in the care of Gonzalo Carrasco a resident of 
Puebla and native of Caceres Spain. 

Gallego, Andres - From: Gallegos. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico 
with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Gallego, Bartolome - From: Gallegos. Involved in mining while in Cuba 
in 1518. To Mexico with Cortes. A resident of Guatamala in 1541.

Gallego, Cristoval - From: Tuy, Pontevedra. Parents: Alonso Rodriguez 
de Arbeloso and Maria Diaz. Came to the Indies in 1516. To Mexico with
Cortes.

Gallego, Hernando - Sailor from Galicia. Came in with Narvaez. 

Gallego, Juan Cristoval - From: Gallegos. In Puerto Rico in 1510, Cuba 
in 1519 before going to Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes
while in Mexico. A resident of Honduras in 1536. 

Gallego Hernandez, Gonzalo - From: Alconchel (Bandajoz). Settled in 
Coatzacualcos. Married and had a family. A son was Gonzalo Hernandez 
and a grandson was Gonzalo Hernandez de Alconchel. 

Gallego, Juan - Settled Antequera, and had a son by the same name. Other
sons: Nicolas, Melchor and Gabriel de Parada. Grandson: Antonio de 
Trejo. Granddaughter married: Pedro de Olivera. 
Great Grandsons: don Juan, Miguel and Luis de Olivera.

Gallego, Lucas - From: Galicia. Believed to have served under Cortes. 
Settled in Mexico City. Married Catalina Rodriguez and had a number of 
children. A son's name was Miguel Arias and a grandson Domingo Gallego.

Gallego de Andrade, Juan - Pedro Gallego de Andrade was the second 
husband of the daughter of Montezuma from which they had a son together.
Juan Gallego suddenly in 1530. Grandson: don Juan Moctezuma. 
Great grandson: don Juan Moctezuma.

Gallegos, Alvaro - From: Galicia. Settled in Mexico City and married 
Leonor de la Pena. They had no children but Alvaro did have at least 
1 natural daughter.

Garcia, Francisco - There were 3 with this name. One being Francisco 
Garcia Farfan. Francisco settled in Toluca. Grandsons: Cristobal de 
Leon, Juan de Leon and Agustin and Domingo Farfan. Granddaughters 
married: Francisco de Estrada Mejia, Juan de Jaso, Jorge de Resa, 
Melchor de Valdivieso and Melchor de Leon. Another was Francisco 
Garcia Portero. He married Leonor Garcia.

Garcia, Gonzalo - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez 
before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Garcia, Juan - There were 4 with this name. One was Juan Garcia - From 
Lepe Huelva. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. 
Another was Juan Garcia de Bejar - From: Bejar Salamanca. Came to Mexico 
with Cortes.
Another was Juan Garcia - From: Aznalcazar, Sevilla. Parents: Alonso 
Garcia and Teresa Gonzalez. Conquistador of Cuba in 1514 and Mexico 
with Cortes. Settled in Veracruz. 
Another was Juan Garcia Herrera

Garcia, Luis - Came to Mexico with Cortes. 

Garcia, Martin - Daughter married: Alonso de Castilla.

Garcia de Berlanga, Diego - From: Berlanga, Badajoz. Cuba in 1519 before
going to Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Garcia Bravo, Alonso - From: Ribera del Fresno. Father: Gonzalo Garcia 
Bravo. Settled Oaxaca. Married Maria Nunez, daughter of the conqueror 
Antonio de Almodovar del Campo and Violante Nunez. They had one daughter 
who married Melchor Suarez. A grandson was Lazaro Suarez. 

Garcia de Canamera, Juan - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with 
Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Garcia Galdin, Francisco - Believed to be the pilot of one of Cortes' 
ships. 

Garcia de Goldino, Gonzalo - Believed to be the pilot of one of Cortes'
ships.

Garcia de Jaen, Pedro - From: Jaen. Cuba in 1519 before going to Mexico 
with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico. On Mexican 
records in 1533.  

Garcia Jaramillo, Diego - From: Badajoz. Settled in Mexico City. Married 
Cecilia Lucero and had a daughter dona Ana de Andrada. His nephew Juan 
Jaramillo married his daughter.

Garcia de Veas, Juan - Described as a good old soldier.

Garnica, Gasper de - From: Guernica. Settled in Mexico City and married 
and had at least one son and a grandson by the name of Antonio de Garnica.

Garrido, Pedro de - From: Monguer. Settled in Colima and married Elvira 
de Arevalo the daughter of the Conquistador Alonso de Arevalo. 
They had a daughter Catalina. Pedro de Garrido died before 1545 and his
daughter was raised a ward of a relative, Bartolome Garrido. 

Garrido, Juan - First free black African to arrive in the new world. 
It is said he was the first to plant wheat. For more on the 

Black Conquistadors 

Genoves, Alonso - From: Genoa (Italy). Came to Mexico with Cortes. 
Spain had earlier driven the French out of what is modern day Italy 
(Italy as a country didn't exist until about 1750) in order to protect
Sicily which was part of the house of Aragon. 

Genoves, Esteban - From: Genoa (Italy). Cuba in 1519 before going to 
Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico. 
Note: there was a Conquistador with this name who died in the Conquest 
of Peru in 1538.
 
Genoves, Lorenzo - From: Genoa (Italy). Settled in Oaxaca with his 
Portuguese wife Malgarida Ruiz. They had a daughter.

Genoves, Luis - From: Genoa (Italy). Cuba in 1519 before going to Mexico
with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Genoves, Marcos - From: Genoa (Italy). Cuba in 1519 before going to 
Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Gil, Francisco - Cuba in 1519 before going to Mexico with Narvaez 
and joining Cortes while in Mexico. Settled in Chiapas in 1540 and 
Tabasco in 1554.

Ginoves, Bautista - From: Genoa (Italy). Cuba in 1519 before going to 
Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Ginoves, Domingo - From: Genoa (Italy). Cuba in 1519 before going to 
Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Ginoves, Juan - From: Genoa (Italy). Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Ginoves, Ramon - From: Genoa (Italy). Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Giraldo, Alonso - Trumpeter Settled in Mexico City and married Francisca
de Zambrano and had 2 sons and a daughter. Died while exploring Lower 
California with Cortes.

Godoy, Diego - a notary from Pinto. Settled in the town of Espiritu 
Santo near the mouth of the Coatzacoalcos river.

Gomez, Alonso - There were 2 with this name. One was Alonso Gomez from: 
Trigueros, Huelva. Came to Mexico with Cortes.
Another was Alonso Gomez who came to Mexico with Narvaez and 
ended up settling in Teopantlan. 

Gomez Ballestero, Andres - In Cuba in 1518 and to Mexico with Cortes 
in 1519.

Gomez, Juan - There were 2 with this name one was Juan Gomez de Herrera.
Settled in Zacatula and married Elvira de Torres and had 5 children. 
A daughter married: Miguel de Padilla.
Another was Juan Gomez de Almazon - He married a "woman of the land". 
Founded the town of Izmiquilpa.

Gomez, Pedro - Settled in Colima. Married Leonor de la Torre and had 
at least 1 daughter.

Gomez, Pierrez - From: Eindhout, Flanders. Parents: Pierrez Gomez and 
Catalina Gomez. Settled in Mexico City. Married with 7 children. 
Son: Baltazar Mejia Salmeron. Son in law: Alonso de Cabrera y Sosa. 
Grandsons: Domingo Cano, don Juan Alonso de Sosa (went to the Philipines), 
and don Lope de Sosa. Granddaughter married: Rodrigo de Avila.

Gomez de Avila, Rodrigo - From: Avila. Settled in Mexico City. Had a 
natural daughter named Beatriz. Grandsons: Augustin Guerrero de Luna,
don Francisco Guerrero (went to Castilla). don Gabriel Guerrero, don 
Baltasar Guerrero, don Melchor Guerrero and don Alonso Guerrero. Great 
Grandsons: don Alonso and don Juan Guerrero y Villaseca.

Gomez de Jerez, Hernando - Settled in Michoacan. Grandson: don Gonzalo 
Davalos. Granddaughters married: Captain Diego de Molina, Alonso de 
Cuevas and Diego de Cervantes Villasenor.

Gonzalez, Alonso - There were two with this name. One was Alonso Gonzalez
de Portugal. From: Lisbon Portugal. Father: Juan Alvarez do Gago. Settled
in Mexico City. Married Isabel de Bolanos and they had at least 1 son 
and daughter and 2 other natural children. A grandson was don Diego de 
Bolanos.

Gonzalez, Diego - From: La Parra (Bandajoz). Married a Cuban native and 
had one son. Settled in Puebla. 

Gonzalez, Francisco - Daughter: Ysabel Gomez.

Gonzalez, Juan - There were two with this name. One was Juan Gonzalez 
Ponce de Leon. Son of the discoveror of Florida. Settled in Mexico City.
Married Francisca de Ordaz (sister of Diego de Ordaz). They had at least 
one son. Grandsons: Juan Ponce de Leon (there were 2, one settled in 
Guatemala), Diego de Ordaz and Francisco de Cabrera. Granddaughter 
married: Cristobal Gutierrez de Liebana.
Another was Juan Gonzalez Izquierdo. From: Paterna, Huelva. Came to the 
Indies in 1514. To Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Settled in Guatamala. 

Gonzalez, Ruy - There were two with this name. One was from Villanueva 
de Fresco and his parents were Alonso Gonzalez and Catalina Suarez. 
Settled in Mexico City. He had 3 mestiza daughters. He took part in the
Coronado Expedition. Grandsons: Rodrigo, Antonio, Pedro and 
Francisco de Nava. Granddaughter married: Alvaro de Soria. 
Greatgrandson: don Pedro de Troche married a great granddaughter of
Moctezuma. His Coat of Arms

Gonzalez de Avila, Gil - From: Avila. Brother of Alonso de Avila y Benavides. 
When Cristobal de Olid rebelled against Cortes and fled to Central 
America it was the Captain Gil Gonzalez who ended up capturing him and 
helped sentence him to death. Married Dona Leonor de Alvarado, circa 
1526, niece of Pedro de Alvarado and daughter of Jorge de Alvarado.

Gonzalez de Heredia, Juan - From: Heredia, Alava. Cuba in 1519 before 
going to Mexico with Narvaez and joining Cortes while in Mexico.

Gonzalez de Hortegosa, Fernan - From: Old Castilla. In Santo Domingo in 
1508, Conquest of Puerto Rico in 1509. Came to Mexico with Narvaez 
and ended up settling in Zacatula. On the records there in 1547.

Gonzalez de Najera, Francisco - From: Najera, Longrono. In Cuba with 
his son Pedro when they both joined Cortes. Died in Guatamala.

Gonzalez de Najera, Pedro - From: Najera, Longrono. In Cuba with his 
father Francisco when they both joined Cortes.

Gonzalez de Trujillo, Pedro - From: Sevilla. Parents: Pedro Trujillo 
(from Trujillo Caceres) and Juana Ruiz Cabeza de Vaca. Probably Melchor 
de Trujillo's brother. Melchor came to Mexico in 1521 after the conquest. 
Pedro was a mariner. Came to Mexico with Cortes. On Mexican records 
from 1525-1527. Died in 1547 (location unknown).

Grado, Alonso de - Born in Alcantara. Settled in Mexico City. Married 
the daughter of Montezuma. Daughter married: Alonso Hernandez.

Granada, Francisco de - From: Granada. Came to Mexico with Cortes. 
Participated in the conquests of Guazacualco, Coatlan. Received a coat 
of arms. Settled in Mexico City. Was alive in 1547. 

Grande, Francisco - From: Palos, Huelva. In Cuba in 1519 and went to 
Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico. 
Related to Juan Grande a pilot of Columbus. 

Griego, Juan - From: Greece. Settled in Antequera. 

Grijalba, Fernando - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Came to Mexico with Cortes. 
Explored the coast of Tehuantepec in 1533.

Grijalba, Francisco - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Came to Mexico with Cortes.

Grisalba, Juan - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. 
Died in Honduras.

Grijalba, Rodrigo - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Came to Mexico with Narvaez.

Grijalva, Sebastian - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Settled in Mexico City. 
Married with a son and 2 daughters. Granddaughters married: Juan de 
Oceguera and Hernan Vazquez. Grandson: Gil de Robles.

Guerrero, Gonzalo - Born in Niebla. When Cortes learned that Spaniards 
were being kept as slaves of the Caciques of Cozumel he paid a ransom.  
Gonzalos reply to a fellow captive "Brother Aguilar, I am married 
and have three children and the Indians look on me as a Cacique and 
captain in wartime...You go and god be with you, but I have my face 
tattooed and my ears pierced, what would the Spaniards say should they 
see me in this guise and look how handsome these boys of mine are, 
for God's sake give me those green beads you have brought, and I will 
give the beads to them and say that my brothers have sent them from my 
own country" (written by the conquistador Bernal Diaz). 

Guerrero, Lazaro (Alvaro) - Settled in Mexico City. Had at least a 
daughter who married Andres Tello of Bandajoz and a grandson Diego Tello. 
Granddaughters married: Andres Lopez (of Cholula) and Juan de Monteverde.

Guia, Fernando - From: Palencia. In Cuba in 1518 and came to Mexico with 
Cortes the following year.

Guia, Juan de - There were 2 with this name. One was from: Piedrahita, 
Avila. Came to Mexico with Narvaez.
Another was from: Palencia. Of Black African decent. Came to Mexico with 
Cortes. 

Guillen, Francisco - From: Escacena del Campo. Parents: Alonso Guillen 
and Estebana Gomez. Eventually settled in Mexico City. Had two sons and 
a daughter.

Guipuzcoano, Rodrigo - From: Medina del Campo. Parents: Osursula 
Guipuzcoano and Catalina Gonzalez. Settled in Colima. Had a least 1 son, 
Francisco. 

Guisado, Alonso - Had a son of the same name that lived in Zacatecas.

Gutierrez, Antonio - There were 2 with this name. One was Antonio 
Gutierrez de Ahumada. Settled in Mexico City. He had a least one son. 
There was also Antonio Gutierrez de Almodovar from Almodovar del Campo. 
He settled in Mexico City. He married Maria Corral and they had children.  

Gutierrez, Diego - There were 2 with this name. One was Diego Gutierrez 
de Lavado. He settled in Panuco. He had a least a daughter. 
Grandson: Alonso Montano.

Gutierrez, Francisco - There were 2 with this name. One was from Villa 
de Gota. Parents: Francisco Gutierrez and Catalina Sanchez Roblada. 
Settled in Zacatula. Had at least a son also with the name Francisco.

Gutierrez, Pedro - There were two with this name. One was Pedro 
Gutierrez de Valdelomar. He was born in Illescas. 

Gutierrez de Badajoz, Alonso - From: Badajoz. Married the daughter of 
a fellow conqueror Gonzalo Hernandez Mosquera. Settled in 
Mexico City. They had at least one known granddaughter by the name of 
Maria Mosquera.

Gutierrez de Escalante, Juan - After Cortes' arrival in Mexico he had 
his ships burned and left Juan Escalante in charge of a garrison in 
Vera Cruz. Cortes then marched to the interior of Mexico. At this point 
they were outlaws openly defying the Govenor of Cuba (Diego Velazquez). 
Juan Escalante and 6 others were killed along with some of their Indian 
allies by the Mexica while Cortes was in Tenochtitlan.

Gutierrez de Salamanca, Fernando - From: Salamanca. Came to Mexico with 
Narvaez.

Guzman, Pedro - There were 2 with this name. One came to Mexico with 
Cortes and later participated in the conquest of Peru.
Another was Don Pedro Guzman From: Guadalajara Spain. He was a horseman 
in Cortes' army. Listed as a settler in Mexico in 1529. Was an assistant 
to Nuno de Guzman in Nueva Galicia. In 1534 he took his wife who was 
originally from Valencia and his 2 small daughters and followed Pedro 


de Alvarado
to Peru. Don Pedro Guzman and his family died of the cold crossing the Andes during this journey. Heredia (d'Evia), Rodrigo - Possibly from Evian France. Settled in Colima with a wife. Hermosillo, Juan de - Grandsons: Juan Ramirez de Escobar and Cristobal Ramirez. Granddaughter married: Francisco Perez de Vargas. Hernandez, Pedro - Parents Garci Hernandez and Elvira Hernandez de Herrera. His father and brother Juan Perez de Hererra all served under Cortes and settled in Mexico along with his 3 sisters. Settled in Zacatula. Hernandez, Santos - Conqueror of most of the islands as well as Mexico as did many of the conquistadors. Settled in Oaxaca. Grandsons: Luis Santos Guerrero and Juan Vazquez Marroquin. Hernandez de Nava, Bartolome - From: Palos. Settled in Puebla. Married to Catalina Velez Razcona also from Palos. They had 7 children. Grandsons: Martin de Nava Guevara, and Hernando de Zuniga. Granddaughter married: Vicente de la Rosa. Great Grandson: Francisco Lozano. Hernandez Mosquera, Cristobal - Parents: Gonzalo Hernandez Bermejo and Francisca Hernandez. Settled in Mexico City. Had six sons and a daughter and 1 natural son. Son: Gonzalo Hernandez de Figueroa. Grandson: Gonzalo de Figueroa. Hernandez Calvo, Gonzalo - Settled in Puebla. Married Isabel Munoz and had a son and daughter. Son: Francisco Calvo. Son in law: Gaspar Valades. Hernandez Mosquera, Gonzalo - Parents: Gonzalo Hernandez Bermejo and Francisca Hernandez. Settled in Mexico City. Married a niece of Pedro
de Alvarado
and had 5 children. In addition he had 8 natural children. One daughter married the Conquistador Alonso Gutierrez de Badajoz, was widowed then married Francisco Termino. Sons: Luis and Francisco Pacheco. Son in laws: Alvaro Diaz de Vargas, Diego Morin, Alvaro Diaz and Juan de Rosa. Grandson: Juan de Escalona. Hernandez de Prado, Juan - Parents: Juan Hernandez de Prado and Maria de Prado. He had 2 natural children. Herrera, Alonso - From: Cadiz. Came to Mexico with Cortes. Settled in Mexico until 1530 when he joined Diego de Ordaz and went to Venezuela. Holguin, Diego de - Parents: Diego de Holguin and Catalina Alvarez Moraga. Settled in Puebla and married the daughter of fellow conqueror Garci Hernandez and they had 2 sons and 2 daughters. Holguin Garcia Alveras, Pedro - From: Caceres Responsible for the capture of Falling Eagle, Montezumas successor. Hoyos, Gomez de - Parents: Pedro de Perada and Maria de Barajas. Settled in Colima and married. Hurtado, Gaspar - Settled in Colima. Illescas, Fernando de - From: Illescas, Toledo. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. A landowner in Mexico in 1524, Santiago Guatamala in 1528 and Honduras in 1536. Iniguez, Bernardino - Settled in Panuco. Iricio, Martin de - Parents: Pedro Sanchez de Ircio and Maria Jimenez de Ribafrecha. Brother of Pedro. Married dona Maria de Mendoza the sister of the viceroy and had many children. Son in laws: don Luis de Velasco and don Carlos de Luna y Arellano. Grandsons: don Francisco de Velasco, don Antonio de Velasco and don Tristan de Arellano. Granddaughters married: don Juan Altamirano and don Rodrigo de Vivero. Iricio, Pedro de - Parents: Pedro Sanchez de Ircio and Maria Jimenez de Ribafrecha. Settled Villa Rica for Cortes, acting as govenor. Married the daughter of the Conquistador Leonel de Cervantes. Had a natural daughter who married the Captain Ruy Lopez de Villalobos and they had a namesake son. Izquierdo, Martin - From: Castromocho, Palencia. Came to Mexico from Cuba with Ponce Leon in 1520. Participated in the conquest of Guatamala. Settled in Santiago, Guatamala in 1528. Jaen, Cristoval de - From: Jaen. In Cuba in 1518 and came to Mexico with Cortes the following year. Jaen, Gonzalo de - From: Jaen. In Cuba in 1518 and came to Mexico with Cortes the following year. Jaramillo de Salvatierra, Juan - Parents: Alonso Jaramillo and Mencia de Matos. During the battle to re-take Tenochtitlan Juan was Capt. of a boat that rescued another boat that was being over-taken by the Mexica. Married the Mayan interpreter Marina by whom they had a daughter. Marina also had a son with Cortes. After the death of Marina he married the youngest daughter of the conquistador Leonel de Cervantes. Daughter married: don Luis de Quesada. Grandson: don Pedro de Quesada. Great grandsons: don Luis de Quesada and don Pedro de Jabra. Great granddaughter married: don Amaro Velazquez de Cardenas. Jasso, Juan de - known as "el viejo" became a resident of Mexico City. Went with Cortes on his expedition of Central America. On the records of Mexico in 1554. Wife doña Maria Ponce de Leon who was the daughter of the Count of Bailen, Don Manuel Ponce de Leon y Guzman and doña Beatriz Vanegas. Had a least one daughter. Had a nephew Juan de
Jasso "el mozo"
. Both were from San Juan del Pie del Puerto Navarre. Notes: the Granddaughter of the Conquistador Francisco Garcia Farfan married a Juan de Jasso. Grandsons of the Conquistador Lorenzo Payo were Martin and Valentin Jasso and a Great Grandson was Juan de Jasso. Juan de Jasso's (el viejo) grandson was Don Francisco de Trejo Carvajal who was also the Grandson of the Conquistador Rafael de Trejo. Jerez, Alonso de - In Cuba in 1519 and came to Mexico with Cortes the same year. Jerez, Fernando - From: Sevilla. Parents: Garcia Jerez and Isabel Fernandez. Lawyer by profession. Came to the Indies in 1513. Settled in Yaquimo, Santo Domingo in 1514 and Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico. Jerez, Hernando de - Settled in Mexico City with his wife the former Ana Rodriguez (from the same area as Hernando in Spain). They had 1 daughter. Jimenez, Alonso - From: Sevilla. Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico. Jimenez, Fernando de - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes. On Mexican records in 1528. Jimenez, Francisco de - From: Herguijuela, Caceres. went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes. Known to be good with firearms. In Chiapas in 1524. Jimenez, Juan - From: Caceres Settled in Mexico City. Father: Juan Jimenez. Jimenez, Miguel - From: Herguijuela, Caceres. Came to Mexico with his brother the above mentioned Juan Jimenez under the command of Cortes. Believed to have been killed by the Indians. Jimenez de Rivera, Juan - Married Leonor Gutierrez and had a son and daughter. Juarez, Gaspar - From: Evora, Portugal. Conquistador of Cuba in 1514 and came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Juarez, Lorenzo - He was called "El Portugues". Came to Mexico with Cortes and settled in Mexico City. Son: Gaspar Juarez. Grandson: Andres Juarez. Juarez, Juan - From: Granada or Sevilla. Parents: Diego Juarez and Dona Maria de Marcayda. Settled in Santo Domingo with his mother and 3 sisters. One of whom ended up married to Cortes (Catalina). Came to Mexico with Cortes. Settled in Mexico where he was given lands to administer. Lares, Amador de - Royal treasurer in Cuba. His secretary was Andres
de Duero
. Died in the battle known as "Notche Triste" (sad night). Lares, Pedro de - Believed to be the other Lares that died in the battle known as "Notche Triste" (sad night). Laso, Alonso - From: Cazalla, Sevilla. He and his brother Francisco came to the Indies in 1516. Listed as Conquistadors of Mexico but could not find evidence to support this. Laso, Pedro - Came to Mexico with Cortes. Ledesma, Francisco - From: Ledesma, Salamanca. Came to Mexico with Cortes. Was a merchant in Mexico in 1526. Ledesma, Juan de - There were 3 with this name. One Juan de Ledesma had a son in law: Francisco Melgarejo. Lema, Fernando - From: Suesto, Coruna Spain. Conquistador of Cuba in 1511. Came to Mexico as a captain in Narvaez' army. Settled in Mexico where he was given lands to administer. Leon, Alonso de - Married an Indian woman. Leon, Alvaro de - From: Dimynes, Santander. Came to Mexico with Narvaez'. Leon, Diego de - Came to Mexico with Narvaez'. Lerma, Fernando de - As the Conquistadors were retreating from Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) Cortes went back to try and save his men from drowning in the waters that surround the city. The Mexica recognizing Cortes made an attempt to pull him into their canoes. It was Cristoval de Olea who threw himself on the attackers and paid with his life falling at Cortes' side. Lerma was said to have joined Olea but he survived. An allied Tlascalan chief fought over the wounded body of Cortes killing three Mexica, allowing enough time for Cortes' men to come to his defense. Lezama, Fernando de - From: Lezama, Vizcaya. Came to Mexico with Cortes. Limpias de Carvajal, Juan - Born in Seville. Parents: Hernando de Carvajal and Lucia de Limpias. Capt. of a boat in the battle to re-take Tenochtitlan. Before the battle the Mexica had put stakes in the water to impale the boats of the conquistadors. Juan fought so valiantly he inspired his men to break free of the stakes saving their boat and their lives. Settled in Mexico City. Married with several children. Son: Juan de Limpias. Son in laws: Miguel Hernandez, Alonso de Estrada, Pedro de Salinas and Esteban de Carvajal. Llerena, Garcia de - From: Burgos. Came to Mexico with Cortes. On Mexican records until 1536. Loa, Guillen de - a horseman; was sent to check on Pedro de Alvarado after "Noche Triste" a battle in which 600 conquistadors and several thousand of their indian allies died. Settled in Mexico City. Married Isabel de Alvarado, the niece of the Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado and had 2 sons and a daughter. Son: Tristan de Loa. Daughter: Julia de la Loa Grandsons: don Juan and don Alonso de Alvarado. Granddaughter married: Francisco de Arevalo. Great granddaughter married: Nicolas de Ayala. Lobato, Cristobal - From: Huelva. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Lopez, Alonso - From: Cordoba. Parents: Gonzalo Lopez and Mari Gutierrez. Settled in Colima. Married with one son and 5 daughters. The one son and 2 daughters were natural children. Lopez, Alvaro - A carpenter he helped fashion a cross that was put on top of a great Mayan temple in which Cortes would preach in front of. Settled in Mexico City. Lopez, Andres - From: Villanueva in the valley of Tobalina, Burgos. Parents: Andres Lopez de Cespedes and Marigomez de Salazar. Settled in Mexico City. Andres and his wife had 2 sons and a daughter. Participated in the pacification of the Chichimecas. Lopez, Antonio - Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Lopez, Bartolome - There were 2 with this name. One was Bartolome Lopez de Sanlucar. Parents: Pedro Lopez and Isabel Gutierrez. Bartolome was an archer in Cortes' army. Settled in Colima with his wife. Lopez, Francisco - Married a "woman of the land". Had many children. Son: Geronimo Lopez. Daughter married: Diego Hernandez. Lopez, Gonzalo - Settled in Mexico City. Lopez, Jeronimo - Parents: Anton Lopez de Viar and Elvira Hernandez de la Cuesta. Settled in Mexico City. Married 3 times and had 6 daughters and 4 sons. Received a coat of arms in 1530. Sons: Jeronimo Lopez and Pero Lopez de Rivera. Grandsons: don Jeronimo Lopez de Peralta, Diego de Villapadierna and Jeronimo Lopez de Mendoza. Granddaughter married: don Fernando de Rivadeneira. Lopez, Juan - There were 3 with this name. One was Juan Lopez de Jimena. His brother was Gonzalo. They both joined Cortes in 1519. After the conquest he became Mayor of Veracruz. Juan married Francisca de Nava and had 3 sons and 4 daughters. At least some of his children took the de Nava name. Son: Antonio de Nava. Grandsons: Diego de Nava, Juan, Andres, Cristobal and Martin de Ontiveros. Granddaughters married: Juan de Ibarra, and Pedro Nunez de Cordova. Lopez, Martin - There were two with this name. One was from Seville. Parents: Cristobal Diaz de Narices and Estefania Rodriguez. He helped build the ships needed by Cortes to patrol the lake around Mexico City. Settled in Mexico City. Martin married Ines Ramirez of Seville who died in 1529. He then married Juana Hernandez of Seville. He received 3 coats of arms. Grandsons: Martin, don Geronimo Lopez Osorio, Luis Perez del Castillo, Juan Perez del Castillo, Pedro Lopez del Castillo, Martin Lopez Gutierrez, Gonzalo Hernandez de Figueroa and Juan de Figueroa. Granddaughter married: Fernando Calderon. Martin Lopez Conquistador Citizen of Mexico is a book on his life. Lopez, Pedro - There were 2 with this name. One was Pedro Lopez de Alcantara. Arrived in Mexico with Cortes. Son in law: Diego de Leyva. Grandsons: Diego, Martin and Felipe de Leon, Diego and Antonio de Leyva. Lopez, Roman - Parents: Cristobal Lopez and Maria de Solis. Lost an eye in the battle to take Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). Settled in Oaxaca with his wife dona Ines de Guzman. They had 6 children. Grandson: Juan de Guzman Sotomayor (grandson of the conquistador bachiller Sotomayor). Granddaughter married: Juan Gomez Zurita. Lopez de Avila, Fernando - From: Avila. Came to Mexico with Cortes. On Mexican records till 1528. At some point in time he left for Spain a rich man. Lopez Morales, Francisco - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes. Lopez de Zuniga, Inigo - From: Navarra. Came to the Indies with Columbus, Santo Domingo in 1494, Puerto Rico in 1512, Captain of the Armada. Came to Mexico with Cortes. Lozano, Pedro - From: Caceres Settled in Mexico City and married Maria Pereles. They had at least 2 sons. Grandsons: Pedro and Martin (settled in the Phillippines) Lozano. Lugo, Francisco - Born in Medina del Campo. Related to the conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo.