Palatines to Ireland and Canada
The Palatinate was land belonging to a
prince of the Holy Roman Empire in Europe that consisted of two
territories; Upper Palatinate (Bavaria) and the Lower Palatinate. Our ancestors lived in the Lower Palatinate, an area where there
were many dramatic changes in the 9th century. In 1623, the Lower Palatinate was given to Bavaria but was eventually
restored (1648) because of the Peace of Westphalia. The upper section remained with Bavaria. The War of the Grand Alliance (1689-1697) again
caused upheaval when French troops under Louis XIV ravaged the area
resulting in many of the citizens of Lower Palatinate to flee their homes and
emmigrate to other countries such as England, Ireland and America.
Thousands of Palatines
debarked in Ireland where the government
was providing subsidies to Irish landlords who agreed to allow some of the
refugees settle on their estates.
Each Palatine (man, woman & child) received 8 acres
of land at a rent of 5 shillings per acre (Irish tenants were paying far
more) and each family were provided with 40 shillings a year for utensils
and stock. In the time following the
government agreed to pay their rent for 25 years and each home was given a
musket for protection. The Fitzells (Fizzells) lived at Courtmatrix, owned by Sir Thomas Southwell
of Castle Matrix in Rathkeale, Co. Limerick.
In 1740-1760 the Irish
landlords began to raise the rents drastically and then almost a century
later the Irish Famine occurred. It
is said that the Irish Famine was not as hard on the Palatines as their
farming techniques were further advanced than the Irish farmers but they
still suffered great hardships. This
resulted in many of the Palatine families to again emigrate
to a new country.
My great, great
grandfather, Amos Fizzell was born and lived in Courtmatrix but he came to Canada with his wife Margaret Scanlan in the early 1800’s and settled in Camden Township, Lennox and Addington. There are many other families with
surnames from Courtmatrix who settled nearby to
Amos & Margaret: Teskey, Switzer, Doupe, Dulmage, Bowen, Shire, Embury
et al. Many intermarried.
Amos and Margaret had
four children born in Canada…Amos Jr (married Rhoda Rikley),
William (married Elizabeth Rikley), Sarah Ann
(married John Teskey) and John (married Mary
After Margaret’s death, Amos married again to Maria Jane McKim Schryver.
I am descended from
William and Elizabeth’s oldest son
Herbert. The name Frizzell has been spelled different ways throughout the
Fizzell, Frizzell, Frizelle…) William was the last member of our family to
spell his name Fizzell. My grandfather, Herbert Andrew Frizzell, married Vera Meeks and they had 13 children,
all of whom are still living today.
Members of the Frizzell family still live
on property that was part of the original family homestead on Frizzell Road, just outside of Tamworth, Ontario.