Re: Immigration/Naturalization in the early 1920's
I want to clear up the misinformation listed by the other poster!
Nancy asks My grandfather was already here about a year by then. I don't know if my grandparents ever became naturalized; would it be a logical "next step" once they decided to stay in the US
Robert Answers No.Naturalization was not a requirement and many immigrants never became US Citizens, worked here, raised families and collected Social Security (which afterall they had paid for)
Nancy asks: Would my mother (as a minor in 1921) have been granted citizenship if her parents became naturalized citizens?
Robert replies - This depends on whether or not she was a minor when the Naturalized.
Nancy asks If she never became naturalized on her own, then would she have become a citizen by her eventual marriage to my US-born father?
Robert answers - No
On September 11, 1922, Congress passed the Married Women's Act, also known as the Cable Act.This 1922 law finally gave each woman a nationality of her own.No marriage since that date has granted US citizenship to any alien woman nor taken it from any US born women who married an alien eligible to naturalization.Under the new law women became eligible to naturalize on almost the same terms as men.The only difference concerned those women whose husbands had already naturalized.If her husband was a citizen, the wife did not need to file a declaration of intention.She could initiate naturalization proceedings with a petition alone (one paper naturalization).A woman whose husband remained an alien had to start at the beginning, with a declaration of intention.It is important to note that women who lost citizenship by marriage and regained it under the Cable act, could file in any naturalization court, regardless of her residence.
The 1930 census will tell you if they had filed for Naturalization or had in fact become US Citizens.Also I have access to some Naturalization records.If you give me their names and Dates of Birth and where they lived in the US I can see if there are any records.