Re: Lookup please; William Chapman - GA
The NARA microfilm you cite is the index to 1812 service records, and the index does not give any information about him or any other 1812 soldier--it is just names.Service records from 1812 also contain very little information, certainly no family information.
There is, however, a William Chapman who served in Captain Reich's GA Militia in 1812 and received a 120 acre bounty land warrant under the act of 1855.This probably means that he had already received a 40-acre warrant under a previous act.
In 1812, many of the volunteer regiments were identified by the names of the Colonel and the Captain, or some other commanding officer.I can't say for sure that this is your man in the bounty land file without looking at it in person at NARA.The bounty land files are not online.There were a LOT of men with that same name, you would need some specific dates or places for your particular ancestor in order to make a positive ID.
A bounty land file would contain an application (at least one, probably two) that the soldier or widow would have had to fill out, which would include their address and other personal information.If the widow filed for it (and this is true of pension files, also), then she would have had to give her maiden name and date and place of marriage.