Re: Fredrick Williams Heins family from 1884.
Although you found the wrong person than who was being research:
For the 1900 Census, you identified "pending papers." for the father of this person.
--"Pa" on the census stands for "Papers" meaning the person had filed their Declaration of Intention to become a citizen. It DOES NOT mean Pending Papers or Pending Application. The other poster continuously states this and is continuously in error. The instructions to the eumerators identified this to be used.
-- http://www.mytrees.com/Naturalization.htmlhttp://www.mytrees.com/Naturalization.html Under the paragraph of "How to Start Research" this is explained.
---In the instructions to the enumerators is found, as example for the 1900 Census: http://usa.ipums.org/usa/voliii/inst1900.shtmlhttp://usa.ipums.org/usa/voliii/inst1900.shtml :
-----#151. Column 18. Naturalization.—If the persons is a native of the United States, leave the column blank. If he was born abroad, and has taken no steps toward becoming an American citizen, write "Al" (for alien). If he has declared his intention to become an American citizen and taken out his "first" papers, write "Pa" (for papers). If he has become a full citizen by taking out second or final papers of naturalization, write "Na" (for naturalized).
By continuous use of your term "pending papers" or "pending citizenship papers" it wrongly attaches a different meaning to a CENSUS enumeration and changes it to a Naturalization Process, which is NOT the case. It simply means the person has filed and does not indicate any portion of the process which the word "pending" may indicate. NOTHING IS PENDING.