There are 185 ACKER surnames listed in NS phone book. Of these, between 35-40% live in Lunenburg, Queens, or Shelburne Counties. The first Acker arrived around 1752-3 when the "foreign Protestants" (= French-speaking Huguenots, or Germans) were imported by King George of England to offset the large population of French Catholics who had been living in NS since the early 1600's.
When the English took over administration of "Acadie" from the French around 1748-1750, they gave it the old name "Nova Scotia" (Latin for "New Scotland") first granted to it in 1621, along with its own flag, by a Royal Charter from King James I. In 1759 they created 5 districts or counties: Annapolis, Cumberland, Halifax, Kings, and Lunenburg.
Annapolis included the current Digby County (created separately in 1837), Cumberland included what is now much of the current Province of New Brunswick, Halifax included a massive area all the way east and north of the city over to the modern Colchester, Pictou, Antigonish and Guysborough Counties, and also included all of Cape Breton (renamed from the French Ile Royale), Kings included Hants County, and Lunenburg later would be sub-divided into the counties of Queens (1762), Shelburne (1784), and Yarmouth (1836).
Barrington Township and Liverpool Township were created in 1761 while part of Lunenburg County. In 1762 they became part of Queens County, created from the southwestern part of Lunenburg County. Liverpool stayed in Queens County after 1784, while Barrington became part of the new Shelburne County. The modern District of Barrington is a spin-off of the original Township and is a separate municipal entity from the Town of Shelburne, Town of Lockeport, and the County of Shelburne. Total population in all four units is about 17,000.
Lunenburg County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.htmlhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.html - has lots of info on the FRENCH, SWISS or GERMAN settlers in NS starting 1750. French variations were later anglicized. In 1749-52 many "foreign Protestants" (Huguenots) came to North America, some into Nova Scotia, others from New England to the Carolinas. Often they are recorded as German or Swiss although they were Francophones. A large number were from the Principality of Montbéliard, where France, Switzerland, and Germany meet. The arrival in the Lunenburg, Nova Scotia area of several boatloads was commemorated with a ceremony and monument in the 20th century.
"History of the County of Lunenburg by Mather DesBrisay (1895)" - ask about it at South Shore Genealogical Society located at the Fisheries Museum in Lunenburg, NS.
- http://www.lighthouse.ns.ca/current/inside/market.htmlhttp://www.lighthouse.ns.ca/current/inside/market.html - The Bridgewater Bulletin is the Lunenburg County newspaper.
Editor, Lighthouse Publishing Ltd.
(publishers of the award-winning "Bridgewater Bulletin" and "Lunenburg Progress Enterprise")
353 York Street,
Bridgewater, NSB4V 3K2
E-mail: - firstname.lastname@example.org -
Queens County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/queens/index.htmlhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/queens/index.html - (separated in 1762 from Lunenburg County and including modern Shelburne and Yarmouth Counties) - first explored and settled in 1630s by early French adventurers who constructed a number of fortifications here - the shire town Liverpool dates from settlement by Planters from New England in 1754, and again by United Empire Loyalists in 1783/4. Excellent museum, historical records, and well-kept old local cemeteries. See more LINKS under - http://www.regionofqueens.com/http://www.regionofqueens.com/ - or try Mary Mouzar's Queens County Times website (opened in 2000) at - http://www3.ns.sympatico.ca/mouzar/queenscountytimeshttp://www3.ns.sympatico.ca/mouzar/queenscountytimes -
Following the US War of Independence in 1783, large numbers of British troops and others re-settled in Nova Scotia. One group landed first in October 1783 at Port Mouton, as documented in a diary by Simeon Perkins, summarized by celebrated Queens County author/historian Thomas H. Raddall at - http://sites.netscape.net/merseyhersoc/tarletonslegion.htmlhttp://sites.netscape.net/merseyhersoc/tarletonslegion.html -
Shelburne County NS (created 1784 from Queens County, and included modern Yarmouth County) - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/3699/genindex.htmlhttp://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/3699/genindex.html - main landing site for up to 20,000 United Empire Loyalists (including 1,500-3,000 freed black Loyalists) in 1783/4. It was the FOURTH LARGEST SETTLEMENT IN NORTH AMERICA (after NYC, Boston, and Philadelphia) during these early years.
"The History of Nova Scotia" by Beamish Murdoch Esq. QC - on page 29, chapter III, Governor Parr wrote about the Loyalists being landed and "destitute of almost everything". It has a list of Loyalist Refugees who were transported from New York to NS between Oct. 1783 and Dec. 1783. On board the ship "Clinton" was a H'ry (Henry) Blade[s?]. They were landed in Port Roseway, now called Shelburne.
"British Army Pensioners Abroad: 1772-1899" by Norman Crowder lists Henry Blades, among others. It may include a detailed summary of his service and pension. This Henry Blades may belong to "The Chelsea Pensioners", a group of British pensioners so named because their pensions were administered by The Royal Hospital in Chelsea, England. Once you have the Regimental info, you should be able to trace them through these records. It will show full name, date of admission to the hospital, age, rank(s), time of service, and the rate of pay.
Shelburne County Genealogical Society - 168 Water Street, Shelburne, NSB0T 1W0 - TEL: 902-875-4299FAX: 902-875-3267 - E-Mail: - email@example.com - Website - http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca/shelburnehttp://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca/shelburne - excellent source of information about early settlement in Shelburne County, starting in 1630's with the French, then from 1750's around Barrington area and including the 1783/4 landing of the United Empire Loyalists from the (new) USA. Many family names have direct lineage from MAYFLOWER families. Very complete books of all persons buried in cemeteries throughout the county. Individual membership $15ºº/year, Family rate $20ºº/year, or institution/organization rate $15ºº/year entitles you to 4 newsletters per year. NOTE: American subscribers - please pay above in US$ amounts, to cover postage and shipping.
Black Loyalist Heritage Society, P.O. Box 1194, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, CANADAB0W 1W0 - Tel: TOLL-FREE 1-888-354-0772 or (902) 875-1310 FAX: (902) 875-1352 E-Mail: - firstname.lastname@example.org - a new organization in the 1990's which has set up computerized files of 1000's of black families and their ties with Colonial America and Canada. They are in the process of raising funds for an interpretive center which will be built in Birchtown, Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada, site in the late 18th century of the largest settlement of black people outside Africa.
In Birchtown, there is a small cemetery named Mizpah which contains graves of many ACKER and GOULDEN families.
NS Regional Libraries - http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/ - (for your enquiries, try the ones marked *, or 1 (first choice), 2, 3, etc.:
_ Annapolis Valley Regional Library
_ Cape Breton Regional Library
_ Colchester-East Hants Regional Library
_ Cumberland Regional Library
_ Eastern Counties Regional Library
_ Halifax Regional Library
_ Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
1 South Shore Regional Library
2 Western Counties Regional Library