Following is some information on the Solomon Adams who lived in Bedford County, Pennsylvania from at least 1768 until about 1823.Was Solomon Adams the father of the Rachel Adams who married William Sansom about 1803 in Bedford County, Pennsylvania??
1.Solomon Adams was listed as a single freeman on a 1768 tax list for Bedford Townhip of Bedford County, Pennsylvania.Source:http://shortcuts.pa-roots.com/bedford/taxlists/tl1768bedf.htmlhttp://shortcuts.pa-roots.com/bedford/taxlists/tl1768bedf.htmlINFERENCE:he was born between about 1745 and 1750, possibly in southeastern Pennsylvania.
2.Solomon was a captain of the 4th company, 3rd battalion of Bedford County militia in 1778.Source:http://www.motherbedford.com/Roster05.htmhttp://www.motherbedford.com/Roster05.htm
3.Solomon was listed on a 1779 tax list for Bedford Township, Bedford County, PA.Also on the list were Robert Adams and Elijah Adams.
4.Solomon was listed on a 1784 tax list for Bedford Township, Bedford County, PA and the household had 8 white inhabitants.How is this number to be interpreted?Was it Solomon plus 8 more, or was Solomon one of the 8?INFERENCE:Solomon and his wife had six (6) or seven (7) children, born between 1770-1783
5.Solomon appeared in several censuses for Bedford County, as follows.
1790:2-6-4(no township listed)
1800:1-2-1-0-1;1-0-2-0-1 (either Bedford or St. Clair Township)
1810:I cannot find him in the census
1820:0-0-0-0-0-1;0-1-0-0-1Napier Township, which had been formed in 1814 from parts of Bedford and St. Clair Townships
6.Solomon likely died about 1823 in Bedford County.
There are reports that Solomon married, between about 1769 and 1771, a Rachel Kinton (or possibly Kenton), daughter of a Thomas and Rachel (Carson) Kinton.One source:www.familysearch.org, the Latter Day Saints website.
Who were his children?
From the tax list and census data, one can construct an initial estimate at apro-forma family for Solomon as follows.
A. First Son, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784; gone from home by 1790, so born 1770-1771
B. Second Son, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784 and over 16 in 1790, so born 1772-1773;gone from home (married?) by 1800
C. First Daughter, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784, one of three daughters in 1790, so born 1770-1777; gone from home (married?) by 1800
D. Third Son, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784, one of 6 sons under 16 in 1790, so born 1775-1783; gone from home (married?) by 1800, so likely born 1775-1779
E. Fourth Son, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784, one of 6 sons under 16 in 1790, so born 1775-1783; gone from home (married?) by 1800, so likely born 1775-1779
F. Fifth Son, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784, one of 6 sons under 16 in 1790 and over 16 in 1800, so born 1781-1783;
G. Second Daughter, one of 6 or 7 children in 1784, one of three daughters in 1790, so born 1775-1783; still at home in 1800
H. Third Daughter, NOT one of the 6 or 7 in 1784, but one of three daughters in 1790, so born late 1784 (after tax list); still at home in 1800
I. Sixth Son, NOT one of the 6 or 7 in 1784, one of 6 sons under 16 in 1790 and between 10 and 16 in 1800, so born 1785-1789
J. Seventh Son, NOT one of the 6 or 7 in 1784, one of 6 sons under 16 in 1790 and between 10 and 16 in 1800, so born 1785-1789
K. Eighth Son, under 10 in 1800, so born 1791-1794; gone from home (married?) by 1820
L. Fourth Daughter, under 10 in 1800 so born 1791-1794; gone from home (married?) by 1820
This is a total of 12 children over a period of about 24 years, which is consistent with biological limitations.There might be a problem, however, with this initial estimate of a pro-forma family above.Between 1784 and 1790, the family seems to have grown by four people (i.e., the birth of 4 children).In 1784 (tax list), the family consisted of 8 people (assumed to be 2 parents and 6 children, although possibly Solomon and 8 others, so a wife and 7 children).In 1790 (census), the family consisted of 12 people (assumed to be 2 parents, 7 sons and three daughters).This seeming increase of 4 children in the six years from 1784 to 1790 might be tight on spacing between births.Perhaps the 8 inhabitants of 1784 referred only to children and did not include the parents (or perhaps did not include the taxpayer himself)???Or perhaps there was human error in recording the numbers either back in 1784 or in 1790??
The array above also leaves unexplained the female in the 1820 census, age 10 to 16, so born 1804 to 1810.This birth would have been much too late for the mother of Solomon’s other children.It is possible that she was a granddaughter, or it is possible that Solomon’s wife Rachel had died, and he remarried, and this young girl could be either a step-daughter, or Solomon’s own daughter, assuming any second wife was substantially younger than he (e.g., born in/after 1762, to be a mother in 1804 or later).
As a THEORY (NOT proven, but requiring more research to find evidence to support or refute it), one could assign approximate birth years to these children rather than the ranges indicated, allowing for the natural and common two-year spacing (approximately) on births.In addition, because girls often married between 16 and 22, the second and third daughters, who were still at home in 1800, were likely born between 1778 and 1784.Therefore, the revised pro-forma family would look like this.
A. 1st son, b. ca. 1770
B. 2nd son, b. ca. 1772
C. 1st daughter, b. ca. 1774
D. 3rd son, b. ca. 1776
E. 4th son, b. ca. 1778
F. 5th son, b. ca. 1780
G. 2nd daughter, b. ca. 1782
H. 3rd daughter, b. ca. 1784
I. 6th son, b. ca. 1786
J. 7th son, b. ca. 1788
K. 8th son, b. ca. 1791
L. 5th daughter, b. ca. 1793
I would propose that the son born circa 1770 was a Thomas (named for his maternal grandfather, Thomas Kinton) and who married an Agnes in 1791, named children Solomon and Rachel (for his parents) and migrated West to Jefferson County, Ohio by 1814.
Other researchers have suggested the son born circa 1772 was Levi, who appears in the 1820 census on the line adjacent to Solomon, and who was reported as over 45 (so born before 1775).
Researchers have also suggested that there might have been sons named Abner and Elijah.
I would propose, as a THEORY (needing more research/evidence) that the third daughter, born about 1784, might have been a Rachel (named for either her maternal grandmother, Rachel (Carson) Kinton, or for Rachel (Kinton) Adams herself).This Rachel married, about 1803, to William Sansom, son of the William and Elizabeth (Green???) Sansom who appeared in the 1800 and 1810 censuses for Bedford County (and then widow Elizabeth Sansom appeared on an 1814 tax list for Napier Township, Bedford County, after it was formed).
Does anyone have any other information on the names and likely birth dates for the children of this Solomon Adams?Please contact me directly at firstname.lastname@example.org