The Adams Sept of Gordon claims its heritage from Sir Adam du Gordon. Sir Adam was a close ally of Robert the Bruce and carried the Declaration of Arbroath to the Pope. The Bruce granted Sir Adam Huntly and its surrounding regions. During the Reformation (I am still researching this, and if anyone can shed light on this please do), the Gordon clan remained loyal to the Catholic church, but many clan members joined the growing Presbyterian church. In the early 1600's King James created a Plantation in Northern Ireland (Ulster). King James hoped to populate the region with Protestants (mostly Scottish Presbyterians) to "tame" the "wild Irish." Among those were my Gordon/Adams ancestors. Ireland attracted many settlers seeking refuge from land clearings and poverty. However, Ireland presented its own troubles. There were numerous conflicts with the native Irish. King James, King Charles I and Charles II introduced "Anglican" forms of worship and "episcopal" governance to the church, which greatly distressed the Ulster Scots. The settlers were also troubled by the English Civil War, Cromwell's invasion of Ireland and the Jacobite uprisings following the rise of William and Mary to the throne. The settlers also had several lean years of harvest and, worst of all, English mercantile policies crippled the Irish woolen industry. As a result, large numbers of the Ulster Scots emigrated to America. The settlers had little money and were drawn to the western frontier where land was cheap - and extremely dangerous. The existing settlers were quite content to have the new "Scotch-Irish" (as they were known in America) settlers serve as a buffer between them and the Indians. The Indian attacks on the Scotch-Irish settlements were relentless and bloody, but the settlers fought back, pressed on and settled into Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio and beyond. My ancestor, Samuel Adams - not of Boston fame - bravely explored Kentucky at the age of 18, settled first in Kentucky, then became one of the first settlers in Indiana - raising corn for Gen. William Henry Harrison's army.