Robert Anderson 1805 - 1871. Born Kentucky; West oint, '25; veteran of Indian wars and the Mexican War. A major of artillery, pro-slavery in sympathy, he assumed command of the forts in Charleston harbor in November, 1860, when the secession crisis was acute in South Carolina. He was appointed brigadier in the regular Army after the fall of Fort Sumter, and later assigned to command theUnion forces in his was-divided native State. The strain of conflicting loyalties proved too much for Anderson's health. He saw no active service after autumn of 1861. In April 1865, he emerged from retirement to participate in the cermonies at Fort Sumter by raising the same flag which four years earlier he had lowered in defeat.