I will add information i have found, and my thoughts, into your message here below.
"First, in the Cooper reference of the mid 1700s, Isabella Hart was called a daughter of 'an old Jewish trading house', while Mark Anthony was termed a 'marrano of Amsterdam'. For those who are not aware, the term 'marrano' refers to Iberian Jews who were forced to convert to the Christian faith by the Inquisition before 1492. Many of them retained their Jewish faith in secret. The statements seem to make it very clear that both Mark and Isabella were of Jewish origin, at least ethnically. The information can only have been furnished by their granddaughter, Sarah Anthony Cooper, and she must have heard it directly from Mark and Isabella, or their children."
I have had my complete DNA tested by three companies lately, and the most detailed via DNA-Tribes, has shown that I have a substantial Sephardic Jewish component in my ancestry. The percentages of this ancestry, in relation to my other branches is such that it seems to perfectly fit the timeline of these families coming to the American colonies. These would be the Anthony and Hart families, as well as perrhaps some of the others that they married into in Virginai at that time. Also i do have decent form the Chandler lines, form 1609 at Jamestown. John Chandler`s wife the "widow Lupo", does seem to eb a perfect match for Elizabeth Bassano. Teh bassanos were one of the Converso Jewish families, who were recruted to 'glorfiy' the court of Henery VIII. Other fmailies brought into Henrey`s court include some Anthony`s, Symonds, Lupos, and others. I also beleive that the Chandler family was part of this 'secret' Jewish community in London.
I have yet to see written proff of the Hart ancestry, nto sure if it exsists, but being that her name Isabella Ester Hart is quite Sephardic Jewish sounding, plus the assoiated circumstantional evidence, I am pretty sure it is true.
"Second, there is a 'pirate story' about Mark Anthony, which many people doubt. In the story, Mark presumably was the son of a Genovese banker [also named Mark] who moved to Amsterdam. Mark was supposedly sent back to Italy for education, was captured by Algerian pirates, and escaped as a stowaway on a ship bound for America, skippered by a man named Fleming. Mark adopted the religion of this Fleming man and remained in Virginia."
Yes, seems quite 'fishy' to be sure!:-)
"The stowaway story is patently false. Mark Anthony was listed as an indenture to John Fleming, imported from England into Virginia in 1690. The record is clear."
That is very clear, that he was imported form Britian.
" Further, there are no records of a Jewish Anthony (or Antonio) family in Amsterdam in the Jewish community there at that time. The Amsterdam connection is therefore probably false. "
The real Anthony family name may have been Mendes or Mendez.
"The Fleming family was Scots and had extensive shipping interests, and there is some indication they may have been involved in privateering, at least in part. There were interactions between the Flemings and the shipowner John Anthony 'of Exeter' in maritime ventures. The Fleming people were Quaker, at least in Virginia. The comment about Mark Anthony 'adopting the religion' of Fleming, a peculiarity at first glance, makes some sense when it is considered that many secret Jews sought refuge among the Quakers. The Quakers of that period sometimes rejected the divinity of Christ, which would make that faith easier to reconcile to traditional Jewish tenets."
It was ilegeal to be Jewish , to live in Virginia at that time, and was only made legal by Tomas Jefferson, after the American Revolution , in about 1789 or so.
"In looking at the circumstances of Mark Anthony, it appears to me that he deliberately falsified his background in the pirate story. That further indicates to me that he must have been a fugitive, as a secret Jew, or possibly as a privateer (pirate) trying to bury his past in the wilds of America. And if that is the case, then the Amsterdam connection is probably false as is his reported ancestry. Most researchers discount this whole scenario and place Mark Anthony in one of the Jewish Anthony families of England."
If a DNA connection can be made with a descendent of Mark Anthony, with a descendent of the known English Anthony families, then this would be clear. Last I looked, the results form these two Anthony lines were of the same general type , of Iberian-Nordic, but that they did not perfectly match . ( The Nordic Iberian would be Visigoths ancestry, which if Jewish, would be form a male line that converted to Judaism at some point in the past.)
"There were two major Jewish Anthony lines in England at that time, a goldsmith line derived from Derrick Anthony [chief of the British mint], and a shipping family derived from John Anthony 'of Exeter'. The two lines may have been related, but there is no firm evidence. Mark Anthony could have descended from either of these two. One of the principal researchers, Arlene Anthony, seemed convinced that Mark was the grandson of John Anthony of Exeter, through son Edward. Others have tried to trace his possible ancestry to the Derrick Anthony line, with Mark being the son of an Edward Anthony, the gg grandson of Derrick. This Edward Anthony was living in Italy about the time Mark would have been born, and so it is possible that Mark was in fact born in Italy around 1670."
I had not seen the bit about this Anthony line being in Italy, quite interesting.
"The case for Isabella Hart Anthony is even more obscure. Virtually nothing certain is known of her background."
"A direct Bassano-Lupo connection to Mark Anthony has been suggested, but I find it a bit far-fetched. The Bassano family and the Lupo family were Jewish musicians who were imported from Venice, Italy by King Henry VIII to provide music for his court in England. Given the tight-knit nature of the secret Jewish community in England, the Bassanos and the Lupos certainly would have been acquainted with the Jewish Anthony`s, and some of them may have intermarried into the Anthony family. Some of the Lupos did in fact immigrate to Virginia and donated land for the first Jewish cemetery in the colony, at Hampton, VA."
I have been corrected by the Chandler family on this info about the cemetary in Hampton. The Chandler family did not themselves donate the land, but a successor landowner, made the donation, which includes a corner of the original Chandler-Bassano( widow Lupo) homestead. This may be where this first couple were buried, which still makes it a mystery, that the original homestead of this suspected secret Jewish couple would be donated to be part of the first Jewish cemetery in Hampton. I would love to follow this lead further, to see the exact information on how it occurred.
"The Jewish de Nassi (Nasi/Nazzi) family was important in the Italian banking system about the same time the Bassanos and Lupos were in Venice. I think there may have been intermarriage between some of the Bassano family and the de Nassi family. I ran across those names when I was looking for Anthony connections, but I did not pursue them. I cannot say if they had connections to the Davidic line, although it is possible, I suppose. I have no information on the Menges/Mendes names. If it was a family name, it probably came from Isabella Hart's family, since it does not appear in any of the Anthony lines."
I have researched this a lot, and the De Nassi family was also know as the Mendes family. There were interesting connections made between teh Mendes family and the group of Jewish Musicians in Henry`s court in London,. For example when a group of them were tossed into prison in London, accused of being Jewish, they were released after the Mendes Family Bank threatened the crowned heads of Europe with cancellation of their lines of credit ! And why they were thrown into jail is also interesting, since an agent of the Mendes Bank was made to confess who he was in Milan, and upon giving names to the inquisition, these musicians were arrested. In prison two of them died, with one, named John Anthony, being said to be really named Antonious Moses, in his will! So,... there are indeed connections between the Musicians in the court, and the Mendes-De Nassi family. These may have been family connections, as there were other interlaced family connections between cousins to the Mendes-Nassi fmaily. they also all used a number of diffrent names, Christian and Jewish.
"If anyone has any new and definite information on any of this, I would certainly welcome it, even if it demolishes my conclusions. And I would welcome discussions about this, either here or in a direct email."
Yes, indeed !! Dose nyone have the current Anthony Family Y-DNA test results ???