I am posting this in case it is of interest. I cannot offer any further information on the Applebys.
Union Times Vol. 52
Mt. Union PA
August 2-7 1925
Excellent Address of T.A. Appleby
Given at the G.A. R. Picnic at Shade Gap Last Saturday
An historical address delivered at the Grand Army Picnic at Shade Gap, Saturday, August 1, 1925, by Thomas A. Appleby.
Comrades of the Grand Army, ladies and gentlemen:-
I am glad to greet you. While the comrades of the Civil War are thinning rapidly we prize and cherish each other more as the years go by. It has seemed to me a duty to pay a tribute at this time to the pioneers of this part of the Tuscarora Valley and the valleys near by the village of Shade Gap. It was in this beautiful valley that I was born and reared. In this valley I spent my childhood and my youth. Here my school days were spent; and in this valley the halcyon days of my youth received the impressions which have formed the basis of my maturer life. The companions of one’s youth grow dearer as the years pass. As I remember them the young men were manly, and generous. Their friendship was unfeigned and lasting. The young women were fair, and seemed at that time to me to be beautiful. As I look in the faces of the maidens of today, I see a reflection of the beauty of their mothers and their grand mothers. There is also a class which is frequently neglected when remembering past years. These are the men and women in the middle of life, and past middle life, who carried the burdens of family life and performed the duties of citizenship in their day. They were the taxpayers of their period. They maintained the churches and the schools in those early times. And another class preceding them came in this valley when it was an unbroken forest, without roads other than the Indian trails which were but paths. It is well that we pause long enough to pay tribute to these who blazed the way for all of us who followed them.
We would be very ungrateful indeed if we gave no thought to those who smoothed the way for us. Their dust is in all our cemeteries. For the most part their graves are unmarked and unknown. Only God knows the place of their sepulcher, but their memory should not perish while we have the power to keep them green.
The first settlers came into this section about 1750, coming mostly over the mountains from what is now called the Cumberland valley. Carlisle and Shippensburg usually sheltered these early settlers, these ancestors of ours, for a period. Some however came up from Baltimore and others from Harrisburg. They brought very little with them. A cow, a feather tick, a flintlock rifle, an axe, a pot and a kettle; some flour and some meal; and if quite well to do a horse. Their wives were as brave as the men and as hardy. We live in soft and easy times as compared with these fathers and mothers of ours, but I almost envy them their great adventure. We hear some thing of young men and women of the present day seeking thrills. These forbears of ours had thrills in abundance. They did not have to go away from home to seek them. The panthers, and wild cats, and the red men brought them to their door.
Our forefathers were really optimists. They believed they could make a home where only the unbroken forests had reigned for a thousand years. They cut down the trees and planted corn and wheat and flax in their stead. They widened the trail that a wagon might pass; they bridged the streams; they built a log house so strong that it was home and fortress in one; they built a log church which was meeting house, and school house; community building and sanctuary. They were a Godly company who revered the Sabbath day; who believed the Bible from lid to lid, and who taught their children to believe it. They could fight and they could pray; and they could do one as well as the other. We love a brave man and a heroic woman and it is well to do so. If we did not we would be unworthy of our ancestry. Dublin Township was formed by the Cumberland county court in 1767 and was bounded as follows: Bounded by Air and FannettTownships on the east and Coleraine and Barre Townships on the west. The first constables were appointed by the court and were important officials. John Ramsey was named for 1767; Charles and Robert Ramsey in ?ottwas named Ov?? …..In 1771 Bedford county was erected from part of Cumberland county, and Dublin township became a part of Bedford county.
On the 16th day of April 1771 a Court was formed for Bedford County. Robert Cluggage, a brother of my great grand father was the representative magistrate for this section. His home was in Blacklog Valley opposite the Rockhill Narrows.
James Foley was named constable. His home was at Shirleysburg or as it was then known at Fort Shirley. In 1780 James Morton was named a Constable. James Neely, father of Captain Porter Neely, was married to James Morton’s daughter, and his home was at the Neely farm now lately owned by Mr. Campbell, south of Neeltyton. John Walker and James Cluggage were overseers of the poor. The Neely’s became the owners of this farm through inheritance from their mother. In 1783 the Hudsons are first mentioned: George Hudson having been appointed a supervisor of highways and was continued as such in 1786. John Ramsey, John Walker, and one or more of the Cluggages were officials. George Ashman, Alexander McConnell and George Cluggage were grand jurors in 1786. The first court of quarter sessions was held at Bedford on April 16, 1771. Robert Cluggage was a Magistrate in this court. A member of the grand jury was fined for getting drunk while on duty, and appearing before the court when drunk. At this time the continental paper money was giving trouble. It was worth six and a half cents on the dollar and the court made a rule that a laborer should be paid 26 dollars a day in continental paper money, or 40 cents a day in silver money.
Robert Cluggage was a justice in 1771, 1773, 1774, 1782. Following 1775 he was the Captain of a company of soldiers with whom he marched from this county, then Bedford, to Boston where he joined the army under Geo. Washington. His command became part of the first Pennsylvania Rifles and was commanded by Col. William Thompson, until his promotion to a generalship. Captain Cluggage was two years in the Revolutionary war, resigning because a younger captain had been promoted over him to be major of his Regiment.
Fort Shirley was built in 1755, as was Fort London and Fort Littleton. These forts would now be called stockades, or block houses; built of hewed logs strongly fastened together at the corners, and had numerous port holes for observation and rifle fire. Inasmuch as Dublin township at this time included all of Huntingdon county and part of Fulton county it is hard to determine where the homes of individuals were who are mentioned as citizens or tax payers. We know however that the Hudsons, Taylors, Applebys, Swans, Harpers, Stitts, Goshorns, McNeals, Speers, Cluggages, Marshalls, Blairs, Shearers, McDonalds, Flemings, Welchs, Neelys, Wilsons, Walkers, Fitzimmons, Nelsons, MaGees and others were in this vicinity as early as 1778. A petition was sent by them to the Legislature of Pennsylvania in Mary 1778 begging protection from the Indians, signed by many of the ……….…....among which are that of John Appleby. The Leikelys, Kelleys, Carothers, Campbells, Waters, Kennedys, Clements, McElroys, Scotts, Moores, Pipers, Briggs, Crees, McCunes, Bolingers, Davis, Tagues , Mills, Morelands, came in about 1800. While I have not named all, I have named many of those who subdued the wilderness of trees, which constitutes the fair valley, which lies before us. These were the pioneers, the adventurous men and women who laid the foundations of all that we see today. Many of these families sent members farther west, and some went west carrying all of their name with them. I was born in 1843 and spent my life here until 1867. I believe I had a knowledge of those who were residents of this vicinity during that important and exciting time which included the Civil War, and the exciting events which led up to the war. I would like to speak of those who were my neighbors then. Beginning at my house in the “Ridges”, the home in which John Appleby and Priscilla Tague, his wife, reared their family of five sons: Daniel, Thomas, John, James and George. Of these only Thomas and George are on earth today. Adjoining our farm was the William Appleby and Betty Speer family, of David, Dorris, Thomas, Margaret, James, Mary, Rosa, Martha, William and Albert. Of these only Mary and Martha are on earth. Next was Alexander Appleby and his wife, Ann Eliza Jeffries, and their children, McGinley, David, Elizabeth, Lavinia, Mary and Rosa; of these Elizabeth, Lavinia and Rosana are living. Matthew Taylor and Rebecca Anderson his wife and their children, Matthew, George, John and Isaac, with their daughters Elizabeth and Nancy; all of whom are passed. Jacob Kough and his wife, Catharine Enyeart, and their children, David, George, Luther, William and Joseph; and Elizabeth, Annie, Lucinda, Amelia. None today are on earth except the three younger sons. David Graham and his wife, whose maiden name was McElheny, with their children, Levi, Johnson, Alexander, William, Mary and Kate: and only Katie is with us today. Michael Krugh and wife with their children Adam, Joseph, Jacob, John, Clara, Kate, Mary and Martha. All have departed. Michael Fogal and his wife with their children, Joseph, Adam, Michael, Mary and Clara. All are gone. James Fleming and his wife who was a Wilson, and their children Belle, Morton, Annie, William, John, Harper, Elliott, Rachel and several whose names we cannot recall. James Neely and his wife with their children, John, Alexander, McGinley, Porter, Sarah, Mary Jane, Ann and Nora, all gone. William Fleming and his wife who was a Miss Carson and their two daughters, Kate and Jane Ann. John Kelley and his wife who was a Gamble and their children, Jonathan, Gamble, Edmund, James, Kate, Annie and Margaret. Samuel Campbell and wife with their children Peter, James, William, John, David, Sarah, Jane and Mary. William Johnson and his wife and their sons and daughters, John, George, Robert, David, Andrew, Elizabeth, Polly and Katie. Matthias Long and his wife and Rosanna, and Christena. David Peterson and his wife, Hannah Bair and their children, John, Margaret, McGinley, Jacob, Brice, Walker and Hannah Mary. Robert Peterson and wife and children, James, John, David, Jesse and Ann and Bathsheba. John Morrow and his brothers Robert and William and his sisters Jennie, Martha and Susan. Finely Magee, and his brothers James, Alexander and Samuel. Emanuel Bare and his wife who was a Miss Magee and their children John, Grant, James and sister…
……..Zeigher and two daughters. John Minnick and Marie his wife and their children Elizabeth, Susan and Helen, Peter, John, Campbell and Alfred. William McGowan and wife and sons Thomas, Elmer, John and several daughters. Edward Carlin, senior, Edward Carlin, junior, James Carlin and their sons, McGinley, John, George and daughters Agnes and others whose names we forget. Brice Blair, sr., and his wife, a Miss Cree, and their Children Alexander, James, Annie, Eliza and Amanda. Brice N. Blair and Amanda Weistling his wife, and John Chalmers and Cora their children. Alexander Cree and his wife who was Esther Foreman and their sons, John, James, Alexander and William. John Zimmerman and wife and sons, Christ and David and daughter Mary. Benjamin Galbraith and wife and children, James, Thomas, John and Ferdinand, Rebecca and Emma and Mrs. Speck and Mrs. White. John Linn and his wife who was a Rouse, and Alexander Rouse and John and George. W.C. Swan and his wife who was a Miss Seibert and their children John, William and their sisters Mrs. John C. Taylor, Mrs. Montgomery, Mrs. Bealman and one or two others. James McNeal and Mary Glenn his wife and their children, Robert and John, Mary, Martha and Catharine. James Harper and his wife who was a Stitt and their children, Ber…t, wife of J. Dorris Appleby, Mary Agnes, James, Wilson and Alexander. William Harper and his wife who was a Stitt and their children, James Elliott, Archibald Stitt and Milton and Mrs. John J. Swan and Annie who married Thomas M. Appleby and afterwards Alexander Skinner; and James Stitt who married a Miss Wilson and their children Rhoda, Dorris, Campbell, William Blair, and Mrs. Edward McKittrick now living at Wilson, Kansas. Benjamin Stitt and his wife and their children, Frank, John, Mrs. Bealman;Robert Fleming and his sisters ; David Jeffries and his wife and son George Jeffries; William G. Harper and his wife who was a Miss Moore and their children, Robert, Sarah, Mary and James; William A. Hudson and his wife who also was a Stitt and their two daughters, Flora and Mrs. John Morrow; William R?ddeyand his wife and their children, Jonathan, Thomas, David, William, Margaret, Mrs. James Mills and another sister; James Devor and wife; William Clymans and wife and children, Jane, Ann, Emma, and Margaret and Robert and James; Paul Mull and wife and sons, Paul, Fred and Oliver; John Appleby, sr., and wife who was Mary Moreland, and children, John, William, Alexander, Thomas, Ann Eliza, who married John Taylor; Mary Jane, who married Henry Likely; Rosanna and Margaret Ellen; William Mills, the blacksmith who was married to a sister of William Clymans, and their children James, Robert, Emma and Mrs. George Wagner and Mrs. Samuel Rutter ; Mrs. Wagner and her children, George W.and Peggy Wagner, who died at Burnt Cabins; Samuel Doran and his wife who was a Miss Gilliland, and their children, John, George, P?tman . Walker, Rachel and Josephine. Samuel Walker who was married to a Miss McConnell; James Walker and their sister; Mrs. Trout, who afterwards married William Pim, and her children, Jacob, Nicholas, J.C. and their sis…….
……. iosah, who married James Shearer; and the ?egies , Jessie, Abraham, John and Andrew; and their numerous sisters, Mrs. Ford, Mrs. Stair, Katie, Bessie, etc. Samuel Caldwell and his wife, and their children, William, Israel, David and Samuel and Letitia and Rebecca; and James Scott and wife and children, Richard, John, Alexander and James and Mrs. Harry, Mrs. Walker, Maria and Mrs. Marlin. John Blair and his wife who was a Miss McConnell; and Alex Blair and his children John A. and Dr. Alexander Blair, John McConnell Blair all of Blair’s Mills and John McMath and Samuel McMath, Samuel and James Waters, John Briggs, Benjamin Briggs, McConnell Shoop and Mathias Shoop; John Carl and John and Lemuel, his sons; Jacob Boblitz and wife and children Eugene, William, Alice and her sister. Henry Robinson, Robert Robinson, James, William and Charlotte. George Wilson and his wife, who was an Elliott and their children; Amanda who married Dorris Stitt, William who married Rosanna Harper; Calvin who married a Miss Baker and Benjamin, and John who married Mary Appleby. Thomas Montaguewho married Ann Wilson; and their children, Martha, Alice, Priscilla, Charlotte and another. John Foreman and his wife Nancy Montague had two sons, William and James who married sisters, daughters of Mr. And Mrs. James Fleming. Afterward he married Emma Mills and they have sons, Harry, John and Alexander, and sisters Mrs. Hall and perhaps others. James Hall who married a Miss Magee and have a son and daughter, the daughter being the wife of W.C. Snyder. An aged widow in those days, Mrs. Snyder, was the mother of John, James, George and William Snyder; and Mrs. Margaret McDonald, Mrs. John McKelvey and Sara Ann Seibert. James Divin and his wife who was an Okeson; and their children, Martha, Sara Ann, Daniel and Henry. Joseph Hudson whose wife was Ann Neely, and their daughters, Mary and Lulu, George Mills and wife and their children, William, John, James, Harrison, McCurdy, Rachel, James and Mrs. James Kelley; James Waters and his wife, and children Catharine, James jr., and others. Daniel Tague and his wife Jean Cluggage, only child of Major Thomas Cluggage, and their children, Alexander, George and Daniel, who went west; Thomas, Jonathan, and William; Priscilla, Isabel, Nancy, Rebecca, Margaret and James. Priscilla married John Appleby, jr., and became my most excellent mother. John Taylor who married Ann Eliza Appleby, whose children are John C., Isaac Newton and Mary McCarthy, and Amanda, whose mother was a Miss Likely. Philip Locke, Simon Locke, Morris Cutshall. Mrs. Laughlin and her children, Matthew, Mary Ellen, and Thomas; Alexander Meaninch and wife and children William, Erb, John and Mary; Hilly Wilson and his brother John; John Atkinson and his sons George and Benjamin; Hugh Hall and Finley, Ruth and Hannah Hall. John Stewart, Abe L???and Robert Boyles and Amos ???s; Levi Mort, noted rifleman and his brothers, Peter, Jefferson, Harrison and Jacob; John Paul, Robert and Joseph Gallagher, James Kelley, Jamison Kelley; Frederick Harmony, and their children, William, Frank, and Several daughters; William Clymans of Burnt Cabins and brothers George and Austin; and sisters Belle and Allie; and William Matthias and Conrad Matthias, John Devinney, Wilson McCartney, William Love and the Flood family and the Grays and Cis?eys , the Parsons and Shoops, McMullens, the Fe??leesand their sons John ………Doyles and Richardsons; the Lairds, Samuel Thompson, Steve Fleming, Robert Goshorn and wife and children, George, James, Samuel, Bent??, Wilson, Jane and Mary Ann. Michael Stair and his two wives, one Miss Hegie and the other Clara Krugh and their children, Simon, John, Jacob, Ann, and Elizabeth, Augustus, Amanda and others. The Widneys, Samuel, Mrs. Book, Isaac Book, Samuel Book, Henry Book, John Silverthorn, Richard Silverthorn, Robert Jones, James Jones, John A. Woods, Rev. James Y. McGinnes and wife and children; Rev. William Morrison and wife; Doctor Alfred Shade and wife who was a Miss Ashman and their daughter Hattie. McKnight Williamson and his wife, who was Rachel Sipes; George Sipes and his daughters, Ellen and Sadie; Mrs. Sally Wilson, and her children; Abraham Drake, Elijah Drake, Newton Drake; Ephraim Minnick who married Margaret Peterson and moved to Fayetteville, PA.Lazarus Yeater, Columbus Wiser, Samuel Wiser and Jon Wiser; Samuel McPheeters, Jacob Flasher, Christ Price.
This seems a long list of names, but it is very incomplete. It is written from my memory and I have tried to give each one, whether rich or poor an equal place in this narrative. It is meant to help the historian who may enlarge upon it by giving the life and labors of each one. Each one named had a place in this community and did their part in life’s drama. I might mention Rev. George Swan and his brother John Swan and his family. Joseph Swan, another brother, moved to Iowa in 1840 and Robert Swan who was the general sales agent for the Moline Plow Company of Illinois. John Finley and his wife who was a Miss Landis and their children Denton Finley and Mrs. Woods. Henry Shearer and family.
Many of these became distinguished; some were of more than ordinary ability. It would require another occasion to write of these. All were good average people, whose life and services should not be forgotten.
They were in large measure the common people whom Abraham Lincoln loved and trusted, declaring that God must love them too because he made so many of them. They gained their living in those early days by industry and economy. Very little was wasted that would sustain life. Markets were poor, and little could be sold for money. Trade was largely the business of exchanging what one had for something else which the land did not produce. Timber that is now so valuable was then the greatest obstacle the settlers had to contend with. The rich limestone lands were often passed by because of the heavy oak and walnut timber, and the thinner high lands chosen because the labor of clearing the land was less. The great logs were rolled together and burned. Log rolling, which nowadays is political, was then a real man’s job in which all had to join. They reared large families. Many of these moved west. The west was an ever receding country. First it was Ohio, next Indiana, then Illinois and later Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska and the Dakotas. This exodus of the young people going westward had an injurious effect on these valleys, as the strong and vigorous were more likely to go west. It depleted our ???people as a whole. There are few of the great workers left on our farms. Here and there a real successful farmer and land owner is found. These are making the fields again productive. These men are deserving of double honor in showing the possibilities of present day farming and in bringing back the fertility of the old farms which was at one time the mainstay of our country. The most worthy and the most striking example of this later movement is by Allen S. Welch, Esq. Of Mount Union, whose example we commend to young men who have a willingness to work. His best monument will be the fruitful fields and well filled barns, the orchards and the happy comfortable homes of his tenants. There are others, but his example is sufficient.