As you know I identified a number of Humphrey Athertons but the one I sought needed to meet certain criteria. He must have some money with which to travel to America, though no doubt Puritan he will be a member of the Church of England ,the very fact that he will be Puritan is indicative of him having some education and so he needs to come from a family able to provide an education.
Lancashire in the first half of the 16th century is poor, backward and conservative. It was a County Palatine and in the Middle Ages ,a mini Kingdom within the Kingdom of England and to some extent in 1600 its gentry still had that mindset , for example the Reformation of the Church came and went but the Catholic Church remained in Lancashire. The criteria I have set for Humphrey is more demanding than you would think.
Humphrey son of Edmund of Winstanley always looked the best candidate but I could find no baptism for Humphrey and no burial for Edmund .
I now have the baptism of Humphrey as follows- parish of wigan,upholland chapel of ease - folio 3A,baptisms, 1607 !! Humfra sonne of Edmud Atherton GENT Winstanley 4 September. (no one can spell in Lancashire)
The Inq Post Mortem for Edmund in Jan 1614 says Humphrey his son and heir is 4 years 3 months and more , therefore born circa September 1609.
BUT the clerk at the time will have used Roman numerics and so the age of Humphrey is set down as iv years iii months.
I think this is a simple error and vi years iii months should have been recorded.
Winstanley is a small place (manor later township) of just 1859 acres and in 1600 Edmund is one of only three men that own land there and the Lord of the Manor owns almost all of the land.
The Upholland Register does not at this time record occupations but only Social Rank in the rare cases when an individual does have a social rank .
Edmund is recorded as a gentleman because he owns some land, the Manorial Lord would rank Esquire and the next one up after that is Knight.
NOTE esquires are not the servants of knights but rather men who would be knights if and when they meet the income qualification.
I cannot explain why Eliz is baptised at the Parish Church but in a small place like Winstanley I do not believe there were 2 men named Edmund Atherton , Edmund has ceased to be a common name by this time and THERE IS ONLY ONE WHO RANKS AS GENTLEMAN .THIS IS BEYOND DISPUTE.
So, where was Edmund buried? I would think Upholland but the folios for the burial registers are lost until 1619.
Next I need the baptism of some children for H around 1630 onwards , then I can consider who he may of married .