On the more deductive side:
Abigail Atwood Wilcox died in Terre Heute, Indiana; living with a daughter.Her death certificate has her father as 'William Allwood' and her mother as 'Mary Holmes'.This was filled out with some loose ends, probably by the same person who did her orbituary data, that was close but missing a few things.The orbituary had her born in Fairfield, Ohio (but she grew up there). It also had the locations of her sons incorrect at the time of her death.But although she lived to a good age and died with some senility, that data did mention the correct children.
The Children of Abigail have her as from Virginia on most of their data.The Maryland seems to come in due to the Holmes family coming from Maryland to the Shenandoah County Virginia area.She appears to have been born their, and her parents from Maryland.
Mary Holmes's marriage to William Atwood in Shenandoah County Virginia is also documented in the Shenandoah Marriage Bonds, which also note 'Denit' (apparently a mistranscription of Sinnet as there apears to have been no Denit), and also states Mary as the daughter of William Holmes.
When Abigail was at an advanced age, her last sibling, George W. Atwood died in Clark County, Illinois (across the state line from Terre Heute).Although his death certificate isn't locatable so far, an orbituary in the town newspaper specifically mentions his surviving sister, Abigail Wilcox.
Mary Holmes Atwood Wilcox's census data has her showing up as a head of the home when William Atwood has died.She shows on the Ohio census with children.Her marriage to Joseph Wilcox is documented in the Ohio records.Later when older Joseph Wilcox dies, she again shows on the census reports now with some of her older Atwood as well as younger Wilcox children.
Abigail Atwood's marriage to William Harvey Wilcox is shown also in the Ohio marriage records.
Family search records show them as well.
The Licking county history has the following on "W. H. Wilcox"which might help (although it gets off a generation on the statement of Joseph's Rev. Service (was Joseph's dad) although this is the later William Henry Wilcox:
HISTORY OF DELAWARE CO OH
W. H. WILCOX, farmer P. O. Powell; is native of Licking Co., Ohio, born March 15, 1841, and is the first child of a family of two children by a second marriage of Joseph Wilcox and Mary Atwood-the latter a native of Virginia and the former of New Jersey; they earn, to Licking Co. and entered land, and were among the earliest settlers in that county ; he was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and died about the year 1849, being then at the advanced age of 70 years. At this time, William H. was about 7 years of age ; when about 16, he set out to work by the month, and continued until Oct. 23, 1864, when he married Mary E. Rogers, born in 1843, to Licking Co.; she is a daughter of Michael W. Rogers ; in 1865, they moved to this county, and returned the next year to Licking Co., and remained until 1873, when he again returned to this county, and located in Liberty Township; he now has 241 acres of choice land. In May, 1864, he was among the number who enlisted in the Ohio National Guards; was out in Co. B, 135th O. V. I., and remained until August of the same
year; he had a brother, Benjamin F., who was j out in the same regiment, and died in hospital from wounds received in an engagement.
Note that this is in relation to William Henry Wilcox, one of two sons of Joseph Wilcox and Mary Wilcox on both their second marriages.The war history has to be inaccurate---either refers to war of 1812, or to Joseph Wilcox's father (also a Joseph Wilcox and was indeed a captain in the New York militia),
James Davenport Wilcox's death certificate also gives his mother's name as Abigail Atwood.It does, as you mention give the father as Harvey Wilcox (which is indeed what he was known as throughout his life).This death certificate I placed on the tree (albeit in adobe) for viewing.It also gives Ohio, as date of birth for Abigail, but again that was many years later, it did give Ohio for his father also of course.
On the Virginia issue, the 1850, 1860, 1870 Illinois census have the now Abigail Wilcox being born in Virginia as does the 1885 and 1895 Kansas census (when she got old and weak she went back to the Terre Heute, Indiana area for a daughter to care for her).Her son, James Davenport Wilcox, although a Kansas farmer most of his life, when he became ill later in life, went to Illinois, just across the state line where he eventually died in a Veterans nursing home (civil war service).
Admittedly, the data on Mary Holmes Atwood Wilcox is skimpy and at times mentions Virginia, at times Maryland, and even West Virginia (which didn't exist when she was born) as orgin. I believe this was due to the diligence on the records, especially on women, at the time, and how the question was asked.If asked where her family (Holmes) were from, she would state Maryland.On her, birth in Virginia or Western Virginia.It does seem mirky but finally settles out when taken altogether.
For what it's worth, her brother, George W. (Washington)Atwood, not only had a brother named Thomas Jefferson, but he named one of his sons Thomas Jefferson Atwood.
The William Harvey Wilcox may be the weakest one of your questions.This is from what family members have believed his name was and agreed that he went by Harvey.I'll try to check my data more for hard references, and that very question has been tossed around by the family.
One question you didn't ask was on the first wife of Joseph Wilcox.Her being Mabel Carter was what our old family records recalled loosely.Later I was able to locate the death certificate of one of the children who lived long enough from the first family of Joseph and Mabel, Josiah Carter Wilcox, and it very specifically mentions both Joseph Wilcox and Mabel Carter as his parents.
The actual marriage records of Abigail Atwood and 'Harvey Wilcox' are listed:
Groom's Name: Harvey Wilcox
Bride's Name: Abigail Atwood
Marriage Date: 16 Dec 1841
Marriage Place: Licking, Ohio
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M01013-7
System Origin: Ohio-EASy
Source Film Number: 384300
Reference Number: v.1,p.505,L.286
Collection: Ohio Marriages, 1800-1958
The similar data on Mary Holmes Atwood's and Joseph Wilcox's second marriages for both is as follows:
Collection: Ohio Marriages, 1800-1958 Groom's Name: Joseph Wilcox
Bride's Name: Mary Or Polly Atwood
Marriage Date: 31 May 1840
Marriage Place: Licking,Ohio
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M51410-1
System Origin: Ohio-ODM
Source Film Number: 384300
Collection: Ohio Marriages, 1800-1958----------------------------------=====
The orbituary on George W. Atwood that mentions Abigail (Abby):
-----------------Name of Deceased:George W ATWOOD
Name of Newspaper:Marshall IL newspaper
Date of Newspaper:15 February 1905
George W Atwood was born in Newark, Ohio, April 12, 1829, and
died at the home of his son, Thomas, in Marshall, Ill., on
Feb 6, 1905.aged 75 years, 9 months and 6 days.
He was united in marriage to Elizabeth Hewitt Oct 12, 1854.
This union was blessed with 11 children, 7 sons and 4 daughters.
The faithful wife and mother preceded the father only a little
more than three years to the better land.Three sons and one
daughter, also entered the world of spirits before the father.
Deceased was converted and joined the church in early manhood.
His home life was an example of piety.As a citizen, he was
honest and upright.His disposition was marked with kindness
and congeniality.During the latter part of his life, over
and over again he expressed a hope of the future to his children
and family.His surviving relatives are one sister, Mrs. Abby
Wilcox, and Thomas J., Isaac L., and Harry of Marshall and
Franklin G of Robinson, Il., Mrs. Emma Gilbert, Mrs. Augusta
Cunningham and Mrs. Jessie Childs, all of this city.There
are 21 grandchildren and a horde of friends who mourn the
death of a kind friend.
The funeral services were conducted at the U.B. church by Rev.
S. O. Stolts and the burial took place in the Marshall cemetery.
The 1850 Harrison, Licking Ohio census On now head of household Mary Wilcox after Joseph has died does mention Maryland again for her and often her census data due.It is even possible that Mary Holmes Atwood Wilcox may have been born in Maryland before the Holmes family moved onto the Shenandoah County Virgina area where she marries William Atwood.The 1850 census does however show her with parts of the children left from both her marriages:
Mary Wilcox 49
Georg Atwood 19
Thomas H Atwood 17
Rachiel Atwood 17
Wm H Wilcox 9
Benjamin F Wilcox 7
(Of Course Abigail is married by then).
I have to congratulate you on doing careful study!!!
And there is a good chance that Mary Holmes may have been born in Maryland, but I suspect that is more a reference to where the Holmes family came from; and Abigail earlier records are consistant on her being born in Virginia and her mother as well.Also, the oral family history of William Harvey Wilcox not being just Harvey Wilcox is weak at best, and it could be that he was just Harvey Wilcox.He definately went by Harvey Wilcox, and it's possible that confusion happened somewhere on the younger half brother William Henry Wilcox over the years.I'll try to cross check that more, and if I can't find anything to the contrary I'll have to yield to the written data that gives Harvey everywhere.
On the father of Abigail, she was clearly an Atwood in almost all references, and the only good place that mentions the first name of her father is the death certificate that has William Alwood.At least it does give a good clear Mary Holmes on the bottom of it.Mary Holmes' father is listed on the Shenandoah marriage bonds with the statement of 'daughter of William'.
The hardest link in the chain that I don't think you asked about is the father of William Atwood.This is a very hard one.He is listed on cemetery data as being born in 1770 and dieing in 1835 in Licking, Ohio; buried in baltimore township.He appears to have had a son William also that I believed was born abt 1804; as of today I actually got a little more help on that one with a headstone uploaded very recently, died in 1835 at age 26.
Seems to explain this son's vanishing.On William Sr.'s father, he is living next door to Sinnet Atwood in shenandoah VA, and 'Dinet' Atwood is his bondsman for his first marriage to Lydia Wood.However, there are good records on Sinnett that do not indicate a son named William on him.However, Sinnet is well documented as being then bondsman for an Abigail Atwood on the Shenandoah marriage bond book, and this lists Sinnett as acting as the 'ward' for Abigail, daughter of James and Caty.Sinnett is known to have had two brothers, John Randolph who is too young and was too young, and James Joseph Atwood.James Joseph appears to have died in Shenandoah at about the age of 49, he was married twice and his second wife remarried shortly.Several of his children left for Ohio and later Illinois after this.Abigail became 'ward' of Sinnett (the next older boy---all sons of Gilbert Atwood).I believe that William was taken under Sinnett care/helped also with him living next to Sinnett later, marrying his first wife out of the Wood clan (Sinnett's wife's niece), and close to sister Abigail; which in turn becomes a name of Abigail Atwood Wilcox who later marries William Harvey Wilcox (quite possibly just Harvey Wilcox) and goes on down into my direct line.
I hope I helped without confusing things; and please let me know if you have more questions or find anything different.The 1880's fire in the Licking County courthouse has been a real pain to a lot of that areas descendants trying to straighten out things!
Thanks again for your interest in this.And ask anything else.I'll try to be open on the weak areas, and sure open to suggestions.
Stan Handshy, son of Clair Victor Handshy, son of Mary Wilcox Handshy (wife of Albert Handshy), daughter of James Davenport Wilcox and Abigail Atwood Wilcox.This piece of the clan along with a bunch of Wilcox's are still around Southeast Kansas.