Augusta Chronicle August 12, 1797 issue, page 2 (or 3) 4th Col.(Ga. State Archives microfilm drawer 90, box 53.)
“One Hundred Dollars Rewarded
On Saturday the first day of July last, my husband William Dobey was murdered near the house of Mr. Bird Martin, on the Five notched road in Edgefield county by a certain John Johnson, who has since (as supposed) left the county:I do hereby offer the above reward of One Hundred Dollars (to be paid on conviction of the said John Johnson) to any person who will apprehend and deliver him in the custody of the goaler (jailer) at Cambridge, Ninety-Six district, South Carolina.Nancy Dobey.South-Carolina, Edgefield county, August 5, 1797.”
Augusta Chronicle August 26, 1797 Page 4, Column 3and 4. (Ga. Archives…microfilm)
I have seen your paper of the 12th instant where Mrs. Nancy Dobey has offered one hundred dollars reward for a certain John Johnson that murdered her husband Wm. Dobey, near the house of Bird Martin, on the Five notch road, the 1st day of July 1797, which is wrong in part, as he was not killed on the five notch road, and near James Jones’, and not Bird Martin’s, and I think it ought not to be called a murder, as Johnson killed him in a fight that Dobey brought on himself, and no one else, as Johnson was saying not one word to Dobey, nor not in his company, and Dobey came up and began the affray with a large hickory stick near three feet long, and about one inch and a half at the large end, hollowing(sic hollering) out O yes! O yes! O yes! And said he understood war was to be proclaimed if so he was ready to begin, and had given the war whoop---then Jones and he had some words:Jones told him he was wrong, as he offered for an lieutenant’s place, to come in a peaceable company to wrangle, especially with such a club as he had, among naked men---Dobey said that he had been to the election before that advertised a rogue and would not take it any longer---John Johnson told him he had better drop it as it was said they could prove it, Dobey replied you are a [deleted] liar and a rogue, and upon that Johnson made towards Dobey and Dobey at him, both in anger, and Dobey struck Johnson and Johnson drew his knife; and as Dobey struck him the third time, stuck it in his arm between the elbow and arm pit.Dobey fainted twice and second time never came to---the cut did not appear desperate, as the blood was quickly stopt, and he attempted to get up.Dobey had in the course of the day mentioned that he meant to make a charge that day, and would knock the brains out of the first that came in the way of him;he would be [words deleted] if did not mean to kill or be killed or clear up his character.This was mentioned not one hour before he made the charge, as he called it, that he was killed in making.In the next place I think the inquest not legal, as they had only the evidence of Dobey and not Johnson’s, as I think, had they known that Dobey was to blame and not Johnson, that they would not have brought it in wilful murder.Be this as it will, Johnson means to stand his trial at next Cambridge court, if he lives, and I think no man mean enough to meddle with him for the pitiful sum of one hundred dollars, when there is no man of spirit but what would have done as Johnson did, and not stood still until the other knocked his brains out.The whole of this business appears to be carried on with warmth against Johnson, as two of his principal evidences are indicted with Johnson, Ephraim Ferrel and James Butler, in order to prevent him from being ___ by their oath.You will please [print?] this with the five certificates [following?].
A friend of John Johnson
Edgefield, South Carolina August 20, 1797
Mr. John Hall is willing to swear as follows:On Thursday the first day of June last, Wm. Dobey came to the house of said Hall’s and insisted on Hall’s coming to an election at the muster ground of Captain David Shaw that was to be held on Saturday the first day of July, and said Hall said it was out of his power to be there;Dobey said to Hall you must come for I would not miss you being there on any account; said Hall asked Dobey why he wished him to come to the election?Because says Dobey, ___ and Ferrel and their crew will be at the election, and if I am likely to gainre-election they will begin with their ____matters, and if they do I will be[words deleted] if I don’t kill or be killed on the ground.Certified by me August 16, 1797.John Hall
William Dinkens will swear the follows:That Wm. Dobey and himself were riding by the muster ground of Capt. Shaw , and Dobey pointed to the ground and said there would be blood spilt on the ground on the day of election.Dinkens said to Dobey I hope not.Dobey said again there will be blood just as sure as you are on that creature, on the day of the election.Given under my hand this 16th day of August 1797.Wm. Dinkens.
Francis Coleman saith that he will swear, that the evening before the election took place that Dobey was at his house about one half hour of ten the evening, and asked him if he [did?] intend coming to the election.He said he did intend.Dobey said to Coleman come early and keep close to me as I expect there will be [deleted] to play and blood enough shed on the ground, and Coleman asked him why he thought so and he said he had been [illegible] not bare it any longer.Coleman to said Dobey he did not think he would meddle with him, [illegible], nor either do I believe [illegible].Given under my hand this 16th day of August 1797.Francis Coleman.
Mr. Henry Ellemburgh swear(s) that he was at the muster ground of captain David Shaw’s near James Jones on July the first day at an election when Dobey was killed; and said he saw no appearance of any dispute til about the time the poll was closed at which time Dobey came up in company where he with John Johnson and [a] number of others were standing and cryed out O yes! O Yes! O Yes! I understand there is to be war proclaimed here today, if so I now am ready to begin it, cursing and raving and [illegible] a large stick, and said people had said he was a rogue which was a [deleted] lie.John Johnson standing by turned round and said you had better hush, as you know it can be proved what has been said about you;Dobey replied you are a [deleted] liar and a rogue, and upon his saying that John Johnson walked toward Dobey and Dobey struck John Johnson on the head with the stick, then a fight began and people crouded [sic]so that he could not see any more, and is convinced that it was Dobey’s own fault that he got killed, as he never saw any appearance of any quarrel until Dobey began nor no one saying one word about Dobey.Given under my hand this 16th day of August 1797.Henry Elemburgh.
Mr. Anthony Butler does swear that he was at captain David Shaw’s, muster ground, at an election when Dobey was killed, near the house of James Jones, about one mile from Bird Martin’s and about one quarter of mile from Five notched road on the day the 1st day of July, says that [__]quently saw John Johnson and [illegible] in the course of the day talking together no appearance of quarrel between them until about the time the poll was closed at which time Dobey came up and [illegible] out O Yes!O Yes!O Yes![illegible] large stick and raving, and said he understood war was to be proclaimed, that he was ready to begin it, and my[?] see me out in it;then Johnson and Dobey had some words and Dobey hit Johnson with the stick and a fight began.Given under my hand this1_ day of August, 1797.Anthony Butler.