I need to correct a previous error Dr. James HOLGATE was not born in Haverhill on February 24, 1678/79, that was when Magdelene DWINELL was born. James Holgate immigrated aboard the ship "Rebecca" from Liverpool, England and arrived October 31, 1685 in Philadelphia & was of Salem, Essex Co., MA when he married Magdelene Dwinell in Topsfield, Essex Co., MA on March 3, 1703. Source:Individual Ships of Penn's Fleet and their passengers.The "Rebecca" of Liverpool, James Skinner commander, arrived at Philadelphia the 31th of the 8 mo, 1685 among the passengers were;James Holgate, Ann Dugdale, servants to Richard and Margaret Cureton and children, Mathew Holgate and Mary his daughter, free persons. As an added note Mrs. Jemima (Eastman) (Davis) (Rideout) Holgate must have died before Apr. 2, 1747 in Haverhill, Essex Co., MA because Dr. James Holgate of Haverhill married3: April 02, 1747 in Newbury, Essex Co., MA to Lydia (b. December 20, 1681, d/o Israel & Elizabeth (Lunt) Webster, widow of William III Sawyer. Victims of the Throat Distemper epidemic that plagued Haverhill from 1735-1737 and killed 256 children in 2 years in Haverhill alone. James and Jemima Holgate lost 5 children to this epidemic.The throat distemper which prevailed throughout the County of Essex in 1735, '6 and '7 so disastrously among the children was particularly fatal in Haverhill. From Nov. 17, 1735, to Dec. 31, 1737, two hundred and fifty-six children, most of them under ten years of age, died in that town from this disease, and in the whole county the deaths of about fourteen hundred children and a considerable number of adults are estimated to have thus resulted. This estimate is undoubtedly low, as scarcely a cemetery of that time can be visited without seeing the little gravestones bearing dates of this period, and to one accustomed to examining old burying grounds the general appearance of each stone betrays the fact that the child buried beneath it is a victim of the distemper. It would seem that some gravestone maker must have supplied the people of the county with the stones during this period, the demand for them being so great that variation in design was not to be entertained.
In the old parish in Haverhill the number that died during the period named was eighty-eight; in the west parish, sixty-two; and in the north parish one hundred and six. Two hundred and ten were under the age of ten; thirty between ten and fifteen; eleven between fifteen and twenty; three between twenty and thirty; one between thirty and forty; and one more than forty years. From Nov. 17 to Dec. 31 1735, ten died; in 1736, one hundred and sixteen; and in 1737 one hundred and thirty.
The number of families bereaved was one hundred and thirty-nine, twenty-three of whom were left childless.
Judith Holgate died December 01, 1737 - aet. 10 yrs 11 m. 28 d, Benjamin (Rideout) December 10, 1737 - aet. 20 yrs 5 m 21 d, Deborah Holgate December 12, 1737 - aet. 12 yrs 10 m 13 d, Abigail Holgate December 12, 1737 - aet. 8 yrs 11 m 22 d, James Holgate December 25, 1737 - aet. 4 yrs 6 m 18 d., all dying in a little less than a month's time.
Source: **The Essex Antiquarian. Salem, Mass.Vol I (897) , no. 1, pp. 10-14.