In 1817 or 1819 (sources differ) Mark Bean, son of Jesse Bean, had moved into the area called Lovely's purchase and with [Reuben] Sanders established a salt operation.The area needed cheap salt and they provided it.Because of this need, the government allowed them to stay, when all other whites were ordered out of the area to provide, as per treaty, an extension to the west for the Cherokees (in 1821). At this time Mark Bean was sheriff of Crawford Co, Arkansas fulfilling the unexpired term of Jack Mills who had been elected in 1821, but died.Mark Bean was subsequently elected again for a two year term in 1823. On 5 Apr 1826, Congress passed an act which extended the land districts of Arkansas and obviously aimed at the sale of the lands because it provided for their survey.SETTLERS BEGAN TO MOVE INTO THE LANDS and the Indians became excited...Note that at this time it was simply referred to as "Lovely's purchase".However on 16 Oct 1827, the Arkansas General Assembly, without [federal] governmental consent, created Lovely County and placed its seat of government at Nicksville, a few miles above the mouth of Sallisaw Creek in present Sequoyah Co, Oklahoma.Mark Bean was a member of this assembly representing Crawford County 1 Oct to 31 Oct 1827. So many settlers moved into Lovely county that the government removed its ban on settlement.The Cherokees negotiated and entered into a treaty 6 May 1828 whereby they exchanged their lands in Arkansas for seven million acres west of the Arkansas boundary which was fixed, by treaty, at its present location.Among other things, the government agreed to REMOVE ALL WHITE SETTLERS. Mark and Richard Bean [his brother] later assessed their loss in improvements at $15,000. Congress passed an act 24 May 1828 providing two quarter sections of land (320 acres) for each head of family, widow or single man over twenty one who had been displaced by the Treaty of 1828.
Now what all this means, is that you will find many many land entries in Arkansas that state that they are Donation lands, and also state in the document that they are related to "an act of 1828...lands to certain people in Arkansas".Some of these will explicitly state that the person is "late of Lovely county" which doesn't mean they died, it means they used to live there.And also these documents will mostly give the person 320 or close to 320 acres of land.Many of these date from 1830 when Isaac Snodgrass got land in Jefferson County as did Mark Bean, and some have miscellaneous dates all the way up into the later 1840s (!).The clue to finding them all, I believe is by the Certificate number and/or the Claim number which should all be smallish.I believe it may be possible to reconstruct the inhabitants of Lovely county by this method, but time consuming. At any rate, now that I have proven that Isaac Snodgrass and Joseph Snodgrass of Jefferson were once living in Lovely county, along with Mark and Richard H Bean, and that this same Mark Bean was sheriff of Crawford County, where Isaac lived by the 1829 sheriff's census, and have also found recently that their also neighbor Thomas Moore had married Mary "Polly" Bean and also Thomas Moore gets land in this same manner(certificate #113).I believe what happened was this: 1) Mark Bean, Richard Bean (his brother), Mary (probably their sister), and Isaac and his unknown wife (probably a Bean as well) all lived in Lovely purchase. 2)Isaac had moved there between Jan 1827 (his eldest son b in TN) and 1829 (he appears on Sherriff's census in Crawford). 3) In May 1828, they were evicted from Lovely purchase and allowed to claims lands somewhere else in Arkansas. 4) Some of them made claims in present-day Franklin (then Crawford), some in Crawford, some in Jefferson, but THEY NEVER LIVED IN JEFFERSON.They claimed their land, and sold it.That is what I believe. THAT is why they appear in Jefferson county, and suddenly appear in Crawford on the other side of the state within a short period or even prior!The dates on the documents indicating some sort of issue about when their claims were finalized, or possibly re-sold, not when they were initiated and thus causing me confusion.The certificate numbers indicating the real temporal precedence of the actions.
Thus the clue to finding Isaac Snodgrass' parents, will be to find where the Beans moved from.