R.N. Whiston, "Francis Billington and Lincolnshire," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 124 (1970), pp 116-118 (Robert Noel Whiston, former president of Spalding Gentlemen's Society)
Harriet Woodbury Hodge, Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Edward Winslow and John Billington, vol 5 (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1991), pp 31-35
Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and Her Passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), p 73
Creeton and Careby Longlands (not far south of Boothby-Pagnell).
There were a John Longland and some William Longlands, probably all from one family in the Creeton/Careby area in 1522-1573. Wm Longland, Creeton, witness in 1522 (year 14 Henry VIII). In Careby: Wm Langland recorded on 12 Mar 1533/4; Wm Longland recorded twice on 9 Mar 1573/4; and, the will of Wm Longland dated 1545-6. On 2 Dec 1562 in Careby, William Longlande buried his brother Jhon or his brother Jhon’s son, but either way it appears that Jhon Longlande of Careby was deceased by 2 Dec 1562. The entry read: “willm longlande buried his brother Jhon lon the 2 of December” or “willm longlande buried his brother Jhon fon the 2 of December.” There was no discernible tail below the character line on the l or f, and the page was not overly-faded or difficult to read. The word “fon” was “son.” In 1547-1553, there was a Laurence Longland, clerk, at Stretton Manor in Rutlandshire which is less than five miles west of Careby.
Boothby-Pagnell and Ingoldsby Longlands
Richard Longland, b. poss. Lincs., prob. by 1537, bur. Boothby-Pagnell, Lincs., Feb 1588/9, m. prob. Boothby-Pagnell area, prob. by 1560, prob. Joan (--). He was: a churchwarden, Boothby-Pagnell, 1563; recorded in Boothby-Pagnell about 1562, in Oct 1558 and poss. earlier; and, was recorded in Ingoldsby in 1573. Family recorded also in nearby Bitchfield in Sep 1588. Richard’s prob. son John was prob. m. by 1581, John prob. b. by 1560. Earliest Boothby-Pagnell parish register entries: Mar 1573 Francis Longland bap.; Oct 1580 Jone wife of Richard Longland bur.; Jun 1581 John Longland son of Jhon Longland bap.; Sep 1584 Dorothy Longland dau. of Thomas Longland bap.; Dec 1584 (Jane?) Longland dau. of Jhon Longland bap.; Jan 1586/7 Ambrose Longland bap.; Sep 1588 Thomas Longland, son of Jhon Longland bap.; Feb 1588/9 Richard Longland bur.; 1591 Isabel Longland wife of Thomas Longland bur. (three entries before) Aug 1591 Isabel Longland mar. (-?-). Richard Longland and John Longland recorded together in Jun 1583. John Longland recorded Jul 1589 and Jun 1599. Earliest Ingoldsby entry: Marye Longland, daughter of Thomas Longland, baptized Dec 1596. In Ingoldsby, Thomas Longland died in/by Nov 1630, and Joan Longland (widow) died in/by Jan 1633/4 (FamilySearch has Thomas Longlandes married Joane Atkinson in Jun 1594 in Somerby by Grantham, very close to Boothby-Pagnell.) Not all Ingoldsby records included.
Early Fulbeck Longlands
William Longland, b. poss. Lincs., prob. by 1539, bur. Fulbeck, Lincs., Dec 1594; m. Fulbeck, Lincs., Jun 1586, prob.(2), Jane Jenkinson (Jayne ginkynson) bur. Fulbeck, Lincs., Jul 1607. Caythorpe is near Fulbeck and there was a William Longland recorded with reference to Caythorpe in Dec 1554. The Fulbeck William Longland was in Fulbeck by Jul 1560 and was recorded in Fulbeck in or before Jul 1560, twice about 1562, in Dec 1566, in May 1567, in Oct 1583 (reference Robert Jenkinson) and again in Oct 1583. William Longland was a churchwarden in Fulbeck in 1567. No indication in records checked of Longlands other than William or Jane before 1594.
Welby parish registers: page two had a partial year and 1569 (faintly visible); and, the same churchwardens for the first thirty-one years (?).Five Welby parish entries for Longlands prior to 1601 were found: 1) Thomas Longland baptized, son of John Longland, page two, fourth entry from the bottom, faintly visible; 2) Richard Longland baptized, son of John Longland, page four, second entry, very faintly visible; 3) son of John Longland baptized, possibly Robert, page five, second entry, before the 1574 to 1575 heading, faintly visible; 4) year 1590, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Longland, baptized in October, page thirteen; and, 5) year 1590, Robert Longland buried in March, page fourteen (which matches his death date, in/by Mar 1590/1). Pages for Jan 1581/2 through 1584 and part of 1585 are apparently missing. Peacock helped identify some early churchwardens in Welby.
1558 or 1559 (A~o p~mo Elizabeth), George Weston and Willm (Wittm) Kyrton;
1564, Robt Pearie and John Longlandes;
1565, John Longlandes and Wm Browne; and,
1566, Edward Robson and Richard Patcher.
 Edward Peacock, English church furniture . . . destroyed in certain Lincolnshire churches AD 1566, Hotten, London, 1866, pp 158-159.
There is much, much more concerning Longland of Welby records.
A Richard Longland, possibly born by 1566 (or a bit later), was of Burton-Coggles, will 1602, inventory Jul 1602; his possible daughter, Dorothy Longland of Birton(sic) Coggles, spinster, was age 26 in Dec 1613 (born 1587), her father deceased, her mother consenting to marriage. A Richard Longlands died in Howell, twelve miles from Welby, in/by Feb 1620/1, Marian Longlands his widow. A Richard Longland married, Welby, Jul 1607, Marie Fontance (this Richard Longland possibly born by 1586).
 Church of England, Lincoln marriage licenses . . . 1598-1628, Gibbons, London, 1888, p 31
 C.W. Foster, Calendars of Administrations in the Consistory Court of Lincoln A.D. 1540-1659, Lincoln Rec. Soc., Horncastle, 1921, p. 281 (Ri. Longland, Burton Coggles, 1602: B, 207)
(Note: posted by a Billington descendant and member of the Mayflower Society.)