I am researching my mother's genealogy, her maiden name being Callière. The name is rather rare in France, concentrated in the Bordeaux, Charente, Limoges areas. My research have followed some Callière in France, Guadeloupe and Martinique, but nothing in England. Today, the name is found as well in the island of Reunion in the Indien ocean. In a so far unrelated genealogy, de Callières, Louis Hector and his Brother François were famous in their service to Louis the 14th. They both died without any descendants, but they were from a family joining the noble class in 1492 (Jehan de Callières, married to Perrette du Fort)from which some descendants were traced to the department of Gironde (France) at the end of the 19th century. The name is found with and without the "s" at the end. Origin of the name: It is a matronym, and is related to "chair maker", as well as another meaning I can't remember (something to do with a bowl or vase).