Clive With ref. to the Callow surname. In his Surnames of the Mancks. Leslie Quillom states. And I quote. Callow/Cowley. MPN gives both names as deriving from the Norse –OLAF. The Runic inscription on the tenth centuryNorse cross slab in Ballaugh Old Church reads Oulaibr Ljotolfssunr erected this cross - first names now included in surnames.Oulaibr or Olaf Gave us Callow. The Gaelic equivalent being Cowley.A derivationchart in his publication chart Shows OLAFR (Norse) meaningAncestral Relic/Peaceful Reminder (OLAF) MacOlafr(gaelic/norse) --MacAllow-MacCalow(1584) Callow 1586.Not so far from the I-O-M in Wasdale Cumbria(and not so far from where I live)is St Olafs church reputed to be the smallest church in England 40ft x 17ft it is dedicated to a Norwegian Saint. once a fierce Viking warrior,his name—OLAF.born 995ad. The son of a norwegian Jarl(earl)??Harald Granske. In 1016 Olaf became the leader of Norway bringing Chritianityby way of English and Irish priests into the country.His subjects by threat of sword and bribery were forced to abandon their Old Gods. This caused serious discontent and he was driven out to be replaced by King Canute.-- Olaf was killed at the battle ofTrondeim Fjord whilst trying to regain his Kingdom- Why was he made a Saint?? Olaf Harraldson his sins forgiven,became the national hero saint of Norway killed in battle as a Christian Martyr. I believe that the Mancks Callow,s(given that the Isle of Man was for centuries under Norwegian rule) derive their name fromOLAF one of those sea rovers who went a-viking(Viking means in old Norse ) ‘on a journey’. The other possible meaning of the surname Callow comes from thc Old English ‘calu’meaning bare or bald and is classed as a place of habitation ie a bald topped hillin respect of the Old English version,itcould have been introduced into England from Bordeaux in the mid 13th century (this quite some time after the 10thcentury OLAF runic inscription at Ballaugh I-O-M )-- as a Dutch or Flemish nick-name‘de Calue’meaning –the bald oneIn old Norse I belivethe nick-name for bald is‘skalli’- Being of Manx descent my grandfather was John Callow from Marown and my grandmother Sarah Croughan from Lonan- I,ll go for Viking’s being my ancestors and OLAF as being MyAncestral Relic/Peaceful Reminder A much more romanticsaga than the Bald one don’t you agree???