Evidence Found that Mary Cassiday Was Born in Kentucky
Mary Cassiday married Samuel Hanna in Bourbon Co, KY in 1796. Knowledgeable Hanna researchers have believed that Mary Cassiday was born in PA, accompanied her family to Bourbon Co, met and married Samuel.
On the 1880 US Census enumeration, those enumerated were asked to designate their father and mother's PLACE of BIRTH (PoB).
Of Samuel and Mary Cassiday's believed nine children, only Margaret (m. Jonathan Stout) and Jeremiah were reported living in 1880. Both were found on page 581D in the 1880 enumeration of White River District, Washington County, Arkansas. Jeremiah had no entries for either of his parent's PoB. Margaret gave "Penn" for her father and "Ky" for her mother.
Margaret was born in 1810 and was nearly 70 years old when she was enumerated. She had lived as a child and as an adult with or near her parents until Samuel's death in 1837 and Mary's in 1844. It is reasonable to believe both that her parents had told her many times of their respective PoBs and that she remember and reported correctly what they had told her.
Since Pennsylvania had been a state during the birth year bracket for Samuel (1775- 80) there is little reason to doubt about his PoB. However, the matter of Kentucky being Mary's PoB bears closer analysis.
Before there was a Kentucky the land area now known as Kentucky was claimed by Virginia and called Fincastle County, later changed to Kentucky County. There were trappers, traders, and settlers in this area as early as the mid-1750's; women are first recorded in KY in 1775.
In 1780, Virginia divided Kentucky County into what are usually referred to now as the three original counties - Lincoln, Fayette, and Jefferson. In 1792, Kentucky was admitted to the Union.
Establishing a born-no-earlier-than and born-no-later-than birth year bracket can be useful to evaluate the veracity of her reported Kentucky birth. Mary Cassiday's birth year bracket can be calculated using marriage and census records.
She married in 1796. Brides in that period ON AVERAGE were 21 (but two of her daughters married at 15 and 18!). This would result in a "born about 1775."
Assumming that Mary is the oldest female enumerated in Samuel Hanna's US Census 1810-30 households, the composite birth year bracket for Mary is 1775-1780, the same as for her husband, Samuel.
1810 Floyd County."1 f 26-45."This results in a "born between 1765-1784."
1820 Floyd County."1 f 26-45."This results in a "born between 1775-1794."
1830 Vermillion County. "f 50-60."This results in a "born between 1770-1780."
Samuel died in Washington County, Arkansas in 1837. Mary Hanna was not found indexed on the 1840 census. From other research, it is kown that living close by her were two sons, Jeremiah and Jesse P., and one daughter, Margaret Stout. On a frontier such as 1840 Washington County, it was not unusual for older parents to live with a child, especially for a widow.
In Jeremiah's household the oldest female was "60-70." It is reasonable to believe that this was his mother Mary. If correct, This results in a "born between 1770- 1780."This birth year bracket is consistent with her other three enumerations.
Historically, Mary could not have been born in Kentucky before its 1792 creation which is after her composite birth year bracket of 1775-1780. But if her family was among the early settlers in what was then Virginia but was to become Kentucky, it is reasonable to believe that distinction would be lost as she aged and to her, it was always Kentucky.
Would Cassiday historians having knowledge of Cassiday families in that part of Virginia which is now Kentucky prior to 1780, please post eveidence of their presence so futher research can be undertaken.