TO: Thomas Bitticker
RE: Job Caswell
My ancestor is Job Caswell who was in the Revolutionary War, and who married in 1751 in Pembroke, Plymouth, MA to Mercy Perry.He had 10 children, including a son Job Caswell who grew to manhood, and my records agree that the son Job Caswell died in Baltimore, Maryland in 1820.The father, Job Caswell (who md Mercy Perry) died in Maine in 1809.
I have studied these Job Caswell men quite a lot –my ancestor, Job Caswell,who died in 1809 in Leeds, Androscoggin, Maine... is, I am convinced, the son of Timothy Caswell and Deborah Bowker who were married in 1723 in Scituate, MA, and grandson of Thomas Caswell and Mary Ramsden who were married in 1691 in Taunton, MA;he (Job Caswell) married Mercy Perry in 1751 in Pembroke, Plymouth, Massachusetts, and went from there to Hanover, MA.... You can find a helpful article on Job and Mercy (Perry) Caswell in this reference.
"Revisiting Job (4) and Mercy (Perry) Caswell of Massachusetts and Maine:A Mayflower Line" by Louise Walsh Throop, in TAG (The American Genealogist) vol 76, no. 1, Jan 2001, pp 279-281 (with appreciation expressed to Robert Wakefield for his assistance).
Among the children of Job Caswell and Mercy Perry are two named Job Caswell—one chr 22 Nov 1761 in Pembroke; and another one chr 10 July 1764 in Pembroke.This one chr in 1764 is believed to have died in Baltimore, Maryland on 30 Oct 1820.His just-younger brother, Levi Caswell, was born abt 1768, chr 24 May 1778 in Hanover, Plymouth, MA married 17 July 1796 in Hanover, MA to Alice Clark; and died 28 Apr 1836 in Leeds, Androscoggin, Maine. (This area was previously Kennebec County until 1854; and was Lincoln County from 1799). Job’s son, Levi Caswell, is my ancestor.
Job and his wife Mercy sold their Pembroke house 3 June 1768, as verified in Plymouth County Land Records 54:192(See Mayflower Families – Desc of George Soule). However, they apparently did not leave Pembroke at that time.
In Plymouth County, MA Court Records on CD we find this:
Warrants- to warn persons from Hanover MA -- The constables of Hanover received warrant from selectmen John Bailey Jr. and Joseph Ramsdell to warn Job Caswell, his wife Mercy and their children Lidia, Zervina, Alice, Job and Levi, "who came last from….Pembroke and now reside at the dwelling house of Capt. Thomas Bardin,"to depart town 2 Apr 1770.
[Apparently his #2 daughter Deborah was not living at home at this time.]
Another court record entry may refer to this Job Caswell:
31.Joseph Stetson (Pembroke Yoeman) attached Job Caswell (Pembroke Perukemaker).Trespass on the Case, on note dated 23 Nov 1757 for .....
Other Plymouth County court records would NOT appear to refer to this Job Caswell who md in 1751 in Pembroke, even though he was said to be listed as"of Newport" at that time.
For example [from the Plymouth County Court records on CD], no. 184, Job Caswell (Newporte, Rhoad Island) vs Moses Sekel (Taunton Husbandman).Case on dated 13 Sept 1737 for 3500 shingles to be delivered at Newporte, on demand..... [This is too early to be our Job Caswell, but shows that one Job Caswell was doing business in Pembroke much earlier than our Job could have been- and was associated with Newport – which is where Job Caswell was listed as “from” in his marriage record in 1751.]
Anne Borden Harding was employed by New England Historic Gen. Society, in Boston;27 Oct 1972, when Elizabeth Nichols [ELN] visited with her.She later wrote:
"the only page of Edward A Caswell's genealogy that seems to apply to you....
What information we have about Job Caswell is confusing. … Job … married in Pembroke, Mass., 18 Apr 1751 Mercy Perry.He is called "Job Caswell Jr, of Newport".The intention is not recorded.Three children were baptized in Pembroke in 1758--Alice, Job, and another Job.” [Comment from ELN: This does not fit with the records found in Pembroke, and I do not know why….or what was perhaps left out].
“ Job Caswell, "an adult" was baptized 28 May 1758 in the second Church of Christ in Pembroke, Mass, by the Rev. Gad Hitchcock.This church is now in Hanson.….In the First Congregational Church in Hanover, we find:
Drusilla, dau of Job and Mercy Caswell, baptized 15 May 1778 "in private by reason of sickness."She died 18 May 1778.
“Levi, John, and Mary, children of Job and Mercy Caswell, baptized 24 May 1778.
Levi Caswell and Alice Clark, Jr, of Hanover [mar.] 17 July 1796.
The above is all that I can find in print.” .....
The pages from the "Genealogy of the Caswells" that Anne Borden Harding enclosed gives:
"Thomas Caswell was one of the first settlers in Taunton, which was incorporated 1639. Tradition states that he came to that place from Somersetshire, England….
Another source -
The Sesquicentennial History of the Town of Greene, Androscoggin County, Maine, 1775-1900 with some material extending to a later date, compiled by Walter Lindley Mower, FHL 974.182/G1 H2m, 1991, page 470
JOB CASWELL, progenitor of the families by that name who settled in this section, emigrated from Switzerland to Hanover, Massachusetts, about 16 years previous to the revolutionary War.He married Mercy Perry of Hanover and here settled.They had three sons and five daughter: Job, Levi, and John;Melvina [incorrect reading of this child's name;she was chr and married as Selvina], Alice, Lydia, Delora [chr as Debora], and Mercy. When the war broke out he enlisted as barber and served through the war, taking with him his oldest son, Job, then a lad of 14, as his helper and waiter.At close of War he returned to Hanover and remained till his family were grown up and two of them settled.Job [Jr] went to Baltimore [MD]; Melvina married a Mr. A Robbins and lived in Scituate, Mass.With his wife and family came to Leeds, about 1795 and settled with his son LEVI in the southeast part of the town, known in later years as the old Caswell place.
He died Apr 18, 1890, age 90;burried in Leeds at Plains Cemetery.Of his daughters, Lydia married aMr. Torry and settled in Greene [Maine]; Alice married Joseph Leavitt of Tuner and lived on Upper Street.Mercy married James Niles of Turner where they lived. After Mr. Caswell's death, his widow removed to Turner living with her daughter Mercy NILES.
Levi CASWELL cleared the homestead farm.He married Alice Clark of Scituate, Mass. in 1796, and had 11 children [children are then listed with birth dates].
John CASWELL, born first day of first month [Quaker style] 1771 in Hanover, Mass; died Greene [Maine] 24th day of 8th month 1851, age 80.[tells about his 2 wives and lists 20 children born to him]
[Comment from ELN:Job Caswell did NOT come from Switzerland directly to Hanover, MA – he came to Hanover, MA from Pembroke, MA, and his marriage there in 1751 said he was from Newport. His family seems to have been in the Colonies for some generations. As in many cases, the compiler of the county history did the best he could, but did not have correct information.]
And another family historian writes: Allen Niles-- “I posted info on Job & Mercy Caswell at msg #811 on this forum. James  Niles born E. Bridgewater, Ma, married their dau Mercy Caswell at Turner, Me, on 20 Apr 1794. The town history quoted in #811 says Job was an immigrant of Switzerland, but that may be guess on the part of the author of that history.
“I don't know how or if the Job Caswell of Newport RI is connected to Job of Pembroke, Ma. The Job Caswell of Newport married Lydia Peckham, not Packham. Possibly their son Job is the one at Pembroke, but he seems too young.
“There are other marriages between Niles & Caswells in Mass. David  or  Niles married Mrs Mary Caswell on 4 Mar 1762 at Middleboro. She may be connected somehow to Jotham Caswell who married Mary (Reynolds) Caswell on 11 Jan 1732 at Middleboro. Abram Niles married their dau Mary Caswell in 1765. She may have married Ambrose Braley next on 18 Jun 1765.
“There is a Caswell Genealogy , "The Mayflower Descendant, vol 39, No. 1, Jan 1989" which may have more records.”
ABOUT the BIRTH YEAR of Job Caswell [comment by ELN]:His birth year estimated as "1719" (which appears in some familysearch records) came from his age at death--age 90 in 1809;but in 1777 when he joined the Revolutionary army, he listed his age as 45--making him born about 1732.
(ages at death are often very seriously flawed, and this appears to be one of them; yet it was the best information available at that time.) The date of birth of abt 1732 better fits with the age of his wife who was born in 1733.
Various writers refer “to will of Job Caswell ‘of Leads, Kennebec County, Massachusetts’ executed 16 Jan 1809 and proved on 5 June of that year.In this Job named wife Marcy; sons Levi (who was to receive two shares) and John; daughter Lydia Torrey (who was to receive 1 1/2 shares), Deborah Chapman (who was to receive a half share), Silvina Robbins, Else Leavitt, and Marcy Niles.Son Levi Casweel executor [footnote 2:Kennebec County Maine Probate Records 5:210-11, FHL film 11,197]
In 1810 census of Leeds, Kennebec, Maine, widow is found as "Marcy Carswell". (footenote 6 federal census, Leeds, Kennebec County, Maine, p 919)
The article in TAG says Job Caswell appears to be the son of Timothy Caswell (son of Thomas) and Deborah (Bowker), born about 1732.“Timothy Caswell is 5th generation descendant of the Mayflower pilgrim Francis Eaton;the line of descent is Timothy (5) Caswell, Mary Ramsden (4), Daniel (3) Ramsden, Rachel (2) Eaton, Francis (1) Eaton.
Job Caswell gave his age as 45 when he enlisted as a private, apparently in 1777 (footnote 9: "Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War" 17 vols, Boston 1896-1908, vol 3 p 200)
Job died probably in Leeds, Maine, on 18 April 1808, aged 90 [sic]".[footnote 10: Walter Lindley Mower, compiler, "Sesquicentennial History of the town of Greene, Androscoggin, Maine, 1775-1900" (Auburn, Maine, 1938), p. 490 (hereafter cited as Mower, History of Greene).”
All this seems to agree in essence with what you have learned from your detailed study of the military records where Job Caswell and his 14 years old son of the same name joined the Revolutionary Army together, serving from Massachusetts.
If you have any questions regarding the information I have on Job Caswell, please communicate them to me, and I will do my best to answer them
Elizabeth L. Nichols, descendants of Job Caswell through his son Levi Caswell.