Charters One-Name Study
The Charters One-Name study commenced on 2004, just after my retirement. Like many one-name studies, it grew out of an attempt to trace my own ancestry. I was seeking the ancestors of my 3rd great- grandfather William Charters who came to Portugal in 1808 to battle Napoleon at the Peninsular war.The name was registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies(http://www.one-name.org/profiles/charters.html)in 2012.
Diligent analysis using ancient manuscripts as the Domesday Book (compiled in 1086 by William the Conqueror), The Ragmann Roolls, tax records, baptismal, family genealogies, and local parish and church records, shows the first record of the name Charters was found in Devonshire where they were seated from early times after the Norman Conquest in 1066.
The registered variants of the name are Chartres and Chartris or Charteris. They say that the Charters surname is one of an extensive sort of variants which comprises Charteris, Chartres, Chartress, Chartteris and Chatters, all of with are local in origin, belonging to that category of surnames derived from the name of the place where the original bearer dwelt or where he once held land.
Common misspellings and typos - So, the following words are slight variants of CHARTERS that are likely to be possible typos or misspellings in written material: CHARTERIS, CHARTRES CAHRTERS CHRATERS HCARTERS CHARTER CHARTERA CHARTERSA CHARTERSE CHARTERSI CHARTERSO.
Reaney and Wilson on their A Dictionary of English Surnames (Ed. Routledge, 3rd Edition, 1991) present Charteris, Charters, Chartres, Chatteris, Chatters, all together.
Origin of the surname
Thus Charters or variable spellings (may signify (the descendent of) one who hailed from Chartres the ancient town in the French department of Eure-et-Loire which was actually held by the English until 1432, The name, which is itself derived from the bible of a Gaullish tribe, the Carnutes, which in turn signifies the trumpet people was introduced to Britain following the Norman Invasion of 1066, and was first recorded as by-name in the Sussex Pipe Rolls of 1179, in which we find one Alcher de Chartris. The surname is the family name of the Earls of Wemyss and March.
Alternatively, Charters may find its root closer to home, as variant of the place name Chatteris, which is located in Cambridgeshire, and which appeared in the Doomsday Book of 1086 as Chateris and Chatrix, when it was in the Lordship of the Church of Ely. The place name itself signifies the strip of woodland, and was first recorded as surname in 1259, when the Feet of Fines for that county cite one Ralph de Chateriz.
Finally it should also be noted that the name, in some few instances, be of occupational origin, evolving as the genitive form of Charter, itself from the Old French charetier, literally meaning charioteer but used in English to signify a carter, as in the example of Henry le Chareter, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Somerset in 1222, or Margerie le Carters, cited in Documents of the priority of St. Thomas in 1275.
So the family name Charters is believed to be descended originally from Norman race and s emerged as a notable Scottish family name in the county of Devon. The families emanating from North Devon expanded and over the centuries migrated eastwards to the larger towns and cities during the Industrial Revolution in Britain and many to the developing Commonwealth.
Please go to : http://www.one-name.org/profiles/charters.htmlhttp://www.one-name.org/profiles/charters.html