Need more info on Joshua and Sarah Walker Clough 1790s in Vargina and Ohio and where their son Edward Clow was born in Virgina ???
Nathaniel Clough and Susannah Clough…
in Queen Annes County, Maryland
Our oldest known Clow family members are Nathaniel Clough and his wife Susannah. They lived in Queen Annes County, Maryland, owned their own farm of unknown acres but was said to have been considerable. Land recorded in 1744, 50 acres was named “Clough’s Hope.” In 1747 another 50 acres was recorded and it was called “Boon’s Hope.” Boon’s Hope cost Nathaniel and Susannah 2,100 pounds of tobacco, which was a common practice in the early colonies, paying for items with tobacco off your own land.
Nathaniel Clough died in 1748, his estate papers and will are filled in the courthouse in Annapolis. He wanted his estate divided equally among his wife and children. The children were John born 1732, Mary born 1733, Cheney born 1734 this is our line, Susannah born 1737, Rachael born 1738, James born1740, Sarah born 1742, Rebecca born 1743 and Ann born 1749.
Susannah Clough, Nathaniel’s wife died before 1756 exact date is unknown.
Cheney Clough and Elizabeth Clow…
The son on Nathaniel and Susannah Clough
The story about our Grandfather Cheney Clough begans with the Revolutionary War. Cheney Clough, son of Nathaniel Clow of Queen Ann County Maryland, made a big mistake that would eventually cost him his life. He chose to fight for the King instead of the colonist.
At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War about a third of the colonist had no desire for independence from England but in Kent County Delaware, where Cheney Clough was living, the Loyalist were greatly outnumbered. Cheney choosing to support the King of England, having been a British Officer earlier, he now found himself a Tory. As the war progressed the Tories constantly created terror by raiding and plundering the colonist, supplies to the British, robbed the mails, plotted against the life of Washington, and generally became very disliked by their neighbors.
During the War, in 1778, the colonist past a law requiring all male citizens over the age of 21 to take an "Oath of Allegiance." A Tory would be pardoned if the Oath was given, if not he would suffer the confiscation of all his land and possessions. When it became time for Cheney's Oath he refused. He also refused to pay taxes to Delaware claming he was living in Maryland. His farm was on both sides of the state line but the house sat in Delaware. One morning, April 18, 1778, the Sheriff of Kent County, John Clayton, went out to arrest Cheney Clough. This attempt erupted into a gun battle and one of the Sheriff's men, named Moore, was killed.
When the battle was over Cheney Clough wife, our Grandmother who was helping him load rifles, was wounded and Cheney was arrested and taken to jail. This action 200 years later would be known as “The Cheney Clough Rebellion.”
At this point the townspeople wanted his head, they wanted blood, they wanted him charged, and executed for treason. For four years he sat in prison. On December 12, 1782 Cheney Clow was brought to trail, was found not guilty of treason but authorities kept him in prison. It seemed that Cheney hadn't taken the Oath and therefore could not be charged with treason. Keeping him in prison, they charged him with burglary and murder, later the burglary charge was dropped for the lack of evidence but he had to stand trail on the murder charge.
At the trial, even with testimony from the Sheriff, that the man shot at the time of the arrest was shot in the back, and not from Cheney’s gun, but probably from one of the Sheriff’s own men behind Moore. This did not sway the jury. The jury found him guilty and sentenced him to be hanged by the neck until dead.
It now fell on the governor to set the time and place for the execution. The Governor wishing he could pardon Clough but did nothing, in fact he did nothing for six years. A new Governor came into office. More petitions for pardon was filled by the family but still to no avail, Cheney's wife and children finally gave up their long fight.
In 1788 a final letter from Cheney Clough, having been in close confinement for 10 years, the letter addressed to the new Governor requested that a pardon be granted at once or that a warrant be issued without delay for his execution. The pardon was not granted and Cheney Clough "went bravely to his death, singing a hymn as he walked to the scaffold." The war was long over and ideas were changing, but all too late for Cheney Clough. Everyone agreed that Cheney Clow had fallen victim to the ill-judged violence of party feelings.
No date was ever recorded for the execution, Cheney had no will, and there is no record of the disposition of his estate. After they hanged Chaney Clough the family took his body and buried it in a secret place. Many think the grave was near the house but unmarked.
In January 1790 the eldest daughter, Arrana, petitioned the State of Delaware to settle the estate of Cheney Clow and to distribute such among his heirs. The petition was "ordered to lie on the table" and on the table it remained...
Joshua Clough and Sarah Walker Clough
now spelled Clow…in Ohio
After Chaney Clough was hung, the story goes, our family line left the Delaware area, changed the spelling of the name to Clow and his son Joshua, that’s our grandfather, moved to Ohio. We have a marriage certificate of Joshua and Sarah Walker being married in Kent Co. Delaware, Oct 2, 1794 but can’t explain how Joshua’s son Edward, our grandfather, was born 1794 in Virginia, the same year and in a different state. Wrong date somewhere...
Joshua Clow, with a new name and a new place, died in Harrison County Ohio.