Thomas and Rachel Smith Compton DID have a son James who was born between 1775 and 1784.This James probably moved to Giles County, TN between 1830 and 1840 as he appears in the 1840 census there.
The James Compton who married Nancy Poole was not born until 1810, and does not match the James of Thomas and Rachel; these have to be different persons on the same name.Here is applicable information on this James Compton: James M. (Milburn, Milton) Compton, subject of ancestral search, married Nancy Poole in 1833, both born 1810, first enumerated on Laurens Co., SC 1840 census in Scuffletown (Ora) Township. Nancy was the daughter of William Poole and Elizabeth Terry also of Laurens County. Their issue, all born in or around Laurens County are as follows:
Andrew Poindexter b. 1834 d. 1834 in Laurens Co., SC Robert James(CSA) b. 1837 d. 1883 in Laurens Co., SC Thomas Henry (CSA) b. 1838 d. 1862 Winder Hospital, Richmond Cornelia E. (Templeton) b. 1842 d. 1922 in Ashville, NC William Berry(CSA) b. 1846 d. 1913 in Greenwood, SC Eliza Jane (Goodwin) b. 1849 d. 1933 in Bingen, AR Marcus Milton b. 1852 d. 1923 in DeQueen, AR Charles Orr b. 1854 d. 1932 in Binger, OK
This family is continuously enumerated in the Laurens censuses of 1840 through 1880 as a farmer, not owning slaves. James's land dealings were apparently small and confined within his family as there is no record of rapid or large land sales or purchases. Thomas Henry died of war related problems in 1862, Richmond, VA.Cornelia married W. C. Templeton about 1869 and moved to Ashville, NC.William Berry married Alice O'Neal Day in 1873 and moved to Greenwood Co., SC.Robert James died in 1883. James's youngest sons, Charles Orr and Marcus Milton, moved to Hempstead Co., Arkansas, between 1886 and 1889. (Perhaps to join some cousins already established there). In 1889, William Whiteford Goodwin (Eliza Jane's husband) died, then Nancy died one month later in 1890. After these events, James, Eliza Jane and her seven children moved to Arkansas to join Charles Orr and Marcus Milton.James died in Arkansas in 1896.