Maj. Edward Dale, son of William and Elizabeth (Elliott) Dale
The parents of Maj. Edward Dale of Lancaster Co., VA were William and Elizabeth (Elliott) Dale of London.William Dale was a grocer, as was his father Robert Dale.
In 1613, William Dale was granted a coat of arms.He would have entered his pedigree at the same time.These arms are the same arms as used by Maj. Edward Dale of Lancaster Co., VA.In order for Maj. Edward Dale to use these arms legitimately, he had to be a descendant of William Dale, and in this case, because of chronology, he was William Dale's son.
William Dale entered a pedigree which appears on p. 94 of Harleian Society Vol. 1 The Visitation of London 1568.How can a pedigree entered in 1613 appear in a visitation taken in 1568?Because as the Harleian Society preface to this visitation notes, material was added to the visitation at a later date.
But Maj. Edward Dale isn't listed as a son of William and Elizabeth (Elliott) Dale in the pedigree.Why?The College of Arms didn't require an applicant to wait until all of their children were born to apply for arms.Nor did the Collge of Arms require those granted arms to keep it posted on new additions to their families.The answer is Maj. Edward Dale was born after William Dale's grant of arms in 1613.There have to be many such cases.
This question was raised by Charles Martin Ward in a post in another thread yesterday (5/5/2011).Ward is the author of an article in “The American Genealogist” published in 2000 which refuted the royal ancestry of Katherine (Dale) Carter.The issue of Maj. Edward Dale's parents was not discussed in Ward's article.
Herald's visitations can be extremely useful, but examine the circumstances of each visitation in order to adjudge their value.The title of the visitation doesn't always indicate what's in it, and all of the children of someone appearing in the visitation may not be there.In the William Dale pedigree, William listed all of his children, but he didn't show all of the children of his brothers Robert and Roger.
Because the Dale pedigree only extends to William Dale's father, Robert Dale, and the family was of relatively humble origin, I see no evidence of the hand of a corrupt herald.William Dale was affluent enough to apply for arms, but he didn't fudge his ancestry.There are no nobles or monarchs in his declared background.The Dale family was of the mercantile class.
So you may have seen your ancestor's family in a visitation, and not realize that they were your ancestor's family, because you ancestor isn't in the visitation.Before you move on to another research hypothesis, be certain you really understand what is is you're seeing.
As far as Ward's article is concerned, as I said in my posts, I'm not very happy about how he handled his evidence.I'm glad he didn't address Maj. Edward Dale's parentage, because his comments yesterday indicate that he doesn't understand visitations or how to use them.This of course does not invalidate his refutation of Katherine (Dale) Carter's royal ancestry.Ward proved beyond a reasonable doubt that Katherine (Dale) Carter was not the daughter of Diana (Skipwith) Dale.