Dycus/Dicus Genealogical Research Bulletin
Number 1124 November 2009
Robert Dixon Dycus
Research Bulletins are issued to report on important findings subsequent to the publication of my 2nd Edition Book,Early History of Dycus/Dicus Families in Southern and Border States, 1500-1810,in March, 2003.
Copyrighted, 2009--Permission is granted for reproduction for family or individual genealogical research purposes.Reproduction for commercial purposes is prohibited.
DNA Analysis Shows
Two American Dycus Lines Trace to Scotland,
I have been able to determine the general ancestral locales of the genetic Dycus/Dicus lines by analyzing the surnames of DNA related people. These related people are in the Ancestry.com DNA-test data bank, and have common ancestor generation counts extending back to around 250AD.The geographical origins of the surnames are compared in time swaths to indicate where the Dycus lines may have been located.In short, if an ancestor were in Scotland, one would expect Scottish origin names--if they were in Wales, one would expect Welsh and English origin names.The DNA data are supplemented by genealogical and recorded historical data.
The two related Dycus lines tracing to Scotland are my line, The Michael Watson Dycus line, and the Kent County, Maryland, Dycus line.These two genetic Dycus lines share a common ancestor born roughly around 640AD per Ancestry.com Bayesian statistical calculations.The two ancestral Dycus lines appear to be part of the Scottish Lowlands Dykes Surname. The Dykes are described as a mixture of Gaelic/Celts (The Ancient History of the Distinguished Surname Dyke, www.enable.org/rdyke).Note, the description ‘clan’ is mostly applied to the Highlander Scottish groups which have their distinctive plaids, not to the Scottish Lowlanders.
The Dykes were also in Cumberland and Yorkshire Counties of Northern England.Cumberland County borders Scotland on the Southwest side, and was originally part of Scotland.The Dykes were in this area and in Scotland before the Norman invasion in 1066.A stone wall is called a Dikis in Scottish.It has been suggested that the Dykes operated around Hadrian’s Wall, and may have derived its name from that.This may sound a little bazaar; but recently, my DNA has been found to have a Sub-Haplotype gene that may trace to an Irish King, Niall.Niall raided Roman settlements, and was rather treacherous.His DNA gene is found in about ten percent of male Scottish men in western and central Scotland, and in around three million men world wide.
The DNA location analyses support the Dykes surname geographical location presented in George F. Black’s famous book, The Surnames of Scotland (New York Public Library Press, 1946).The Dykes surname, “is common in the shires of Ayr and Lanark, and is most probably derived from the lands of Dykes in the barony of Avondale or Stathaven.”The “Lands of Dykes,” otherwise known as Hallhill, is near Strahaven in Lanarkshire, Scotland, about 20 miles southeast of Glasgow.A Dykes Castle was there, demolished in 1828.
The Dycus DNA related surnames in the early time frames correspond to Scottish surnames found in the Land of Dykes area.For example, the Douglas clan was centered about 10 miles from Land of Dykes.I am related to seven Douglases per DNA tests, and Bill Dikis, a Kent County, Maryland descendant, is related to 13 DNA tested Douglases.We show common ancestors with people surnamed Watson, Young, Grant and Glenn, Scottish names that also appeared in this area of Scotland and later in Northern Ireland.
Black lists Dycuses that appear in early Scottish records starting around 1503.The initial spellings were mostly Dykis and Dikis in the 1500s. The Dykis spelling gave way later to mostly Dykes/Dyke spellings.Other earlier genealogical records such as the Edinburgh Marriage Register 1595-1700, Scottish Record Society, list the names Dykes, Dycks, Dykis and Dyks as interchangeable.
In 1603, James 1st banished the “unruly border clans.”Many members of these Scottish border “clans” settled in Northern Ireland.The Michael Watson Dycus line DNA location analysis and recorded data, suggests the Dycuses were in Donegal/Londonderry before 1650.From Donegal/Londonderry, one or more Michael Watson line Dycus went into the Dublin, Ireland area; and from there into Spartanburg County, South Carolina in the 1790s.
Surname DNA analysis suggests the Kent County, Maryland, Dycus line was in England circa 1475, presumably near the Scotland border.I have been unable to find any DNA suggestion of Ireland.Rather, the DNA associations are more indicative of being in England, and then going to Kent County, Maryland before 1707.
Dycus/Dicus DNA Testing Update
DNA testing and Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) generation calculations are in a state of continual flux.We really got into DNA testing when it was just getting off the ground.I am finding there are continual changes in the MRCA calculations between Dycuses/Dicuses that have been tested.Part of this change is a refinement in the mutation rates at the different DNA markers.As these numbers become better defined, Ancestry.com is adjusting their calculations accordingly.In addition, we sort of stumbled into a good thing.We initially took 24 marker tests.I now find that my DNA test results are posted with data at 42 markers.Apparently, Ancestry.com was able to wring additional information out of the data transferred in their Relative Genetics buy out.
I now find that the three tested Dycus lines are not as closely related as we were initially led to believe.Relative Genetics originally indicated the three Dycus lines shared a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) born around 1310.The current calculations show the three lines may be very distantly related; and, certainly do not share one common ancestor.Ancestry.com calculates MRCA values out to 70 generations.This would be roughly 250AD.The Kent County, Maryland Dycuses are clustered at an average of 54 generations from me, suggesting a common ancestor born around 640AD.Jacob Dicus, our Anne Arundel, Maryland Dicus line descendant, is beyond the 70 generation calculation limit from me.The tested Kent County, Maryland Dycus descendants are clustered appropriately to be descendants of William Dicas that left a will in Kent County, Maryland in 1734.While I do not share a calculated common ancestor with Jake, William Dikis, a Kent County, Maryland line Dycus, shows a common ancestor with Jake at 60 generations, roughly 500AD.So, there does not seem to be one common ancestor for the three Dycus lines.
Originally, our three ancestral lines were considered to be in a large genetic grouping, or Haplogroup, called Celtic or Atlantic Modal.This Haplogroup is designated as R1b.Ancestry. com now describes this group as Artisans.
Recent research suggests the Artisans have a subgroup sharing a King Niall gene (Famous DNA, www.dnaancestryproject.com).I have this gene!Niall Noigiallach was an Irish King that died around 450AD.He was rather ruthless, took hostages, and raided Roman settlements in England.He established small outposts in Scotland, Wales and France.His kingdom lasted until the 11th century.It is now believed that about three million men worldwide are his descendants and share a 17 marker gene that moves in tandem.About 4 in 5 men in northwest Ireland have this gene, and about ten percent of the men in western and central Scotland carry this gene.
This gene provides additional evidence that my ancestral Michael Watson Dycus line traces to Scotland.There is evidence my line went from Scotland into the Donegal/Londonderry area of Northern Ireland in the 1610-1650 time frame.The Scots were protestant at that time, and Dycus/Dykes records in Ireland were Church of Ireland and Presbyterian.If instead, my ancestors were native Irish, one would expect Catholic Church records.In addition, all Irish surname books describe Dykes as a surname imported into Ireland.
Looking at my DNA—The Michael Watson Dycus Ancestral Line
Ancestry.com provides a listing of people most closely related to an individual tested.These people come from matches of people previously tested and contained in their DNA- test data bank.They also have a data bank where an individual can obtain all of the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) calculations for everyone that has been tested in any one surname group.
There is quite a variety of different surnames that exactly or closely match my DNA. How can there be people running around with different surnames, but have my exact or similar DNA?There are several reasons that apply after surnames were established around 1500: (1) In past centuries, orphans were quite common.So, some Dycus ancestors could have left orphans, and the orphans were raised under the surname of the adopting family, (2) Some Dycus ancestor could have a child and not be able to, or not want to, raise the child for one reason or another.The child then was raised by some kindly soul under their surname, (3) A Dycus male could have conceived a child out of wedlock, and the child was raised under some surname, (4) An unrelated Celtic person with a similar DNA could have a mutation that makes their DNA a match or a closer match to my Dycus DNA, (5) It can occur from DNA statistical noise.Two people may appear related, particularly with small marker counts; but will not appear related if tested at more markers.
I need to make several points here: (1) At any one historical time, there will be a group of Dycuses that have essentially the same DNA, brothers and uncles, etc.So, we really are looking at a group of ancestors that can have many things happen to them and may disperse geographically.(2)When we look at the surnames, we are looking at what were probably the neighbors and friends that might obtain a genetic Dycus child for one reason or another as previously discussed.So, looking at a list of DNA related surnames in any one time frame may tell you the constituency of the neighbors and friends. (3) Since the group of Dycuses may move around geographically, the neighbors and friends might not be at one place at all. (4) The DNA tests have a large uncertainty in time; so the dates I will present are just the centroids of large-time-uncertainty swaths.
Matching to Other Surnames--Before Surnames were “Invented”
There is a different reason for DNA matched surnames when the calculated Most Recent Common Ancestors were born before surnames were adopted. Before surnames came into use, patronymic naming was mostly used.So, a person might be described as William, son of John, or William the blacksmith, etc.Surnames were required in England during the reign of Henry 8th, around 1540.In Scotland, clan or group names became used as surnames.Thus, surnames go back to around 1400, or earlier, in Scotland.
At the time of surname adoption, our DNA was spread among many males, and thus could be labeled with various surnames.For example, if our DNA was in Scotland, the males with our DNA would receive Scottish surnames.If instead our ancestors were in Wales, the males having our DNA would receive Welsh or English surnames, etc.In the following study, I have used a MRCA of 20 generations, approximately 1500AD, as the dividing line between when there was patronymic naming and the later institution of surnames.
General Locale of my DNA Trail
With the above in mind, I looked up the geographical origin of my DNA-related but different surnamed people in the Ancestry.com surname data base.
My ancestral line goes back to Michael Watson Dycus.His Father named Michael shortly after coming to the United States in the 1790s from Dublin, Ireland; so I figure we were closely associated with a Watson family.According to Ancestry.com., Watson is a Scottish and Northern England patronymic name!So, we sort of lucked out in the Watson surname being unusual and confined to a geographical area.According to Ancestry.com, I share a common ancestor with 12 people surnamed Watson:
After surnames established: Ian Watson, MRCA at 15 generations
Before surnames established: Watsons at 24,24,36,44,45,45,49,51,52,53,62 generations
Ian Watson lives in Mecklenburg, West Pomerania, Germany, a state along the Baltic Sea.We share a common ancestor born around 1635 per Ancestry.com calculations.Ian is a very Scottish name.I have tried to contact him via Ancestry.com, but he has not responded to my E-mails.What I figure is Ian’s ancestors could have gone from Scotland to Germany.There has always been a historically close link between Scotland and the Low Countries.
Another uniquely Scottish surname that I’m related to is Douglas.Ancestry.com indicates Douglas is a Scottish name that originated 20 miles south of Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.This location is about ten miles from Land of Dykes where I think our ancestors were located.
After surnames established: Sean David Douglas at 14 generations, around 1650
Before surnames established: 48,50,51,52,56,56 generations
The prestigious Hamilton Clan was centered about eight miles northwest of Land of the Dykes in Hamilton, Lanarkshire.Originally, Hamilton was called Cadzow, but the town was renamed later in honor of James Hamilton, the 1st Lord Hamilton. The heads of this Clan have a distinguished record in service to the Kings and Queens of Scotland and England extending back into the middle ages.Cadzow Castle was built in the early 1500s, and replaced by Hamilton Palace in the 1700s.Hamilton Palace was the largest non-royal residence in the Western world.I am related to four Hamiltons per DNA tests:
After surnames established: one at 16 generations, ~1600
Before surnames established; 4 connections
The Grant surname is described as English and especially Scottish (of Norman Origin).I share a common ancestor with 8 people named Grant:
After surnames established: 6 and 14 generations
Before Surnames established: 27,51,59,61,62,63 generations
From handed down family word of mouth, the Michael Watson Dycus ancestral line was in Northern Ireland.Historical records suggest my ancestors would have been in the Donegal and Londonderry part of Northern Ireland.
I had a pretty good sized sample of surnames that share common ancestors with me that were born around 1650. The origins of these surnames were attributed as follows to:
Scotland or Ireland-2
Scotland or England-2
Ireland or England-2
Ireland or Scotland or England-2
The 1650 breakdown looks like what one might expect in Northern Ireland.The English and Scots were coming into the area, but native Irish were already there and predominated in number.
I share common ancestors with several peopled surnamed Glenn.Glenn is described as Scottish and Irish (Donegal) at Ancestry.com.My associations are:
After surnames established: at 14,15,18,19,20 generations
Before surnames established: at 36,41 generations
These data are in keeping with my ancestral line having a Glenn family relationship in Scotland and in Donegal/Londonderry.
I next looked at the surnames that share a common ancestor born around 1700, some 90 years before Michael Watson’s father came to South Carolina.Of most interest in the related surname list was the surname Young.Michael Watson Dycus married a Sarah Young in South Carolina, and was living next to Young families there.It might be that there was a close relationship to a line of Youngs that extended back into Ireland and possibly Scotland.The Young surname according to Ancestry.com is of English or Scottish Origin and also appears in Northern Ireland.The Ancestry.com data base shows:
After establishment of surnames: Blake Young, 12 generations
Before surnames established: 51,55,55,56,56,58,61,64
I have corresponded with Blake Young.He trace’s back to an ancestor born during 1809 in South Carolina, and indicated his ancestors came from Ireland.
The other 1700 surnames as attributed by Ancestry.com were:
Allen, England or Scotland
Henry, England or Ireland
Alexander, Scotland or England or Dutch
John, England or Wales
Cannon, Ireland or England
Price, England or Wales
Gold (Adopted), Jewish or England or Germany
The 1700 data looks like what might be expected in the Dublin area; that is, it appears more cosmopolitan with more diversified countries of origin.Of course, is just conjectural.The 1700 breakdown also could apply in the City of Londonderry, or maybe somewhere else.
DNA Common Ancestor Connections in Ireland
I have assembled a rather extensive Dykes data base for Ireland.I used two professional genealogists, one in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and one in Dublin; and also collected data on a trip to Dublin in 2007. The genealogists indicated that our phonetic name would usually be spelled Dykes or Dikes in Ireland.Also, I want to remind everyone that my DNA would be shared among many Dykes/Dycus males in Ireland; so there could be genetic connections to other surnames even after my specific ancestor left Ireland in the 1790s.
I entered all the surnames of people recorded in conjunction with Dykes.Here are some of the Dykes/Dycus common ancestor records followed by my DNA association:
Donegal/Londonderry, Northern Ireland
1831—William Donnell married Ann Dykes, 1st Londonderry Presbyterian Church
Two connections at 9 generations, O’Donnell and Donnelly
8 December 1847--James Dykes—Full Age—Bachelor—Carpenter, married Margaret Stewart—Minor—Spinster.The marriage was at Malin, Donegal, Presbyterian Church, both were residents of Malin.James father was James Dykes, Carpenter.The wife’s father was John Stewart, Farmer.Witnesses: Andrew Stewart and Hamilton Stewart.
I have a Stewart DNA connection at 15 generations, 1625.An E-mail from the Stewart connection indicates the Stewarts were in Londonderry going back to the early 1500s.
I received an E-mail 5 December 2008 from a Patti Jo Mc Grath.She indicated her brother was DNA tested, and we share a common ancestor.His line goes back to an Owen Roe Mc Grath, born 11 July 1895 in Pettigo, Donegal, Northern Ireland.
1685—William Dykes married Mary Lane, 19 Oct at St Catherine, Dublin.
I show a Blaney connection at 10 generations.Ancestry.com listed Blaney under my entry for Lane.
1814—James Dykes married Isabella Grant, Dublin Diocesan Index
I show a Grant DNA connection at 6 generations, ~1825
14 December 1838—Elizabeth Dykes, daughter of Thomas and Anne Dykes, baptized.God parents were Edward Dykes and Mary Anne Carroll.
I have two Carroll connections, both at 9 generations
Historical Information on Dycus Ancestors in Scotland and Northern England
Dycuses with spellings Dykis/Dikis were recorded in Scotland going back to around 1500. George F. Black in his famous book The Surnames of Scotland (New York Public Library Press, 1946) indicates the Dykes surname, “is common in the shires of Ayr and Lanark, and is most probably derived from the lands of Dykes in the barony of Avondale or Stathaven.”Ayr and Lanark are on the west side of Scotland. Glasgow is in Lanarkshire.
Black lists a series of Dikis/Dykes historical references.His list, sans the specific document references, is the following:
“The names Dickis and Dikis were used in 1503 citations.”
David Dykis was witness in Avondale in 1503 (My note, this is theLand
of Dykes parish.)
John Diykis was apprentice mason at Dunkeld in 1512
Thomas Dykes is recorded at Jacktoun in the parish of Kilbryde, 1564
Hercules Dykis was tenant of the Abbey and convent of Kelso in 1567
Mr. Johne Dykis was minister to ye Kirk of Newbirne in 1606
John Dykes and Andrew Dykes were burgesses of Perth in 1611
Mungo Dyks was liberated from the Canongate Tolbooth of Edinburgh in
An allowance was made to Mr. Patrick Dykes for his grammar, 1686
William Dyks was a writer in Edinburgh in 1687.
I once spoke with Dr. Rudy Troike, an Etymologist in the English Department at the University of Arizona.For the uninitiated, Etymology is the study of the change in language and words.I indicated puzzlement at how Dr. George Black in his well-known book on Scottish surnames had listed people under the heading of Dykes that had spellings of Dikis in the 1500s and early 1600s.I pronounced my name of course.Dr. Troike thought two things were happening.He said the second syllable of our name was unstressed.Very few words in the English language end in “is”-- so the awkward “is” was changed by scribes at the time to an “es” ending.He said that from the time of Chaucer (he died in 1400) it became common for people to just drop the last unstressed vowel sound.
Applying Dr. Troike’s first explanation, Dykis and Dikis would be spelled Dykes and Dikes by many scribes later on.Applying his second explanation, the name then could be shortened to Dyke, Dyks or Dike, Diks. Other earlier genealogical record sources such as the Edinburgh Marriage Register 1595-1700, Scottish Record Society, list the names Dykes, Dycks, Dykis and Dyks as interchangeable.
I found an article on the internet titled, The Ancient History of the Distinguished Surname Dyke (www.enable.org/rdyke), unnamed author.This article traces the name Dyke to a mixture (my underline) of Gaelic/Celts, and indicates the name Dyke was found in Cumberland, the English County bordering Scotland on the southwest.Cumberland County was under Scottish control until the early 1200s.The name originated at the shire of Dykesfield prior to the Norman Invasions (1066).The Dykes nobility was prominent in Cumberland and also had land holdings to the south in Yorkshire.
I need to make an important point here. There was the Dykes nobility level that owned land, and occupied castles and manor houses.The English and the Scottish aristocracy passed their inherited holdings on to the oldest son to preserve its value and keep real estate from becoming subdivided to the point of becoming worthless.In this process, the younger brothers were sort of left out in the cold, and had to fend for themselves.They often went into the clergy, military, farming, business, and the trades, etc.So, over a long period of time there was the wealthy, educated aristocracy of a surname with many more “commoners” bearing the same surname.
Both the Michael Watson Dycus and Kent County, Maryland Dycus ancestral lines appear to have been part of the Scottish Lowlands Dykes Surname.The Lowlanders were in the lower elevation areas of Scotland near the English border, and were more intermixed geographically than the Highland Clans. The description ‘clan’ is mostly applied to the Highlander Scottish groups which have their distinctive plaids.
The “lands of Dykes,” mentioned by Black are also known as Hallhill, and are near Strahaven in Lanarkshire, Scotland (The Clan Forsyth Story, www.xmission.com).This location is about 20 miles southeast of Glasgow.There was a Dykes Castle there; presumably, Dykes built and held the Castle originally.Dykes Castle was purchased by David Forsyth, Burgess of Stirling, before 1488; and he lived in the castle until 1540.The castle later fell into ruins and was demolished in 1828.
In 1603, the unified English and Scottish crowns under James 1st dispersed the “unruly border clans” by banishing them to England, Northern Scotland and Ireland.Many Border Clans settled in Northern Ireland.The Michael Watson Dycus line appears to have been part of this forced relocation.They may have been in the Donegal/Londonderry area as early as 1610.Here are the sparse 1600s Dykes recordings I have collected to date for Northern Ireland:
Londonderry City and Areas to the South in County Londonderry
1611—Andrew Dikes, English origin, ancient inhabitant of of Derry, was paid by the King as compensation for surrender of houses and lands (Irish and Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research, Page 556).
1649—28 December, Edward Dikes buried, Derry Cathedral.
County Donegal, northwest of Londonderry City
1656—Thomas Dikes left will, of Ballyshannon, Barony of Tirhugh, Parish of Inishmacsaint, County Donegal (Index to Prerogative Wills of Ireland). The will was dated 19 January 1654, and mentioned his children John, Thomas and Jane.
1659—A Townsland, Dacustrewes, was listed in the Census of Ireland, Circa 1659.This Townsland had 2 people of English and Scottish descent and 11 Irish.This was in the Parish of Taghboine, County Donegal,next to the Rapho Parish.
1665—Ann Dyckes on Hearth Money Roll (tax list), Raphoe South Barony, Donaghmore Parish.
There are many Dykes recordings in this area during the 1700s and 1800s.
Dykes/Dycus in Ireland
My Ireland data base contains only Dykes spellings after the 1788 Will of Elizabeth Dycus.However, there were people in Ireland with the phonetic name Dycus after this date, as the two Ireland professional genealogists had indicated.People came to the United States from Ireland and were recorded with both the spellings Dykes and Dycus/Dicus.Here are some Dycus type spellings recorded in the United States:
1800—Edward Dycus was recorded in the 1800 Spartanburgh County, South Carolina US Census.His son was Michael Watson Dycus.Edward was from Dublin, Ireland per family statements.
1812--Skimothy Dicas born in Ireland(1860 U.S. Census for Canton, Norfolk, MA).His wife Mary, last name unknown, was born about 1815 in Ireland.
1825--Ruford Dycus born in Ireland(1900 U. S. Census for Columbus, Columbia, WI).Immigrated to the US in 1845,Married Mailder, last name unknown, born Sept 1833 in Ireland.
1848—G. H. Dykes born in Ireland per the 1880 San Francisco, CA Census. Robert Dykes, born 1841 in Ireland is also in that census.This could be the George Dykis, age 2. that entered the US 16 May 1850 on the ship Andrew Foster, origin Ireland, port of Departure Liverpool per New York Passenger Lists 1820-1850.
1850-- John, Lucy, and Margaret Dykis entered New York 16 May 1850 with son, George, age 2.Their origin was Ireland on the ship Andrew Foster coming from Liverpool.
1873—Manford Dicus born in Ireland per the 1920 Federal Census for Vincennes, Knox County, Indiana.He and his wife Ida had sons: Lewis age 20, Ola age 15.Living with them was Bernice Kirk age 4 ¾.Lewis was born 1900 in Kentucky.
Looking at the DNA of a Kent County, Maryland Dycus
I did a similar location analysis on Bill Dikis’ related surname list.Bill is a Kent County, Maryland descendant per our DNA tests.One might expect similar results for Bill as for any other previously tested Kent County, Maryland descendant.
Bill has ancestral relationships to many people with the same surnames as me.Bill is related to 15 Watsons with MRCAs between 37 and 68 generations. He is related to 13 Douglases, all before surnames were established. There were eight Young connections between 29 and 59 generations.The Glenn connections were also early at:39,39,40,65,65 generations.
The picture here is that the Kent County, Maryland Dycus line appeared to be in Scotland early on.All of the common ancestor connections were before 1500—none after 1500. Since we show comparable early surname associations, Bill’s ancestors were likely in the same general area as the Michael Watson Dycus ancestors.
However, the Kent County, Maryland Dycus line appeared to depart Scotland, and be in England before 1500. Their 1450 related surnames breakdown was:
England or Wales-3
England or Ireland-2
England or Scotland-1
England or Germany or Dutch-3
William Dicas of Kent County, Maryland, was born around 1675; so, I looked at Bill Dikis’ breakdown for surname origins sharing a common ancestor around 1625.The breakdown was:
England or Wales-3
England or Scotland-1
Scotland or Ireland-1
This breakdown could be appropriate to many locales, somewhere in the colonies or Cheshire, England are just two of many possibilities.The bottom line is that the Kent County, Maryland Dycus line appeared to leave Scotland before 1450, and was probably in England prior to William Dicas appearing in Kent County, Maryland before 1707.
Some Final Thoughts
As a final check, I compared Bill Dikis’ and my DNA against the common Welsh surnames—Williams, Edwards, John, Morris and Lloyd.Both of us showed some scattered early Welsh-name connections, but there was no follow through.
I think the DNA and other data are conclusive in terms of the two Dycus lines coming from Scotland, not Wales.I think we sort of got sucked in on Wales because of the large amount of recorded Dycus and Dicus spellings.Jacob Dicus, 8th is working on the Anne Arundel County, Maryland Dicus ancestral line.Hopefully, that family line tracement will come along shortly.
Where our ancestors were located exactly in Scotland/Northern England probably never will be determined conclusively.The Dykes Surname Group looks like it was spread around geographically as I have previously alluded to.In fact, there was a second Dykes Castle in Berwickshire (Castle Dykes, Dunglass, Jenni Morrison, Headline Archaeology Ltd., June, 2003).This location is on the east coast of Scotland, east of Edinburgh.So, Dykes seemed to be at this location in addition to Ayrshire on the west coast, and Lanarkshire in Scotland, as well as Cumberland and Yorkshire Counties in northern England.
I’m still a little queasy about how closely related the Michael Watson Dycus line is to the Kent County, Maryland Dycus line.The Ancestry.com calculations indicate a common ancestor around 640AD as previously mentioned.However, I have the contentious King Niall gene, and King Niall died around 450AD.This would suggest Bill Dikis and I would both have the King Niall gene; however, this is not the case.Somewhere back in antiquity, the two lines had a common ancestor since we have similar Celtic DNA.Ancestry.com uses 25 years average per generation; however, the Sorenson DNA website uses 32 years.If we use the Sorenson number, the common ancestor would have been born around 275AD, a more reasonable looking quesstimate. The fact that we have the same surname may is more a matter of happenstance.That is, two different Celtic groups adopted the name Dikis, possibly at two different points in time.
Sitting outside on the patio the other evening, I waxed to my wife about finally figuring out where my ancestors came from.She asked me why it had taken ten years to figure it out!The reason is--we could never figure it out if it weren’t for DNA testing; and we only recently had access to the Ancestry.com DNA-test data base.I raised my wine glass in a toast to DNA!
Robert Dixon Dycus, Oro Valley, [email protected]