This is a cautionary tale and a bit of advocacy for DNA testing amongst the Fly, Flye, and Flythe lines of North America.I am going to be a bit critical of the community of Fly, Flye, & Flythe genealogical researchers in what I have to say - that is to say, for practicing what I have come to consider to be a bit of insularity.
I am the grandson of Rosetta Marvin Flythe Reddick of Screven County, Georgia.My great-grandfather was G.W. Flythe of Screven Co., GA. and Northampton County, North Carolina.G.W. was the son of Solomon and Dolly Fly / Flythe of Northampton Co., N.C.
I have some interest in determining Fly, Flye, and Flythe origins, given my evident ancestry.Due to some of my recent experiences in understanding my own Reddick ancestry I have come to regard paper records and family histories as having secondary importance in gaining an actual, real understanding of our origins.It turns out that traditional methods of genealogical research can lead all of us down a path that we may see only through rose-tinted glasses.What I am saying is that now that DNA testing is available, it has become the primary means by which to determine whether folks -really- share a paternal lineage based upon the same surname.
As a horribly eye-opening example of what may occur when relying upon paper records - examine the following DNA results for Reddicks and similar-sounding r320 surnames; and my little discussion of how some lines of Reddicks have been confused.
It was long assumed by many researchers that the Reddicks of N.A. were all monophyletic - that is to say, sharing a common ancestry.Well, recent DNA testing has already demonstrated the existence of at least FOUR -different- Reddick lines.And these are besides the similarly named Reddoch (or Reddock), Redditt, Ruddick, and Rettig lines now demonstrated by DNA analyses to be un-related to any of the Reddick lines.One of the Reddick lines includes an individual with the Riddick spelling of the surname.My own Georgia line of Reddicks includes a branch of the family in which the spelling is Readdick.Whatever the modern spelling, the match-ups within the DNA results have shown us who is -actually- related to who.And also, who is not related...
In just one county within the Panhandle of Florida there now appears to have been members of THREE of these Reddicks lines.And not just in that county - but also within one little town - Eucheeanna of Walton County.And worse - they were in just two households, living side-by-side.One fellow of my Reddick line seems to have been employed by an unrelated Reddick.This is clear by his given name Madison Mathew Reddick (we know who his parents were - his father was a nephew of my gggg-grandfather) and by how his employer G.W. Reddick treated him as a relative stranger.Descendants of that employer's father (Thomas Reddick) and his next-door neighbor James D. Reddick have DNA results that don't match.And, three descendants of the employed Madison M. Reddick's uncles have matching DNA results that differ from those of descendants of the two Reddick households of Eucheeanna (but they match up with mine).
To make the above -worse- than it presently seems to the readers of this - for several decades it was thought and asserted that the above Thomas Reddick (unrelated to me) was actually (supposedly) Thomas Wiggins Reddick, a nephew of my gggg-grandfather Nicholas Reddick.This Thomas Reddick was really considered to have been proven as a member of my lines of Reddicks.The paper records were there and they seemed to have confirmed this.However, the results of DNA studies have demonstrated that his descendant is not any relative of mine.
What I am saying is that even the most carefully studied and examined paper records can terribly mislead genealogical researchers.Those of you who are seriously interested in comprehending your Fly, Flye, and / or Flythe ancestry need to have some clarity brought to this effort.And only scientific studies based upon DNA analyses are going to actually either confirm relationships or else demonstrate that they do not actually exist.
The service used by the Reddicks and other r320-named folksis Family Tree DNA.They have proven to be quite satisfactory in their service.Other surnames in my own ancestry now have some scores of members utilizing FTDNA as the service that is helping them to understand their ancestry.
I've checked and there is not yet a group formed to study the DNA patterns of Fly, Flye, and Flythe families.Family Tree DNA can be reached at the following URL.
All that is required is a male of the surname who's willing to pay the fee and take a couple of cheek swab samples to send back to FTDNA's lab.Once begun, then the process may open up new avenues of investigation.Once results for two or three individuals are known, then interesting conclusions may arise.That is certainly what happened with the Reddicks and their multiple lines...
I hope that some who read this see the value in this research methodology and decide to pursue it.I think it would be of inestimable value to have the various lines of Fly, Flye, and Flythe families to be -scientifically- proven to be either related or else shown to be unrelated.
Dale E. Reddick
Administrator, RootsWeb Flythe Message Board
Administrator, RootsWeb FLYTHE E-Mail List
Reddick / r320 Surnames
Compilation of the DNA Markers Sampled and Analyzed ___________________________________________________
Scot-Irish REDDICK & RIDDICK r320 GROUP
R. D. Reddick-126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.16.8. 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.10.22.22.14.126.96.36.199.36.13.10 P. D. Reddick-188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.16.8. 18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.14.14.14 F. A. Riddick-126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 E. T. Reddick, II - 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.16.8. 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.14.14.14
D. Reddick - descended via Johann Radick > Peter Readick > Gasper Readick > gg-grandfather Thomas > Jacob G. >... ...> D. Reddick D. Reddick - 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168
G. E. Reddick - descended via Johann Radick > John Raddick > Jacob > Peter 'Nichols' >... ...> Jerry Reddick G. E. Reddick - 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52
N. M. Reddick - descended via Johann Radick > John Raddick > ggg-grandfather Jacob > Nicholas Moses >... ...> N. Reddick N. M. Reddick - 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168
J. H. Reddick - descended via Johann Radick > John Raddick > Jacob > Jacob 'John' >... ...> Jim Reddick J. H. Reddick - 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.17
Dale E. Reddick - descended via Johann Radick > John Raddick > gggg-grandfather Nicholas > John >... ...> Dale Reddick Dale E. Reddick - 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.12
T. L. Readdick - descended via -unknown- > gg-grandfather Peter F. Readdick >... ...> T. Readdick T. L. Readdick - 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.12