Well, I’ve now deciphered the will of Thomas Haynes (husband of Mary Goode, daughter of Robert) and prepared an abstract together with notes. He is termed a ‘gentleman’ which is those days meant one up from being a yeoman and just one step down from being gentry. He left so many legacies that it is a veritable goldmine of information but nothing, unfortunately, to Robert’s direct family that can help us there. As you can see he left an incredible amount of money and property. His money legacies alone equate to over US$2.6M in today's monetary value. He doesn’t mention his wife Mary so she must have died by this time. I’m sending off for Berkshire Family History Organisation’s burial index CD so that may give further information. In social class like married like and Thomas Haynes would have married someone of his own social standing who would bring a good dowry with her. Mary must have had an even better dowry from Robert than I envisaged considering how wealthy Thomas was. As Robert died before Mary was married and he only appears to have left her £10 in his will he must have already given the dowry or had it put into trust. In every likelihood Robert’s children didn’t have to wait for their inheritances but had already had them when Robert wrote his will. Another scenario, of course, is that Frances was independently wealthy. Unfortunately, I can’t find any will that she left as yet.
The amount that Thomas obviously thought would be easy to obtain for a mortgage on the advowson of Bradfield really surprised me. £600 equates to about £261,000 (US$526,000) in today’s value! This brought me to thinking about Marmaduke’s advowson on East Hatley, Cambridgeshire that I mentioned in my first post. It went from Thomas Goode (d1580) in 1577, where he presented John Goode who retained the living for 50 years until he died in 1627. It then went to Francis Goode who presented Thomas Goode (Thomas didn’t leave the advowson in his will so must already have conveyed it to Francis – incidentally he named sons John and Francis in his will so I think that these are them). Francis must have given/bequeathed/sold the advowson to Thomas Goode (perhaps his son or a nephew?) as British History Online states that when Thomas died in 1655 he left the advowson to his widow Anne. I have this Thomas’ will and hoped to see some “Goode” names there, including Marmaduke’s, and some possible other relationships with the Ufton Nervet “Goodes” but, unfortunately for genealogical purposes, he just left everything to his wife. He doesn’t mention an advowson in particular but does mention his goods, cattells, chattels, money and his parsonage at East Hatley. As Marmaduke claimed patronage in 1662 but sold his interest in 1664 it begs the question of how did he acquire the advowson in the first place, how much was it worth and how much did he sell it for? I really think that there is a connection between these Goodes, especially as Robert came from Cambridgeshire. Perhaps, Anne left the advowson to Marmaduke in her will as she and Thomasdo not appear to have had any children alive in 1655. It would make sense if there was a family connection, Marmaduke being not only the eldest son of his family but also in the clergy. When I’ve finished transcribing and typing both the Thomas’s wills I’ll post them here. I’ve also just got the will of William Haynes, Thomas Haynes’ brother and I’ll do the same for that if anyone would like to see it. Seeing the wills and what legacies people left helps to put these families into a socio-economic context and helps to gain insight into their lives.
Will ofTHOMAS HAYNES , gentleman of Bradfield
9 Feb 1704 - Codicil 4 Apr 1705 - Probate 6 Aug 1707
Executrixes Mary Powell and Bridgett Flower – Overseers Thomas Powell and John Crase
• To my brother William Haynes , malster of Bradfield, Berkshire and my kinsman John Haynes  , blacksmith of Englefield, Berkshire, all my freehold messuage or tenement farm and the lands, hereditaments and appurtenances situated in Caversham als Cansham or elsewhere in the county of Oxfordshire which I lately purchased from Richard Blackall and others upon trust that out of the rents, issues and profits of these lands and premises or by mortgage or sale thereof or part thereof to pay out the sums of money to the hereafter named.
• To my granddaughter Mary Carter , wife of Richard Carter, yeoman of Stanford Dingley, Berkshire, the sum of £100 (value today about £43,500/US$87,500 ).
• To my granddaughter Margarett , wife of James Attlee , yeoman of Englefield, Berkshire, the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Elizabeth Powell  of Englefield, Berkshire, the sum of £150.
• To my grandson John Powell  of Englefield, Berkshire, the sum of £200.
• To my granddaughter Martha Powell  of Englefield, Berkshire, the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Alice Powell  of Englefield, Berkshire, the sum of £150.
• To my great-grandson Richard Carter  of Standford Dingley, Berkshire, the sum of £50.
• To my grandson Thomas Powell  of Englefield, Berkshire, the remainders of the messuage, lands and premises in Caversham als Cansham or elsewhere in Oxfordshire as aforementioned after the above mentioned sums have been paid and all charges and expenses reimbursed to William Haynes and John Haynes. If he should die without issue then this legacy to pass to his brother John Powell . However, if this happens before John’s previous legacy of £200 is due, when he is twenty-one, then the £200 to be shared equally between the executrixes Mary Powell  and Bridgett Flower .
• To my grandson Thomas Flower  of Englefield, Berkshire, all of my estate, title and term of years to come in the farm and lands in Bradfield, Berkshire, where I now dwell, together with the lease and interest therein plus the stock of cattle, household goods, ploughs, carts and all my other goods and stock except my plate and corn which I have at the time of my death in upon or about the said farm and lands upon condition that he pay to his brother Francis Flower  the sum of £50.
• Also to my grandson Thomas Flower £600 of principal money which is due and owing upon a mortgage from his father William Flower, deceased, on a farm and lands in the parishes of Whitchurch and Goring, or one of them, in Oxfordshire, commonly called Lady Grove and now in the possession and occupation of my widowed daughter Bridgett Flower. This is upon the express condition that Thomas Flower pays his mother, Bridgett Flower, interest on the £600 at 5% p.a. for the term of her natural life.
• All interest or profit due on the former farms and lands at my time of death from Bridgett Flower is forgiven and released.
• To my grandson William Flower  all sums of money due on messuages and tenements in Fisher Row in Reading, Berkshire, which is in mortgage from John Saunders, late of Reading, and all my estate, right, title, interest and term in and to the same premises. This is upon the condition that William Flower pays his brother Francis Flower the sum of £100.
• To my granddaughter Bridgett Flower  the sum of £200.
• To my granddaughter Mary Flower  the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Elizabeth Flower  the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Sarah Flower  the sum of £150.
My executrixes to pay the following £600 out of a mortgage and security for so much principal money which I have on the perpetual advowson of Bradfield and for so long as the mortgage shall continue my executrixes shall take the sum of £4 10s for the interest of each £100 while the principal sum remains on the mortgage:-
• To my grandson Francis Crase  the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Elizabeth Crase  the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Mary Crase  the sum of £150.
• To my granddaughter Martha Crase  the sum of £150.
• To my grandson John Powell all my freehold lands, tenements and hereditaments situated in Bradfield, Berkshire. If he should die without issue then this legacy to pass to my grandson Francis Flower.
• To my nephew John Toby , son of my sister Mary Toby , deceased, the sum of £5.
• To my nephew Henry Toby  the sum of £5.
• To my nephew Thomas Toby  the sum of £5.
• To my niece Mary Toby  the sum of £5.
• To my niece Anne Toby  the sum of £5.
• To my nephew Robert Haynes , son of my brother Robert Haynes , deceased, the sum of £5.
• To my niece Elizabeth Haynes , sister of Robert Haynes, the sum of £5.
• To my kinsman Thomas Quelch the sum of £5.
• To my sister Knight  of Tidmarsh, Berkshire, the sum of £5.
• To my son-in-law Thomas Powell  the sum of £5.
• To my son-in-law John Crase the sum of £5.
• To the poor of the parish of Bradfield, Berkshire, the sum of £5.
• To my granddaughters Margaret Powell (Attlee) and Elizabeth Powell the right, title and interest in my leasehold estate situated in Englefield, Berkshire, now or late in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Powley, and also all the rest and residue of my goods, chattels, ready monies and estate whatsoever both real and personal not herein before given and devised (my just debts and funeral expenses paid and discharged).
• I ordain my daughters Mary Powell and Bridgett Flower to be my executrixes.
• To William Haynes and John Haynes the sum of £2 each for their trouble in the performance of the trusts reposed in them.
• I desire Thomas Powell and John Crase to be overseers of this will.
Witnesses: John Crase, John Wilder, William Bond and Thomas Blagrave.
Codicil dated 4 Apr 1705
• To my brother Richard Haynes’  five daughters the sum of £5 each.
• To my kinswoman Bridget Booshnell the sum of £5.
• To my kinswoman Anne Jennings the sum of £5.
• My kinsman George Knight  of Tidmarsh £1.
Probate granted in London on 6 Aug 1707.
1 Brother William HAYNES christened (c) 30 Mar 1638 Bradfield, son of John HAYNES(c1591) and Joane.
2 John HAYNES c14 Sep 1656 Bradfield, son of John HAYNES (c29 Mar 1630 Bradfield) and Martha, nephew of Thomas HAYNES (c16 Mar 1631 Bradfield). The other children of John HAYNES and Martha are Francis (c1 Apr 1666), William (c15 Feb 1668), Mary (c3 Sep 1671, d11 Feb 1675) and Elizabeth 21 Aug 1673) all christened in Englefield.
3 Mary POWELL (c1 Apr 1679 Englefield, daughter of Thomas POWELL  and Mary HAYNES ) = Richard CARTER 24 Feb 1700 Midgham, Berkshire.
4 Value today taken from the National Archive’s Currency Converter (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/currency/). £100: 1700 to 1970 = £7,809 then £7,809 1975 to 2005 = £43,496. Totalling up the mentioned cash legacies alone comes to £3,050. £3,050: 1700 to 1970 = £238,174 then £238,174 1975 to 2005 = £1,326,629(US$ 2,672,621 CoinMill.com)
5 Margarett POWELL (c20 Mar 1683 Englefield, daughter of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES) = James ATTLEE before 9 Feb 1704. Subsequently had children Thomas (c12 Aug 1706), John (c4 Aug 1708), Mary (c23 May 1712), Samuell (c24 Dec 1716), William (c17 Dec 1718), Martha (c13 Apr 1722) and Elizabeth (c13 Feb 1725) all born in Englefield.
6 James ATTLEE c11 Apr 1677 Englefield, son of Roger ATTLEE and Esther CLOWER = 18 May 1676 Sulhampstead Bannister, Berkshire.
7 Elizabeth POWELL c22 May 1682 Englefield, daughter of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES. Subsequently married Thomas DRAPER(c17 Apr 1684 Tilehurst, Berkshire, son of Thomas DRAPER) 23 Jul 1715 Ufton Nervet and had children Mary (c7 Sep 1716), Elizabeth (c22 Dec 1718) and Anne (c8 Jun 1721) all born in Englefield.
8 John POWELL c3 May 1692 Englefield, son of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES. Subsequently married Elizabeth WICKENS 10 Sep 1725 in Thatcham, Berkshire, and had children Mary (c27 Apr 1718), John (12 Feb 1720) both born in Compton, Berkshire, Elizabeth (c18 Sep 1727) and Alice (c3 Feb 1734) both born in Englefield.
9 Martha POWELL c5 May 1689, daughter of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES.
10 Alice POWELL c5 Nov 1696, daughter of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES.
11 Richard CARTER c11 Dec 1701 Stanford Dingley, son of Mary POWELL and Richard CARTER. Mary and Richard subsequently had children John (c4 Nov 1706), Thomas (c27 Sep 1708) and Mary (c4 Sep 1710) all also born in Stanford Dingley.
12 Thomas POWELL c19 Oct 1686 Englefield, son of Thomas POWELL and Mary HAYNES.
13 Mary HAYNES c8 Jan 1655 Bradfield, wife of Thomas POWELL , daughter of Thomas HAYNES (c16 Mar 1631 Bradfield, son of John HAYNES and Joane) and Mary GOODE (c9 Nov 1623 Ufton Nervet, Berkshire, daughter of Robert GOODE,c1586 Cambridgeshire) who married 8 Aug 1653, Ufton Nervet.
14 Bridgett HAYNES c2 Oct 1658, daughter of Thomas HAYNES and Mary GOODE, = William FLOWER c1680.
15 Thomas FLOWER c6 Dec 1683 Englefield, son of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
16 Francis FLOWER c29 Aug 1692 Englefield, son of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
17 William FLOWER c23 Jan 1684 Englefield, son of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
18 Bridgett FLOWER c10 Jun 1681 Bradfield, daughter of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
19 Mary FLOWER c5 May 1687 Englefield, daughter of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
20 Elizabeth FLOWER c13 Aug 1688 Englefield, daughter of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
21 Sarah FLOWER c26 Mar 1690 Englefield, daughter of William FLOWER and Bridgett HAYNES.
22 Francis CRASEb1691-1704, son of Elizabeth HAYNES (c21 Dec 1663 Bradfield, daughter of Thomas HAYNES and Mary GOODE), = John CRASE (Cress) 20 Oct 1690 Midgham.
23 Elizabeth CRASE b1691-1704, son of Elizabeth HAYNES and John CRASE.
24 Mary CRACE (Crase) c21 May 1696 Bradfield, daughter of Elizabeth HAYNES and John CRASE.
25 Mary CRACE (Crase) c1 Aug 1697 Bradfield, daughter of Elizabeth HAYNES and John CRASE.
26 John TOBY c9 Jun 1667 Bradfield, son of Mary HAYNES deceased (c9 Jun 1643 Bradfield, daughter of John HAYNES and Joan) = Henry TOBY 27 Aug 1666 Pangbourne, Berkshire.
27 Henry TOBY son of Mary HAYNES and Henry TOBY.
28 Thomas TOBY Goring, Oxfordshire, son of Mary HAYNES and Henry TOBY, = Dinah Wheeler 1 Jun 1699 Goring.
29 Mary TOBY c12 May 1673 Goring, daughter of Mary HAYNES and Henry TOBY.
30 Anne TOBY c24 Oct 1674 Goring, daughter of Mary HAYNES and Henry TOBY.
31 Robert HAYNES c2 Jan 1667 Bradfield, son of Robert HAYNES and Elizabeth.
32 Robert HAYNES c3 Jul 1640 Bradfield, son of John HAYNES and Joane.
33 Anne HAYNES c16 Mar 1633, daughter of John HAYNES and Joane, married George KNIGHT of Tidmarsh?
34 Thomas POWELL c10 Apr 1655 Englefield, son of Thomas POWELL (c7 May 1611 Englefield and Margaret Holloway = 8 May 1645 Tilehurst), = Mary HAYNES 22 May 1678 Ufton Nervet.
35 Richard HAYNES c13 Apr 1636 Bradfield, son of John HAYNES and Joane.
36 George KNIGHT Tidmarsh, either husband of Anne HAYNES or son of Anne HAYNES and Mr KNIGHT. In William HAYNES’  will proved 1721 he requests his loving friend John KNIGHT of Tidmarsh to be one of his overseers so this may be Anne’s husband.