Locations in England
I'm helping a friend do some research on his Harrop surname. He is descended from Henry Lee Harrop, b. circa 1837 in Tideswell, Derbyshire, England. The trouble is that I'm unfamiliar with English place names and I'm getting very confused with census entries. So,
What is the difference between a civil parish and an ecclesiastical parish? Which one do I enter in location or do I use both? If both, in what order?
What about a Registration district?
What is a "hundred" and where does it fit in a location or is it used at all?
Is there a Newton, Cheshire, England and a Newton, Lancashire, England or only one? I've run across both in the censuses, e.g. Civil Parish: Newton, Ecclesiastical parish: St Mary, County/Island: Cheshire and Civil Parish: Newton, Ecclesiastical parish: Godley cum Newton, County/Island: Lancashire. And where does Ashton Under Lyne fit in?
Maybe what I need is a good online gazetteer or atlas! :)
Also, while I'm at it, what is the use of the England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index: 1837-1983? How do I know if I have the correct person?
Of course, if there is anyone out there with information on Henry's ancestors or descendants, particularly Charles Harrop, b. ca. 1863 in Hyde, Cheshire, England I'd love to hear from you.