Falling Creek Ironworks Archeological Site *** (added 1995 - Site - #95000242) Also known as 44CF7 Address Restricted, Richmond Historic Significance: Information Potential
Area of Significance: Engineering, Historic - Non Aboriginal, Exploration/Settlement, Industry Cultural Affiliation: Euro-American-English Period of Significance: 1600-1649 Owner: Private Historic Function: Industry/Processing/Extraction Historic Sub-function: Processing Site Current Function: Vacant/Not In Use During the years 1619 to 1622, the Virginia Company attempted to establish an ironworking facility on Falling Creek, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, now on the outskirts of the city of Richmond. The Falling Creek Ironworks were the first iron production facility in North America. The ironworks were to produce iron from local ore deposits. According to Virginia Company records, the ironworks was able to produce some quantity of iron, although it is not clear whether it had begun full production. In 1622, war with the Powhatan Confederacy of tribes put the operation of the Falling Creek Ironworks to an abrupt end. An attack by Native American forces left the all but two colonists at the Ironworks dead, and the facilities destroyed Previous archaeological investigations had identified a terrace located at the foot of the lower falls of Falling Creek as the site of the 1619-1622 ironworks, but Limited testing during the course of these investigations found no conclusive evidence of structures or domestic areas. An inventory of the personal estate of Mr. John Cumber of Henrico was presented in court in 1679.1 It reveals the fact that his tools were at the time of his death lying at four different places in the county. It will be interesting to enumerate them. At Mr. Cox’s, there were one jack-plane, one smoothing plane, and four small plough planes, two files, two bramble bits, one keyhole saw, a quarter-inch and a one and a half inch gouge, a half-inch and a quarter-inch short auger, a one-half inch and one-quarter inch heading chisel, two mortising chisels, one gimlet, one pair of compasses, one pair of piercers, two hand-irons for a turning lathe, a chalk line, two wooden gauges one-half foot square, and one tool chest. At Mr. Radford’s, there were one hand-saw, a pocket-roll, a jack and line, one two-inch and one half-inch auger, two smoothing and eight small narrow planes, one hold-fast, one hammer, a bench hook, four small pincer bits, a file for a hand-saw, one inch and one half-inch heading chisel, a broad turning chisel, one paring and one half-inch ordinary chisel, two gimlets, a quarter-inch gouge, and a small pincer bit, two small squares, one gauge, one bow-saw, and one pair of compasses.
At Falling Creek Mill, there were two broad axes, three adzes, four augers, three chisels, one whip and three hand-saws, one foreplane, two hammers, one pair of compasses, one chalk line, and two files. At Mr. John Hudlesy’s, there were two chisels and one small jack-plane. 1 Records of York County, vol. 1657-1662, p. 193, Va. State Library. Plymouth Colony III-Building of the Fort, June 1622-March 1623 The deaths of 347 English settlers in Virginia on March 22, 1622, that took place during the uprising of the Powhattan under the leadership of Opechancanough, have been believed to be the reason for the building of the fort at Plymouth. It seems clear, though, that it was the threat of attack from the Narragansett and the Wampanoag, which was the initial motivation for building the fort, strongly reinforced by the news from Jamestown. It is not clear as to when the letter from Captain John Huddleston, warning the Plymouth colonists of the massacre, was received. Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, p.111. Smyth of Nibley Papers Public Libraries, 1619, 1621 Page 1 of 1 Survey Report No. GL.5 Title Smyth of Nibley papers Vol.V No. 65 Depositions in the Court of Common Pleas,17 November 1621. The depositions are made by John Mennys, gent., of Sandwich, Kent; John Huddleston, gent., of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, master of the "Bona Nova"; William Jackson of Ratcliffe' gunner of the "Bona Nova"; John Ward of Ratcliffe, mariner; and George Hooper of Ratcliffe, mariner. The depositions state that the deponents were in Virginia during the period January - June, and that they had learned of the death of Mr. William Tracy of Berkeley, Shirley Hundred, Virginia, apparently during or earlier than January. One deposition refers to a Captain Powell, who had married William Tracy's daughter. John Ward, an ancient planter who was thus in Virginia by 1616. Patent book 1, page 405. Like Seth, John too received a 21-year lease in Varina near the land of Thomas Packer or Parker on 20 March 1633/4 — only two months before Seth. Patent 1, page 146. John Ward’s wife, Grace —, also an immigrant, died and John married Elizabeth (—) Boates, the widow of George Boates. When William Hatcher secured a patent for land in Henrico County on 1 June 1636 they described the property as “neare land of Elizabeth Ward, Widdowe.” Patent book 1, page 353. Elizabeth remained a widow only briefly because when James Place patented land the same day she was Mrs. James Place. Patent book 1, page 353. Seth Ward’s patent of 1643 included 50 acres purchased from John Baker and a Richard Ward patent of 1637 adjoined John Baker. Patent 1, page 440. The proximity of John and Seth Ward in Varina within two months suggests they could be brothers. Indeed a will in Abbington, Cambridgeshire, made by one Seth Ward in 1598 gives “unto John Ward the sonne of my saide sonne John Ward tenn poundes of lawfull English monie to be paid unto him at the age of one and twentie yeares; Also I give unto Seth Ward, his brother, the somme of tenn pounds of like lawfull English monie to be paide unto him at the age of one and twentie years.” Virginia Will Records (GPC, 1982), page 485-487. On 14 July 1637 Richard Ward was granted 100 acres in Varina Parish, Henrico County, including 50 acres “for his own personale adventure” — a benefit typically available only for immigrants. Patent book 1, page 440. Perhaps he is the father of Richard Ward. Edward Ward, the son of Richard Ward, was born about 1665. Henrico County Deeds & Wills 1688-97, page 375. Henrico County Deeds & Wills 1688, page 626 He married the daughter of Gilbert Elam I, who named son-in-law Edward in his will 1694-will. Henrico County Deeds & Wills, page 653. Gilbert Elam II was married to Mary Hatcher. Ward and the two Gilbert Elams secured a patent for 2,015 acres Patent book 8, page 147 of land on Falling Creek, Varina Parish, Henrico County in April 1691. The Virginia Geneaologist Copyright and by John Frederick Dorman Page 165 The
Cheatham Family of Colonial Virginia Thomas Chetham or Cheatham On 2 June 1684 he was impannelled on the Grand Jury with James Baugh, Richard Gower, John Steward (of Curls), Thomas Holms, Gilbert Elam Jr., Henry Pero, Richard Ferris, Francis Cater, Richard Perrin, William Porter, Jr., and John Huddlesee. Henry Lound was born about 1619 according to later depositions in Henrico County. “Henry Lownee” appeared first in Virginia as a headright when Michael Master obtained a patent for land in Bermuda Hundred, Henrico County in 1645. “Hen. Lownd” was later listed as a headright when Thomas Harris patented land in
Lower Norfolk County in 1667. In March 1652 Henry Lowne patented 300 acres on the north side of the Appomattox River in Henrico County. His land was near that of Abraham Wood [7046.W]. Lound assigned this land to Thomas Wells before 1663 according to a 1672-patent issued to Wells. Lound later secured a patent on 516 acres in Henrico County on the south side of the James River in September 1674.
He still owned this 516 acres in 1704. In 1690 the court confirmed Lound was due 200 acres for the importation of three “Negroes” and John Drake. Drake had been an indentured servant for Lound for at least four years. In October 1686 Drake ran off and Lionel Morris of New Kent County caught him about ten miles from home. His name was variously spelled “Lowne” and “Lounds.” As “Henry Lounds” he was ordered to provide three men in the defense of Henrico County in 1679. In 1686 three of Henry’s Indian servants ran away, but Richard Embry caught them about ten miles away and returned them. Mr. Henry Lound and his wife Ann, were socially prominent citizens of Henrico County. He served on Henrico County juries. Their children, both daughters, were Anne [3526.1] and Mary Lound [3526.2]. Both are ancestors. Wife Ann died before her husband. On 20 August 1678 Henry Lound presented a deed to the Henrico County court which conveyed livestock to his Hatcher grandchildren: Anne, Henry, Mary, William, and Martha
Hatcher. Should they die before becoming of age and marrying then the property would go to his Batte grandchildren. He mentioned also his daughter, then called
Anne Moody. Before 1683, an Indian boy named Tom joined the Lound household. The Assembly had just passed an act making Indians slaves so Henry had to bring the child to the court house where the justices judged him to be seventeen. The age of slaves was relevant because it influenced when they appeared on the tax rolls. In 1684 two Indian servants, Jack and Will, “unlawfully absented themselves” from July 13 until July 27. Not only did this resulted in “damnifying ye Crop of their sd master” but also they lost a buck skin coat and a hatchet and ruined their clothes. Further, to get them back, Lound had to give a “match-coat” to an Indian and paid another person 240 pounds of tobacco. In
February 1686/7 Lound accused Edward Hatcher [3540.1] of stealing a pig. The jury of twelve good citizens of Henrico County heard Gilbert Elam Sr. [3540.E] and Gilbert Elam Jr. [3540.E.3] make depositions for Lound and listened to
William Hatcher witness for Edward Hatcher. The arguments convinced the jury the pig was Hatcher’s. The court ordered Lound pay the Elams 40 pounds of tobacco each and made Edward pay William the same. On 1 February 1703/4 eighty-four-year-old Henry Lound gave a slave to his great grandson, Henry Lound Edloe. Reference to a greatgrandchild is extraordinarily rare in Colonial Virginia. By the same deed, he gave William Ligon and his granddaughter Elizabeth half his 1674 patent — 258 acres. Henry Lound composed his will on 2 July 1708. Will of Henry Lound In the name of God Amen. I Henry Lound of Henrico County, Virginia, being weak in body but of perfect sense and memory praised be Almighty God do will, make, and ordain this my Last Will and Testament in manner and form as follows. Imprimis. I give and bequeath my Soul to God that gave it and my body to the Earth from whence it came to be buried at the discretion of
my Executrix hereafter mentioned in sure and certain hope of a Joyful Resurrection at the Last day. Item. I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Batte two hundred fifty acres of land joining upon the land of Capt. John Worsham it being one half of my patent to her and her heirs, executors, and assigns forever. The other half being disposed of already to William Ligon. Item. I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Anne Moody one feather bed now in the chamber upstairs, two blankets, one rug, bolster, and pillow and two silver spoons. Item. I give and bequeath to my Daughter Mary Batte my Negro girl Betty to her and her heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to my Grandson Henry Hatcher one Shilling. Item. I give and bequeath to my Granddaughter Ann Ward one Shilling. Item. I give and bequeath to my Granddaughter Mary Tanner one Shilling. Item. I give and bequeath to my Granddaughter Martha Blanks one Shilling. Item. I give and bequeath unto my Grandson William Ligon one gray mare marked with a small crop on the right ear with two small nicks on the left now in his possession and a gun commonly called Berham now in his possession. Item. I give and bequeath to my Daughter Anne Moody one small chest now standing in the chamber upstairs. Item. I give and bequeath to my Granddaughter Elizabeth
Ligon my horse named Blaze now in her possession and one small trunk and one brass kettle. And all the remaining part of my estate, moveable and immovable, not yet disposed of I give and bequeath to my Daughter Mary Batte. And I do
hereby will, make, ordain, constitute, and appoint my Daughter Mary Batte my full whole and sole Executrix of this my Last Will and Testament she paying all my just debts and legacies. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this second day of July 1708. Henry (H) Lound Witnesses: Thomas Chamberlaine John Wooldridge William Rollo Charles Roberts He left a daughter Mary Batte 250 acres of land — half his patent. He had already disposed of the other half to William Ligon. He identified his other daughter as Anne Moody. To the following grandchildren, he left one shilling: Henry Hatcher [1770.1], Anne Ward [1770.4], Mary Tanner [1770.3], and Martha Blanks. Grandson William Ligon [1760.2] who inherited a gray mare and gun was not a grandson but the husband of Lound’s granddaughter Elizabeth Ligon [1762.1] who inherited Blaze. Widow Mary (Lound) Batte, the executor, presented his will to the Henrico County court on 1 November 1708. After 1708 we can find no record of the name Lound in Colonial Virginia. Though his name disappeared, his descendants are many. Anne Lound, the
daughter of Henry and Ann Lound, married Henry Hatcher . Their Family Henry Hatcher died before 1 September 1677 when Henrico County granted widow, Anne, administration of her deceased husband’s estate. Lound referred to his daughter Ann Moody in a 1678 deed and his 1708-will. She married likely Samuel Moody who was a neighbor of her late husband’s father William Hatcher  in the tithable list of Henrico County 1679. Samuel Moody was a son of Thomas Moody of Charles City County and his wife, Ann. Thomas died by 1656 when they proved
his will. His widow married Francis Redford who became guardian to young Samuel. Thomas Moody held land in Weyanoke Parish when he died and in 1688 Samuel Moody,
now grown, secured 82 acres with his own patent. He paid quit rents on this tract in 1704. He held also 328 acres in Prince George County. Redford and Moody were in Henrico County together by 1679 when they witnessed the will of John Cumber. Francis Redford died in Henrico County in 1693 (will dated 16 May 1682 , recorded 5 Dec. 1693). He appointed Lt. Col. John Farrar, Robert Bullington, and
“son in law [stepson]” Samuel Moody overseers of his estate. His will left one mare to “grandson in law” Samuel Moody Jr. Anne and her husband evidently left Henrico County for no Moody appeared in the deed books of Henrico County for almost fifty years after Henry Lound’s gift to his daughter with that name in 1678. Not until 1726 did Henry Moody witness a deed there. Another witness to
this same deed was Anne’s grandson Samuel Hatcher [1770.1.2]. Thirty-six years later, in 1762, Henry Moody Sr. and Henry Moody Jr, witnessed Samuel Hatcher’s
will. Mary Lound, the daughter of Henry and Ann Lound, married Capt. Henry Batte . Virginians - The Family History of John W. Pritchett www.virginians.com Copyright © 2001-2003 Amelia County, VA-Early Marriage
Bonds; Wm. and Mary College Qrtly., Vol. 16, No. 3 Page 205. April 12, 1774-Huddleston, Thos & Milly Tanner--J. Tanner. Thomas Huddleston who married Milly Tanner was an appraiser of the 1769 will of Edward Tanner which called his daughter “Milley.” Thomas Huddleston appeared first in Amelia County in 1762 and may have been married then. That year, Amelia County bound out the orphans of Rebecca Malone to Thomas and Mary Huddleston. On 29 April 1777, Thomas
Huddleston and “Amelia,” his wife, sold Robert French 59 acres [reference, Amelia County, Virginia, Deed Book 14, page 138] in Amelia County for £35:8. Milly Tanner here is showned as being born in 1733 according to the Hatcher
files. In 1774 Thomas and Millie Tanner, "both of Raleigh Parrish," Amelia County, were married. In 1799 Thomas, then of Buckingham, with Wiley as surety, gave bond to marry Patsy W. Tanner in Amelia County, Thomas, then of Buckingham, giving consent as father. (Series B Huddleston Family tables).In 1764 Edward Tanner sold Joseph Coleman Jr. 75 acres in Amelia County for £23:13. We presume this was Edward’s son-in-law. Jeremiah, Elizabeth, and Robert
Tanner witnessed the deed. Judith, Edward’s wife relinquished her dower right to the land. On 10 February 1752, Edward Tanner and Judith Tanner witnessed the
will of William Tesdale. Will of William Tisdale, Abstracted, 1752-Amelia Co. VA Amelia County, VA Willbook 1, page 79 Tisdale, William. Dated February 10, 1752;
proved April 23, 1752. Sell my 780 acres for 145 pounds to be divided as follow: lend wife 80 pounds to be laid out in land cattle, and buildings during her widowhood, then to my four daughters Nanney, Frances, Anne and Susan. To sons
William, Edward and Reneson 65 pounds to be equally divided; cattle and tobacco to be sold and amount received divided between wife and children after debts are paid. Land my wife shall purchase to be divided between sons Henry and John Tisdale. If my land cannot be sold, lend wife Ann Tisdale the plantation I now live on with 134 acres and after her decease or marriage, to my son John
Tisdale; son William Tisdale 180 acres of land adjacent Charles Hamlin’s line; son Edward Tisdale 133 acres W/S Winticomake Creek; son Reneson Tisdale 133 acres in fork of Winticomake; son Henry Tisdale 200 acres in dry fork of
Winticomake. Leave my 3 eldest sons to clear my wife 1200 corn holds and break it up and put it in good sufficient force, or cause it to be done before they receive their 65 pounds. Signed: William (X) Tisdale Witnesses: Robert Coleman, Edward Tanner, Judeth Tanner Executors: wife Ann and son John On 17 May 1769, just six months before he wrote his will, Edward gave his son, Robert Tanner 160
acres near Bevills Bridge. Joseph Coleman, John Coleman, and Francis Coleman witnessed the Amelia County will of Edward Tanner (will dated 12 Dec. 1769 , proved 26 July 1770). Security was Charles Clay and Joseph Coleman. Edward did not identify his wife by name in his will although she was living and he did leave her the home plantation. Children identified in the will are listed below. We presume this was the order of their birth. Edward had already provided for his married daughters and his eldest son, Robert Tanner. Each received “1 shilling, sterling.” The executors who were sons, Jeremiah Tanner and Robert
Tanner, were to sell 208 acres of land in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, and distribute the proceeds to the five youngest children. The above entry shows Robert Tanner, Patsy W Tanner's father.The will of Edward Tanner, of Raleigh Paris, Amelia County, dated December 12, 1769, was probated in Amelia County July 26, 1770, to wife [name not given], feather bed and furniture, my black horse, and side saddle and bridle and use of plantation during her life or widowhood; daughter Elizabeth Coleman, 1 shilling sterling and all other necessaries which hath in her possession; daughter Jane Coleman, the same; son Robert Tanner, the same; daughter Ann Clay, the same; son Field Tanner, all my land from his brother Robert's line to the Back line
containing 170 acres including the plantation; the 208 acres which I own in Mecklenburg County to be sold and money to be equally divided between Jeremiah Tanner and Edward Tanner; residue to be sold at 12 months credit and money equally divided (after payment of debts) between Jeremiah Tanner, Edward Tanner, Field Tanner, Milley Tanner and Martha Tanner; executors, son Jeremiah Tanner and Robert Tanner. Witnesses, Joseph Coleman, John Coleman, Francis Coleman. (Amelia Records, Will Book 2x, pg. 323.) Hatcher Families Resource Center © 2000. All rights reserved. On 16 September 1781, Thomas and Mildred conveyed 136 acres [reference, Amelia County, Virginia, Deed Book 16, page 11] in Amelia County to Thomas W. Wills in return for two “Negroes, Cate and her child, Aaron.”
From Captain Thomas Nuce we learn that Captain John Huddleston was with him on page 455 in the book 'Records of the Virginia Company'. Captain John Nuce was in charge of the 4 first Germans of Jamestown who were building sawmills. From William Bradford's 'Of Plymoth' we learn that Captain John Huddleston's letter arrived on the Swan after the Jamestown Massacre because it was a warning for the Pilgrims of Plymouth, Massachussetts. On page 375 we find that Captain John Huddleston met Captain Thomas Nuce and his wife Grace at the ship. From records of the Bona Nova we find Captain John Huddleston was delivering supplies that Captain thomas Nuce needed. On page 455 in Captain Thomas Nuce's letter to Sir Edwin Sandy's Nuce writes that Sandys has been decieved by Captain John Huddleston and Nuce calls Captain John Huddleston a dissembling companion. (I am still trying to figure this deception. Evidently the deception is not great for Nuce writes to Sandys to keep this information private.) We learn that Captain John Huddleston was in Virginia in May 27, 1621 and his commission to sail to Virginia was in November 21, 1621. Since the Bona Nova's first trip landed in Pasbehay in 1618; it seems reasonable that there was a commission per trip. From the 'Records of the Virginia Company we learn the iron works were near iron works and we can assume that is how they made the iron works. From Chesterfield County information we find that Chesterfield was originally part of Henrico. In the Pasbehay landing they were building guesthouses and the later trip Captain thomas Nuce was building houses. We learn from the Plymouth site they were building a fort in Plymouth when the letter was received. Captain Thomas Nuce's letter to Sir Edwin Sandy was from Elizabeth City where the iron works were being built before the Massacre. A small girl and a small boy were the only two survivors and they survived because they hid. Their identity is unknown at the present time. John Berkeley was sent to build the iron works by the London company.
From Gary C. Grassl we learn the proximity of the sawmills to the iron works. German Sawmill Wrights at Jamestown in 1620
by Gary C. Grassl, President The German Heritage Society of Greater Washington, D.C.
The records of the Virginia Company of London for June and July 1620 show that four unnamed but "very skillful" sawmill wrights came from "Hambur rough" [Hamburg] to London for service in the Jamestown Colony. "Men skillful for sawmills were procured from Germany and sent to Virginia at the Company's great charge," wrote Alderman Johnson.
By 1620, the Colony had advanced beyond Jamestown, leaving small settlements up and down the James River. The Company was anxious to establish sawmills in the Colony so that planks and boards could be cut for building houses and constructing ships. However, Captain Thomas Nuce wrote from Virginia in May 1621 that the Germans were facing great difficulties. Swift streams were required to power the wheels of a sawmill, and the sawmill wrights had difficulty finding any in Tidewater Virginia. The natives, who were poised for a general uprising, still controlled the upstream areas, which made them dangerous for colonists. In addition, the Germans had great difficulty finding people to help them construct the sawmills. They even had difficulty obtaining sustenance.
Captain Nuce complained that the Germans couldn't build the sawmills and at the same time "look after their own livelihood." The company bade Governor Sir Francis Wyatt of Virginia "to take care of the Dutch sent to build sawmills, and seat them at the falls [of the James river], that they may bring their timber by the current of the water." The Company told the governor in July 1621, "And here we earnestly commend unto your care the Dutchmen sent for erecting of sawing mills, a work most necessary, since the materials for housing and shipping cannot otherwise without much more trouble, pains and charge be provided."
The Company repeated its entreaty to the Governor and Council of Virginia to aid the German sawmill wrights: "... we commend unto your care our Saw Mills, a work of such importance as it deserves your special furtherance, and therefore we desire the Dutchmen sent for the fabric of them may be extraordinarily well used, and carefully provided of apparel out of the new Magazine, which we would have paid for by the Company's tobacco. As for such necessaries as they want, especially beer, which we can now be shipped for want of time and tonnage, we have desired Sir Francis Wyatt to supply them with, which shall be repaid, and thus supplied we hope they will be encouraged to bring that so much desired work to perfection." In August 1621, the Company reiterated its appeal.
The sawmill wrights from Hamburg faced dauntingly difficult conditions in Virginia. The colonists were barely able to subsist, and many died from diseases against which their bodies had developed no immunities. As a matter of fact, 4 out of 5 colonists died within a few years of their arrival. "How so many people sent hither of late years have been lost, I cannot conceive unless it be through water and want ...." wrote Captain Nuce.
Alderman Johnson reported that the men "procured from Germany ... spent 7 or 8 months to find out a convenient place to set the mills on, which at last being found, the poor Dutchmen being disheartened by their unkind entertainment [treatment] in Virginia and almost famished by their mean provisions and being utterly disabled to bring that work to perfection without the help of many hands which an order of Court [of the Virginia Company] made here [in London] could not help them in Virginia. They oppressed with these and many other difficulties too great for them to overcome fell grievously sick of the diseases incident to the country...."
We learn from the records of the Virginia Company that "whereas they hired heretofore certain Dutch carpenters of Hamburrough for making of sawmills in Virginia, whither they being sent, died within a short time after (and only one returned) having effected nothing in that business ...."
The one who returned was the son of one of the mill wrights who had died in Virginia. He asked to return to Europe when he was the only one of the four left alive. The German widows of the three men who perished in Virginia after a stay of about a year asked for compensation, and the Virginia Company paid them altogether 27 pounds.
German Mineral Specialists at Jamestown in 1620
by Gary C. Grassl, President The German Heritage Society of Greater Washington, D.C.
We learn from a letter dated 12 June 1620 by John Pory, the secretary of the Jamestown Colony, that "two Germans skillful in mines" have been sent to Virginia by the Company in London. Pory tells Sir Edwin Sandys, Treasurer of the Company, that he intends "to make trial of their skill." When Pory called the Germans "skillful in mines" he meant more that they were miners; in the 17th century, the term encompassed all aspects of winning metals, such as prospecting, mining, assaying and smelting.
When the Virginia Company of London employed these German mineral specialists, it followed an English tradition harking back to King Henry VIII. Mineral experts from Germany played an important role in establishing or modernizing the English mineral and metal industry under Queen Elizabeth I. The German mineral specialists Jonas Schütz and Gregor Bona (Gut) accompanied Martin Frobisher, the seeker after the Northwest Passage to China in 1577. Master Daniel the Saxon accompanied Sir Humphrey Gilbert when he tried to establish the first English colony in the new World in 1583. Joachim Gans, a German Jew from Prague, and German miners took part in 1585 in Sir Walter Raleigh's attempt to establish the first English settlement in what is today the United States.
Secretary Pory had high expectations of finding precious metals. Unfortunately, there were few metals for the two German mineral specialists to discover in Tidewater Virginia, while the natives still controlled the Piedmont and Appalachian regions. The Colony finally began some initial iron production early in 1622 at falling Creek, just south of modern Richmond. The German mineral specialists may have had a hand in this. Unfortunately, the Indian massacre of 22 March 1622 wiped out that enterprise along with one fourth to one third of the population of the Colony.
You can read Gary's work by just clicking next page.
From the LDS and Virginia Wills and Administration we learn that there was a John Huddlesee in Henrico from 1639 to 1694. He shows up in Falling Creek Mill and in the 1679 tithetables. It is difficult to follow the locations since Virginia and it counties expanded and contracted as part of it was made into different states (Virginia) and the counties were broken up into different counties. Some counties were changed by names, some counties no longer exist and some counties were broken up into smaller counties.
How we get John Huddleston out of John Huddlesee is through the LDS. According to them a John Huddleston married a Peggy Pleasants. John Pleasants had a daughter named Margaret and Peggy is a nickname for Margaret. My mother's name is Margaret and my stepmother is Peggy so I know this one for sure. Here in this will shows John Pleasants with John Huddlesee.
DEED OF ABRAHAM CHILDERS
SON OF ABRAH CHILDERS
Know all men by these presents that I ABRAHAM CHILDERS (sonne & heir of ABRAH CHILDERS decd) for and in consideration of a tract of land of JNO. PLEASANTS being five hundred and forty eight acres, lying and being in the Forke of foure mike Creeke (part) as a patent will more fully appears, remit release & forever quitt claimed any ringt title or interest of this within mentioned land which was by my father purchased of WM. HARRIS & given me by his last will and testament as the said will may appeare. And doe by these presents for me my heirs of adms. forever assigne all rights title & interest of the said land within expressed unto the said JNO. PLEASANTS his heirs and assigns forever to have and to hold the said piece or parcell of land in as full & ample manner to all intents & purposes, as I myselfe my heirs might or could doe or hereafter may doe by virtue of this bill of sale & my fathers will or by any other way or meanes whatsoever I have hereunto sett my hand & seale this tenth day of February 1680/81.
JOHN HUDDLESEE ABRAHAM CHILDERS
his BART B. Mark Test: H. DAVIS dep cler I ANNE wife of said ABRAH doe hereby acknowledge to relinquish my right of dower to ye said land in this conveyance mentioned witness my hand this 1st December 1681. ANNE CHILDERS
sincerely hope these wills, deeds and indentures will assist someone in their search for their ancestors. (I have copies of the originals in my files.) I am sure they will do much more good here than in my files here at home. I would like to thank Virginia Childress Hanks of Ellensburg, WA for all her help in transcribing most of the indentures. Also, much thanks goes to Mary Childress Rouse dec'd of Lucedale, MS. Both of these ladies were very supportive in this and every project I attempted as editor of the Childers/Childress Family Newsletter. Without the support of the members the newsletter would not have existed. Look for more to follow soon:
Pat(ricia) Childress Spurling
In the 1679 tithetables we find John Huddlesee is associated with John Stratton who has a daughter named Catherine otherwise known as Katherine Stratten who marries a Thomas Huddleston, later. We find John Huddlesee associated with the Hatchers-William and Benjamin-father and son. We find him associated with Henry Lound. William Hatcher marries a Mary and she marries a Tanner and this is how Mildred Tanner the wife of another Thomas Huddleston comes into the picture. Thomas Huddleston who marries Mildred Tanner shows up at the funeral of Elizabeth Hatcher and buys a cow through the estate sales. I have all the information on my page with proof, just use control f to manage the page since it is getting really large.
Chesterfield County was formed from Henrico County in 1749. The Bona Nova let off passengers for Henrico by William Weldon. John Huddlesee (Huddlesey) shows as being born by 1639 by provable records and the LDS shows 1635. Thomas Huddlesey shows up in provable records as 1726. John Huddlesee shows up as being in Falling Creek. Mildred Tanner shows up as being from Henrico and being born in 1733.
HENRICO COUNTY – INDEX TO WILLS AND ADMINISTRATIONS, 1655-1800 Cumber, John 1679 Huddlesey, Thomas 1726
Henrico County, Virginia - Wills & Probates
William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 24, No. 2. (Oct., 1915), pp. 116-142.
John Millner 6 Jas Lisle 1
Henry Pue 1 Jno Cox Sen 5
John Pledge 1 Mr Wm Elam 2
Tho Wood 1 Richd Rabone 1
Samll Moody 2 John Davis 4
At Mr Hatcher's Sen 5 Jno Burton Jun 5
Mr Radford 5 Tho Davis 2
John Steward 3 Samll Bridgewater 3
Jno Huddlesee 2 ___________________
Nich Perkins 1 44
Richd Parker 2 Coll Farrar is ordered to give
Wm Wheatley 1 notice to these.
Wm Giles 4
John Leadd 1 Abell Gower 7
Philemon Childers 1 Mr Tho Branch Sen 2
Tho 1 Xtopher Branch Jun 3
Robt Clerke 1 James Forrest 2
John Watson 1 Mr Tho Osborne 7
Wm Porter Sen 1 Tho Bottom 1
Charles Matthews 1 Mr Edwd Osborne 3
_______________ Phillip Turpin 3
Henrico County, Virginia - Wills & Probates
In the Name of God Amen. I John CUMBER, make this my last Will and Testament, being sick
in body, but in sound and perfect memeory, thanks be to God.
Item: First I bequeath my soul into the hands of his maker hoping that bby the merrit of Jesus
Christ my Savior, I shall have parden for all my sins, and by his mercy and for his sake be received
into his Heavenly Kingdom, there to live forever and ever and enjoy that heavenly happiness,
provided for those whom he hath redeemed by his most precious blood
Item: Next I bequeath my body to the Earth from whence it came
to be buried decently and according to the discretion of my executor.
Item: After my debts satisfied, my will is and I do give unto John RADFORD my small gun.
Item? I make Mr. Thomas COCKE my whole and sole executor desiring him to except of the
trouble and to take all my estate into his hands of what natural or orginal source and----------
---------as my estate will go to satisfy all my just debts that
that shall appear to be justly due by law.
The the testfication of this to do my last will and testament , there hereunto sett my hand and seal
this 30th of March 1679.
Witnessed in the Presence of
Samuel F. Moody
In the name of God Amen, I William HATCHER, being in perfect memory but well stricken
in years do make my last will and testament in manner and form follwoing.
First I give and bequeath my spirit to almighty God who gave it me, whensoever it shall
please him to call me out of this sinfull world and my body to the ground.
Item: I give unto Thomas BAKER, Jr. the plantation between the land of Mr. Henry
Leonard and the land of Gilbert Elam counting two hundred and twenty six acres, his choice
of all my horses ro mares , one heifer called black hopper, a yearling ewe, and a years schooling
and clothes till he arrives to the age of seventeen years, to the confirmation of which I have
hereunto set my hand and fixed my seal this 22nd day of Feb 1676.
Witnessed in the presence of.
William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 24, No. 3. (Jan., 1916), pp. 202-210. HENRICO COUNTY, VIRGINIA: BEGINNINGS OF ITS FAMILIES. Part II. By WILLIAM CLAYTON TORRENCE.
As nothing can be definitely stated as to the European ancestry of these people it does not seem amiss to give here the approximate years of the births of many of them. These years of birth are approximated from statements made by the parties themselves in making depositions in various
cases tried in Henrico County Court. The word about should be inserted in every instance between the name of the person and the year. John Howard, 1636; William Hatcher, 1613; Charles Roberts, 1649; James Eakin, 1631; Edward Goode, 1647; Charles Featherstone, 1637; John Willson, 1647;
John Juddlesee, 1640; Charles Mathews, 1634; Peter Harris, 1618; Gilbert Jones, 1642; Henry Watkins, 1638; William Giles, 1650; Benjamin Hatcher, 1642 or 4; William Puckett, 1657; Peter Ashbrook, 1649; Thomas Puckett, 1658; Edward Stratton, 1655; John Millner, 1640; Thomas Risbee, 1639;
Lewis Watkins, 1641; Abraham Womack, 1644; Edward Hatcher, 1633 or 7; Henry Pue, 1634; Samuel Knibb 1654; Edward Bowman, 1655; Gilbert Elam, Sr,. 1631; Godfry Ragsdale, 1644; Peter Rowlett, 1637; Edward Thacher, 1642;
Robert Woodson, 1634; Thomas East, 1640; Giles Carter, 1634; Abraham Childers, 1655 or 6; George Archer, 1654; Bartholomew Roberts, 1637; Thomas Perrin 1639; John Bayly, 1651; Joseph Royall, 1646; William Clarke, 1637; Henry Lound, 1619; Martin Elam, 1635; Charles Clay, 1645; Thomas
Gregory, 1622; Edward Lester, 1640; Robert Bullington, 1632; Anthony Tall, 1655; John Greenhaugh, 1615; Timothy Allen, 1639; John Aust, 1650; Nicholas Perkins, 1646.
Jamestown City, VA Census - 1624 THE CENSUS OF VIRGINIA IN 1624
Jamestown City, VA Census - 1624
John Ward E. C. Across Hampton Riv Bona Nova 1619 1624-02-07