The Post-Lyman Latourette Hoax, Part II
In the first posting about the post-Lyman Latourette hoax, it is demonstrated that the author of the hoax found an isolated reference to a La Tourette family, unrelated to the Latourrettes of Osse, and used that to create a series of alleged facts and events to draw up an absurd tale about a count fleeing from Vernoux-en-Vivarais to Osse, Bearn around or after the year 1528. The single reference to the family, after correcting the author’s sloppy research and incorrect citations, is isolated to the year 1452. This completely ignores the history of the castle at Vernoux before and after 1452 and the fact that several different surnamed families actually resided there over the centuries and there is no one blood line there. It also is demonstrated that the family residing at Vernoux did not flee to Osse. Moreover, the author of the hoax cites graves dated around 1528 and assumes that the deaths resulted from the persecution of Protestants. The previous posting indicates the family residing there was Catholic as is the current occupant. Moreover, 1528 is more than 30 years before any massacre of Protestants occurred in France. In fact Calvinists were still active without serious repression in Vivarais as late as 1569. The deaths assume to be the results of an alleged massacre around 1528 actually turn out to be from the widespread famine and plague in the region that began in 1527.
Here, the critique of the hoax shifts first to Osse and the alleged facts and events cited there by the author of the hoax. A few snippets of the hoax author near the beginning are partially correct, but most of them are the result of a lack of any real research and knowledge about Osse and what happened there in the 16th and 17th centuries. Then, the focus shifts to America and the several completely falsified citations of events, which even contradict the correct genealogical findings of Lyman. It obvious, therefore, this hoax was virtually scribed out without any real research by cobbling together bits of information that largely are erroneous.
In each case the actual entry in the author’s hoax is cited, followed by comments.
1561 GASSIOT SON OF HENRI, IS THE DIRECTOR MINISTER OF THE PROTESTANT CHURCH IN ASPE.
Several genealogists researching Osse and the Latourrette name clearly indicate that Gassioo de La Torreta, in Bearnais, or Gassiot Latourrette, in French, is the son of Pierre, born ca 1510, not Henri. The name Henri is not used as a given name by the Latourrette family in Osse during the 1500s and 1600s. Its first use is by Jean and Marie in 1708 is in America in the naming of a son Henry. Moreover, as indicated in the first posting the several families who occupied the castle at Vernoux, particularly around the time (first half of the 1500s) it is alleged that a Henri fled to Bearn, do not use this given name.
Gassiot, born ca 1540,becomes the minister of the Aspe Valley in 1563 not 1561 and of Osse in 1564. He dies in 1695 at his daughter’s home in what is now Oloron-St.Marie.
One of the family genealogists, with whom the others agree, has this listed under entry 9 at :
The use of the name Henri by the author of the post-Lyman hoax just repeats the original hoax written by Theodore S. Fay as it appeared in Hannah Lee’s 1843 book. Why did Fay use Henri de la Tourette when it was really Jean Latourrette who actually came from Osse to New York ? From Mr. Robert Hoadley-Latourette’s recent postings we see Fay was born in 1809 and his mother Caroline Broome Fay died when he was very young in 1816. Moreover, his uncle Samuel Broome took his own life in London in 1811 after traveling to France in the previous decade. Samuel Broome had inherited a forture from the very prominent Broome family of the post-Revolutionary period in America that included merchants and John Broome, the mayor of New York and Lt. Gov. of New York State. Samuel is described as an adventurer after having lost his fortune.
In the late 1700s Henry Latourrette, the seventh child of Jean and Marie, born in 1708 is well-known among the Broome family. He died between 1790 and 1794. (Lyman cites 1794, the date when his will was probated.)Mr. Hoadley-Latourette has demonstrated that this son of Jean and Marie was well-known by the Broome family and is mentioned in a number of legal documents with the family. Apparently, from his childhood, Fay had a few snippets of information on which to build his 1843 hoax : An ancestor of his mother came from France and was a Huguenot from a prominent family which owned land. This was probably the reason why his uncle was searching France to recover property that could be reclaimed under the French law passed December 15, 1790, if a descendant returned and became a citisen and likely why the hoax ends with the loss of the Bible back to German where Fay spent many years and died in 1898. To this, Fay added the transposition of two Laducette surnames into fake Latourettes and embellished the tale by having the migratants tossed ashore on Staten Island on the way to South Carolina, which was heavily advertised in France in the 1680s as a virtual paradise, etc, etc.
To complete the loop, the author of the post-Lyman Latourette hoax is a descendant of this Henry, born in 1708, who in later years was close to the Broome family. Not knowing that it was Jean who came from Osse, Henry or Henri was a convenient name to use in the hoax as Fay had probably heard this name discussed by his family as he grew up.
1619 PIERRE DE LATOURRETTE, SON OF GASSIOT, IS THE MINISTRE OF CASTETNAU NEAR NAVARRENX
Pierre, the son of Gassiot Latourrette and Marie(?) Coudures, is born ca 1570 and died ca 1655. He is the minister at Castetnau between 1601 and 1653 which is about 40 miles north of Osse. As the genealogy cited above indicates there is another generation between Pierre and David, cited in the next entry of the hoax chronology with David. David was born ca 1625 in Osse. Pierre remained in Castetnau and died there ca 1655. Pierre is not the father of David. It is a Jean or Eleazar. The most knowledgeable genealogist of the family, who limits the access to his page, suggests the father was likely Eleazar. This author’s monograph (Chapter 1) gives some supporting evidence for Eleazar as the father.
1667 DAVID DE LATOURETTE, SON OF PIERRE IS NOTAIRE DE ASPE, OSSE, POSSESSEUR DE LA DIME D 'OSSE
David (b. ca 1625-1697) is not the son of Pierre. Pierre is at Castetnau and an Eleazar or a Jean is the father. There is a generation
between Pierre and David, and David is born at Osse, not Castetnau.
David is the abbe laique d’Osse, a title that is unique to some of areas of France, including Bearn. It is a title that was purchased by the Latourrette family in 1605 and passed down to David. Under the Fors de Bearn such a title had to be renewed every 16 years and the citation here to 1667 is the time when David renewed the authorty granted by the title. There is another renewal 16 years later before the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
Although some what obscure in its origin, the title came to theperson who provided the funds in the ancient past to build a Catholic Church and maintain it over time with a priest. As the title indicates in French, the person is the secular abbot responsible for physical support of the church. The title and associated authority (La Dime) was sold to different people over time. The person with the title had the privilege to nominate the priest and to tax the people of the village to maintain the church. La Dime is the authority to collect the taxes and retain administrative fees. Dime means a tenth but in practice the percentage of tax on products and animals at Osse varied a great deal and the time of collection varied from one year to several years. The value of the title and tax authority was to collect fees for the administration of the taxes which was in many cases collected in kind in products and animals. The situation in Osse became very complicated after 1620 when both the Protestant and Catholic Churches existed and David, as abbe laique and a Protestant was involved in many disputes after 1668 about the collection and distribution of the taxes collected to support the two parishes and the Protestant school.
Here is a definition of La Dime from
“The word dîme (tithe) means the «tenth part of something». It was used at the beginning of the Middle Ages in France to indicate the portion of the crop that had to be given each year to the seigneur or to the Church. In New France, the dîme meant only the portion (under 10 percent) of the crops or income reserved for parish activities, for construction and maintenance of the Church and for the parish priest’s salary.”
In the case of Osse, there was no seigneur (lord) and hence, at least after 1380, the secular abbot was a person who held the title and exercised the taxing and distribution authority.
The title abbe laique meant that David was the most prominent person in Osse, but it is not a title of being a count as we understand one of nobility being passed down through a bloodline from generation to generation. Also, if Protestants were not banned from holding such titles after 1668, the title could have been passed to the older son Jacob (born 1650) but not to Jean (born 1651), the second son.
David is also a notaire from at least 1660 until his authority was taken away by Louis XIV after 1668 when Protestants were denied such appointments. There is evidence that he continued to do this work after 1685 as being under contract to other notaires who were not Protestants up to near his death in 1697. This meant that David was an educated person who had the skills to write. Most villagers could read and calculate, but were not trained to write beyond signing their names. It is likely, therefore, that David, like Gassiot, attended a school in southern France providing an education beyond age 13. Again, it meant that David was a prominent person in Osse but not a count.
1651 JEAN de ~aTOURRETTE, A SON IS BORN TO DAVID
Correct, based on the Staten Island Census of 1706 in which Jean indicates his current age was 55. Jean was the second son after Jacob generally thought to have been born in Osse in 1650. Genealogists have a difficult time tracing marriages and baptisms from this period because Louis XIV required that all Protestant records of this nature be destroyed.
FIRST NOTE : Hard evidence clearly traces Jacob as the first son to David (ca 1625-1697) and Magdalaine (ca 1630-1696), but only circumstancial evidence indicates Jean as the second son born about 1651. At least one prominent Osse genealogist is yet to be convinced that Jean was the son of David.
SECOND NOTE : All of the hoax versions, including the post-Lyman one, tend to emphasiz the « de » in the names of the Latourrettes from Osse. All Jean de Latourrette meant was that he was from or of the house of the Latourrettes. « d » has both meanings (from and of) in French. The key unit of governance in Osse was the family and the head of the family (chef de famille) represented the family unit in the village’s governance and in the Protestant parish. Jean de la Tourrette has no meaning beyond the point that Jean was a member of the household of the Latourrettes. The « de » had absolutely no connection with a title like count because Osse never had a governing lord, count, seigneur or person of any other title after 1385 and before that it was an absentee seigneur.
1685 18TH OCTOBER, THE "REVOCATION OF THE EDICT OF NANTES (LOUIS . THE XIV)
DAVID DE LATOURRETTE HAS TWO SONS: JEANf AND JACOB.
Jacob (born ca 1650 ) is the older son and the person under the Fors de Bearn to inherit the family property and any titles, such as the abbe laique d’Osse. Jean, as a cadet (younger son) has no title or property rights. He becomes a carpenter and is so described as being single and of that occupation when he leaves Osse in September 1685with Pastor Pierre Peiret and his family before the Revocation.
NOTE : His occupation in New York was also as a carpenter as documented in the French Church records and by payments for his craft services from the City Council as cited by Lyman and Mrs. Jacob.
AT THIS POINT THE ENTRIES TRULLY BECOME ABSURD
1685 DAVID, THE FATHER OF JEAN AND JACOBr FLEES TO HOLLAND
David Latourrete never leaves Osse. He is cited as doing work as a notaire as late as 1694 (This author has the document.) and attending religious services in Bedous, a larger village about 1 mile east of Osse, with the Laclede family, the most prominent and influentialCatholic family in the Aspe Valley. Jean’s younger sister, born 1661, (See genealogy cited above) married Jean Laclede in 1685, the year of the Revocation. The Laclede are cited as providing protection for the Protestants of Osse at this time. Obviously, David was protected.
An aside : It appears that David, as the most prominent Protestant in Osse never abjured, but it is not clear exactly how under the protection of the Laclede family he actually negotiated his life from 1685 to his death in 1697. His wife Magdelaine was cited on Seaptember 2, 1685 as being the wife of David, named as the abbe laique d’Osse, as one of the people refusing to abjure. David, however, is not listed as one of the people refusing to abjure.
Jean Latourrette left shortly after September 2 with Pastor Peiret, the latter being cited with his faimly on the list. Magdelaine died a year before David in 1696. This complicated background lies behind the factors that caused Jean to leave Osse with Pastor Peiret.
1685 JACOB GOES OVERLAND TO NOVARRE SPAIN WHERE HE BECOMES THE PRESIDENT OF THE PARLEMENT, AND WHERE HIS DESCENDANTS LIVE TODAY.
This is a complete misunderstanding and distortion of the history and geography of France and Spain. The writer does not know that there are two Navarres (correct spelling). Lower Navarre is part of France and starting with Henry IV, the famous Huguenot, the Kings of France were kings of France and Navarre. Lower Navarre in France had its capital in Pau were Parliament met. (Pau is the historic capital of the region and lies about 36 miles north of Osse.) Upper Navarre is part of Spain, lying south across the Pyrenees. The separation of the two Navarres dates to a time before Henry IV became King of Lower Navarre.
Jacob did not flee to Spain, but stayed in Osse where he became the chief de famille- the heir and head of the family. He was a respresentativeto the parliament in Pau, Lower Navarre, France and is cited as a protector of Protestants. In the early 1700s he is the president of parliament. Like David, he dies in Osse. The date is 1711. (See item 9 in the cited genealogy.) All his descendants stay in France and genealogists have trace these descendants. See cited genealogy where Jacob’s son Eleazar (1675-1761) has a son Antoine Latourrette (ca 1745-1813) who maries a Casamayou. This grandson of Jacob, Antoine de Latourrette is the jurat who, on December 1, 1788 under the Edict of Tolerance as village jurat, recognized and made legal the Protestant marraiges and baptisms conducted during the Desert Period. (See eg. Andre Eygun, Peuple d’ Aspe, 1989, pp. 64-5.)
1693 JULY 16TH, JEAN DE LATOURRETTB, REMARRIES MARIEMARCEREAU IN A CEREMONY AT FRESH KILLS NEW YORKj STATON ISLAND.
CHILDREN: JEAN, DAVID, MARIE, PIERREf HENRI.
Completely wrong. Shows the writer didn’t even consult Lyman’s Annals. The church at Fresh Kills, Staten Island (correct spelling) was built around or just after 1700. They were married several years earlier in the French Church of New York (l’Eglsie francaise du St Esprit) on July 16, 1693 in lower Manhattan. The marriage and baptisms of Marie, Jean, Pierre and David are all documented in the original church records. Moreover, the marriage was not a confirming marriage of an earlier one in France. See posting :
Marriage of Jean Latourrette and Marie Mercereau
The citations in the posting will take you to the original sources. This posting also explains in great detail why this was not a confirming marriage and how the original marriage record was doctored, as presented in Lyman’s Annals, p. 19. Jon Butler’s book, Huguenots in America (Chapter on New York) explains the history of the Fresh Kills church. See also Lyman’s Annals.
Other children born later (after 1700) are Susanne, Esther, Henry and James. See Lyman p. 24. (Lyman’s date for Esther’s birth appears to be incorrect. She was born after they moved to Staten Island.) Others, Marie (1693), Jean (1695), Pierre (1697) and David (1699) were baptized in the New York church.
1735DAVID AND PIERRE BECOME MEMBERS OF THE FRENCH
PROTESTANT CONGREGATION AT FRESH KILLS, STATON ISLAND
Completely wrong. The church at Fresh Kills, Staten Island (correct spelling) was closed in 1734. See Jon Butler, The Huguenots in America : A Refugee People in New World Society, pp 191-2 (1983). As Butler notes on p, 192, by this time, most of the Huguenot families had already moved to either the Anglican St. Andrews Church or to the Dutch Reformed Church at Richmond. Pierre (born 1697) and David (born 1699) are members of the Dutch Reformed Church, not the Fresh Kills French churxh. Records of the early Dutch Reformed Church of Richmond (located in what is now the Richmond Town museum area less than a mile from the original Latourrette homestead of ca 1698), held by the Reformed Church of Port Richmond, indicate that Jean (born 1695), Pierre (born 1697) and David (born 1699) were having their children baptized there as early as April 24, 1726. The complete records are reproduced in Richard M. Bayles, The History of Richmond County, Staten Island, New York, 1887. The Latourrette baptisms appear on p. 381. The baptisms of the children of Susanna Latourrette and Jan Van Pelt are shown on p.391.
1749 HENRI THE SON OF JEAN I (THE COUNT) HAS A SON, JOHN
No attempt is made here to follow the lineage from Henry who was born in 1708. He is the next to the last, not the youngest son (James 1710 was)as claimed below, born to Jean Latourrette and Marie Mercereau. Jean I is not a count as has been already demonstrated. Jean (ca 1651-ca 1726) is the second son of David and Magdelaine Latourrette of Osse and would have no rights as such to any title or property. He was a carpenter. The title David had in Osse was abbe laique d’Osse, as explained above, and was not a « count. »
NOTE : All the absurb entries which follow are about the lineages from the sons Jean, born in 1695,and Pierre, born in 1697, not the lineage from Henry. The author of the hoax met some Latourrettes in Paris from the Apse Valley (there were Latourrettes from other villages in the valley) and together they concocted a series of stories which had Jean and Pierre leaving America and returning to the Osse area to marry and have children. Also below, the hoax claims that a son of Jean returned to France. These events are then tied to their alleged children in France being the ancestors of the Latourrettes the hoax author meets in France resulting in a farce of a reunion of close cousins in Paris !
It is obvious from the hoax farce that the hoax author never checked Lyman’s Annals to see that Jean and Pierre died in America and never returned to France. The same is true with Pierre the son of Jean. There is substantial genealogical information to confirm this.
1757 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION CHURCH IS REORGANIZED IN 'OSSE FRANCE.
This is correct. This is the time referred to as the Desert Period in France
when visiting ministers came in secret to meet with parishioners. In the case of
Osse they met in the forests surrounding Osse. In some other areas of France,
the Desert Period began earlier. Up to this time in Osse, it appears
parishioners met in secret without the benefit of these visiting ministers.
There are records at Osse that reflect this period with entries from 1758
to 1805. The records clearly show that there were other Latourrettes with
the same given names as those alleged to have returned from America during
1758 JEAN DE LATOURRETTE IIp SON OF JEAN (THE COUNT) MARRIES A MARGUERITE FLORENCE AND RETURNS TO OSSE, FRANCE. WHERE HE HELPS ORGANIZE TUE PROTESTANT CHURCH.(NOTE: FAMILY BRANCH LIVING IN PARIS TODAY ARE DESCENDANTS OF JEAN II
IMPOSSIBLE !! : Jean II (1695-ca 1794)is the son of Jean I (ca 1651-ca 1726)in the terminology of the hoax. The alleged return to France is Completely Impossible !!Jean II (born 1695) is found in the Census for Staten Island in 1790 for Northfield and his will is probated in 1794 in Richmond County. After 1758 when it is alleged he went to France, Jean II signs an oath of allegiance in 1776. Also, Lyman p. 26, records him transferring land to a son in 1774. (The author can provide many more facts if anyone wants to dispute the fact that Jean II did not return to France.)
FROM RECORD SIGNED BY JEAN II IN 1776:
I do sincerely promise & Swear, that I will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to His Majesty King George the third; and Him will defend to the utmost of my power against all Traiterous Conspiracies and attempts whatsoever which shall be made against his person, Crown or Dignity; and I will do my Utmost Endeavor to disclose and make known to His Majesty & his Successors, all Treasons, and Traiterous Conspiracies, which I shall Know to be against, or any of them. So help me God!
Oath of allegiance to the King of England signed by Richmond County residents, July 9th 1776.
Andrew Elliott papers, New York State Library.
OSSE RECORDS AFTER 1758
There are two Jean Latourrettes shown in the records at Osse starting in 1758. For example at a meeting of July 2, 1758 in attendance are Jean Latourrette and Jean Latourrette-Pon, representing two branches of the family. In fact, there are many Jean Latourrettes shown in the history of family in Osse and in the villages of the Aspe Valley. The two Jeans atending this meeting are not Jean II in the chronology. It is another Jean that marries Marguerite Florence.
COMMENT : It is obvious that the writer of this chronology was misled by Latourrettes living in Paris in the 1980’s who had little knowleadge about the history of the family, except for tibets, and perhaps also wanted to be from a family of nobility.
1766 PIERRE DE LATOURETTE, SON OF JEAN I ALSO RETURNS TO OSSE
(PARIS FAMILY ALSO DESCENDANTS OF PIERRE)
ALSO COMPLETELY IMPOSSIBLE !! A DEAD MAN RETURNS TO FRANCE 12 YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH !!
This reference is to Pierre, the second son born in 1697.
Pierre married Marianne Mercereau in 1725. Pierre died in January of 1754.The will of Pierre was probated in Richmond County. Letters of testamentary were granted by New York Court in 1754 to older son Peter, a weaver at that time in Middlesex County, New Jersey.
As noted above for Jean Latourrette, there are many Pierre Latourrettes found in Osse and the Aspe Valley during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Gassiot’s father was a Pierre. His son Pierre was the pastor at Castetnau etc. It is likely another Pierre, native to the Aspe Valley, is the one someone in the Paris group identified as a Latourrette in 1766 and made up the story he had come from America to give to the writer of the hoax chronology.
JEAN LATOURRETTE 11 HAS A SON, PTERRE, IN 1835 PIERRE FOUNDS A NEW CITY, THE CITY OF BAYONNE. THIS CITY WAS LOCATED IN NEW JERSEYr U.S.A. I IN 1837 HE
RETURNED TO BORCE FRANCE, WHERE HE HAD A SON LAURENT LATOURRETTE. IT IS FROM THIS ISSUE THAT THE LATOURRETTE FAMILY LINE CURRENTLY LIVING IN PARIS FRANCE CAME FROM.
Again Impossible !! Another fantasy based on a lack of attention to details or is it just another invention of fact ? There was a son to Jean ( II). Here is a comment from Robert Hoadley-Latourette about the son Pierre born to Jean (II). Note that this Pierre is born in 1742 which would have made him 93 when he allegely founded Bayonne and he would be age 95 going to France to have a son.But, he actually died in New Jersey. And there is no Laurent in the lineage.
From Robert Hoadley Latourette:
Jean Latourrette (II) and his wife Marie Mercereau (1st cousins) did indeed have a son name Peter/Pierre in 1742, probably Mariner’s Harbor where his parents settled about 1725 (previously they lived at Fresh Kills for a year or two). Peter was the last child of Jean and Marie’s 8 children and he became a blacksmith. Peter married Abigail Mercereau, his 1st cousin once removed as well as his 2nd cousin once removed. Peter and Abigail had 6 children on Staten Island, none named Laurent. In fact, I have found no Laurent’s in the Latourette tree; I have located a few Lawrences’ – the first born Oct. 1899 but none before that date. So Laurent/Lawrence is not a name associated with the Latourette, especially early on. It is believed that Peter moved from Staten Island to Woodbridge, Middlesex Co., NJ where he died.
RE: Founding Bayonne, NJ. This is another fantasy. See the official history of Bayonne at
This history parallels the comments of Robert Hoadley Latourette on this question:
Bayonne was not established officially until 1861 and thought to be originally settled by Huguenots but not proven. I believe it was first settled around 1615 and had a fort built by the Dutch shortly after. The Latourettes were not some of the earliest settlers and was settled mostly by the Dutch. However, the Latourettes later did settle here and married into the families of Vreeland, Van Buskirk, Cadumus, Van Horn and especially the Salter. This took place only in the first half of the 19th century and mostly by the female branches married into these families. Perhaps the most famous of the Latourette’s who settled here is Capt. David Latourette who came to Bergen Point about 1814 and later opened up the famous Latourette House Hotel (this David is sometimes confused with the David Latourette how had the grand brick house on Richmond Hill but they are different Davids).
Bergen Point later became Bayonne.
So it is this David Latourette, with his hotel, who is most closely associated with Bayonne, not a Pierre born in 1742 as the son of Jean (II).
THE REST OF THE CHRONOLOGY RELATES TO THE LINEAGE FROM HENRY Latourrette (born 1708). This lineage does not prove the hoax is valid. In fact, it demonstrates that entire exercise to concoct the hoax is just a fantasy of the author to enhance his ego.
1779JOHN THE SON OF HENRY HAD A SON NAMED DAVID.
1823 DAVID THE SON OF JOHN, HAD A SON ALSO NAMED DAVID.
1855 DAVID HAD A SON NAMED CHARLES DAVID. IT IS THIS CHARLES
DAVID WHO CAME WEST TO OREGON CITY OREGON AND ALONG WITH
AN UNCLE WHO HAD (" OM2 '10 OREGON TWENTL YEARS EARLIER,
ESTABLISHED THE LATOURRETTE FAMILY LINE IN OREGON.
1886 CHARLES DAVID HAS FOUR SONS, ONE OF WHICH IS BORN IN 1886
HIS NAME WAS JOHN RANDOLY.Iff.
1927 JOHN RANDOLPH HAS A SON HIS NAME, JOHN RANDOLPH II
1947 JOHN RANDOLPH II HAS A SON HIS NAME, JOHN RANDOLPH TATOURIIR11=14E III
1989 JOHN RANDOLPH III RETURNS TO PARIS FRANCE AND DISCOVERS 34 MEMBiRS OF THE LATOURRETTE FAMILY ALL DIRECT LINE DESICENDANTS FROM THE COMTE JEAN de LaTOURRIASTTE,, WHO FLED FRANCE IN 1885.
This is just a fantasy, because none of the three people who are alleged to have returned to France did so : Jean (1695-1794), Pierre (1697-1754) and Pierre (1742- ? in NJ). The author’s writing parallels his sloppy research and creation of « facts ».
1990 VERNEAUX PRANCEr SEPTEMBER 14, JOHN LATOURETTE III ENTERS THE MONOLITHIC TEN STORY TOWER OF ... THE CHATEINUX FORTE OF COUNT HENRI de LaTOURRETTEI THUS COMPLETING THE 478 YEAR SAGA OF THE FLIGHT OF THE FAMILY de LATOURRETTE,
1990: This is the final fantasy of a hoax that has been around since the Theodore S. Fay version of 1843.