250th Anniversary of the City of St. Louis, founder Laclede and Latourrette
250th Anniversary of the City of St. Louis, founder Laclede and the Latourrette family
The year 2014 will mark the 250th anniversary of the founding of St. Louis in 1764 by Pierre Laclede of Bedous, France. Bedous a village of 530 people is about a mile from Osse-en-Aspe (Osse, Bearn), the origin of Jean Latourrette who arrived in New York City in October of 1687 on the English ship Robert from London with Pastor Pierre Peiret (Peyret).
Although Bedous and Osse are in the relatively isolated Aspe Valley of the Pyrenees, several adventurous natives of the valley made their way to America in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Among them was Pierre Laclede, born in Bedous and baptized in the local Catholic Church on November 22, 1729. To distinguish himself from other Laclede family members he frequently referred to himself as Laclede Liguest. The Laclede family of this period was the most prominent Catholic family of the valley and possessed a large Chateau in the heart of Bedous, just behind the Catholic Church. The Laclede Chateau now serves as a community center for the village, although it is now in rather poor repair. There are still Laclede descendants in the valley, one in particular living in Osse.
The connection of Pierre Laclede, who died in 1778 on the Mississippi River, with the Latourrette family of Osse is through the marriage of Jean Latourrette’s sister Marie on March 5, 1685 in Osse to Jean Laclede. Marie Latourrette (ca 1660-1731) and Jean Laclede (Nov 22, 1660- Jan 1, 1725) had seven children between 1687 and 1699 and the records of the Catholic Church in Bedous indicate that Marie's parents, David and Magdelaine, and Jacob (Jean’s brother, ca 1650-after 1716) and his spouse Catherine Salenave were godparents for at least five of them where the entries can identify the godparents.
See http://www.latourrette.net/genealogy.htmlhttp://www.latourrette.net/genealogy.html which gives more background on Laclede and his adopted son Auguste Chouteau who accompanied him to what became St. Louis.
The founder of St. Louis, Pierre Laclede, was a grandson of Marie Latourrette and Jean Laclede.
The following is a (rough) translation (with a few explanatory remarks) of an article which appeared recently about the plans of Bedous to have a pastoral play in 2014 celebrating the 250th anniversary of Laclede’s founding of St. Louis in 1764.
A pastoral play usually is staged in several areas of a village and the scenes portray the life, times, and customs of the person or event being recognized. See the author’s translation of the pastoral play staged in Osse in 2005 at
THE ARTICLE ABOUT LACLEDE AND BEDOUS
TITLE: A pastoral Laclede
PICTURE The flag of Saint Louis, Missouri displayed by the mayor of Bedous.
In the summer of 2011, a talk by Jean-Paul Labarère at Bedous, identified the opportunity to organize a commemoration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of the city of St. Louis, Missouri (USA) by Pierre Laclede . Mayor Henry Bellegarde, pictured here, announced that a draft Pastoral is now launched. The pastoral life (play)of Pierre Laclede, born in Bedous in 1729, will take place during the summer of 2014.
The mayor of Bedous organized a public meeting this Thursday, March 21 at 18 h 30, in the main hall for the formation of an association to manage and coordinate the various aspects of this project.
A Bedous native, Pierre Laclede Liguest, a learned man and youngest of seven children, had received a small property in Osse-en-Aspe. His studies at Pau and Toulouse, were complemented by the acquisition of military skills (fencing) in the (military) company of Aspe. He then made the choice to try his luck in Louisiana, French soil, so coveted by several countries.
When Pierre Laclede arrived in 1756 in New Orleans, his military background and the favor of the governor Kererec allowed him access to the status of a trader in the upper Mississippi and Missouri. In 1763, France surrendered Louisiana and Laclede leftwith a solid crew on the Mississippi to establish a trading post. After four months of navigation, it is on the site of the Kaskaskia (tribe) that theBedousien chose to establish what will be St. Louis in honor of Louis IX.
Founded in February 1764, the trading post grows very quickly, travelers and settlers flock, some with their slaves. A city of traders and trappers, it is very well led by Pierre Laclede. Known for his openness and shrewdness, he died in 1778 on the Mississippi.
St. Louis, Missouri has nearly 3 million inhabitants; the links with the Aspe valley are tight. A delegation (from Bedous)visited in 1996, as evidenced by this flag (of the City of St. Louis in the accompanying picture) given to the mayor of Bedous.